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Topic: Buddhism by country


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In the News (Thu 18 Apr 19)

  
  Buddhist Tour & Travel Packages, hotels, flight bookings, car-rental, tour customization.
One country that lives up to the excitement of the journey within, is India, - an ancient land ripe with the youthfulness of life and knowledge.
One of the many religions that evolved in India, Buddhism is supposed to be one of the most modern and widespread religions of the world.
An evolution of man from a normal human to an elevated soul leading the path to salvation is the primary guideline of Buddhism.
www.t2buddhism.com   (496 words)

  
  Atman (Buddhism) - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
In Buddhism, the concept of Atman is the prime consequence of ignorance, — itself the cause of all misery - the foundation of Samsara itself.
With the doctrine of anatta (Pāli; Sanskrit: anātman) Buddhism maintains that the concept of ātman is unnecessary and counterproductive as an explanatory device for analyzing action, causality, karma, and reincarnation in a Buddhist context.
Buddhism sees the apparent self (our identification as souls) as a grasping after a self--i.e., inasmuch as we have a self, we have it only through a deluded attempt to shore it up.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Atman_%28Buddhism%29   (1001 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Buddhism by country
Sri Lanka is the oldest continually Buddhist country, Theravada Buddhism being the major religion in the island since its official introduction in the 2nd century BC by Venerable Mahinda, the son of the Emperor Ashoka of India during the reign of King Devanampiya.
Buddhism has largely disappeared from its country of origin, India, except for the presence there of many refugees from the Tibet region of China and a small number of converts from the lower castes of Hinduism.
Buddhism in Korea is undergoing a sort of renaissance stemming from a conscious attempt to adapt to the changes of industrialization, an increased interest among Koreans in traditional thought, and stricter standards for monks.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Buddhism-by-country   (2921 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Vajrayana Buddhism
Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE.
Theravada Buddhism: parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (where it is imposed as the state religion),Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam (along the Mekong Delta frontier with Cambodia, the so-called "Khmer Krom" region), and parts of China (in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Sichuan).
Buddhism has the characteristics of what would be expected in a cosmic religion for the future: It transcends a personal God, avoids dogmas and theology; it covers both the natural and the spiritual, and it is based on a religious sense aspiring from the experience of all things, natural and spiritual, as a meaningful unity.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Vajrayana-Buddhism   (2124 words)

  
 Science Fair Projects - Buddhism in China   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Buddhism, a religion of Indian origin, has affected and been affected by Chinese culture, politics, literature and philosophy for almost two millenia.
Buddhism arrived in China at the start of the 1st century from Central Asia by way of the Silk Road, the main trade route connecting China with the Middle East and India.
Buddhism was less antithetical to Daoism, the other major religion of China, but at its core Daoism sought harmony with the natural world while Buddhism sought to master the inner world.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Chinese_Buddhism   (1942 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Japanese Buddhism
Buddhism was first introduced to Japan via the Korean peninsula in 552, when Baekje monks came to Nara to introduce the eight doctrinal schools.
Buddhism by country Sir Charles Norton Edgecumbe Eliot (born January 8, 1862 at the village of Sibford Gower near Banbury, Oxfordshire, England; died March 16, 1931 at sea in the Straits of Malacca) was educated at Cheltenham College.
Buddhism was introduced into Korea in the fourth century and had thoroughly established itself in the three countries of the peninsula by the seventh.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Japanese_Buddhism   (4462 words)

  
  Buddhism. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Buddhism has largely disappeared from its country of origin, India, except for the presence there of many refugees from the Tibet region of China and a small number of converts from the lower castes of Hinduism.
With this distinctive view of cause and effect, Buddhism accepts the pan-Indian presupposition of samsara, in which living beings are trapped in a continual cycle of birth-and-death, with the momentum to rebirth provided by one’s previous physical and mental actions (see karma).
Buddhism, which denied both the efficacy of Vedic ritual and the validity of the caste system, and which spread its teachings using vernacular languages rather than Brahmanical Sanskrit, was by far the most successful of the heterodox or non-Vedic systems.
www.bartleby.com /65/bu/Buddhism.html   (1608 words)

  
 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Buddhism
Buddhism is also known as Buddha Dharma or Dhamma, which means the "teachings of the Awakened One" in Sanskrit and Pali, the languages of ancient Buddhist texts.
Buddhism was founded around the fifth century BCE by Siddhartha Gautama, hereafter referred to as "the Buddha".
Buddhism was established in the northern regions of India and Central Asia, and kingdoms with Buddhist rulers such as Menander I and Kaniska.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/Buddism   (8376 words)

  
 Silk Road transmission of Buddhism - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Silk Road transmission of Buddhism to China started in the 1st century CE with a semi-legendary account of an embassy sent to the West by the Chinese Emperor Ming (58-75 CE).
Bodhidharma was the founder of the Chan (Zen) school of Buddhism.
Buddhism in Central Asia started to decline in the 7th century with the expansion of Islam there.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Silk_Road_transmission_of_Buddhism   (1501 words)

