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Topic: Bruno Pontecorvo

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In the News (Sat 23 Mar 19)

  Bruno Pontecorvo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bruno Pontecorvo (August 22, 1913 - September 24, 1993) was an Italian atomic physicist, an early assistant of Enrico Fermi and then the author of numerous studies in high energy physics, especially on neutrinos.
Pontecorvo was born in Pisa into a wealthy non-observant Italian Jewish family.
Pontecorvo was unable to return to Italy because of the fascist regime's racial discrimination against the Jews.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bruno_Pontecorvo   (986 words)

 I.G. Pokrovskaya about Bruno Pontecorvo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Bruno Maximovich told us how, as a child, he overheard his parents discussing the virtues of their children: the most limited; has kind eyes, but not intelligent.
Bruno Maximovich was very modest, and the little in which he permitted himself to take pride (and even then silently!) included a muscule on his right arm - the result of his great love for tennis in his youth.
Here Bruno Maximovich bent over the handlebar and started groaning and pushing the pedals with difficulty, tilting the bicycle to one side and to another, wiping his forehead with his handkerchief, thus clearly showing that his "luggage" was too heavy.
www.to.infn.it /~giunti/nu/lin/pontecorvo/pokrovskaya.html   (3005 words)

 S.S. Gershtein about Bruno Pontecorvo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
It was precisely Pontecorvo who in 1946, when the first information on the relatively long lifetime of muons in matter was obtained, put forward the hypothesis of the universal character of weak interactions, of a new force in Nature, the only manifestation of which was hitherto represented by radiactive b-decay.
Precisely Bruno happened to be the father of experimental neutrino physics, having raised in 1946 the issue of the possible registration of neutrino from nuclear reactors and having elaborated for this purpose the radiochemical (in particular, the so-called chlorine-argon) method for detecting nuclear reactions induced by neutrinos.
Pontecorvo exerted an invaluable influence on the level of studies in elementary particle physics in our country, having established very high criteria, which had to be satisfied in some way or another, he educated a large school of experimental physicists and stimulated many theoretical investigations.
www.to.infn.it /~giunti/nu/lin/pontecorvo/gershtein.html   (8232 words)

 Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Gillo Pontecorvo (November 19 1919 – October 12 2006) was an Italian filmmaker, best known for La battaglia di Algeri (The Battle of Algiers) although he directed several movies before its release in 1966, such as the drama Kapò (1960), which takes place in a World War II concentration camp.
Pontecorvo was born in Pisa, the son of a wealthy Jewish businessman.
Pontecorvo continued his series of highly political films with Ogro (1979), which addresses the occurrence of terrorism at the end of Francisco Franco's dwindling regime in Spain.
www.goupstate.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Gillo_Pontecorvo   (1038 words)

 MercuryNews.com | 10/16/2006 | G. Pontecorvo, director known for political films
Gillo Pontecorvo, the Italian-born director of ``The Battle of Algiers,'' a fictionalized account of a guerrilla struggle against French rule that set a bold standard in political filmmaking, died Thursday at a hospital in Rome.
Pontecorvo's film was a direct confrontation of French imperialism, which had only been touched on in earlier works, including Jean-Luc Goddard's ``Le Petit Soldat.'' ``The Battle of Algiers'' was banned in France for five years even though it won the top prize at the Venice Film Festival.
Pontecorvo was forced into using color footage and the glamorous Italian film star Alida Valli as a fisherman's wife.
www.mercurynews.com /mld/mercurynews/2006/10/16/news/local/15770734.htm   (672 words)

 V.P. Dzhelepov about Bruno Pontecorvo (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab2.tamu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In Moscow Bruno Pontecorvo was presented with a five-room flat with all modern conveniences in a house on Gorky str.
In 1957 Bruno Pontecorvo presented a short report at a seminar in which he spoke of his new idea concerning the possibility for one type of neutrinos transforming into another by analogy with the oscillations of neutral kaons.
Owing to the enthusiasm of Bruno and of the staff of the laboratory who worked with him, the works of Fermi were translated in 1971 and published in the Russian language in 2 volumes of the series "Classics of science" together with a very good introductory article and comments written by Bruno.
pontecorvo.jinr.ru.cob-web.org:8888 /dzhelepov.html   (3235 words)

