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Topic: British I Airborne Corps


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In the News (Sat 16 Dec 17)

  
 First Allied Airborne Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The First Allied Airborne Army was activated on August 2, 1944 and commanded by USAAF Lieutenant General Lewis H. Brereton; second in command was British Lieutenant General Frederick Browning, succeeded in January 1945 by British Lieutenant-General Richard Gale.
Although elements of what was to become the Allied Airborne Army (US 82nd and 101st and British 6th Airborne Divisions) took part in the D-Day landings, this was prior to the Army's creation.
The next and final airborne operation conducted by the First Allied Airborne Army was Operation Varsity, during which the British 6th and the US 17th Airborne Divisions landed in Germany, helping to secure the crossing of the Rhine.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/First_Allied_Airborne_Army   (205 words)

  
 United States Marine Corps - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Marine Corps is nonetheless larger than the armed forces of many major nations; for example, it is larger than the British Army or all of the Canadian Forces put together.
The Marine Corps is popularly seen as possessing a degree of fame and infamy among the enemies they fight, and examples of this effect are readily seized upon and publicized by the Corps and its supporters.
The Commandant of the Marine Corps functions as the highest-ranking officer of the Marine Corps, though may not be the senior officer in time and grade.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/United_States_Marine_Corps   (9556 words)

  
 Lieutenant-General Frederick Browning   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
This was later renamed the 1st British Airborne Corps, consisting of the 1st and 6th Airborne Divisions, an SAS unit, and later the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade Group.
The British naturally favoured Browning, being as he was their most senior airborne officer, but the responsibility was instead handed to Lieutenant-General Brereton, an American who, though older and more experienced than Browning, had a marginally junior commission to his and had never before commanded Airborne troops.
What is certainly questionable is the need for Corps HQ to have set foot outside of England at all, because the three divisions involved were fighting independent actions at great distance from each other, and so had no need of a higher command structure to coordinate their actions on the battlefield.
www.arnhemarchive.org /frederick_browning.htm   (4279 words)

  
 The 101st Airborne Division During WW II - Overview
The airborne capability was to be provided by two glider infantry regiments (GIRs), the 327th and 401st, and one parachute infantry regiment, the 502nd, though the latter was still stationed at Fort Benning, Georgia.
Given the mission of anchoring the corps' southern flank, the division was also to eliminate the German's secondary beach defenses, allowing the seaborne forces of the 4th Infantry Division, once ashore, to continue inland.
The 101st Airborne Division was to anchor the British Airborne Corps' southern-most flank and secure a 15-mile sector between Eindhoven and Veghel.
www.ww2-airborne.us /18corps/101abn/101_overview.html   (5136 words)

  
 The XVIII Airborne Corps During WW II - Overview
The airborne Allied troops were to seize roads, bridges and the key communication cities of Eindhoven, Nijmegen and Arnhem, thus cutting Holland in half and clearing a corridor for British armoured and motorized columns all the way to the German border.
Although XVIII Airborne Corps achieved their objectives the plan was overly ambitious from a logistical standpoint and the operation did not achieve it ultimate objective.
Operation Varsity would be the last full scale airborne drop of World War II and the assignment went to the British 6th Airborne Division and the 17th Airborne Division with the 507th spearheading the assault dropping at the southern edge of the Diersfordter Forest, three mile northwest of Wesel.
www.ww2-airborne.us /18corps/18_overview.html   (2481 words)

  
 6th Airborne Division   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The nucleus of the Division was the 3rd Parachute Brigade, which was a part of the 1st Airborne Division but had been left behind in England in May 1943 when the remainder of that formation had travelled to North Africa for the invasion of Sicily and Italy.
Lessons had been learned of the difficulties of forming up airborne troops in the dark in Normandy, and later at Arnhem from the danger of flying them to their objectives over numerous lifts, and so for Operation Varsity all of the airborne troops involved were to be dropped at the same time and in daylight.
In 1948, the Division expected to leave Palestine to be deployed in Germany as part of the British Army of the Rhine, however on the 18th February it received the terrible news that it was instead to be disbanded.
www.ornebridgehead.org /unit_6thABdiv.htm   (2129 words)

