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Topic: British constitution

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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  Constitution of the United Kingdom - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Since entrenched "constitutional law" does not exist, the UK constitution is flexible, as opposed to rigid constitutions such as the Constitution of the United States.
The two most important principles of the British constitution were first established to exist as the "twin pillars" of the constitution by A.V. Dicey, in his work An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (1885).
Constitutional monarchy is a key principle, meaning that the monarch does not actually rule, they have a ceremonial role only.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_constitution   (2346 words)

 British North America Acts - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The British North America Acts 1867–1975 are a series of Acts of the British Parliament dealing with the government of Canada.
Canada and the other British dominions achieved full legislative sovereignty with the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, but prior to the Canada Act 1982 the British North America Acts were excluded from the operation of the Statute of Westminster and could only be amended by the British Parliament.
By the Canada Act 1982, the British Parliament, acting at the request and with the consent of Canada, enacted the Constitution Act 1982, which established a procedure for the amendment of the Canadian constitution by the Canadian Parliament.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_North_America_Act   (296 words)

 constitution, principles of government. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In the first category—customary and unwritten constitutions—is the British constitution, which is contained implicitly in the whole body of common and statutory law of the realm, and in the practices and traditions of the government.
The Constitution of the United States, written in 1787 and ratified in 1789, was the first important written constitution, and a model for a vast number of subsequent constitutional documents.
Adolf Hitler never formally abolished the constitution of the Weimar Republic, and the protections of personal liberties contained in the Soviet constitution of 1936 proved to be empty promises.
www.bartleby.com /65/co/constitu.html   (410 words)

 British East India Company - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as "John Company", was a joint-stock company of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India.
British judicial personnel would also be sent to India to administer the British legal system.
Internal Administration of British India – the Bill laid the foundation of the British centralized bureaucratic administration of India which would reach its peak at the beginning of the twentieth century with the governor-generalship of George Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Curzon.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/British_East_India_Company   (4317 words)

 The British Constitution   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
A constitution is a set of laws on how a country is governed.
The British Constitution is unwritten, unlike the constitution in America or the proposed European Constitution, and as such, is referred to as an uncodified constitution in the sense that there is no single document that can be classed as Britain's constitution.
Amendments to Britain’s unwritten constitution are made the same way – by a simply majority support in both Houses of Parliament to be followed by the Royal Assent.
www.historylearningsite.co.uk /british_constitution1.htm   (211 words)

 The British Constitution - Studies on the Canadian Constitution and Canadian Federalism - Quebec History
Its constitution is made up of several documents, and of decisions and conventions that are for the most part unwritten.
The British constitution was the result of a long historical evolution.
The main characteristics of the British constitution applicable to Canada are that: 1) It is a constitutional monarchy.
www2.marianopolis.edu /quebechistory/federal/british.htm   (294 words)

 The Constitution of the State of Israel (1993)
Thus, in the American constitutional system, the conventions surrounding the Electoral College that morally bind presidential electors to follow the decision of the majority of the voters in their respective states are considered by Americans to be a matter of fundamental law, even though they are merely custom.
The world's modern constitutions can be classified according to five basic con-stitutional models: (1) the constitution as frame of government; (2) the constitution as code; (3) the constitution as revolutionary manifesto; (4) the constitution as political ideal; and (5) the constitution as a modern adaptation of an ancient traditional constitution.
There are scientific principles involved in the making of constitutions, as the fathers of the United States Constitution of 1787 demonstrated in their reliance on the "new science of politics," which had discovered such vital principles of republican regimes as separation of powers, federalism, and the institution of the presidency.
www.jcpa.org /dje/articles/const-intro-93.htm   (6537 words)

 WAIS Documents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
British admiration for the American constitution goes back to the Liberals like Jeremy Bentham, whom de Tocqueville knew well, as I pointed out in my memo to Brian Lamb.
The Spanish constitution of 1812 was largely derived from the French constitution, and in turn it inspired Latin American constitutions.
Many observers think the German constitution superior to the American one, which is blamed for permitting the blatant corruption of the American system.
www.stanford.edu /group/wais/Constitution/constitution_britain.html   (242 words)

 St. George Tucker: Note D, Comparison to British Constitution; House of Commons
The constituent parts of the British parliament, are, the house of commons, the house of lords, and the king, sitting there in his royal political capacity, in the union of which three estates the body politic of the kingdom consists.
The existence of either of these combinations are said to form the constitution of the state in all the governments of the world, except those of America, and France under it's late constitution; in these the constitution creates the powers that exist: In all others, the existing powers determine the nature of the constitution.
I leave the affirmative to be proved by the advocates for the British constitution, confessing that my own conviction inclines rather to the doctrines of the political heretic, than to those of the most orthodox supporters of the creed which he controverts.
www.lonang.com /exlibris/tucker/tuck-1d3.htm   (6283 words)

