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Topic: CISC


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DLX
X86

In the News (Wed 20 Mar 19)

  
  Complex Instruction Set Computer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Examples of CISC processors are the VAX, PDP-11, Motorola 68000 family and the Intel x86/Pentium CPUs.
Modern "CISC" CPUs, such as recent x86 designs like the Pentium 4, whilst they usually support every instruction that their predecessors did, are designed to work most efficiently with a subset of instructions more resembling a typical "RISC" instruction set.
Indeed, many CISC CPUs (such as modern x86 processors from both Intel and AMD) decode many x86 instructions into a series of smaller internal "micro-operations" that are then executed internally by the processor.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/CISC   (405 words)

  
 Welcome to CISC
CISC have not only updated the standards, but also the way in which they are presented and distributed.
CISC hopes that these Standards, which are now the culmination of eight years work by hundreds of contributors from the industry, will contribute in large measure to the enhancement of the performance of individuals, companies, the industry and the economy as a whole.
Finally, CISC acknowledges its debt to the Department for Education and Employment, Qualifications and Curriculum Authority and Scottish Qualifications Authority for their support and vision in enabling these Standards to be produced.
www.cisc.org.uk /info_on_1.21.htm   (589 words)

  
 RISC vs. CISC
The primary goal of CISC architecture is to complete a task in as few lines of assembly as possible.
The CISC approach attempts to minimize the number of instructions per program, sacrificing the number of cycles per instruction.
Although their CISC chips were becoming increasingly unwieldy and difficult to develop, Intel had the resources to plow through development and produce powerful processors.
cse.stanford.edu /class/sophomore-college/projects-00/risc/risccisc   (905 words)

  
 CISC - Complex Instruction Set Computer
CISC microprocessor work faster than RISC (Reduced Instruction Set Computing) microprocessors on complex instructions but are slower with simple tasks and instructions.
CISC is a CPU design that enables the processor to handle more complex instructions from the software at the expense of speed.
CISC processors are best known as the Intel processors from 8086 to 80486 and the Motorola 68000 used in early Apple Macintoshes.
www.auditmypc.com /acronym/CISC.asp   (780 words)

  
 Ars Technica: RISC vs. CISC: the Post-RISC Era - Page 1 - (10/1999)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
"CISC" was invented retroactively as a catch-all term for the type of thinking against which RISC was a reaction.
It fails because RISC and CISC are not so much technologies as they are design strategies--approaches to achieving a specific set of goals that were defined in relation to a particular set of problems.
In order to understand the historical and technological context out of which RISC and CISC developed, it is first necessary to understand the state of the art in VLSI, storage/memory, and compilers in the late 70’s and early 80’s.
arstechnica.com /cpu/4q99/risc-cisc/rvc-1.html   (1404 words)

  
 CISC Technoloty - Complex Instruction Set Computer - Computer Fundamentals - Computer Science Tutorials - Provided by ...
Since the earliest machines were programmed in assembly language and memory was slow and expensive, the CISC philosophy made sense, and was commonly implemented in such large computers as the PDP-11 and the DECsystem 10 and 20 machines.
In an ideal CISC machine, each complete instruction would require only one clock cycle (which means that each stage would complete in a fraction of a cycle.) In fact, this is the maximum possible speed for a machine that executes 1 instruction at a time.
CISC tries to reduce the number of instructions for a program, and (as we will see) RISC tries to reduce the cycles per instruction.
www.laynetworks.com /CISC.htm   (1675 words)

  
 CISC vs RISC
CISC is an acronym for Complex Instruction Set Computer and are chips that are easy to program and which make efficient use of memory.
For example, in a CISC the complexity of a multiplication instruction is located in a very extensive microcode which controls the ALU.
Typically, in a CISC CPU multiplications are carried out by many additions and shifts, whereas a RISC multiplier performs that operation in one or two (dependent on the precision) passes.
telnet7.tripod.com /articles/cisc_risc.htm   (2340 words)

  
 CISC January 2000 Report   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CISC, as an entity outside of the State Board, CDE, the legislature, and the Governor's Office, is in a position to advocate for reasonable accommodations in testing ELL students.
My recommendation is that CISC develop a position paper on this issue, share it with all the relevant policy-making bodies, and advocate vigorously for its acceptance by those bodies.
CISC members should be aware of these and should alert superintendents in order to avoid over-reaction, especially as the letters reach board and community members.
www.sbcss.k12.ca.us /sbcss/candiadmin2/cisc/jan_00.htm   (4696 words)