  
 Operation Market Garden September 17 - 27 1944
It consisted of the US XVIII Airborne Corps (82nd, 101st, 17th Airborne Divisions under the command of Major General Matthew B Ridgeway) and British I Airborne Corps (1st and 6th Airborne Divisions as well as the 1st Polish Independent Parachute Brigade, all of which were under the command of Lieutenant General F A M Browning).
The British 1st Airborne Division's landing zones were on the heathland west of Arnhem, and their targets were the road bridge in the town centre, the railway bridge out to the west on the lower Rhine and a pontoon bridge (which was discovered to have been dismantled on the eve of the operation).
British I Airborne Corps asked Moor Park for copies of the signals and contact was established the next day, but for the first two vital days of the operation, Browning was never in complete control.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/battles_arnhem.html   (9115 words)

  
 Frederick Browning - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 1943, he was given command of British First Airborne Corps, which in 1944 became part of First Allied Airborne Army (with Browning now a Lieutenant-General).
Browning was second-in-command of the airborne forces from the First Allied Airborne Army committed during Operation Market Garden, landing with a tactical headquarters near Nijmegen but finding it difficult to command the troops due to communications failures and their geographical separation.
After the battle Browning's critical evaluation of the contribution of Polish forces led to the removal of Polish Major-General Stanisław Sosabowski as the commanding officer of the Polish 1st Independent Parachute Brigade.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Frederick_Browning   (508 words)

  
 Interview with Sir Brian Urquhart - p. 2 of 8
I was the chief intelligence officer of the British Airborne Corps, which was the British parachute and glider troops.
The idea was to have an airborne operation which would take the three great bridges over the Rhine delta, in Holland, and land the allied armies on the other side, ready to preside over the surrender of Germany.
The British airborne troops were going to be dropped at the far end of the operation at Arnhem -- it was across the third bridge, so there were three bridges that had to be captured before you got to the British airborne troops.
globetrotter.berkeley.edu /UN/Urquhart/urquhart2.html   (1082 words)

  
 nntk.net - Battle of Arnhem
The plan was to lay an "airborne carpet" along the 64-mile Eindhoven-Arnhem road along which the British 2nd Army (spearheaded by XXX Corps under Lieut-General B.G. Horrocks) would advance rapidly to reach the Arnhem road and rail bridges which gave passage across the last great natural barrier to the Reich, the Lower Rhine.
The essential task of the airborne forces involved was to seize intact the bridges over the canals and rivers en route, notably those at Son, Vegel, Grave (over the River Maas) and Nijmegen (over the River Waal) and finally the Rhine road bridge at Arnhem.
The Americans were to open the corridor from Eindhoven to Nijmegen, whilst the British 1st Airborne Division under Major-General R.E. Urquhart were to seize the bridge at Arnhem.
www.nntk.net /arnhem_1944/market_garden.html   (288 words)

  
 XVIII Airborne Corps Exercises
XVIII Airborne Corps successfully recertified this in November 1997 in a Unified Endeavor exercise based against a crisis response scenario in Central America requiring operations in both peace and war.
XVIII Airborne Corps again commanded organizations from all services and was required to synchronize ‘transition-to-war’, wartime, and ‘transition-to-peace’ operations across the joint services and other agencies of the government.
Beginning with a portion of the 82nd Airborne Division and Corps headquarters which must be ready to deploy within 18 hours of notification, most of organizations have part or all of their units which must be ready to deploy within 120 hours of alert.
www.globalsecurity.org /military/ops/ex-xviii-corps.htm   (914 words)

  
 AIRBORNE WARFARE: THE FUTURE #19   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
From then on Airborne warfare was to be a highly organized joint affair, with large numbers of aircraft and troops, and with proper air support.
The three Airborne Divisions, the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division, the U.S. 101st Airborne Division and the British 6th Airborne Division, were used to increase the initial assault strength to eight divisions.
The Airborne plan was simple, to isolate the amphibious beaches by blocking German reinforcements of those beaches and by engaging enemy forces retreating from the beaches.
www.combatreform.com /airborne19.htm   (2309 words)