 BBC News | Talking Politics | The evolving British constitution
What the UK does have, however, is a series of conventions which are respected as a fundamental part of the constitution even though they are not enforceable by law.
The UK is a constitutional monarchy and the Queen is often seen as little more than a figurehead.
A constitution needs to put constraints on the government - the checks and balances which prevent an "elective dictatorship" - and in the UK these are provided by three main methods.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/uk_news/politics/88593.stm   (332 words)

 The Suspension of the British Guiana Constitution - 1953 (Declassified British documents)
The British Government took this drastic action after it was convinced by some of the anti-PPP politicians, who had lost their privileges after the April election, that the PPP was a "communist organisation" bent on "subverting the Government" and making it an ally of the Soviet Union.
The British Government believed the untruths being peddled that the country was in a state of tension and that violence could break out at any moment.
British Guiana has a local Volunteer Force which would no doubt be the first reserve for the Police in the event of trouble.
www.guyana.org /govt/declassified_british_documents_1953.html   (13780 words)

 AllRefer.com - constitution, principles of government (Political Science: Terms And Concepts) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
constitution, fundamental principles of government in a nation, either implied in its laws, institutions, and customs, or embodied in one fundamental document or in several.
In the first category : customary and unwritten constitutions : is the British constitution, which is contained implicitly in the whole body of common and statutory law of the realm, and in the practices and traditions of the government.
In the 18th, 19th, and 20th cent., many countries, having made sharp political and economic departures from the past, had little legal custom to rely upon and therefore set forth their organic laws in written constitutions : some of which are judicially enforced.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/constitu.html   (505 words)

 Constitutional Act, 1867
The Part which formerly constituted the Province of Upper Canada shall constitute the Province of Ontario; and the Part which formerly constituted the Province of Lower Canada shall constitute the Province of Quebec.
The Constitution of the Executive Authority in each of the Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject to the Provisions of this Act, continue as it exists at the Union until altered under the Authority of this Act.
The Constitution of the Legislature of each of the Provinces of Nova Scotia and New Brunswick shall, subject to the Provisions of this Act, continue as it exists at the Union until altered under the Authority of this Act.
laws.justice.gc.ca /en/const/c1867_e.html   (3376 words)

 H-Net Review: Michael Les Benedict on The Politics of the British Constitution
Americans and their numerous but politically marginalized British allies adhered to the traditional English notion that government was constrained by fixed constitutional rules and principles; they denounced the influence that the Crown exercised over the legislative branches of the government.
Reformers have argued that constitutional change is needed to counteract a general deterioration in the accountability and restraint of government.
Foley does not consider the constitutional implications of the use of referenda to determine public policy, nor of the concept of the "mandate," both of which imply popular rather than parliamentary sovereignty, laying the theoretical basis for an authority that could bind Parliament.
www.h-net.msu.edu /reviews/showrev.cgi?path=13059971283349   (3022 words)

 British Academy catalogue - The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
British Academy catalogue - The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century
This is the first scholarly survey of the British constitution in the twentieth century.
The book is a product of interdisciplinary collaboration by a distinguished group of constitutional lawyers, historians and political scientists, and draws where possible on primary sources.
www.britac.ac.uk /pubs/cat/c-britconstit.html   (233 words)

 The Hindu : Opinion / Leader Page Articles : Collapse of the British Constitution
DESPITE THE apparent calm of everyday life in Britain, the British political classes are slowly and painfully realising that no institution in the United Kingdom can put the slightest restraint on the power of the Prime Minster, Tony Blair.
First, the British judiciary is constitutionally subordinate to Parliament, and in practice is completely subordinate to the executive.
Another sacred cow of the unwritten British Constitution is the theory of Cabinet Government, whereby the Prime Minister is only primus inter pares and governs with the agreement and consent of Cabinet.
www.hindu.com /2004/10/25/stories/2004102501661000.htm   (1365 words)

 British Academy News and Reports: The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century edited by Vernon Bogdanor
The British Academy is pleased to announce the publication of a major scholarly survey of The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century.
The volume is one of a series of nearly twenty volumes being produced by the British Academy in celebration of its Centenary, covering the major disciplines within the humanities and the social sciences.
Further information on The British Constitution in the Twentieth Century (including ordering information and a sample of the book) may be found at: http://www.oup.co.uk/isbn/0-19-726271-6.
www.britac.ac.uk /news/release.asp?NewsID=110   (349 words)