  
 The Emergence of CISC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CISC, which stands for Complex Instruction Set Computer, is a philosophy for designing chips that are easy to program and which make efficient use of memory.
Modern CISC microprocessors, such as the 68000, implement several such instructions, including routines for creating and removing stack frames with a single call.
Taken together, these three decisions led to the CISC philosophy which drove all computer designs until the late 1980s, and is still in major use today.
physinfo.ulb.ac.be /divers_html/PowerPC_Programming_Info/intro_to_risc/irt4_cisc1.html   (798 words)

  
 CISC Website Info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CISC shall not be liable for loss caused directly or indirectly by conditions beyond the control of CISC, including, but not limited to, war, natural disasters, government restrictions, exchange or market rulings, suspension of trading, strikes, interruption of communications or data processing services, or disruption of orderly trading on any exchange or market.
CISC will not be held responsible for delays in accepting customer’s orders to buy or sell securities resulting from the need to obtain the prior approval of its compliance officials before a particular order may be entered.
CISC is not obligated to notify account holder(s) of any upcoming expiration or redemption dates, or to take any other action on account holder(s) behalf, without specific instructions from account holder(s), except as required by law and applicable rules of regulatory authorities.
www.citizensbank.com /investing/cisc/brokerage_services/online_trading_policies.htm   (5063 words)

  
 CISC-ICCA Québec
CISC is governed by a Board of Directors representing CISC Member Companies of various sizes, located from coast-to-coast in Canada.
CISC promotes good design and safety, together with efficient and economical use of steel as a means of expanding the construction markets for structural steel, joists and platework.
CISC works in close co-operation with the Steel Structures Education Foundation (SSEF) to develop educational courses and programmes related to the design and construction of steel structures.
quebec.cisc-icca.ca /content/about.asp   (444 words)

  
 CISC Annual Reports   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The CISC Annual Report on Organized Crime in Canada is published to inform and educate the public.
With this report, CISC seeks to make the effects of organized crime visible and of concern to every community and region in Canada.
This report is offered as a guide to help our partners with their strategic planning and to encourage them to cooperate to the fullest extent to fight this threat.
www.cisc.gc.ca /WebPage/index_b_e.htm   (215 words)

  
 CISC Vs. RISC   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) is a retroactive definition that was introduced to distinguish the design from RISC microprocessors.
Due to the high cost of memory and storage CISC microprocessors were considered superior due to the requirements for small, fast code.
As the world enters the 21st century the CISC Vs. RISC arguments have been swept aside by the recognition that neither terms are accurate in their description.
amiga.emugaming.com /riscisc.html   (1126 words)

  
 CISC 181 Syllabus Fall 1999
The primary objective of this course is to begin a study, that will be continued in CISC 220, 280 and 320, of the tools that one needs to be a well-educated and effective software engineer.
This is the primary emphasis of CISC 220.
In CISC 181 we will be primarily concerned with items (1) and (2) with some attention to items (3) and (4).
copland.udel.edu /~caviness/Classb/CISC181-99F/syllabus.html   (478 words)

  
 training map
In 2005, this will not be required, as DET and CISC develop potential alternative engagement arrangements as part of the reform agenda outlined in the DET Green Paper Skills for Jobs and Growth.
Currently CISC is working through a range of special initiatives for our industry sectors through DET funding programs for employment and training that have emerged through the relevant industry contacting CISC about their needs.
CISC will endeavor to respond to any concerns or comment and we thank those that have given us both information and feedback on the processes we use.
www.cisc.com.au /IT_Map/ITMap.htm   (481 words)

  
 A Minimal CISC
An example program for the minimal CISC is presented in the section after that, and the example is then used to compare the potential performance of the minimal CISC with the DEC PDP-11.
The minimal CISC can only be proven to be suboptimal if a processor can be found that is better when measured along at least one axis of the design space while being no worse along any other axes.
The reader is invited to rewriote the pseudocode for the minimal CISC with control signals to evoke particular register transfers substituted for the assignment statements.
www.cs.uiowa.edu /%7Ejones/arch/cisc   (1899 words)

  
 CISC - Intercarrier Administration Group - Document Control - Task Identification Forms
This task has been initiated to establish processes to improve the uniformity of appearance of CISC documentation, and the methods of locating documents that will be required by existing and new local exchange carriers, as well as outside parties with a general interest.
In July, 1997, the CRTC issued guidelines which implied that the newly created CISC website was intended to be a central repository for CISC related documents, and instructed SWGs to provide drafts of documents that recorded work underway for posting to the website.
During the evolution of the CISC, some of these documents have been posted to the CISC web site, while others have been maintained in other forms (both soft and hard copies) by the various SWGs.
www.crtc.gc.ca /cisc/eng/cisf3c6c.htm   (464 words)

