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Topic: Buchenwald

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  Buchenwald - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buchenwald was a Nazi concentration camp established on Ettersberg Hill near Weimar, Thuringia, Germany, in July 1937.
Karl Otto Koch was tried and executed by the Nazi authorities for forgery and embezzlement in April 1945, whilst Ilse was sentenced to life imprisonment by the post-war German authorities, committing suicide in her cell in 1967.
When the Buchenwald camp was evacuated, the SS sent the male prisoners to other camps, and the 500 remaining women (including one of the secret annex members who lived with Anne Frank, "Mrs.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Buchenwald   (968 words)

 Buchenwald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Buchenwald remained one of the major camps throughout the history of the Third Reich, with numerous subcamps under its administration.
Buchenwald was not, per se, an extermination camp (such as Auschwitz), but prisoners were starved, maltreated, and worked to death in the camp quarry and adjacent armaments factories.
Buchenwald was one of the first glimpses that Americans had of the horrors of the concentration camp system.
www.thirdreichruins.com /buchenwald.htm   (935 words)

 Buchenwald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps established by the Nazis.
Buchenwald prisoners were used in the German Equipment Works (DAW), an enterprise owned and operated by the SS; in camp workshops; and in the camp's stone quarry.
Buchenwald administered at least 87 subcamps located across Germany, from Duesseldorf in the Rhineland to the border with the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia in the east.
www.ushmm.org /wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10005198   (738 words)

 Ilse Koch - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ilse Koch, née Ilse Kohler (September 22, 1906 - September 1, 1967), was the wife of Karl Koch, the commandant of the concentration camp Buchenwald.
She was variously known as "the Witch of Buchenwald" ("Die Hexe von Buchenwald") and "the Bitch of Buchenwald" ("Suka z Buchenwaldu") by the inmates because of her sadistic cruelty toward prisoners.
When US GIs arrived at Buchenwald, they heard many stories about the former "wife of the commandant." When the soldiers arrested Ilse they were surprised that she didn't appear to be the sadistic monster the prisoners described.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Ilse_Koch   (482 words)

 Buchenwald - visit fifty years later
At Buchenwald on Saturday, a special gathering was held to honor the memory of the half-million Gypsies who perished at the hands of the Nazi death machine.
Buchenwald was a labor camp rather than a death camp, and inmates were sent daily to make weapons and other war materiel.
Perhaps the most emotional speech of the Buchenwald observance was delivered by Israel's Chief Rabbi, Yisrael Meir Lau, who spoke without notes to an audience of former prisoners and veterans of the American units that helped liberate them.
www.writing.upenn.edu /~afilreis/Holocaust/buchenwald.html   (804 words)

Established in July of 1937 Buchenwald was one of the largest concentration camps in Nazi Germany and lasted nearly eight whole years.
During the first winter at Buchenwald, thousands of Jews were made to spend the night in the cold air of the winter.
The prisoners were in terrible shape, as it was not uncommon for a prisoner to lose approximately fifty percent of his body weight during the stay at the camp.
user.intop.net /~jhollis/buchenwald.htm   (723 words)

Buchenwald was located five miles north of Weimar, and at its peak consisted of 130 satellite camps and extension units.
In its eight years of existence, a total of 238,980 prisoners passed through Buchenwald and its satellite; of these, 43,405 were killed or perished there.
The isolation wards of Buchenwald were the home of some of the worst medical experiments conducted in the concentration camps.
www.edwardvictor.com /Holocaust/buchenwald_main.htm   (233 words)

 Encyclopedia: Buchenwald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Ilse Koch, née Kohler (September 22, 1906 - September 1, 1967), was the wife of Karl Koch, the commandant of the concentration camp Buchenwald.
Mass killings of prisoners of war took place in the camp, and many inmates died during medical experiments, or fell victim to arbitrary acts perpetrated by the SS.
Buchenwald was one of the few major camps whose prisoners rebelled in the days preceding liberation by units of the U.S. Army on April 11, 1945.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Buchenwald   (997 words)

