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Topic: British Railways


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  British Rail - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
British Railways (BR), later rebranded as British Rail, ran the British railway system from the nationalisation of the 'Big Four' British railway companies in 1948 until its privatisation in stages between 1994 and 1997.
British Railways came into existence on 1 January 1948 with the merger of the Big Four, under the control of the Railway Executive of the British Transport Commission (BTC).
Also during this time, yellow warning panels, characteristic of British railways, were added to the front of diesel and electric locomotives and multiple units in order to increase the safety of track workers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_Rail   (1690 words)

  
 British Railways Board - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The British Railways Board (BRB) was the governing body of British Railways (later British Rail) from 1962 until privatisation in the 1990s.
The BRB was created under the Transport Act, 1962 by Harold Macmillan's Conservative government to inherit the railway responsibilities of the British Transport Commission, which was dissolved at the same time.
At privatisation in the 1990s these were distributed to various other bodies: the films went to the British Film Institute in London, the photographs went to the National Railway Museum (NRM) in York, and most of the papers went to the Public Record Office.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_Railways_Board   (227 words)

  
 British Rail - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
BR was also hampered by out-of-date regulations that regulated charges for freight, and also forced the railways to transport unprofitable freight.
The British Railways Board (BRB) was created in 1962, taking over from the former British Transport Commission (BTC), which, in addition to the railway, was also responsible for waterways (canals) and road freight transport.
Also during this time,, characteristic of British railways, were added to the front of diesel and electric locomotives and multiple units in order to increase the safety of track workers.
www.leessummit.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/British_Rail   (1606 words)

  
 British Railways in Wartime, 1943
The railway on whose territory the train starts is known as the "initiating" company; that company will be father, mother and nursemaid to the train until all the arrangements have been made and the train is handed over to the next railway to deal with.
Developments in railway signalling, such as the widespread use of electrical, colour light and power installations; scientific shunting at modernised marshalling yards; the welding of rails; and the introduction of labour-saving appliances for all kinds of purposes, were also subjects of close study.
Railway docks, harbours and wharves are situated at 76 places, the total length of quays being 501,402 feet (95 miles).
freespace.virgin.net /neil.worthington/jx/1943.htm   (12128 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Historically, the term "British Rail" only dates from the mid-1960s, the nationalised railway previously being known as "British Railways" as shown in the early logos of the nationalised railway, including the "cycling lion".
The British Railways Board was created in the early 1960s, taking over from the former British Transport Commission which, in addition to the railway, was also responsible for the waterways (canals) and road freight transport.
Between the mid-1960s and mid-1970s the size of the British rail network was reduced from around 20,000 miles to 12,000 miles as a result of the "Beeching Axe", the cost-cutting review conducted by BR Chairman Dr Richard Beeching.
www.informationgenius.com /encyclopedia/b/br/british_rail.html   (331 words)

  
 The National Archives | NDAD | British Railways Board
The British Railways Board was established by the Transport Act 1962, as a successor to the British Transport Commission.
Despite restructuring, the British Transport Commission proved to be unsuccessful, "far from having co-ordinated the various modes of transport under its control, the British Transport Commission was finally adjudged incapable of managing its major constituents, British Railways.
Records of the British Railways Board are held at the National Archives in classes with the prefix "AN".
www.ndad.nationalarchives.gov.uk /AH/37/detail.html   (1604 words)

  
 Privatization_of_British_railways
The privatisation of British Rail was the result of the Railways Act 1993 introduced by John Major's Conservative government.
As far as the railways were concerned, however, the government's policy had little effect during the whole period of the Thatcher administration except in relatively small areas, as it was considered that privatising the core railway operations would be too difficult.
British Rail was to be broken up into over 100 separate companies, with all relationships between the successor companies controlled by legal contracts and supervised by the Office of the Rail Regulator and, in the case of the passenger railway, the Office of Passenger Rail Franchising (OPRAF).
www.apawn.com /search.php?title=Privatization_of_British_railways   (2412 words)

  
 LMS Carriage Association British Railways CCTs
British Railways design to diagram 816, numbers W94522 (041638) and W94589 (041641) built in 1960 are from a batch of 141 to lot 563.
After British Railways was privatised in 1997, the former Signal and Telegraph Stores at Wakefield Kirkgate passed to Jarvis Rail and ownership of the Kirkgate stores depot including its contents passed into the private sector.
Although designed in the period of British Railways standardisation, it can be seen that both the CCT and the GUV are straight sided and therefore cannot utilise the standard Mark 1 door as does the full brake (BG).
www.lmsca.org.uk /lmsca227.htm   (846 words)