  
 Ars Technica: RISC vs. CISC: the Post-RISC Era - Page 2 - (10/1999)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The CISC approach to increasing performance is rooted in the same philosophy that I’ve been referring too thus far: move complexity from software to hardware.
A CISC machine tries to reduce the amount of time it takes to run a program by reducing the first term to the right of the "=", that is, the number of instructions per program.
This is a good example of the fundamental CISC tenet of moving complexity from the software level to the hardware level.
arstechnica.com /cpu/4q99/risc-cisc/rvc-2.html   (1332 words)

  
 Epinions.com - RISC vs CISC
The CISC philosophy might include the use of microcode, as well as rich and high level instruction sets, which might map directly to high level languages.
Engineers often added a plethora of obscure instructions to a CISC processor, not knowing what might or might not be of use to the coder.
The whole concept of CISC, RISC and Post-RISC is an academic definition that goes beyond the hype of Intel and Apple advertising or the platform evangelists and advocates on both sides.
www.epinions.com /book-review-7C42-41140F-38C941A6-prod4   (634 words)

  
 Centre for Innovation & Structural Change (CISC)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CISC has been awarded competitive funding of €2.8 million under the Irish Government's Programme for Research in Third Level Institutions (PRTLI) of the Higher Education Authority (HEA).
CISC will pursue defined projects in five research priority areas in collaboration with two partner institutions in Ireland, (UCD and DCU) and researchers of international repute in the US, Norway, France, UK, Austria, Italy and Australia.
CISC contributes to NUI Galway's mission by giving practical substance to its strategic objectives; and, as a designated area of new and emerging potential, it is also seen as a future key area of research for the University.
www.nuigalway.ie /cisc/about/index.html   (217 words)

  
 CISC Website Info   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
To apply for a CISC account, complete the application, then have all account holders sign the application.
This form should be used to transfer assets from one CISC account to another.
CISC is required to file an information return with the IRS on its clients, to report income paid, real estate transactions, mortgage, interest paid, the acquisition or abandonment of secured property, cancellation of debt or contributions made to an IRA.
www.citizensbank.com /investing/cisc/brokerage_services/download.htm   (777 words)

  
 Faculty of Arts & Science Calendar: Computing Courses   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
NOTE May not be taken concurrently with or subsequently to CISC 124*.
NOTE May not be taken concurrently with or subsequently to CISC 121* or any higher-level CISC or SOFT course.
PREREQUISITE CISC 121* or first-class standing in CISC 104* and permission of the instructor (supplementary reading will be required).
www.queensu.ca /calendars/artsci/CISQ.htm#CISC471   (1582 words)

  
 Community Information Systems Centre, University of the West of England, Bristol
CISC is going through some changes itself, as well as upgrading the Web site.
CISC is interested in the use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) in communities of all kinds.
We work in partnership with people in their own community settings to use, understand, develop or optimise information systems in line with their particular needs and practices.
cisc.uwe.ac.uk   (302 words)

  
 CISC processor on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Microcontroller combines CISC and DSP for low-end voice processing.
Processor performance climbs steadily; both RISC and CISC improve at 50-55% per year- no slowdown yet.
Readers pick AMD as top processor vendor; demand for 8-bit processors and CISC chips remains high.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/X/X-ciscproc.asp   (286 words)

  
 Computer and Information Science (CISC)
Introduction to computing through the development of algorithms and programs which are implemented in a high level function/object oriented language; simple data types, control structures, documentation, basic file manipulation, problem solving techniques, modular design, structured data types, and object oriented implementations.
This is an introductory course in computer and network security intended for networking or computer professionals and students who want to understand general concepts of network and information security.
Advanced course for networking professionals and students who grasp the general concepts of data communications and networking, but would like a more detailed understanding of network design and analysis; methods for analyzing, designing and managing computer networks; analyzing networks utilized in the enterprise environment.
www.northampton.edu /Academics/Course_descriptions/cisc.htm   (1424 words)

  
 CISC November 1999 Report   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Once districts receive their 1331 dollars, they'll be calling much more on the CISC training, so trainers have the next two months to finalize the major revisions/changes.
CISC will be initiating discussions with the appropriate people to see if this amount can be increased to at least cover three basic costs: substitutes, materials, trainers.
Recommendation: CISC should submit nominations to SBE members to ensure that someone with a strong background in ELL issues and county/district perspectives be appointed to the commission.
www.sbcss.k12.ca.us /sbcss/candiadmin/cisc/nov_99.htm   (2448 words)

  
 Detailed Requirements - BA - Computer & Information Sciences - UD
Students who need to "catch up" because of transferring into CISC after their sophomore year may substitute CISC 120 (C++ for C Programmers) for CISC 181.
This substitution is only recommended for strong students inasmuch as CISC 181 covers significantly more material than CISC 120 and is better preparation for later courses.
You are urged to consider the requirements, options, and concentrations of the BS major in designing your program.
www.cis.udel.edu /undergraduate/oldReqBA.php   (284 words)

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