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Topic: Buddhism by region

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  Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of Siddhārtha Gautama; (Sanskrit; in Pāli;, Siddhattha Gotama), who lived between approximately 563 and 483 BCE.
Nikaya Buddhism and consequently Theravada are sometimes referred to as Hinayana or "lesser vehicle", although this is generally considered to be impolite.
Buddhism had become the fastest-growing religion in Australia and many other Western nations by the 1990s, in contrast to the steady decline of traditional western beliefs (see Christianity).
www.bidprobe.com /en/wikipedia/b/bu/buddhism_1.html   (4909 words)

 Encyclopedia: Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Buddhism is a religion and philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE.
Theravada Buddhism: parts of India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar (where it is imposed as the state religion),Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, parts of Vietnam (along the Mekong Delta frontier with Cambodia, the so-called "Khmer Krom" region), and parts of China (in Yunnan, Guangxi, and Sichuan).
Tibetan Buddhism: found in Tibet (and adjacent areas of China), North India, Bhutan, Nepal, southwestern China, Mongolia and, various Constituent republic of Russia that are adjacent to the area, such as: Amur Oblast, Buryatia, Chita Oblast, Tuva Republic, and Khabarovsk Krai.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Buddhism   (11378 words)

 Buddhism - Hutchinson encyclopedia article about Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Buddhism is Thailand's principal religion and is a crucial part of the daily life of the country.
The main forms of Buddhism are Theravāda (or Hīnayāna) in Southeast Asia and Mahāyāna in North and East Asia;; Lamaism in Tibet and Zen in Japan are among the many Mahāyāna forms of Buddhism.
Theravāda Buddhism, the oldest of the two main forms of Buddhism, dominated this movement and is the only form of Buddhism to survive in the region.
encyclopedia.farlex.com /Buddhism   (1611 words)

 Encyclopedia: Schools of Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Vatsīputrīya sect of Buddhism is an offshoot of the Vibhajyavāda that arose during the reign of Aśoka.
Nichiren Buddhism (日蓮系諸宗派 Nichiren-kei sho shūha) is a branch of Buddhism stemming from the teachings of the 13th century Japanese monk Nichiren (1222–1282).
Tibetan Buddhism, (formerly also called Lamaism after their religious gurus known as lamas), is the body of religious Buddhist doctrine and institutions characteristic of Tibet and the Himalayan region.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Schools-of-Buddhism   (2668 words)

 Buddhism in Malaysia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The general climate of religious freedom in Malaysia indicates that Buddhism may have the opportunity to expand in the future.
As a religion without a supreme head to direct its development, Buddhism is practised in various forms, which, although rarely in open conflict, can sometimes lead to confusion among Buddhists.
An initiative has also begun to form a Malaysian Buddhist Council, representing the various sects of Buddhism in the country to extend the work of the development of Buddhism, especially in giving contemporary relevance to the practise of the religion, as well as to promote solidarity among Buddhists in general.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Buddhism_in_Malaysia   (544 words)

 Neo-Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
At the beginning of the 20th century, Buddhism was all but dead in India, the land of its origin.
Certain tribal groups in Bengal continued to follow Buddhism, as did peoples in Ladakh and Sikkim where Tibetan culture was influential, but these groups were on the margins of Indian society.
This makes Buddhism the fifth-largest religion in India and 5% of the population of Maharashtra, but less than 1% of the overall population of India.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/neo_buddhism   (705 words)

 Takuan Soho - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Takuan Soho (沢庵 宗彭 Takuan Sōhō, 1573 - 1645) was a major figure in the Rinzai school of Zen Buddhism.
According to history, he communicated with such major figures as the powerful general, Ishida Mitsunari, the Christian daimyo named, Yagyuu Munenori, the head of the Yagyu Shinkage Ryu of swordsmanship, the abdicated emperor called Go-Mizunoo, and the shogun, Tokugawa Iemitsu.
He exerted himself to bring the spirit of Zen Buddhism to many and diverse aspects of Japanese culture, such as swordsmanship and calligraphy.
www.bucyrus.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Takuan_Soho   (222 words)

 Buddhism in India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Theravada is the single remaining representative of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikaya schools of Indian Buddhism, which are sometimes referred to by the controversial term Hinayana.
Its system of monastic rules Vinaya is still used in Tibetan Buddhism and is also somewhat influential in monastic Chinese Buddhism.
For a full account of the spread of Buddhism in India and beyond, see the History of Buddhism and the Decline of Buddhism in India.
www.wikipedia.org /wiki/Indian_Buddhism   (347 words)

