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Topic: British 1st Airborne Division


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In the News (Mon 19 Aug 19)

  
  The Parachute Regiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The Parachute Regiment is the infantry element of the airborne troops of the British Army.
During the Allied invasion of Italy the British 1st Airborne Division landed by sea near the port of Taranto in the 'heel' of Italy (Operation Slapstick).
Three complete airborne divisions, the British 1st Airborne Division, and the US 82nd and 101st Airborne Divisions, and the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade were dropped at various points along Highway 69 in order to create a "carpet" over which the British XXX Corps could rapidly advance.
www.newlenox.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Parachute_Regiment   (1561 words)

  
 The Parachute Regiment biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Their task was to capture the port and several nearby airfields and link with the British Eighth Army before pressing north to join the US Fifth Army near Foggia.
Perhaps the most famous airborne operation of history is Operation Market Garden of September 1944, in which 35,000 troops were dropped 100 miles behind the German front lines in an attempt to capture a bridge over the Rhine at Arnham.
German opposition was some three times that expected, including two under-strength but very experienced panzer divisions, and in the end the British 1st Airborne division was all but destroyed and the bridge at Arnham remained in German hands.
parachute-regiment.biography.ms   (806 words)

  
 Airborne Comes of Age   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The more experienced American 101st and 82nd Airborne divisions were assigned easier roles in seizing the bridges on the way to Arnhem, and the most difficult task was left to the British 1st Airborne Division, which had no combat experience.
By the time that the Guards Armored Division reached Arnhem, all that could be done was to pull out the remnants of the British 1st Airborne Division, which had suffered more than 8,000 casualties, a stark contrast to the 1,500 casualties that XXX Corps had suffered in its too leisurely drive north.
The Allied airborne divisions were to experience considerable fighting over the remainder of the war, but with the exception of the great airborne drop in support of Montgomery's crossing of the Rhine against negligible resistance, those battles did not involve airborne operations.
www.thehistorynet.com /wwii/blairborne/index3.html   (1199 words)

  
 1st Airborne Division
By mid 1942, the 1st Parachute Brigade had been formed and the other Brigades, the 2nd and the 4th, were forming into what would become the 1st Airborne Division.
It was augmented with additional airborne units and became the 2nd Independent Parachute Brigade Group and was attached to the 2nd New Zealand Infantry Division.
The 1st Airborne was withdrawn to England on August 26, 1945 and disbanded in November 1945.
www.geocities.com /Pentagon/Bunker/1944/1stabn.htm   (568 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden biography .ms   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The 82nd Airborne Division would drop quite a bit northeast of them to take the bridges at Grave and Nijmegen, and finally the British 1st Airborne Division and Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade would drop at the extreme north end of the route, to take the roadbridge at Arnhem and rail bridge at Oosterbeek.
Meanwhile the 1st Airborne landed almost without a hitch, with the exception that the reconnaissance squadron lost over half its jeeps on landing, and the rest were ambushed on their way into Arnhem.
In England, the commander of the 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, whose troops were slated to fly into a captured airfield, pleaded with his superiors to allow a force to fly in with gliders to assist Gen. Urquhart's trapped forces; this was also denied.
operation-market-garden.biography.ms   (5289 words)

  
 The Normandy Invasion, June 6 - August 25, 1944
Airborne Division silently cut loose form the their tow planes and drifted towards the Pegasus Bridge, one of the few bridges that led over the Seine towards Normandy.
Infantry Division Commander Brigadier General Norman D. Cota motivated his men to move to the attack, and gathered Ranger units to “lead the way,” Actually, the din of battle was so loud that it is unlikely that he could be heard, but he was a powerful presence on the beach.
Divisions and a handful of Rangers, without armor, broke through the German lines and were on the beach to stay.
www.worldwar2database.com /html/normandy.htm   (1307 words)