  
 British Railways (1948/64)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Initially British Railways adopted an official basic goods livery of grey for unfitted stock, that is for wagons with only a hand brake, and a red-brown called 'bauxite' for fitted stock, that is for wagons fitted with a vacuum brake.
The British Railways 'presflow' wagons were all painted plain bauxite with white markings, PO examples were painted in the owning company colours and often had colourful advertising boards mounted on the sides.
British Railways also built alloy containers for this service, these were built to two basic designs, one fitted on the Conflat A type wagons, similar to the Peco model but with the pointed Speedfreight securing points.
homepage.ntlworld.com /fleabyte/gansg/6-livy/br/9-br-4864.htm   (3369 words)

  
 British Railways - UK Railways   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
British Railways (BR), later rebranded as British Rail, ran the railway system from the nationalisation of the 'Big Four' companies in 1948 until its privatisation in stages between 1994 and 1997.
British Railways came into existence from 1 January 1948, under the control of the Railway Executive of the British Transport Commission (BTC).
The program was further bedevilled by UK-based manufacturers of railway equipment believing that BR should act as a showcase for their wares, demanding a share of orders to provide this, and lobbying politicians when it was not forthcoming.
ukrailways.wikicities.com /wiki/British_Railways   (1590 words)

  
 AIAON | BBC ON THIS DAY | 23 | 1964: Beeching to leave British Railways
The chairman of the British Railways Board is to part company with the organisation and return to his post at Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI).
Dr Richard Beeching was appointed chairman of the newly formed British Railways Board in June 1961 by the Minister of Transport and during that time the system has seen a radical overhaul with many thousands of track being closed.
Following the publication of his report "The Reshaping of British Railways" in 1963, more than 8,000 miles (12,875 km) of track and 2,000 stations were closed at a cost of nearly 70,000 jobs.
amiabstractornot.highlyillogical.org /onthisday/hi/dates/stories/december/23/newsid_4019000/4019181.stm   (515 words)

  
 British Railways
This flag is still in use as the “double-arrow” symbol now belongs to the DETR (Department of the Environment, Transport and the Regions) and is authorised for use by the railway companies and other purposes connected to the national railway network.
British Railways, or to use its more common name, British Rail, ceased to exist during the early 1990s.
As far as I am aware, the British Rail flag was the only instance where it was acceptable to mirror the BR symbol although, from time to time, on roadsigns etc., one sees instances of the BR symbol crudely being reversed where it should not be!
www.crwflags.com /fotw/flags/gb_brail.html   (749 words)

  
 The British Overseas Railways Historical Trust
For example, the then Argentine Ambassador to the UK, H.E. Mario Cámpora, at the launch of the book "British Railways in Argentina: 1860-1948" said that every child in Argentina is taught that the railways unified the country and that it was Britain which gave Argentina her railways.
The railway as we know it today was invented in Britain in the early part of the nineteenth century and Britain exported railways and railway equipment to virtually every country in the World.
The British Overseas Railways Historical Trust was formed in 1984 to bring this past aspect of Britain's greatness to the public attention as an example to present day engineers, industrialists and businessmen.
users.breathe.com /pwa/borht   (696 words)

  
 British Railways standard classes
The Railway Executive was prompted to design a 2-8-0 version of the class 5 4-6-0 but with the boiler pressure raised to 250 psi and Derby designed a 2-8-0 version of the 2-10-0 with a wide firebox and various cylinder dimensions and boiler pressures.
British Railways Clan class Pacifics: Barnes seems to have developed a Hamilton Ellis sort of affection for the class: they certainly looked good..
The LMS (Fairburn) and British Railways class 4 tank engines were similar, but some re-design of the former was necessary to meet the conditions of wider usage.
www.steamindex.com /locotype/brloco.htm   (4799 words)

  
 brb   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Under the 1993 Railways Act, the old British Rail was split up and sold off.
The remaining functions of the British Railways Board are now discharged by BRB (Residuary) Ltd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Strategic Rail Authority.
As a residuary body, the company is responsible for discharging a variety of functions, including obligations in respect of liabilities acquired by British Rail as a major employer over nearly half a century and as a direct result of the privatisation process.
www.brb.gov.uk   (94 words)

  
 Ray Betts British Commentary - British Railways   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The railway, to employ the British term, was the first element in our modern communications system, and the British initiated it with speed and enthusiasm.
As a good form of medium-range transportation, the train could comfortably embrace the British Isles (eventually, the longest run was that between London and Inverness, a distance of 568 miles) and assure swift and regular transportation.
However, by the time of the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1894, British railroading had become such a prized national institution that one of the chief exhibits at the British pavilion was the engine "Queen-Empress," joined with two passenger cars.
www.britannia.com /travel/betts/g3.html   (651 words)

  
 British Railways   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Prewar, the railway, including track and signals, was run by private operators of whom the main players were the LMS (London, Midland and Scottish), The LNER (London North Eastern Railway), The GWR (Great Western Railway and the Southern railway.
After the war the railways were badly run down and could no longer be supported (at that time) by private enterprise; they were nationalised by the Labour Government who kept basically to the same arrangement by appointing Regional Boards in place of the private companies and called the whole operation British Rail.
The reason that British Rail functioned at all was through the hard work of a core of people, still underpaid, who were enthusiastic about railway work.
www.grandadsez.co.uk /railway.html   (1774 words)