 The Precept of Adapting to Local Customs
The conveys Buddhism's recognition that there may be cases in which it is crucial for practitioners to follow local culture, customs and traditions, even if doing so violates some of the precepts the Buddha set forth.
After all, the purpose of Buddhism is to awaken people to the truth and potential of their lives.
As Buddhism spread from India to China and Tibet, and through Korea to Japan, many ceremonies, deities and observances native Japanese spiritual life were also incorporated into Buddhism.
www.sgi-usa.org /buddhism/buddhismtoday/bc034.htm   (858 words)

 Timeline of Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Mon seafarers and Ashokan emissary monks brought Buddhism to the Mon settlements of Suwannaphum (modern Burma).
100s BCE: Theravada Buddhism is officially introduced to Sri Lanka by the Venerable Mahinda, the son of the emperor Ashoka of India during the reign of king Devanampiya-Tissa.
He is said to have been converted to Theravada Buddhism by a Mon monk, though other beliefs persisted.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/timeline_of_buddhism   (3009 words)

 wikien.info: Main_Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Buddhism in AfghanistanBuddhism in AlbaniaBuddhism in AlgeriaBuddhism in AngolaBuddhism in Antigua and BarbudaBuddhism in ArgentinaBuddhism in ArmeniaBuddhism in AustraliaBuddhism in..
Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by region Timeline List of topics Buddhist Lent (Thai พรรษา, pansa or phansaa) is a three month period during the rainy season in Thailand during which Bu..
Buddhism Terms and concepts History People Schools and sects Texts Temples Culture Buddhism by region Timeline List of topics The Buddhist Society, London was created in London as an offshoot of a Theosophical Lodge by Christmas Humphreys, a British judge and convert to Buddh..
www.alanaditescili.net /browse.php?title=B/BU/BUD   (6761 words)

 Japanese Buddhism
Strong ties between Buddhism and the government developed: the ordination of monks and nuns was controlled by the court, and temples were supported by taxes, by labor from designated households, and by lands donated by the government along with special tax considerations.
The emphasis of Nara Buddhism was, rather, on rituals to ensure the prosperity of the state and the health and welfare of its rulers.
Buddhism was ready for new developments that would flesh out the work of scattered hijiri, reform existing institutions, and break away from the old, established schools to create new ones.
www.cs.ucla.edu /~jmg/ah/budd.over1.html   (3049 words)

 Stupa - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
However, some later stupas, such as at Sarnath and Sanchi, seem to be embellishments of earlier mounds.
In the third century BC, after his conversion to Buddhism, the emperor Ashoka had the original stupas opened and the remains distributed among the several thousand stupas he had built.
Nevertheless, the stupas at the eight places associated with the life of the Buddha continued to be of particular importance.
www.kernersville.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Stupa   (417 words)

 Newar Buddhism
It was the Buddhism of Shakyamuni as it manifested itself in the Himalayan region.
Newar Buddhism can be classified along the tradition of Indian Vajrayana or Tantric Buddhism which derives its lineages from the Siddha tradition of the Nalanda and Vikramashila Monastic Universities of India.
The Survival of Indian Buddhism in a Himalayan Kingdom." Similarly in 1898 Prof.
www.lrcnepal.org /articles/article2.htm   (1033 words)

 Buddhist Life Stages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
So Buddhism usually plays a secondary role in the rites of life passages, and a role that shows no consistency across the many cultures to which Buddhism has migrated.
In Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana), it is believed that it is possible for a person to attain nirvana between their death and their rebirth.
While in the monastery, they will learn about Buddhism, undertake to follow the Ten Precepts of the monks and other regulations for the sangha, and essentially live the life of a permanent monk.
uwacadweb.uwyo.edu /religionet/er/buddhism/BSLIFE.HTM   (434 words)

 Store consciousness - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Store consciousness (Sanskrit: ālayavijñāna; Tibetan: kun gzhi rnam shes; Chinese: 阿賴耶識 Japanese: araya-shiki) is the eighth and the most fundamental of the eight consciousnesses established in the doctrine of the Yogacara school of Buddhism.
Store consciousness accumulates all potential energy for the mental and physical manifestation of one's existence, and supplies the substance to all existences.
Alayavijnana - Storehouse Consciousness (http://www.saigon.com/~anson/ebud/ebdha195.htm), Walpola Rahula, not dated; quotes the Pali Canon's use of alaya and compares the Mahayana asrayaparavrtti and bijaparavrtti with Nikaya Buddhism's alayasamugghata, the "uprooting of alaya, and khinabija, one whose "seeds of defilement are destroyed".
www.hartselle.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Store_consciousness   (242 words)

