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Topic: Build Operate Transfer

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In the News (Sun 26 May 19)

 Build-Operate-Transfer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) is a form of project financing, wherein a private entity receives a franchise from the public sector to finance, design, construct, and operate a facility for a specified period, after which ownership is transferred back to the public sector.
Typically a Western customer contracts with an India or China vendor and the vendor builds and operates a customer call center or other business process for an extended period of time.
During the time that the project proponent operates the facility, it is allowed to charge facility users appropriate tolls, fees, rentals, and charges stated in their contract to enable the project proponent to recover its investment, and operating and maintenance expenses in the project. /wiki/Build-Operate-Transfer   (215 words)

 NLPI: News Articles
Build, operate and transfer project is a concept where the concession owning company plays a major role in each of the stages involved in identifying the project, providing all the required finance for construction and operation, completing the construction and finally managing and operating the company throughout the concession period.
The concession is being undertaken on a 20-year-long build, operate and transfer agreement.
NLPI, through a tender supervised by the World Bank, won the concession for the Zambia Railways assets and operations deal late last year, ahead of Edlow Resources of Bermuda, Sheltam Group of South Africa and CANAC of Canada in corporation with Norconsult of Norway. /news/BUSINESS_TRIBUNE_20-26-11-03.asp   (377 words)

 LUXOFT - Build Operate Transfer (BOT)
You may consider the Build Operate Transfer (BOT) model when you wish to establish your own offshore dedicated center but recognize that your unfamiliarity and lack of physical presence in the country of choice will lead to significant costs if you proceed to build the ODC facility on your own.
The “keys” are passed on to you during the transfer phase where the ODC is purchased from LUXOFT and you assume all ODC assets and liabilities.
To solve the problem, you retain a vendor to build a complete Staff ODC (other ODC models may be built, the Staff model is the most likely), work out the kinks, and eventually when all is in place to hand you the keys. /eng/service/odc/BOT   (119 words)

 Railway Age: Time to talk "turnkey"? - "design-build" and "build-operate-transfer" local transit projects
Each of these offers opportunities for time and cost savings and each involved varying degrees of transfer of risk and responsibility from the transit agency to the builder/supplier team, compared to the traditional process, under which fully developed plans and specifications for individual components of a system are issued for competitive, lump sum bidding.
Risk Transfer: In any conventional transit system procurement, with a large number of separate construction of systems contracts, the owner is obliged to assume the burden of coordination among the different suppliers, and most problems of component integration, as well as the risks and uncertainties of overall cost/schedule performance.
BOT projects have been most common as a means of encouraging private sector participation in major infrastructure development work in Third Word countries. /p/articles/mi_m1215/is_n9_v190/ai_7999599   (1302 words)

 BOT - Beginning Of Table, Beginning Of Tape, Build, Operate and Transfer, roBOT
build, operate, transfer - a type of contract under which a (usually foreign) company builds something (usually an infrastructure project, such as a power station or a bridge or a road), runs it for an agreed period (say 20 years) and then gives it to the state.
Bot is short for "robot." It is a program on an IRC-or undernet-system, which acts as a real person by accepting certain commands and responding.
On the Internet, the most common bots are the programs, also called spiders or crawlers, that access websites and gather their content for search engine indexes. /acronym/BOT.asp   (901 words)

 Methodological and Technological issues in Technology Transfer
More significantly, there is some indication that the BOT mechanism favours climate unfriendly technologies (e.g., coal power generation) over alternatives (such as wind power), because of the need for proven technology, the preference for established project paradigms, the large scale of BOTs and the failure of governments to internalise environmental costs.
The essence of the BOT structure is that the private sector takes responsibility for the detailed design, construction, commissioning and operation of a particular project.
From the perspective of ESTs, BOT projects usually encourage the use of modern equipment and there is an incentive to be efficient, with climate benefits. /climate/ipcc/tectran/109.htm   (534 words)