  
 The Winwaed Bookshop: British Railways   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Although famous for its record-setting express pacifics, it was also a workhorse railway carrying coal from the north east and food from East Anglia.
The Festiniog Railway was the first railway in the World that ran steam narrow gauge locomotives.
Although not the first preserved railway, it has still been a pioneer during the preservation era with large engineering projects such as the Tan-y-grisau Diversion and new Double Fairlie locomotives.
www.winwaed.com /books/trains/uk.shtml   (908 words)

  
 The British railways information page
His Locomotion was used on the Stockton and Darlington Railway, opened in 1825, and his improved invention, the Rocket, was chosen for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway.
Under the heading of British Railways and then British Rail, much was done to gear the railways to the demands of a highly competitive age.
All these developments, with a host of modern techniques ranging from colour-light signalling along the line to computers behind the scenes, helped the railways to exploit their inherent abilities as mass movers of people and goods, and to show that a second Railway Age may not be out of place in the Age of Technology.
home.ca.inter.net /~brmna/proinf.htm   (1441 words)

  
 The Railways Archive :: The Reshaping of British Railways - Part 1: Report
The Beeching closures failed in their attempt to eliminate BR's losses, and led to the belated recognition that the railways serve a social role which should be financially acknowledged.
Railway Accident: Report on the Collision that occurred on 9th March 1986 at Chinley
Railway Accident: Report on the Derailment and Fire that occurred on 20th December 1984 at Summit Tu...
www.railwaysarchive.co.uk /docSummary.php?docID=13   (392 words)

  
 Railways On Line - British Railways 1955 Modernisation Plan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
The British Railways Modernisation Plan was Detailed in the British Transport Commission's (BTC) document Modernisation and Re-equipment of British Railways which was published in 1955.
This resulted in mass orders for the diesel classes that were being prototyped without due regard on their suitability, many of which proved to be unsatisfactory later on.
The Modernisation Plan was superseded by Dr Beeching's Re-Shaping of British Railways report in 1963.
www.hmilburn.easynet.co.uk /enthuse/br/1955plan.htm   (218 words)

  
 Stephenson's Rocket Wins Rainhill Trials
These trials, held over the last few weeks, were organised by the owners of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which, though still under construction, is due to open next year.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway Board stipulations required the winning locomotive to pull a weight equal to three times the engines weight for a distance equivalent to that of a normal run between Liverpool and Manchester.
The Liverpool and Manchester Railway is expected to open by the autumn of next year and this should usher in a new era in transportation, both of goods and of people.
www.dailypast.com /technology/stephensons-rocket.shtml   (562 words)

  
 Modelfair.com Hornby Steam Locomotives - British Railways   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-07)
Hornby, BR 9F Class 2-10-0 Locomotive and Tender, No.92134 in British Railways factory-weathered unlined fl livery with the later style crest to the tender. Model appears not to have been removed from its packaging - and I would grade the loco's condition as A. Box condition is B+. Comes with instructions and unused detailing parts.
Hornby, Class 61XX 2-6-2 Tank Locomotive, No.6167 in British Railways lined green livery with later style crest to the tank sides. Model appears to be unused - it's in lovely condition and is particularly suited to this livery variation. Condition is B+ to A-. Box condition is B+ to A-. Comes with instructions.
Hornby, British Railways Class 5MT Black Five 4-6-0 Locomotive and Tender, No.45253 in British Railways lined fl livery. The model carries the early, large style lion-over-wheel crest to the tender. This is an unused model. Condition is B+ to A-. Comes with all the paperwork, unused detailing parts etc. Box condition is B+.
www.modelfair.com /modelfair/acatalog/Modelfair_Hornby_Steam_Locomotives___British_Railways__67.html   (1016 words)

  
 Maps of British Railways in 1961 and 1969
One shows the whole of the British Railways network that was open to regular timetabled passenger traffic.
The actual title of this report was "The Reshaping of British Railways" and it was published for the British Railways Board by Her Majesty's Stationery Office, price £1 0s 0d.
The railways were not and still are not 100% up to date when they publish their maps.
www.joyce.whitchurch.btinternet.co.uk /maps.htm   (1334 words)

  
 BRITISH RAILWAYS, RAILTRACK, NETWORK RAIL
The 1960's saw the network taking a sad savaging from thrift-crazy official axemen, meaning the closure of many treasured little rural community lines, and 2000 stations.
This selfish folly inspired the beginning of the end for the great British Railway dream.
The whole thing should be run on infinite funds by people who love trains and care about passengers.
www.angelfire.com /ms/moreswitchesplease/britrail.html   (441 words)

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