 Bek Nazar Blog | Wading through skeletons and cadavers people search for the bargain of a life time   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Dubna myths feed on the memory of Bruno Pontecorvo's flamboyance: he is said to have delivered April Fool's Day lectures and to have ridden his horse through Dubna at midnight wearing a wide-brimmed hat.
Tito Pontecorvo started out as a scientist in oceanology and spent most of his time at sea - but as the son of foreigners, he was not considered reliable enough to disembark in foreign lands.
Pontecorvo's plan now is to use his natural charm, native English, and Canadian citizenship to popularize the Akhal-Teke in North America, "so that American snobs start saying to one another, 'What, you still have not bought an Akhal-Teke?'" For now, though, he has sold off most of the farm equipment.
www.beknazar.com /tblog.nsf/d6plinks/TNKH-6PUL2B   (851 words)

 Gillo Pontecorvo; political filmmaker explored terrorism | The San Diego Union-Tribune
Gillo Pontecorvo, the Italian-born director of the 1966 classic “The Battle of Algiers,” a fictionalized account of a guerrilla struggle against French rule that set a bold standard for political filmmakers, died Oct. 12 at a hospital in Rome.
Pontecorvo is best remembered for his influential film from 1966, “The Battle of Algiers.” Made almost entirely with nonprofessional actors – some of whom were guerrilla fighters – the film's jittery, handheld cameras that race around the Casbah gave viewers a jarring and intimate sense of reality.
Pontecorvo's final feature was 1980's “Ogro,” about terrorists in Spain during the final years of Franco's fascist regime, but he continued to make documentaries, shorts and television commercials.
www.signonsandiego.com /uniontrib/20061022/news_lz1j22pontec.html   (819 words)

 Gillo Pontecorvo -- Italian moviemaker   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Pontecorvo will be remembered best for "The Battle of Algiers," a stark portrayal, shot in fl and white, of the bloody uprisings that led to Algeria's independence from France in 1962.
Pontecorvo directed the festival for four years, starting in 1992.) But its legend grew as it was used as a kind of training film by both urban guerrillas and the authorities trying to suppress them.
Pontecorvo was born on Nov. 19, 1919, in Pisa, Italy, one of 10 children of a wealthy Jewish industrialist.
sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2006/10/14/BAGN0LPFEL1.DTL&...   (503 words)

 BBC ON THIS DAY | 27 | 1950: Hunt for missing atomic scientist
Professor Pontecorvo was born in Italy, moved to France in 1936 and from there to the United States in 1940.
Bruno Pontecorvo's post as Professor of Experimental Physics at the University of Liverpool was cancelled.
He said he was involved in research into the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes and had left the West because in his view it was intent on "new war using atomic and nuclear weapons as a means for achieving world domination".
news.bbc.co.uk /onthisday/hi/dates/stories/october/27/newsid_3091000/3091390.stm   (515 words)

 Independent Online Edition > Features   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Pontecorvo was born in Pisa in 1919, one of 10 children, Jewish, Italian, Communist.
Pontecorvo would deserve the obituaries that followed his death last week if he had made only that one film.
Pontecorvo was a striking man: handsome, a deep-sea diver and a very good tennis player.
enjoyment.independent.co.uk /film/features/article1919261.ece   (1064 words)

 Solving the Mystery of the Missing Neutrinos
Bruno Pontecorvo in his office at the Joint Institute for Nuclear Physics, Dubna, Russia in 1983.
Pontecorvo was discussing physics with his collaborator Samoil Bilenky.
Bruno Pontecorvo's view was echoed more than two decades later when in 1990 Howard Georgi and Michael Luke wrote as the opening sentences in a paper on possible particle physics effects in solar neutrino experiments:
nobelprize.org /nobel_prizes/physics/articles/bahcall   (5350 words)