 Private Participation in Infrastructure Projects Glossary -- Private Participation in Infrastructure
A private sponsor builds a new facility largely at its own risk, transfers ownership to the government, leases the facility from the government and operates it at its own risk, then receives full ownership of the facility at the end of the concession period.
A private entity or a public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility for the period specified in the project contract.
The government transfers part of the equity in the state-owned company to private entities (operator, institutional investors, and the like). /glossary.asp   (2105 words)

 Control Ciudadano : Informes país por país
The "BOT" method involves the private sector constructing a facility using its own funds, operating it for a period known as a concession period and transferring it to the Government at the end of that period.
The "BO" method is very similar to the "BOT" method except that the former does not involve the transfer of the facility to the Government.
During the concession period, the private sector is allowed to collect revenue directly from the users of the facility or indirectly through an intermediary, usually a Government institution. /en/informesNacionales/351.html   (2580 words)

 How Partnerships Work
The private partner builds a facility to the specifications agreed to by the public agency, operates the facility for a specified time period under a contract or franchise agreement with the agency, and then transfers the facility to the agency at the end of the specified period of time.
The BTO model is similar to the BOT model except that the transfer to the public owner takes place at the time that construction is completed, rather than at the end of the franchise period.
Under this arrangement, the facility may be operated by either the public agency or the private developer during the term of the lease. /howpart/ppptypes.html   (1439 words)

 Build Operate Transfer: Engagement Models - 24/7 Customer
"Build Operate Transfer" or "BOT" arrangements are being increasingly used in establishing offshore centres, particularly in India.
Build Operate Transfer: Engagement Models - 24/7 Customer
Once the centre and services are well established, management and ownership is transferred to the customer. /thewaywedoit/engagementmodels.asp   (486 words)

 Pierian Services - B-O-T Center
The operating structure and mechanism will be such that the ownership of the center and its assets (including the team members of the dedicated facility) will be transferred to the client based on agreed trigger points.
This proves to be advantageous at the time of ownership transfer especially, as the transfer does not necessarily need to go through a sale-of-assets process, which carries with it some complexities in the Indian context.
Pierian will transfer the center to the client when certain conditions (or trigger points) are met, as per mutually agreed terms and conditions. /services_outsource_bot.html   (289 words)

 FindLaw - Build, Operate and Transfer Project Agreement - National Power Corp. and Hopewell Project Management Co. Ltd.
OPERATION MODE The Power Station shall be utilized as a peaking plant and be expected to operate five (5) days per week - Monday to Friday - and shall remain on standby over the weekend and during the ten (10) public holidays per year, except during scheduled maintenance.
Load Sharing Operation The units shall operate satisfactorily and without structural damage in daily load sharing from 100 per cent of the Contracted Capacity to the minimum capacity of the units depending on the dispatch requirements of NAPOCOR Power Management Center.
The Power Station shall be operated with all of its protective apparatus in service whenever the facility is connected to or is operated in parallel with the NAPOCOR electric system. /agreements/mirant/   (5967 words)

 NLPI: Build-Operate-Transfer
The term B.O.T was introduced in the early 1980's by the Turkish Prime Minister Turgat Ozal to designate a Build Operate Transfer project.
Central to any B.O.T project is the 'Concession Agreement', whereby a private entity, also known as the 'promoter', is granted the right to construct, finance, operate and maintain a facility for the period of the concession.
This right is granted by the 'Principle', usually the government, and once the period of the concession is over, the fully operational facility is transferred back to the principle at no cost. /BOT.asp   (899 words)

 Delivery Options-BOT - Convergys
Convergys' Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) delivery option is designed for those service providers who must focus on the strategic areas of their businesses while bringing new service offerings to the marketplace.
In order to enter the marketplace quickly, many operators find themselves in need of a flexible combination of application development and outsourced system launch and operations.
BOT is a cross-technology program that leverages specialized labor and methodologies, providing the following areas of support: /billing_build.html   (165 words)