  
 Authenticity Standards of the British 1st Airborne L.H.A.
Authenticity Standards of the British 1st Airborne L.H.A. The uniform for a British Airborne Soldier shall be dressed in the following manner outlined below.
Though not issued to airborne units, the rain cape is an effective and affordable alternative to the ground cloth.
The proper British tent is generally brown in color, has two tent poles, eight stakes, with rear and front flaps.
www.1stairborne.com /authenticity.html   (1145 words)

  
 17 September 1944
Not only had the British landed within two miles of the HQ of Field Marshal Model but the 9th and 10th SS Panzer Divisions had recently arrived north of Arnhem for regrouping.
On 17 September 1944 units of the British 1st Airborne Corps parachute and land by glider in the Netherlands.
The British 1st Airborne Division is to land six miles from its objective, the steel and concrete bridge at Arnhem.
homepage.ntlworld.com /andrew.etherington/1944/09/17.htm   (3384 words)

  
 Welcome to airbornerecce.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Airborne Division LHA, Commonwealth Brigade, a reenactment and living history organization.
The webmaster will try to answer questions posed but cannot guarantee a quick response, as this is an entirely voluntary project.
Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron or the Parachute Squadron (R.A.C.) who are interested in the Old Comrades Association should contact Pip Tyler about joining the organization.
www.airbornerecce.com   (304 words)

  
 Korps Commando Troepen -- officiële website -- Commandostichting http://www.korpscommandostichting.nl   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Four Dutch commandos were taken prisoner of war and commando August Bakhuizen Roozeboom was killed in action in a brave effort to reach the bridge across the river Rhine by jeep.
Eleven Dutch commandos were assigned to 82nd (US) Airborne Division and three commandos were assigned to 1st British Airborne Corps' headquarters.
Five commandos assigned to 52nd (Lowland) Division, with the intention to be flown into the area from Deelen Airport, eventually ended up in the Staff of 1st British Airborne Corps.
www.korpscommandotroepen.nl /english/commandostichting/history/no2.html   (621 words)

  
 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Corps was set up because Eisenhower believed the parachutists and airborne groups would be of greater value under one command.
Major General Robert 'Roy' Urquhart was Commander of the British Airborne Division.
The 18th U.S. Airborne Corps was made up of two Airborne Divisions: Major General James Gavin’s 82nd 'All American' Division and Major General Maxwell Taylor’s 101st 'Screaming Eagle' Division.
www.rememberseptember44.com /plan5.htm   (463 words)

  
 Sir Frederick Arthur Montague ('Boy') Browning (1896-1965), Lieutenant-General   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
When Browning was posted to Aldershot on the instructions of Winston Churchill in order to take command of the British 1st Airborne Division under Major - General Robert Elliot Urquhart, CB, DSO, which was formed on October 31 1941and comprised of the 1st Parachute Brigade and the 1st Airlanding Brigade.
Unfortunately in late 1942, the 1st Parachute Brigade was sent to North Africa, seriously reducing the division's strength, although as a result, the 3rd Parachute Brigade were attached to compensate for this.
Operation Market Garden took place in September 1944, and although all bridges were taken by the allies, Arnhem bridge could not be held, and what was almost a successful operation, became a failure, resulting in the eventual annihilation of the British 1st Airborne Division.
freespace.virgin.net /churchcrookham.home/people/browning.htm   (372 words)

  
 XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS GUESTBOOK - A Bravenet.com Guestbook
I assume you gentlemen are unaware of the fact that an XVIII A/B Corps organization has already existed for ten years.
The original is an administrative construct which forms the umbrella for E/506; F/327; 82 A/B Engineer Co; and A/505 (northeast units) and supplies the command element for the airborne company at the Ft Indiantown Gap event.
This forms the command of I Company, the American Airborne asset for the BN CO. This arrangement has been in existence for several years now.
pub2.bravenet.com /guestbook/show.php?usernum=124467345&cpv=1   (545 words)