  
 The airborne landing in Holland 1944 | Operation Market Garden   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The 1st Airborne Division under the command of general Urquhart had received the most difficult task.
In the night before the invasion in Normandy, the British 6th Airborne division had taken the bridge across the Orne in a glider assault.
The shortage of planes forced the 1st Airborne to spread the arrival of its forces over a three-day period.
users.interstroom.nl /~heijink/marketgarden/arnhem.html   (528 words)

  
 82nd AIRBORNE DIVISION
The 82nd Infantry Division, was original an unit with its roots in the First World War, and known as the ‘All American’, due to the effect that it’s service personal came from all states in the United States.
The 82nd Airborne Division is appointed to break out to the west and close off the peninsula Cotentin and secure it against retreating Germans from the north.
The British 1st Airborne Division would be landing west of Arnhem, with support from the Polish Parachute Brigade.
82eng.bravepages.com /82nd.htm   (1672 words)

  
 [No title]
Hosted by A.B.R.G. This is an on-line news magazine for those who are interested in the formation of the British Airborne Forces in 1940 and the battles fought by the British 1st Airborne Division between 1942 and 1945.
This was the operation that took place on the night of 25/26 September 1944 in which the remnants of the 1st Airborne Division were withdrawn from the Oosterbeek Perimeter.
AIRBORNE ARMOUR : Tetrarch, Locust, Hamilcar and the 6th Airborne Armoured Reconnaissance Regiment 1938-50
home.wxs.nl /~peter.vrolijk/frontpage.html   (798 words)

  
 ARNHEM
Before the Warsaw Uprising, in the summer of 1944, the British felt that they would be unable to support the brigade once it was dropped into Poland and insisted that the brigade be used to support operations in western Europe.
Airborne Division which was assigned to capture the bridge over the Lower Rhine at Arnhem.
airborne divisions were dropped south of Nijmegen and north of Eindhoven.
www.apacouncil.org /ww2/13ar.html   (572 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Operation Market Garden Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
To their left the British 2nd Army under Bernard Montgomery held the north-east corner in a line running from Antwerp to the US lines roughly along the northern border of Belgium.
The 82nd Airborne Division would drop quite a bit northeast of them to take the bridges at Grave and Nijmegen, and finally the British 1st Airborne Division and Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade would drop at the extreme north end of the route, to take the road and rail bridges at Arnhem.
In England, the commander of the 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, whose troops were slated to fly into a captured airfield (which obviously never occurred), almost pleaded with his superiors to allow a force to fly in with gliders to assist Gen. Urquhart's trapped forces; this was not allowed.
www.ipedia.com /operation_market_garden.html   (5212 words)

  
 BBC NEWS | UK | Veterans mark Arnhem anniversary
The battle was the British 1st Airborne Division's assault on the massive road bridge which spanned the Lower Rhine at Arnhem.
The British paratroopers were deliberately dropped 8 miles from the bridges, but it was impossible for them to reach their target before the Germans were tipped off about the attack.
Stan Langdon, a bombardier in the Royal Artillery serving with the 43rd Wessex Division, and his Dutch-born wife - whom he met when she nursed him in hospital after he was wounded - and a number of civilians from Arnhem who witnessed the arrival of the paratroopers in September 1944 was there.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/low/uk/3616464.stm   (538 words)

  
 Welcome to airbornerecce.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Airborne Division LHA, Commonwealth Brigade, a reenactment and living history organization.
Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron or the Parachute Squadron (R.A.C.) who are interested in the Old Comrades Association should contact Pip Tyler about joining the organization.
Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron and Parachute Squadron (R.A.C.) Association
www.airbornerecce.com   (304 words)

  
 509th Parachute Infantry Regiment
During the invasion of Sicily, the 509th was attached to the 82nd Airborne Division, but was held in division reserve and saw no action in that campaign.
The 509th was initially in reserve with the 82nd Airborne Division in Sicily until the beachhead was in danger.
On 14 September, while the 82nd Airborne Division dropped inside American lines to reinforce the beachhead, the 509th was assigned the mission of cutting enemy supply lines behind the German defensive positions.
www.geocities.com /Pentagon/5095/509honr.htm   (1358 words)