  
 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Buddhism (also known as Buddha Dharma, meaning approximately Law of the Awakened One) is a religion, a practical philosophy, and arguably a psychology, focusing on the teachings of the Buddha Śākyamuni (Siddhārtha Gautama), who lived in ancient India most likely from the mid-6th to the early 5th century BCE.
Buddhism distinguishes happiness (birth in the high realms), from the final state of enlightenment: ; so likewise there is saṃsāric good karma, which leads to the high realms (such as the human realm), and then there is liberating karma - which is supremely good.
Chinese Buddhism, Korean Buddhism, Japanese Buddhism, and Vietnamese Buddhism.
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3DBuddhist%26type%3Den   (9270 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Buddhism in Bhutan
Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion of Bhutan, and Buddhists comprised 97 percent of the population.
Tibetan Buddhism (Simplified Chinese: è—ä¼ ä½›æ•™) is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet, the Himalayan region (including northern Nepal, Bhutan, and Sikkim and Ladakh), Mongolia, Buryatia, Tuva and Kalmykia (Russia), and northeastern China (Manchuria: Heilongjiang, Jilin).
The Ngalops migrated from the Tibetan plains and are the importers of Buddhism to the kingdom.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Buddhism-in-Bhutan   (1944 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Parinirvana
It is the ultimate goal of Buddhist practice and implies a release from the cycle of deaths and rebirths as well as the dissolution of all mental aggregates (form, feeling, perception, mental fabrications and consciousness).
A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE.
Epithets of nirvana in Buddhism include "the free," "the immortal," and "the unconditioned." Nirvana is attainable in life, and the death of one who has attained it is termed parinirvana, or complete nirvana.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Parinirvana   (868 words)

  
 Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: )
With the spread of Buddhism from its point of origin in India, however, all sorts of local superstitions and theological systems were introduced into it, producing an elaborate array of deities, saviors, saints, heavens, and hells that the founder of the religion, Prince Gautama, had never mentioned.
In contrast to that of Koguryo and Paekche, Buddhism in Shilla was not confined to the royal court.
Buddhism in Korea is undergoing a sort of renaissance stemming from a conscious attempt to adapt to the changes of industrialization, an increased interest among Koreans in traditional thought, and stricter standards for monks.
www.bergen.org /AAST/Projects/Korea/religion/buddhism.html   (1663 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Upaya
Upaya is a term in Mahayana Buddhism which is often translated as "means", though literally "expedient" would be more accurate, as "upaya" (from upa√i) refers to something which goes or brings you up to something (i.e., a goal).
The concept of skillful means becomes important in Mahayana Buddhism with regards to the actions of a bodhisattva.
The idea is that a bodhisattva or practitioner may use any expedient methods in order to help ease the suffering of people, introduce them to the dharma, or help them on their road to nirvana.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Upaya   (784 words)

  
 Bhutan
The inhabitants of the western and central parts of the country mainly, but not exclusively, are ethnic Ngalops, the descendants of Tibetan immigrants who predominate in government and the civil service and whose cultural norms and dress have been declared by the monarchy to be the standard for all citizens.
The Ningmapa school of Mahayana Buddhism is practiced predominantly in the eastern part of the country, although there are adherents in other parts of the country, including the royal family.
Ethnic Nepalese in the country were subject to discrimination by the authorities in the late 1980's and early 1990's when many were driven from their homes and forcibly expelled from the country.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/irf/2001/5567.htm   (1639 words)

  
 Sakya Monastery
Tibetan Buddhism, the teaching of the Buddha as practiced and taught in Tibet, is at last becoming known to the world.
Buddhism is now one of the fastest growing religions in the United States — not least because of the rise in popularity of its Tibetan denomination.
Buddhism is a tolerant religion that places emphasis on practical methods for cultivating spiritual awareness and on the importance of finding the truth for oneself.
www.sakya.org /Introduction_to_Tibetan_Buddhism.htm   (1703 words)

  
 Buddhist Channel | Issues | Was Buddhism driven out of India?
Buddhism was a reaction to the growing permissiveness and distortions of Aryan society.
It was this decline of Buddhism which brought up the resurgence of Saivism and Vaishnavism.
If Buddhism was brought down by anyone (which is not the case) it was done by the Buddhist monks.
www.buddhistchannel.tv /index.php?id=70,2207,0,0,1,0   (824 words)