 The Software Outsourcing Newsletter for Executives and Investors
The benefit to the offshore company is a project that lasts two to three years before the transfer is made, building and operating a team that grows with an increasing number of engineers.
BOT is a good choice for a US company that wants to start with a handful of engineers, grow a team over time and build a valuable subsidiary asset.
BOT 1 costs more over time, but gives you the most flexibility and does not require a relatively large investment to create the subsidiary in year 1 when you may not have the cash. /articles/runtime-2004-03-23.htm   (1219 words)

 BOT projects
In a BOT arrangement, the private sector designs and builds the infrastructure, finances its construction and owns, operates and maintains it over a period, often as long as 20 or 30 years.
The substantive contractual obligation of the Operator is to operate and maintain the Facility for the period of the Operation and Maintenance Agreement.
As the law presently stands, the transfer of an interest in a partnership may be liable to ad valorem duty calculated on the higher of the purchase price and the unencumbered value of the interest being transferred. /eclj/BOT.html   (10057 words)

 PARTNERSHIP-- Buid-Operate-Transfer
Transfer the facility over to the customer once a steady state is reached and the facility operates on its own.
Build a facility for the customer, around our existing team of experienced people, processes, and Infrastructure Operate the facility customized to specific customer needs with the right people, processes, tools, and technologies.
We will operate it for a pre-set time period building up the necessary people, processes, and infrastructure to support the client's long term needs. /ginfotech/bot.htm   (151 words)

 LANTIMES - "Build, operate, transfer for Web success"
In the build stage, it is best to partner with a technology or systems-integration company (the vendor) that will build both the prototype and the fully operational application, based on strict specifications that you supply.
A critical element of the BOT approach is the effective transfer of knowledge during the transition of operations.
The transfer phase is perhaps the most delicate part of the process, and the knowledge acquired in previously defined key areas can facilitate the transition. /gems/mougayar/lantime3.htm   (732 words)

 Water: Pioneering Project - ADB Review -
The BOT arrangement-under which a foreign consortium builds and operates a facility for a number of years before transferring it to the local government-is one of several modalities being tried by the PRC.
For the Chengdu Government, the benefits include the transfer of management and technical skills and, after 18 years, the water treatment plant has been fully funded by foreign investors.
The Chengdu BOT project so far is living up to the reputation it won after garnering international awards in 1999 as a legal, infrastructure, and project finance deal. /Documents/Periodicals/ADB_Review/2002/vol34_3/pioneering_project.asp   (1070 words)

 Build-operate-transfer contracts
There are many possible variations on the BOT model, including build-operate-own (BOO) arrangements, in which the assets remain indefinitely with the private partner, and design-build-operate (DBO) arrangements, in which the public and private sectors share responsibility for capital investments.
In a typical BOT arrangement a private firm might undertake to construct a new dam and water treatment plant, operate them for a number of years, and at the end of the contract relinquish all rights to them to the public utility.
The contract between the BOT concessionaire and the utility is usually on a take-or-pay basis, obligating the utility to pay for a specified quantity of water whether or not that quantity is consumed. /html/fpd/water/wstoolkits/Kit1/kitone7.html   (422 words)

 10. Build, Own, Operate, Transfer (BOOT)
A DBO provider could be engaged to build the scheme and then operate it for the period of the debt finance.
BOOT operator response to this legislation is unknown.
BOOT operators are experienced with management and operation of infrastructure assets and bring these skills to the scheme. /mafnet/rural-nz/sustainable-resource-use/irrigation/equity-investment-options/equity11.htm   (1765 words)

 Build-Operate-Transfer-Type Procurement in Asian Megaprojects
BOT (build-operate-transfer)-type win-win cooperation aligns well with the paradigm shift that has repeatedly been called for in addressing construction industry shortfalls.
Lessons are drawn from the recent resurgence in public-private partnerships for the procurement of large scale infrastructure, with a focus on Asian megaprojects.
However, the many volatile variables involved and the limited experience in dealing with the special risks encountered highlights the need for decision support frameworks to evaluate and select the optimal from among: (1) potential BOT-type projects; (2) prospective franchises; and (3) innovative project financing packages. /WWWdisplay.cgi?0201610   (212 words)