  
 XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS CHRONOLOGY (NOVEMBER 1990)
Command and attaches it to the 101st Airborne Division effective 1200Z on 2 November 1990.
Airborne Division) suffers fatal head injury at King Fahd International Airport when he jumps from M-918 tractor/M-871 trailer combination when he feared it would fall into a ravine; taken to 86th Evacuation Hospital; declared dead at 2006.
1200Z XVIII Airborne Corps FRAGO #32 attaches the NBC Reconnaissance Company (Fox) of the 25th Chemical Company to the 2d Chemical Battalion effective 1200Z on 18 November 1990 and tasks it to provide NBC reconnaissance support to the Corps rear area.
www.army.mil /cmh-pg/CHRONOS/nov90.htm   (7099 words)

  
 ☞ military - british military insignia - british military insignia online guide   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
Manufactured to High Quality Standards: All British military medals and badges are full size, high quality die struck or...
With over 1000 British Army cap badges, glengarry Badges, helmet Plates, helmet plate centres, pouch Badges, shako badges and more, all fully illustrated and for sale, this is one of the largest...
British Army Officer and a specialist dealer in British Military Insignia.
www.military-101.info /military-insignia/british-military-insignia.html   (614 words)

  
 XVIII AIRBORNE CORPS HISTORY OFFICE PHOTOGRAPHS
XVIII Airborne Corps History Office photograph by PFC John F. Freund, DS-F-102-08.
XVIII Airborne Corps History Office photograph by PFC John F. Freund, DS-F-105-08a.
Overview of assorted British armored vehicles on firing range, Company C, 1st Battalion, The Staffordshire Regiment (1st [UK] Armoured Division) live fire training exercise, 6 January 1991.
www.army.mil /CMH/photos/gulf_war/GW-Allies1.htm   (544 words)

  
 D Troop,1st Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron,1st Airborne Division LHA, Commonwealth Brigade   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
We are a World War 2 Living History Organization dedicated to preserving the memory of the 1st Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron, 1st (British) Airborne Division, the Reconnaissance Corps, and all of the British and Commonwealth soldiers who fought during that conflict.
We are a part of the California Historical Group and have maintained a relationship with the Commemorative Historical Society.
We also have a sister relationship with the 1st Airborne Division Living History Association based in Southern California.
www.airbornerecce.com /dtroop   (198 words)

  
 6080 & 6341 Light Warning Units, 38 Group : History
At the start of September 1944, 6080 and 6341 Light Warning Units (LWUs) were transferred from No.60 (Signals) Group to No.38 Group RAF and attached to Headquarters 1st British Airborne Corps.
4 Horsa gliders were so needed for Operation MARKET in the Netherlands (airborne part of Operation MARKET GARDEN) where 6080 and 6341 LWUs would have to co-ordinate fighter aircraft cover for airborne troops as rapidly as possible from the ground.
The 4 Horsa gliders with onboard 6080 and 6341 Light Warning Units were sent to Arnhem area with the second glider lift on 18 September 1944.
www.raf38group.org /lwus   (475 words)

  
 1st Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
For your information this site is about the 1st British Airborne Reconnaissance Squadron, also known as Recce for short.
They were a unit of the British Army in World War 2 (WWII).
They traveled by either parachute or glider to war, and fought at Africa, Italy and Arnhem.
ww2lha.com /recce   (97 words)

  
 British Airborne Forces (NZ) Inc.
so if any reader of this web site is an ex-member of the Parachute Regiment, or supporting Corps, or of Regiments who served in the British Airborne Forces, you are eligible to be accepted as full members.
The immediate families of members of the Society may apply for associate membership, this includes widows or next of kin of personnel who served with the British Airborne Forces.
This Society is also open to other individuals who have served with other Airborne Formations, who are eligible to be accepted as an Affiliate membership, subject to the approval of the council.
britishairbornenz.tripod.com   (214 words)

  
 Find in a Library: The Red Devils: the story of the British Airborne Forces,   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The Red Devils: the story of the British Airborne Forces,
To find this item in a library, enter a postal code, state, province, or country in the field above.
WorldCat is provided by OCLC Online Computer Library Center, Inc. on behalf of its member libraries.
www.worldcatlibraries.org /wcpa/ow/474c12be6b16864c.html   (69 words)

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