 Obituary: Gillo Pontecorvo, director of 'The Battle of Algiers' - Europe - International Herald Tribune
It was shot on location in the Algiers Casbah, and almost all the characters were played by nonactors, with a mix of locals and tourists in the roles of the country's French residents, which added to the film's documentary quality.
Gilberto Pontecorvo was born on Nov. 19, 1919, in Pisa to a bourgeois Jewish family and was the younger brother of Bruno Pontecorvo, the Italian physicist who defected to Moscow in 1950.
According to his biographer, the film critic Irene Bignardi, Pontecorvo was a "man of many lives." He worked as a tennis teacher, deep-sea diver and newspaper correspondent in France before turning his hand to film, which became his lifelong love.
www.iht.com /articles/2006/10/13/news/obit.php   (571 words)

 Chronology of Soviet Espionage
Bruno Pontecorvo was born in Pisa, Italy 22 August, 1913 to a prominent Jewish family in the textile business.
In the summer of 1950, Bruno, Marianne, and their three children departed Harwell for a vacation on the Continent.
At the time, Pontecorvo was widely considered an ``atomic spy'', lumped with the physicists Nunn May and Fuchs, and others such as Harry Gold, David Greenglass, and the Rosenbergs.
www-personal.umich.edu /~sanders/214/other/handouts/chr_spy.html   (1685 words)

 NSDL Metadata Record -- Atomic Secrets and Government Lies: Nuclear Science, Politics and Security in the Pontecorvo ...
This article describes the 1950 defection of Bruno Pontecorvo, a nuclear physicist, from Britain to the Soviet Union and the reactions of the British government, intelligence agencies, and the press to that event.
After describing Pontecorvo`s career and the forces that led to the defection, the article examines the assessments by the government and intelligence agencies of the threats posed by the defection.
The article states that Pontecorvo made substantial contributions to the British nuclear program before his defection, and that no evidence connected him with spy activity.
nsdl.org /mr/1084166   (192 words)

 Queen's physicist first Canadian to win top Russian science prize   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Introduced in 1995 shortly after the death of renowned nuclear physicist Bruno Pontecorvo, the prize is awarded annually by Russia's Joint Institute for Nuclear Research to a single scientist for valuable scientific work in elementary particle physics.
In the early 1950s Pontecorvo moved to England and subsequently to Russia, where he is revered as one their top scientists.
The Pontecorvo Prize is the third major science award in the past two years to be won by the SNO director.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2005-01/qu-qpf012105.php   (541 words)

 Samios Wins Pontecorvo Prize   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
UPTON, NY — Nicholas Samios, a senior physicist and former director of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Brookhaven National Laboratory, has been named the 2001 recipient of the prestigious Bruno Pontecorvo Prize by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in Dubna, Moscow.
The JINR established the Bruno Pontecorvo Prize to commemorate prominent scientist and academician B. Pontecorvo.
Pontecorvo, who is widely considered the father of experimental neutrino physics, was born in Italy in 1914 and participated in many ground-breaking physics experiments there, as well as in the U.S., Canada, the U.K., and Russia.
www.bnl.gov /bnlweb/pubaf/pr/2001/bnlpr121301a.htm   (680 words)

 CERN Courier - Faces and Places (page 3) - IOP Publishing - article
This confirms the hypothesis of Pontecorvo and Vladimir Gribov that the neutrino-flavour change is responsible for the deficit of solar neutrinos observed in other experiments, thereby solving the long-standing "solar-neutrino problem".
A special seminar "The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory: confirming Pontecorvo's neutrino theories" was held at the Dzhelepov Laboratory of Nuclear Problems where Pontecorvo worked from 1950 until the end of his life.
The seminar was devoted both to the latest results obtained by SNO and the future neutrino investigations at the SNOLAB underground laboratory; Pontecorvo's role in the development of massive neutrino physics and oscillation theory as a founder of this field of research was also discussed.
www.cerncourier.com /main/article/45/4/19/3   (489 words)

