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Topic: Byzantium

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  Byzantium: The Byzantine Studies Page
It would be wrong then to present the later history of Byzantium as a "thousand year history of decline", leading inevitably to its conquest by the Ottoman Turks on Tuesday 29th May 1453.
Marxist historians are often derided, especially in the United States, for fitting facts to theory [as if they alone were guilty of this!] In Byzantium, especially in the agricultural laws of the tenth century, which were presented at the time as addressing a struggle of the "poor" and the "powerful".
As the centrally located culture, and by far the most stable state, of the Medieval period, Byzantium is of major interest both in itself, and because the development and late history of Western European, Slavic and Islamic cultures are not comprehensible without taking it into consideration.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/byzantium   (1791 words)

  Byzantium - NSwiki   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Byzantium is the capital city of the Holy Socialist Republic of Constantinopolis.
Byzantium is a cultural, economic and administrative center of the highest importance.
The city of Byzantium later experienced massive growth during the second half of the 20th century, and most new buildings and neighborhoods were built in one of several different styles of architectural modernism.
ns.goobergunch.net /wiki/index.php/Byzantium   (637 words)

  Byzantium - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Byzantium was an ancient Greek city-state, which according to legend was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek).
Byzantium was rebuilt by the now Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and quickly regained its previous prosperity.
In 670 BC, the citizens of Byzantium claimed the crescent moon as their state symbol, after winning a battle, which they attributed to Artemis, the Greek goddess of the hunt, whose symbol was the crescent moon.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Byzantium   (713 words)

 Byzantium - LoveToKnow 1911   (Site not responding. Last check: )
During the reign of Alexander Byzantium was compelled to acknowledge the Macedonian supremacy; after the decay of the Macedonian power it regained its independence, but suffered from the repeated incursions of the Scythians.
During the first years of its alliance with Rome it held the rank of a free confederate city; but, having sought arbitration on some of its domestic disputes, it was subjected to the imperial jurisdiction, and gradually stripped of its privileges, until reduced to the status of an ordinary Roman colony.
This overthrow of Byzantium was a great loss to the empire, since it might have served as a protection against the Goths, who afterwards sailed past it into the Mediterranean.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /Byzantium   (1527 words)

 Byzantine Empire - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Byzantium may be defined as a multi-ethnic empire that emerged as a Christian empire, soon comprised the Hellenized empire of the East and ended its thousand-year history, in 1453, as a Greek Orthodox state: An empire that became a nation, almost by the modern meaning of the word".
Byzantium was well positioned astride the trade routes between East and West, was a superb base from which to guard the crucial Danubian provinces, and was reasonably close to the Eastern frontiers.
From the tenth to the twelfth century Byzantium was the main source of inspiration for the West.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Byzantine_Empire   (12007 words)

 [No title]
Byzantium is a converted farmhouse in the Morvan Regional Nature Park situated in peaceful surroundings about 20Km from the Roman city of Autun.
The financial policies of Byzantium led to the gradual impoverishment of the Macedonian population.
Byzantium is regularly used for corporate bashes, birthday celebrations and wedding receptions as well as wedding ceremonies and conferences.
www.lycos.com /info/byzantium--miscellaneous.html   (321 words)

 [No title]
Byzantium is the name given to both the state and the culture of the Eastern Roman Empire in the middle ages.
All historians of Byzantium declare in unison that a new period in her history opens with the beginning of the eighth century.
In this introduction to the history of Byzantium, from the fourth to the fourteenth century, Rowena Loverance draws on the British Museum's rich collections of spectacular Byzantine silver, ivories, jewelry, and icons, as well as pieces from the empire's Persian and Germanic neighbors.
www.lycos.com /info/byzantium--byzantium-empire.html   (747 words)

 Yeats' Byzantium
In the first stanza of "Byzantium" there appears to be none of this physical or mental distance between speaker and subject, as it describes events inside the city, apparently as they occur in reality, or occur to the speaker's mind.
Byzantium consists of the "substance" of what eternity actually is rather than some supposedly physical, changeless substance which, while being conceivable to the human mind, would necessarily involve form and matter and therefore the trappings of change and finity.
But "Byzantium" is a less human vision than all this; finally, for the soul, there is nothing whatsoever of this kind of remorseless triumph, absolute knowledge, or personal perfection in the machinations of that which is eternal in art.
www.mrbauld.com /yeats1bz.html   (1496 words)