 - Innova Solutions - Build Operate and Transfer
BOT is Innova's outsourcing asset building strategy to help you manage your growing operations.
We are aiming for our clients to have total control of their operations, over a mutually agreed upon period of time, and to experience growth by engaging in Innova's BOT outsourcing model.
Although BOT is our preferred model, we also engage in 'traditional outsourcing' relationships, offering our clients the option to convert later to a BOT model. /bot.htm   (669 words)

 Toll road
Some built recently are managed in the BOT (build, operate, transfer) basis.
The [[Matecumbe Keys toll booth on the Overseas Highway in Florida (1938)]] Companies were formed to build, improve, and maintain a particular section of roadway, and tolls were collected from users to finance the enterprise.
In some instances, a quasi-governmental authority was formed, and toll revenue bonds were issued to raise funds for construction and/or operation of the facility.   (2983 words)

 Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) - Public Private Partnerships - FHWA
The build-operate-transfer (BOT) / design-build-operate-maintain (DBOM) model is an integrated partnership that combines the design and construction responsibilities of design-build procurements with operations and maintenance.
A single design-build-operate contract for the entire project with financing secured by the public agency, under which the contractor provides long-term operation and/or maintenance services, with the public sector sponsor retaining the operating revenue risk and any surplus operating revenue.
In addition, the BOT team is also required to establish a long-term maintenance program up front, together with estimates of the associated costs. /ppp/bot.htm   (692 words)

As long as the operator is not in violation of its franchise, it can continue to operate the facility in perpetuity.
The private entity however, operates the facility on behalf of the implementing agency under an agreement.
For this purpose, the winning project proponent shall be automatically granted by the appropriate agency the franchise to operate and maintain the facility, including the collection of tolls, fees, rentals, and charges in accordance with Section 5 hereof. /default7.htm   (1923 words)

 PL 24-294
Build-Operate-Transfer’ (‘BOT’) means a contractual arrangement whereby the project proponent, a Guam licensed business entity having at least one (1) principal as a resident of Guam for the duration of the project, undertakes the financing of the design and construction of new water or wastewater infrastructure facility(ies), and the operation and maintenance thereof.
The project proponent transfers, in whole or in part in accordance with approved contract terms, the facility to GWA at the end of the contract term.
BOT shall also include undertaking the financing of the design, renovation and replacement of equipment of existing water or wastewater infrastructure facility(ies), or the operation and maintenance thereof. /24th_Guam_Legislature/Public_Laws_24th/PL240294.htm   (3684 words)

The procedures for undertaking BOT projects are shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2 entitled Public Bidding Process under the BOT Law, and Procedure for Unsolicited Proposals under BOT.
Projects not listed in the MTPIP may, however, be allowed under the “unsolicited proposal” provisions of the BOT law, provided such proposals are consistent with national and individual port master plans.
New port projects intended to cater to vessels and cargoes that require specialized servicing and handling facilities, e.g., dry or liquid bulk terminals, roro facilities, container berths and equipment requirements, cement silos, coal and other mineral products terminals, and other port –related infrastructures that are not available but in demand in a particular location. /Investment/BOT.htm   (336 words)

 Build Operate Transfer Municipal Bridge Projects in India
The build operate transfer scheme can be advantageously adopted by municipal administrations in India for implementing transport infrastructure projects, such as the construction of bridges, without undue strain on their declining budgetary resources.
The simulation model developed by the writer permits the examination of the financial viability of any proposed build-operate-transfer-transport infrastructure project, as affected by various options relating to the toll structure, toll revision schedule, extent of the municipal grant, and duration of the concession period.
Build Operate Transfer Municipal Bridge Projects in India /WWWdisplay.cgi?9902831   (118 words)

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