 Brookhaven Lab chemist shares the 2000 Wolf Prize in Physics with University of Tokyo scientist for research on ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
The Wolf Foundation has recognized the scientists "for their pioneering observations of astronomical phenomena by detection of neutrinos, which created the emerging field of neutrino astronomy." The $100,000 prize, to be shared by the two scientists, will be conferred by the President of Israel, Ezer Weizman, at a special ceremony in Jerusalem on May 21.
Davis was notified that he won the Wolf Prize while he was in Russia to receive the 1999 Bruno Pontecorvo Prize.
Issued by the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, the $1,000 Pontecorvo Prize was awarded to Davis "for the outstanding achievement in development of the chlorine-argon method for detection of solar neutrinos." This method was invented by Pontecorvo and Davis further developed it.
www.eurekalert.org /pub_releases/2000-02/BNL-BLcs-0302100.php   (748 words)

 TIME.com: Missing Fissionist -- Nov. 6, 1950 -- Page 1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Scholarly Dr. Bruno Pontecorvo, 37, was well-liked by his fellow nuclear physicists at Britain's Harwell atomic research plant.
Pontecorvo's mother, who lives in a suburb of the Swedish capital, they quickly flew on to Helsinki.
As the bus entered the city, the Pontecorvo boy asked again, "Are we now in Russia?" Just outside the Finnish Airways office in the Esplanade, the bus stopped.
www.time.com /time/magazine/article/0,9171,813688,00.html   (745 words)

As early as 1969, two scientists working in Russia, Bruno Pontecorvo and Vladimir Gribov, proposed that the discrepancy between standard theory and the first solar neutrino experiment could be due to an inadequacy in the textbook description of particle physics, rather than in the standard solar model.
(Incidentally, Pontecorvo was the first person to propose using a chlorine detector to study neutrinos.) Gribov and Pontecorvo suggested that neutrinos suffer from a multiple personality disorder, that they oscillate back and forth between different states or types.
According to the suggestion of Gribov and Pontecorvo, neutrinos are produced in the sun in a mixture of individual states, a sort of split personality.
nobelprize.org /nobel_prizes/physics/articles/fusion/sun_5.html   (1947 words)

 Second International Summer Student School On Neutrino Physics In Memory Of Bruno Pontecorvo
The Second International Summer Student School on Neutrino Physics in Memory of Bruno Pontecorvo is organized by the University Centre of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in cooperation with colleagues from the Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics (BITP, Kiev, Ukraine) on 7-18 September 2003 in Alushta (the Crimea, Ukraine).
The basic aim of the School is to teach various theoretical and experimental aspects of neutrino physics to students and postgraduates.
The School is dedicated to the 90th anniversary of Bruno Pontecorvo.
uc.jinr.ru /iss2003/a_cir.html   (535 words)

 Wissen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
Pontecorvo war der Bruder des Genetikers Guido Pontecorvo und des Regisseurs Gillo Pontecorvo.
Er arbeitete in den 1930er Jahren mit Enrico Fermi an der Erforschung der Neutrinos.
Zunächst in Kanada, seit 1948 in Großbritannien verschwand Pontecorvo in den 1950er Jahren in Finnland.
www.jenskleemann.de /wissen.php4?p=b/br/bruno_pontecorvo.html   (158 words)

 23 Jan. 2004 - KEK: Bruno Pontecorvo Prize is awarded to Prof. Totsuka
The prestigious Bruno Pontecorvo Prize of JINR, Dubna, was awarded for 2003 to Prof.
Yoji Totsuka, Director General of the High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), for his outstanding contribution to the discovery of atmospheric muon neutrino oscillations.
Later in 1998, he led the SuperKamiokande collaboration to the discovery of this phenomenon.
www.interactions.org /cms/?pid=1009573   (104 words)

 Who is Beppo?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-29)
In a sad coincidence, Giuseppe (Beppo) Occhialini died on 30 December 1993 within a few weeks of Bruno Rossi and a few months of Bruno Pontecorvo, three of the greatest Italian physicists of the same cultural generation.
Pontecorvo summed it up nicely, in a famous toast: "I drink not to Beppo, but to us all: may we collaborate with him, it is a practically sure way of winning a Nobel Prize".
After a few important years in Brussels, Occhialini came back to his father's chair in Genoa and, from 1952, in Milan to become professor of advanced physics.
www-astro.physics.ox.ac.uk /~erik/sax/sax_beppo.html   (658 words)

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