 Buchenwald Concentration Camp - photos taken after Buchenwald was liberated by US Third Army
By the time that the Buchenwald camp was liberated, the epidemic had almost been brought under control and the death rate after the liberation was not as high as in the other camps in Germany.
Buchenwald was the first major Nazi camp to be liberated by American soldiers.
German soldiers at Buchenwald used to congregate at the Bismarck Tower at the top of the hill where the Buchenwald camp is located; this was the spot where they drank beer and had parties.
www.scrapbookpages.com /Buchenwald/JedemDasSeine.html   (1713 words)

 Monuments and Memorials at Buchenwald
One of the first monuments to be erected at a former concentration camp, the Buchenwald Monument is a political statement by the Communists, not a Holocaust memorial.
The Buchenwald Monument is a huge affair on the southern slope of Ettersberg hill overlooking the city of Weimar, as the aerial photo below shows.
The first monument at Buchenwald was erected only 8 days after the camp was liberated when the political prisoners held a mourning ceremony near the gate house where they had constructed an obelisk in honor of the resistance fighters.
www.scrapbookpages.com /Buchenwald/Monuments.html   (1740 words)

 Axis History Forum :: View topic - 60'th anniversary of liberation of Buchenwald
Buchenwald was never a major location for the persecution of Jews, the prisoners being either German criminals or Communists of various nationalities (including many Spanish Communists, such as the Jorge Semprun mentioned).
In comparison with Buchenwald, we found a considerable change at Dora, as the general management of the Dora Camp was entrusted to a special category of prisoners who were criminals.
But Buchenwald was not primarily a manifestation of those phenomena, since the prisoners held there were for the most part either common criminals or political prisoners; neither group of prisoners was targeted as a result of racism, but because of actual crimes committed or because of political beliefs and/or actions.
forum.axishistory.com /viewtopic.php?t=75397   (4324 words)

 Encyclopedia topic: Buchenwald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The first women prisoners were twenty political prisoners and two female SS guards (Aufseherin (additional info and facts about Aufseherin)) who arrived in Buchenwald from Ravensbrück (additional info and facts about Ravensbrück) to serve in the camp's brothel in 1941.
When the Buchenwald camp was evacuated, the SS sent the male prisoners to other camps, and the 500 remaining women (including one of the secret annex members who lived with Anne Frank (additional info and facts about Anne Frank), "Mrs.
Because the female prisoner population at Buchenwald was comparatively small, the SS only stationed twenty-three female guards in the camp.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/b/bu/buchenwald.htm   (747 words)

 THE BATTLES OF THE HOLOCAUST. Free term papers for college, book reports and research papers. Welcome to Essay Express
Buchenwald was actually a series of internal subcamps with wooden and stone barracks, old horse stables, and tent cities.
In Buchenwald, there was a firmly established underground where, by the end of the war, the political prisoners ran internal camp affairs completely.
This was the foundation of the take-over of Buchenwald.
www.essayexpress.com /essay/016020.html   (2713 words)

 Visit To Buchenwald
Buchenwald lies near Weimar in Thuringia, the southernmost part of the old GDR--one of the six Länder or provinces that were returned with unification.
Because Buchenwald has been set up as a learning centre, the sense of a textbook case of Fascism is noticeable throughout the 'exhibits'.
The monument at Buchenwald was part of an official symbolism of the GDR, but it never impressed Jörg, and the other GDR monuments around Erfurt, like the panorama of the peasant uprising at nearby Frankenhausen, seem also to have lost their meaning for him.
www.sfu.ca /~whatley/buchwald.htm   (1542 words)

 The Buchenwald Memorial
Written on behalf of the German Bundestag, this report is to be understood as an attempt to compare Buchenwald Concentration Camp with Special Camp No. 2 and provide a historical outline of their respective histories and that of the memorial.
Presented in the form of an overview, the publication is intended to make facts and data concerning the camps in Buchenwald available to a broad public, to aid in the endeavour to gain an understanding of the historical site and contribute to the sensible organisation of visits to the memorial.
After his release in 1948 he wrote of his experiences in one of the most comprehensive reports on the Buchenwald camp, a work that is impressive on account of its analytical approach and careful recording of detail.
www.buchenwald.de /media_en/en_ct_ges_lit1.html   (1206 words)

 Buchenwald Concentration Camp (Germany)
The population increased to 5,382 on September 1, 1939 and to 8,634 inmates by the end of September 1939 (because of the invasion of Poland).
There were 63,084 prisoners in Buchenwald in December 1944, and the population reached 80,436 in late March 1945.
Thousands of prisoners died during the construction of the road leading from the foot of the Ettersberg to the entry of the camp.
www.jewishgen.org /ForgottenCamps/Camps/BuchenwaldEng.html   (1001 words)