 The Constitution Act, 1867   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Meanwhile, all remaining British possessions and territories in North America and the islands adjacent thereto, except the colony of Newfoundland and its dependencies, were admitted into the Canadian Confederation by the Adjacent Territories Order, dated July 31, 1880.
Constitution Act, 1982, which provides that there shall be a sitting of each legislature at least once every twelve months.
Under section 44 of the Constitution Act, 1982, Parliament has exclusive authority to amend the Constitution of Canada in relation to the executive government of Canada or the Senate or the House of Commons.
www.solon.org /Constitutions/Canada/English/ca_1867.html   (9620 words)

 Australian, British and American Political Systems Compared
The British system is 'unitary': the British parliament can make laws on any matter, local government has whatever powers the national government delegates to it.
The U.S. constitution has separation of powers, i.e., the members of the Executive (in our terms, the Government) do not have seats in Congress or participate in its sessions, and they are not removable by Congress and cannot dissolve Congress.
Parts of the British constitution are 'written', not only in text books but also in the statute book, e.g., the Parliament Act of 1911, and parts of our constitution (and also of the U.S. constitution) consist in conventions (some of which are written down, though not in the statute book).
www.humanities.mq.edu.au /Ockham/y67xan1.html   (648 words)

 How far, and in what ways, is it accurate to describe The British Constitution as differentiated?
Perhaps one unique aspect of the British constitution is the ease with which individuals can further bend the rules contained in an already exceedingly flexible rulebook.
Another issue to further individualise the British constitution is the devolution of Scotland, Wales and to a certain extent, Northern Ireland.
This is due to a lack of constitutional criteria regulating regulating this type of situation.
www.coursework.info /i/238.html   (545 words)

 Sample Chapter for Clark, A.: Scandal: The Sexual Politics of the British Constitution.
No longer could a monarch easily use the image of king as father to justify absolute power, especially after John Locke refuted Filmer's theories: a king was not a father, he argued, and his subjects were not children but citizens who had a right to consent to their government.
Radicals used sexual scandals to allege that British monarchs, such as George IV, were becoming oriental despots, for instance, when he tried to use Parliament to divorce his wife and when he wielded his power without regard to law.
The 1760s therefore represented a significant transition in British politics, raising new constitutional issues concerning the monarchy, political parties, parliamentary reform, the press, empire, and the role of women in politics.
www.pupress.princeton.edu /chapters/s7643.html   (7415 words)

 Britannia Panorama: British Government   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Britain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarch, Queen Elizabeth II, as head of the State.
The British constitution, unlike those of most countries, is not set out in a single document.
Parliament, Britain's legislature, is made up of the House of Commons, the House of Lords and the Queen in her constitutional role.
www.britannia.com /gov/gov4.html   (1147 words)

 European Constitution vs.British Sovereignty by Bruce Bartlett -- Capitalism Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
But, all in all, for the British Iraq is about losing a few lives in support of American foreign policy, something that Americans did for the British to far greater extent in World War II.
Today, "the British public is being subjected to a barrage of statements about the European Constitution's supposed unimportance." The document that abolishes national sovereignty is being presented as "a mere 'tidying-up' exercise," a "simplification of existing treaties."
The British people are being misled about the implications for their sovereignty and system of law of being submerged into a 21-country political union.
www.capmag.com /article.asp?ID=2939   (874 words)

 Guardian Unlimited | Guardian daily comment | These aren't poodles, they're the most rebellious MPs ever
The prize for the stupidest letter written to a newspaper during the 2005 election campaign was won by a late entrant.
To find a larger backbench revolt than Iraq, you have to go back to the Corn Laws in 1846, when the franchise was enjoyed by just 5% of the population, and before anything which even vaguely resembled today's political parties had been formed.
British Labour MPs, on the other hand, feel almost entirely shut out and so they take their frustration out in the division lobbies.
www.guardian.co.uk /comment/story/0,3604,1595942,00.html   (1127 words)

 OUP: British Constitution in the Twentieth Century: Bogdanor
OUP: British Constitution in the Twentieth Century: Bogdanor
'In The British Consitution in the Twentieth Century, tradition and innovation live together and are methodologically integrated.
This major interpretation of the constitution will remain authoritative for many years.
www.oup.co.uk /isbn/0-19-726319-4   (630 words)

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