 Review: Byzantium and the Crusades
Byzantium misunderstood the changed nature of the papacy, which in the following period laid increasing stress on the doctrine of papal supremacy and its claim to universal leadership within Christendom.
The Pecheneg invasion of Byzantium, which began in 1046-47, the Byzantine defeat by the Seljuks at the battle of Mantzikert in 1171, and internal political instability after 1025 opened the way for the occupation of Asia Minor by Turkish warlords and the Norman invasion of the empire in 1081.
The defence of the empire was ensured in the eleventh century by traditional methods, yet the hiring of western mercenaries was a new development that led to Byzantine requests for large-scale military assistance from the West in the 1090s.
www.history.ac.uk /reviews/paper/jacobyD.html   (2867 words)

 Byzantium - Weddings   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Exclusive use of Byzantium is subject to a minimum spend.
Byzantium has a reputation as one of the regions topmost wedding venues.
With sandy walls, changeable lighting to suite the event, air-conditioning and a solid oak dining table Byzantium’s private room is an excellent option for private dining or corporate meetings.
www.byzantium.co.uk /byzantium/Weddings.htm   (273 words)

 info on comps byzant eng   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Byzantium originated as the central part of a three-movement song-cycle for soprano and orchestra which Tippett began to formulate during the mid-1980s.
Begun in January 1989 and completed in December the same year, Byzantium was commissioned for the centenary of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and was first performed on 11 April 1991, with Faye Robinson as soloist and Sir Georg Solti conducting.
Byzantium ends with a final coalescence of poetic and musical motif and of visionary metaphor.
www.michael-tippett.com /iocbyzanteng.htm   (472 words)

 Wikinfo | Byzantium
Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, founded by colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzantas.
After siding with Pescennius Niger against the victorious Septimius Severus the city was besieged and suffered extensive damage in AD Byzantium was rebuilt by the now Roman Emperor Septimius Severus and quickly regained its previous prosperity.
The location of Byzantium attracted Constantine I, the Great who, in AD 330, refounded it as Nova Roma or Constantinoupolis (Constantinople) after a prophetic dream was said to have identified the location of the city.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Byzantium   (298 words)

Byzantium is the centrepiece of a South Indian dance triptych called 'New Cities/Ancient Lands' which was created for and by the Shobana Jeyasingh Dance Company for their 1991 tour across the United Kingdom and Europe.
The perfect combination of music and dance made Byzantium the standout work of the performance which had already seen two excellent pieces danced by a hugely talented cast [Ballet Austin]...but both [of these pieces] were overshadowed by the allied brilliance of Hatzis and Lambrou.
[Byzantium is] a cultural counterpoint of east and west, spirituality and sensuality, lyricism and percussive precision.
www.chass.utoronto.ca /~chatzis/Byzantium.htm   (909 words)

 Outpost Gallifrey: Reviews   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Byzantium!, by Keith Topping, is a generally very good entry to the series of PDAs.
Byzantium may be a bad place (and Topping goes full hog to try and convince us that it is so bad that one turns agoraphobic) but this bunch (or at least some of them) have been in worse scrapes before.
Byzantium!, despite the highly disturbing appearance of the exclamation mark in the title, flows along quite nicely, producing a quick read.
www.gallifreyone.com /review.php?id=bbcp-44   (2819 words)

In the area of the Augustaeum, general repairs were undertaken of the colonnades which lined the main street leading from the Augustaeum to the palace of Constantine.
In the fifty years after the death of Basil II in 1025, the illusion that eternal peace had been achieved encouraged the opportunistic civil aristocracy, which controlled the state, to weaken the army and ignore the provinces.
Byzantium lost the heart of its empire, and with it the reserves of soldiers, leaders, taxes, and food that had enabled it to survive for the past four centuries.
www.yasou.org /byzantium/byz.htm   (10268 words)

 History of Byzantium, Byzance, Constantinople and Istanbul
The Eastem Roman Empire, however, was to last almost one thousand years until it was finally put to an end by the Ottoman Empire Mehmet II when he conquered the city of Istanbul in 1453.
The city of Byzantium was chosen to be the capitol of the Eastern Roman Empire.
By the time of the collapse of the Empire, Byzantium merely consisted of the city of Istanbul and its immediate surrounds.
www.turizm.net /turkey/history/thebyzantium.html   (482 words)

 Highbeam Encyclopedia - Search Results for Byzantium   (Site not responding. Last check: )
It was named after Byzantium, which Emperor Constantine I rebuilt (AD 330) as Constantinople and made the capital of the entire Roman Empire.
It was founded by Megara on the shore opposite Byzantium in 685 BC Taken by the Persians and recovered by the Greeks, it was later a possession of the kings of Bithynia, from whom it passed (AD 74) to Rome.
Byzantium and the Arabs in Sixth Century, vol.
www.encyclopedia.com /articles/02097.html   (601 words)