  
 Buddhism - Psychology Wiki - a Wikia wiki   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, who lived in Northern India between 563 BC and 483 BC.
In Mahayana Buddhism, a caveat is added: one should indeed always meditate on the impermanence and changefulness of compounded structures and phenomena, but one must guard against extending this to the realm of Nirvana, where impermanence holds no sway and eternity alone obtains.
Buddhism and Dzogchen: the Doctrine of the Buddha and the Supreme Vehicle of Tibetan Buddhism.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Buddhism   (9183 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Buddhist regions
In Buddhism, the differences are primarily a result of Buddhist thinking interacting with native thinking in the region.
The best example of this is China, where Taoism was a popular India, because India is relatively far from places such as Japan and Korea, intermediaries like China passed on their Buddhist knowledge.
The Buddhist canon of scripture is known in Sanskrit as the Tripitaka and in Pāli as the Tipitaka.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Buddhist-regions   (384 words)

  
 Buddhism
Since Buddhism in general does not believe in a personal God or divine being, it does not have worship, praying, or praising of a divine being.
Buddhism is, therefore, more of a moral philosophy, an ethical way of life.
Since Buddha never emphasized his concept of the divine, Buddhism is left with some life's deepest questions unanswered, questions such as the origin of the universe and the purpose of man's existence.
www.leaderu.com /orgs/probe/docs/buddhism.html   (2496 words)

  
 Buddhist Channel | Europe | One hundred years of Buddhism in Hamburg
In 1914 a professorship for Indian studies was established at the “Colonial Institute”, later at the university (founded in 1919), and Buddhism was on the curriculum.
Although Buddhism is generally regarded with sympathy in the West, it is not generally seen in public.
For most of the Buddhist countries in Asia Vesakh is a national holiday, celebrated at the full moon in May or in early June.
www.buddhistchannel.tv /index.php?id=3,2803,0,0,1,0   (693 words)

  
 Bhutan
The Ningmapa school of Mahayana Buddhism is practiced predominantly in the eastern part of the country, although there are adherents in other parts of the country.
Governmental discrimination against ethnic Nepalese in the late 1980s and early 1990s arose in part from a desire to preserve the country's Buddhist culture against the influence of a growing population of ethnic Nepalese with different cultural and religious traditions; it also was a response to increased political agitation by the ethnic Nepalese community.
Some of the country's few Christians, mostly ethnic Nepalese living in the south, claimed that they were harassed and discriminated against by the Government, local authorities, and non-Christian citizens.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/irf/2004/35515.htm   (2137 words)

  
 sociology - Buddhism
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE.
It is extremely important to note that in Buddhism, the word "refuge" should not be taken in the English sense of "hiding" or "escape"; instead, many scholars have said, it ought be thought of as a homecoming, or place of healing, much as a parent's home might be a refuge for someone.
Buddhism had become the fastest-growing religion in Australia and many other Western nations by the 1990s, in contrast to the steady decline of traditional western beliefs (see Christianity).
www.aboutsociology.com /sociology/Buddhism   (5959 words)

  
 UNHCR - U.S. Department of State Annual Report on International Religious Freedom for 2003 — Bhutan
The Ningmapa school of Mahayana Buddhism is practiced predominantly in the eastern part of the country, although there are adherents in other parts of Bhutan.
The arrival of this faith to the country predated that of Buddhism.
Some of the country's few Christians, mostly ethnic Nepalese living in the south, claimed that they are subject to harassment and discrimination by the Government, local authorities, and non-Christian citizens.
www.unhcr.org /home/RSDCOI/3fe8155323.html   (2064 words)

  
 Japanese Buddhism
Of the main branches of Buddhism, it is the Mahayana or "Greater Vehicle" Buddhism which found its way to Japan.
Buddhism was imported to Japan via China and Korea in form of a present from the friendly Korean kingdom of Kudara (Paikche) in the 6th century.
While Buddhism was welcomed by the ruling nobles as Japan's new state religion, it did not initially spread among the common people due to its complex theories.
www.japan-guide.com /e/e2055.html   (611 words)

  
 Adherents.com: Buddhism
Prior to the Chinese invasions of 1950 the country was essentially a theocracy in which 100% of the people could be considered adherents of Tibetan Buddhism.
Now many non-Tibetan Chinese live in the region, the region is considered by many a province of China, many of the monks and practicing Tibetan Buddhists have fled and live in neighboring countries, and the Chinese government's active efforts to exterminate religion in the region have had significant impact.
Perhaps 85% of the population will cite Buddhism is asked what their preferred religion is, but 75% of the population claim to be nonreligious -- to practice and believe in no religion.
www.adherents.com /largecom/com_buddhist.html   (254 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Namu Myoho Renge Kyo
On a different level, according to Nichiren Daishonin, the mantra can be seen as a distillation of the entire sutra, i.e., all the sutra's teachings are summarized in the title.
Third, it is held by followers of Nichiren Buddhism to be the Ultimate Law permeating the universe.
Nam(u) is used in Buddhism as a prefix expressing the taking of refuge in a Buddha or similar object of veneration.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Namu-Myoho-Renge-Kyo   (492 words)

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