 Encyclopedia: Buddhism by region   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
East Asian Buddhism is a collective term for the schools of Buddhism that developed in the East Asian region, most of which are part of the Mahayana transmission.
A feature of Buddhism in the West has been the emergence of groups, which although they draw on traditional Buddhism, are in fact an attempt at creating a new style of Buddhist practice.
Category: Buddhism Greco-Buddhism, sometimes spelled Græco-Buddhism, is the cultural syncretism between the culture of Classical Greece and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 800 years in Central Asia in the area corresponding to modern-day Afghanistan and Pakistan, between the 4th century BCE and the 5th...
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Buddhism-by-region   (556 words)

 Tsunami Disaster Region Profiles - Thailand
Buddhism entered the region in possibly the 3rd or 2nd century BC.
A region that is particularly well known to Australians is the coastline well south of Bangkok.
This region is home to a significant Muslim community (30-35% of the population of predominantly Buddhist people).
nat.uca.org.au /news/tsunami/regionprofile6.htm   (823 words)

 [No title]
Buddhism was transferred from the nomadic peopleÕs court to the Korean court and was adopted with the ultimate purpose of serving the state.
Buddhism was always a court religion that was passed from court to court.
Chinese Buddhism, on the other hand, did not adopt this cult greatly as proven by the drastically reduced presence of Maitreya and Sakyamuni images on the Lung-men Cave when the northern dynasty was conquered and subsequently Sinicized under the Tang dynasty.
www.dpg.devry.edu /~akim/sck/bud.htm   (4725 words)

 Greco Buddhism   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Greco-Buddhism is the result of a cultural syncretism between the Classical Greek culture and Buddhism, which developed over a period of close to 800 years in Central Asia, in an area corresponding to contemporary Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Greco-Buddhism influenced the artistic(and, possibly, conceptual) development of Mahayana Buddhism in Central Asia,before it was adopted by China, Korea and Japan from the 5th century AD.
The new form of Buddhism expanded into Northern Asia from the 5th century onward, to China, Korea and Japan, and wasitself at the origin of Zen.
www.therfcc.org /greco-buddhism-41942.html   (1393 words)

 Surmang Monastery   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The region called Surmang is the far-flug area of the nine Surmang Monasteries.
Surmang lies on the border between the cultivated and nomadic regions, near the source of the Mekong river.
In the shelter of her 14, 000 foot florid alpine valleys, this lineage studied and practiced in isolation the contemplative arts and sciences unique to Tibetan Buddhism, making the region a living spiritual acquifer.
www.surmang.org /html/surmang_about.html   (553 words)

 The Bâmiân Buddhas
These statues reflect the dominant role played by Buddhism in the region from the third century BCE, evidenced from inscriptions by Emperor Ashoka at Lampâka and Kandahâr, to the time when these statues were created, probably in the seventh century CE.
During this period, the town of Bâmiân was a center for Buddhism and remained so until the eighth century, when the rulers of the area converted to Islam.
It was this prosperity that made it possible for the construction of the two colossal Buddhas in the region.
hss.fullerton.edu /comparative/bam_buddhas.htm   (377 words)

 Tibetan Buddhism --  Encyclopædia Britannica   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
When King Asoka converted to Buddhism in the 3rd century BC, he used the resources to spread the religion as far south as Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka) and as far north as Kashmir.
Buddhism has always been ready and able to develop in new environments, with different cultures and customs, and yet still remain faithful to the teachings of the Buddha.
It is therefore not surprising that Buddhism continues to flourish in the East.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9072388   (878 words)

 Journey North Mystery Class: Spring, 2002
Roughly rectangular in shape, the Kingdom of Nepal is situated between China in the north and India in the south.
The popularity of this region is derived from its proximity to the world's highest mountain, and from its Sherpa people and buddhist monasteries.
Buddhism is believed to have been introduced in the Khumbu region towards the end of the 17th century by Lama Sange Dorjee, the fifth incarnate of the Rongphu Monastery, also called the Rongbuk Monastery, in Tibet.
www.learner.org /jnorth/spring2002/species/mclass/Intro7.html   (497 words)

 Four Noble Truths - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Four Noble Truths (Pali, "cattari ariya saccani") are taught in Buddhism as the fundamental insight or enlightenment of Sakyamuni Buddha (the historical Buddha), which led to the formulation of the Buddhist philosophy.
Because of its focus on suffering, Buddhism is often called pessimistic.
But since Gautama Buddha presented a cure, Buddhists consider it neither pessimistic nor optimistic but realistic.
www.lexington-fayette.us /project/wikipedia/index.php/Four_Noble_Truths   (334 words)

 Buddhism by region - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Buddhist beliefs and practices vary according to region.
So in discussing Buddhism, it's important to recall that there are distinctions between (and, of course, within) the Buddhism practiced in various regions, including:
This page was last modified 10:47, 28 October 2005.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Buddhist_regions   (66 words)

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