 Royalty.nu - Eastern Roman Empire - The Byzantine Empire - Emperors of Byzantium
Byzantium: The Early Centuries by John Julius Norwich, edited by Elizabeth Sifton.
Byzantium: The Decline and Fall by John Julius Norwich.
The Palaiologos dynasty and the decline of Byzantium.
www.royalty.nu /history/empires/Byzantine/index.html   (2147 words)

The year is 64 AD, according to some, and the city of Byzantium in Thrace is governed by the Romans, who rely on fear and the threat of crucifixion to keep the peace.
Barbara thus goes out into the streets of Byzantium, to try to make a new life for herself without her friends, whom she still believes to be dead.
When Barbara comments that visit to Byzantium is a real chance to have a closer look at a fascinating collection of colours, Ian reminds her about their run-in with the Aztecs (The Aztecs).
www.drwhoguide.com /whobbk44.htm   (3398 words)

When the theme system and its free peasantry were abandoned in the eleventh century [at the end of the Golden Age], the empire became weak and vulnerable.
In the fifty years after the death of Basil II in 1025, the illusion that eternal peace had been achieved encouraged the opportunistic civil aristocracy, which controlled the state, to weaken the army and ignore the provinces.
Byzantium lost the heart of its empire, and with it the reserves of soldiers, leaders, taxes, and food that had enabled it to survive for the past four centuries.
darkwing.uoregon.edu /~kimball/BYZ.htm   (4771 words)

 The Byzantines
It was in Byzantium that Plato and Aristotle continued to be studied and were eventually transmitted first into the Islamic world and then back into western Europe.
A basic education in Byzantium consisted first of the mastery of classical Greek literature, such as Homer (largely unknown in the West during this period)—almost all of the Greek literature we have today was only preserved by the Byzantines.
As Byzantium, however, turned less of its attention towards Europe and the west, they became increasingly interested in the peoples to the north.
www.wsu.edu:8080 /~dee/MA/BYZ.HTM   (2634 words)

 ArtLex on Byzantine Art
Making generalizations about the visual culture of any group of people is a crude endeavor, especially with a culture as diverse as Byzantium's.
Byzantium, Constantinople, Hagia Sophia, South Gallery or Catechumena, The Deesis, third quarter of the 13th century,
The dramatic gestures of the figures in the narrative, the background details, the serpentine, almost abstract line of the drapery folds, the pattern of the wings, and Christ walking in pants with yellow boots -- all are more closely allied to the taste of the Islamic world in which the Armenians of Khizan lived.
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/b/byzantine.html   (925 words)

 [minstrels] Byzantium -- William Butler Yeats
This poem should be read in conjunction with 'Sailing to Byzantium' (the Minstrels, poem #21) (and the notes attached thereto) for full effect.
In particular, the myth of Byzantium as a magical city where life was entirely transmuted into art inspired Yeats to some of his finest poetic flights [sorry to repeat myself - thomas].
...['Byzantium' is] perhaps the most extreme example of Yeats' third period, a masterpiece of density and evocative but mysterious detail.
www.cs.rice.edu /~ssiyer/minstrels/poems/60.html   (522 words)

The church of the Holy Peace (Hagia Eirene) was built in the fourth century at the place where the old church of the bishop of Byzantium stood before the refoundation of Constantine the Great.
The Hagia Eirene formed a complex together with the Hagia Sophia, the hospital of Sampson in between and some other subsidiary building, and it was served by the same clergy.
Though the Hagia Eirene was always one of the greatest churches of Byzantium, it is mentioned rarely by the sources in later times.
www.byzantium1200.com /eirene.html   (124 words)

 Bibliography on Women in Byzantium
Conformity and Non-Conformity in Byzantium: Papers Given at the Eighth Conference of the Australian Association for Byzantine Studies, University of New England: Australia, July 1993, pp.
Laiou, Angeliki E. "Sex, Consent and Coercion in Byzantium," in Consent and Coercion to Sex and Marriage in Ancient and Medieval Societies.
"Ritual Brotherhood in Byzantium," Traditio 52, 1997, pp.
www.doaks.org /WomeninByzantium.html   (12854 words)

 Hotels in Turkey | Hotels in Istanbul | Blue Voyage Yachting and Cabin Charters | The Byzantine Civilization 
This rebellion, known as the Nike Revolt, spread through the town rapidly, whereas the town was plundered, houses burned to the ground, and the Hagia Sophia Church was also totally devastated in a massive fire.
While internal hostility for the throne persisted, the Fourth Crusade (1201-1204) was diverted to Byzantium by Venetians and claimants to the Byzantine throne from Egypt.
They looted all of the beautiful works of art from Byzantium and carried them off to their country, and shared the valuables pillaged from the churches and palaces amongst themselves.
www.exploreturkey.com /exptur.phtml?id=10   (1723 words)

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