  
 Arnhem 1944: The Airborne Battle, 17-26 September (Penguin History)
The legend that the elite 1st British Airborne division landed on top of two complete SS Panzer divisions is analysed by Middlebrook and he proves that both divisions hardly had the strength left of a weakened regiment.
In essence, the British made the fatal mistake of not dropping closer to their objective and then ruined the bulk of their division trying to fight their way through to that objective.
The inflexibility of the British commanders is readily evident here and the reader must sympathize with the Polish General Sosabowski who was frustrated by their willingness to continue with a plan no matter how flawed.
www.onlinemerchantaccountnow.com /BookStore/isbn0140143424.html   (1303 words)

  
 ISLAND, THE : Nijmegen to Arnhem (Battleground Europe. Operation Market Garden): Current Amazon U.S.A. One-Edition Data   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The island was the scene of intense fighting in the final stages of Market-Garden as the British XXX Corps frantically tried to batter its way through the German units that were threatening to overwhelm the British 1st Airborne Division located on the north bank of the Rhine.
The British spearhead - the Guards Armored Division - had become a very blunt instrument by this phase of the operation due to logistic problems and the diversion of forces to deal with German counterattacks on the exposed flanks of the salient.
After a deliberate attack on a German blocking position at Oosterhout, the British were finally able to slip some units around the German flank and reach the south bank of the Rhine opposite the 1st Airborne.
www.worldwar1.co.uk /books-plain/0850528615.html   (1084 words)

  
 [No title]
Supported by the late General Sir John Hackett the Arnhem Battle Research Group (A.B.R.G) was formed in 1992 by a group of enthousiastic researchers who were doing study on the actions of the British 1st Airborne Division troughout the Second world war and particular on the Arnhem battle.
The aim is to remind those who were present on the sequence of the events and to outline to others the course which the battle took and to collect all kinds of sources and meterial which refer to the formation and actions of the 1st British Airborne Division during world war two.
This was the the operation that took place on the night of 25/26 September 1944 in which the remnants of the 1st British Airborne Division were withdrawn from the 'perimeter'in Oosterbeek.
home.planet.nl /~peter.vrolijk/CYH.html   (358 words)

  
 Sosabowski Family Website
The main portion of the Polish Brigade was to land south of the Arnhem Bridge cross the bridge and establish defensive positions on the outskirts of Arnhem.
The remainder of the Brigade consisting mainly of the anti-tank battery was to land on the northern side of the Rhine together with the 1st British Airborne Division and for this they had 45 Horsa gliders.
The Brigade was to land near Driel, a small village on the south side of the Rhine, cross the river by ferry and join the 1st British Airborne Division on the northern bank.
www.sosabowski.com /mg2.html   (1414 words)

  
 BBC - WW2 People's War - 159 Parachute Light Regiment R.A/44th Indian Airborne Division - A3156851
Early in 1945 the 44th Indian Airborne Division was formed to consist of two parachute brigades, one airlanding brigade (Glider borne) and supporting arms and was to head the expected invasion of Singapore later in that year.
Their route took them via Singshak where they met the 50th Brigade (weakened by the transfer of 151 Battalion to the British 1st Airborne Division) and were held up for 6 days before the remnants of 50 Parachute Brigade had to break up at Imphal due to lack of supplies.
We were now part of the British Airborne Division and were re-numbered the 87th Airborne Field Regiment R.A. We undertook a number of anti-terrorist duties in Palestine and, much to our amazement, were granted a month's leave in England.
www.bbc.co.uk /dna/ww2/A3156851   (770 words)

  
 OPERATION MARKET GARDEN: THE PLAN   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The 1st Allied Airborne Corps was set up in August 1944 and consisted of the American 18th Airborne Corps (82nd and 101st Airborne divisions) and the British 1st Airborne Division.
The bridges over the Maas at Grave and the Waal at Nijmegen were the targets of the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division; they were dropped near Groesbeek and Overasselt.
Finally, the British 1st Airborne Division had to secure the bridge over the Rhine at Arnhem.
www.ramskov.nu /krih/marketgarden/theplan5.htm   (359 words)