 The Story of the New Jersey Doctor Who Helped Kill Prisoners at Buchenwald in the Name of Eugenics
In Buchenwald, the French, with their Mediterranean and African mixtures, were eugenically among the lowest, not really worthy of life.
Buchenwald functioned for two purposes: to inflict cruelty on the Nazis' enemies and to systematically work its inmates to death in service of the Reich--in that order.
In the hierarchy of Hell, Buchenwald was considered among the worst of Nazi labor camps.
www.waragainsttheweak.com /offSiteArchive/hnn.us   (4657 words)

 Germany's Romany and Sinti Peoples Remember Buchenwald
BUCHENWALD, Germany, April 3 (Reuter) - Half a million gypsies murdered by Nazi Germany, long neglected by history, will receive belated recognition this month when a memorial in their honour is unveiled at the former Buchenwald death camp.
Prisoners at Buchenwald, which was built in 1937, were worked to death as slave labourers in the camp quarry or at outlying arms factories.
He and other survivors are keen to ensure that the successes of a Buchenwald resistance committee in saving the lives of prisoners and ultimately in liberating the camp should not go unrecognised.
search.nizkor.org /hweb/camps/buchenwald/press/reuters-040395b.html   (861 words)

A satellite camp of Buchenwald was created in Halle an der Saale (Saxony province) to provide labor to the Siebel-Flugzeugwerke GmbH in July 1944.
Most likely not all of these laborers were Buchenwald inmates and not all were imprisoned in the Halle subcamp (likewise, not all of the inmates in the subcamp were used for labor at Siebel).
Several transport lists showing the movement of prisoners from Buchenwald to Halle have survived, however the exact destination of each list is not always clear (most indicate that prisoners were transferred to Halle, others more specifically state "Lager Birkhahn-Mötzlich," and others denote "Halle Siebel" or some variation of this).
www.ushmm.org /wlc/article.php?lang=en&ModuleId=10007067   (1535 words)

 Buchenwald -- Legend and reality
Buchenwald is widely regarded as one of wartime Germany's most notorious "death camps." In fact, though, this carefully cultivated image bears little resemblance to reality.
During the war years Buchenwald was expanded into a vast complex of more than a hundred satellite factories, mines and workshops spread across a large portion of Germany.
One striking indication that Buchenwald was not an "extermination" camp is the fact that some of the internees were children too young to work.
www.ihr.org /jhr/v07/v07p405_Weber.html   (3978 words)

 The Christian Century: Uses of the past: versions of Buchenwald.(World... @ HighBeam Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Within days Buchenwald was reopened, this time as an internment camp for Nazis and critics of communism or the Soviet occupation.
Buchenwald became the GDR's leading antifascist showplace; its former inmates were lionized as supermen who had "self-liberated" the camp from the Nazi behemoth.
Knigge believes that the Buchenwald Memorial's task of fostering understanding across cultures and political traditions is aided by the fact that Buchenwald was really two camps.
www.highbeam.com /library/doc0.asp?DOCID=1G1:16883532&refid=holomed_1   (2214 words)

 Scotsman.com News - International - Buchenwald still deals out pain   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
FRAIL and elderly survivors of the Buchenwald concentration camp yesterday urged all Europeans to never forget what happened there as they gathered to commemorate the 60th anniversary of its liberation.
Unlike Auschwitz, Buchenwald was not one of the death camps where the Nazis staged their "Final Solution" - extermination of European Jews.
In February 1945, a month after the liberation of Auschwitz, Buchenwald was the largest remaining camp, with 112,000 inmates, a third of whom were Jewish.
news.scotsman.com /international.cfm?id=380022005   (705 words)

 Edward R. Murrow Reports From Buchenwald   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
There were still 21,000 inmates still within the camp after the SS had fled in front of the advancing Allied front.
Their horror is reflected in the various reports that came from that encounter.
Murrow was not able to get his broadcast on the air until April 15th, and in one of his most eloquent reports he tells listeners the story of his visit to Buchenwald.
www.otr.com /murrow_buchenwald.shtml   (102 words)

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