  
 Galactica Online Gaming - The official site for galactica online gaming that
Het leger bestond uit de Britse 1ste airborne divisie die gelijk was aan de 6e airborne divisie, die deel had genomen aan de invasie en momenteel nog in Frankrijk vocht.
De Britse inlichtingendienst van het airborne leger was er via verkenningen en berichten van het verzet achter gekomen dat de Duitse verdediging helemaal niet zo lam was, als werd gedacht en dat er misschien zelfs pantser troepen in Nederland gelegerd waren.
De Airbornes zijn de brug dus in feite kwijt en in Oosterbeek worden de manschappen steeds verder teruggedrongen op een klein stukje land in Oosterbeek tegen de noordelijke oever van de Rijn.
www.freewebs.com /killthebest/marketgarden.htm   (9233 words)

  
 Day 2
Day 2 was spent in the area of Oosterbeek and Arnhem where the 1st Airborne Division were operating.
First stop was the memorial erected in memory of the British 1st Airborne Division.
The memorial is outside the Airborne Museum in what was Major General Urquart's HQ in the old Hartenstein Hotel.
home.freeuk.net /johndillon/day_21.htm   (680 words)

  
 Amazon.ca: Books: Nijmegen: Market Garden U.S. 82nd Airborne Division-1944   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Apparently, Browning wanted to be one of the first British soldiers to cross the German border and he and some of his staff members apparently made a brief sortie into the neighboring Reichswald to claim this honor.
The other controversy concerns the British failure to exploit the American seizure of the Nijmegen Bridges on 20 September; the Americans on the spot criticized the British armor units for failing to push on the 10 miles to Arnhem.
The efforts of the U.S. 101st Airborne and British Guards divisions to secure the route from the Belgian border to the Dutch town of Veghel are covered in the second volume, "Hell's Highway." And a third volume, "The Island," will cover the action between Nijmegen and Arnhem.
www.amazon.ca /exec/obidos/ASIN/0850528151   (1536 words)

  
 World War II Books & Videos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The 7th Panzer Division was one of the outstanding armored units of WWII, and became famous during the Battle of France in 1940 with Erwin Rommel as its commander.
Tells the complete story of the famous 82nd Airborne Division frmo its formation in 1917 through its legendary WWII campaigns (Sicily, Normandy and Holland), Vietnam, Grenada, Nicaragua, Operation Desert Storm to the present, and examines the many changes from a WWI infantry division to the rapid deployment organization it is today.
Hell's Highway is the dramatic name given to the vital stretch of road that the British 3rd Guards Armoured Division had to advance down rapidly on their route to relieve the American Paras (83rd Airborne) at Nijmegen and the British 1st Airborne Division at Arnhem.
www.wwiibooks.com /new_books_ae.html   (10628 words)

  
 Black Tuesday: The Struggle for a Bridge Too Far
Two days earlier, on September 17, the British 1st Airborne Division was the northernmost of three Allied airborne divisions supporting the airborne phase of Operation Market-Garden.
The division expected relief in two to four days from the British Second Army advancing north from Nijmegen, whose bridge across the Waal River would -- it was hoped -- be secured by the U.S. Army's 82nd Airborne Division.
By that evening, the troops of the 1st Parachute Brigade were locked in a desperate battle to break through a belt of German strongpoints ringing the western perimeter of the city and secure the road bridge over the Rhine.
www.thehistorynet.com /wwii/blarnhembridge   (1096 words)

  
 EQUIPMENT OF BRITISH 1st AIRBORNE DIVISION LIVING HISTORY ASSOCIATION
The latter were attached on the front onto the buckles of the basic pouches (2), which in turn were attached onto the waist belt by means of hooks that slide in the belt’s inner hoops.
He is wearing the traditional maroon beret and has his airborne helmet slung onto his web gear.
His has elected to wear the full airborne Battle Order in lieu of the handmade sniper suit.
www.1stairborne.com /webgear.html   (521 words)

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