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Topic: CMB

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In the News (Tue 21 May 19)

  The Cosmic Microwave Background Radiation
It was soon determined that the radiation was diffuse, emanated unifromly from all directions in the sky, and had a temperature of approximately 3 Kelvin (2.73K).
Initially, the two young scientists were berefit of a satisfactory explanation for their observations, and considered the possibility that the CMB may have been due to some undetermined systematic noise.
Usually the features of the Universe and the CMB are interpreted in the context of a cosmological model - The Big Bang - which is derived from general cosmological principles and observations.
aether.lbl.gov /www/science/cmb.html   (827 words)

 CMB Map Lab
This lab involves using maps of the CMB to estimate the curvature of space.
The CMB is light which comes to us from the "surface of the cosmic fireball".
This leads to an amazing fact: if we can measure the brightness pattern of the CMB over the sky we are actually measuring the density of the Universe on a spherical shell around where Earth is now as it was 380,000 years after the big bang.
astro.uchicago.edu /classes/natsci/102/spring-2004/cmbmaplab   (1317 words)

 CMB Compagnie Monegasque de Banque Monaco Montecarlo: bank products and services, private banking, mortgages in the ...
CMB was founded in 1976 and has established itself as the bank of reference of the principality of Monaco ever since.
For this reason CMB is at your service: it is ready to listen to your “desires” and to carefully study and analyse your tax and assets situation.
CMB boasts a thorough knowledge of international financial markets and a skilful command of hi-tech means of telecommunication directly linked with the most important financial markets.
www.cmb.mc /index_en.php   (335 words)

 WMAP Cosmology 101: Cosmic Microwave Background   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The existence of the CMB radiation was first predicted by George Gamow in 1948, and by Ralph Alpher and Robert Herman in 1950.
Today, the CMB radiation is very cold, only 2.725° above absolute zero, thus this radiation shines primarily in the microwave portion of the electromagnetic spectrum, and is invisible to the naked eye.
The behavior of CMB photons moving through the early universe is analogous to the propagation of optical light through the Earth's atmosphere.
map.gsfc.nasa.gov /m_uni/uni_101bbtest3.html   (1149 words)

 CERN Courier - DASI measures CMB polarizati - IOP Publishing - article
The new results are a strong validation of the theoretical framework for the origin of fluctuations in the CMB, and also lend confidence to the values of the cosmological parameters that have been derived from CMB measurements.
Fluctuations in the CMB are evidence for the first clumping of matter particles - the seeds of the galaxies that we see today.
Measuring the polarization of the CMB is a direct measure of the dynamics of the early universe.
www.cerncourier.com /main/article/42/10/11   (358 words)

 BBC NEWS | Science/Nature | Map reveals strange cosmos
The radiation that we detect as the CMB comes from a time when the Universe was less than half a million years old; from the so-called recombination era when hydrogen atoms formed in the cooling, expanding fireball of the Big Bang.
The expected variations in the CMB's intensity turned out to be so hard to detect that it was only in 1992 that they were first seen - variations of about a few parts per million on scales of the same angular diameter as the apparent diameter of the Moon.
The variations in the CMB contain information about the formation of the galaxies, the composition of the Universe and its fate.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/science/nature/2814947.stm   (748 words)

 Cosmic Microwave Background - Introduction
In fact the CMB spectrum is a fl body to better than 1% accuracy over more than a factor of 1000 in wavelength.
By the early 1970's it became clear that the CMB sky is hotter in one direction and cooler in the opposite direction, with the temperature difference being a few mK (or about 0.1% of the overall temperature).
The pattern of this temperature variation on the sky is known as a "dipole", and is exactly what is expected if we are moving through the background radiation at high speed in the direction of the hot part.
www.astro.ubc.ca /people/scott/cmb_intro.html   (1634 words)

 Combat Medical Badge
The Combat Medical Badge (CMB) could specifically be awarded to Officers and Enlisted personnel of the Medical Department who were assigned to or attached to a medical detachment of the infantry.
The CMB was to recognize medical aidmen who shared the same hazards and hardships of ground combat on a daily basis with the infantry soldier.
The CMB was never intended to be awarded to all medical personnel.
www.1stcavmedic.com /cmb.html   (291 words)

When we look at the CMB, we are looking back billions of years, to a time before the first stars and galaxies were formed, when the universe was only a few hundred thousand years old.
The CMB, which is virtually uniform in all directions, presents a spectrum that cannot be attributed to any source other than a hot, uniform, dense early universe.
Thus the CMB is a link between the hot, smooth early universe and the cool, lumpy, 10 to 15 billion year old universe of today.
cmb.phys.cwru.edu /boomerang/press_images/cmbfacts/cmbfacts.html   (940 words)

 CMB Program at Caltech
The Caltech Initiative in Computational Molecular Biology (CMB) is a novel effort supporting training and research at the interface between the Biological and the Physical / Chemical / Computational sciences.
CMB is directed towards the iterative, integrated, closed-loop application of quantitative modeling and methods to laboratory experiments on complex problems in molecular biology -- an approach more typically employed in the physical sciences.
A central motivation is that this interplay between theoretical models and actual laboratory research will not only engender new experimental tools and techniques for the pursuit of molecular biology, but also provide new avenues for understanding interacting biological systems and subsystems.
www.its.caltech.edu /~cmb   (125 words)

 CMB Products   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CMB Small Form-Factor cables are designed for the termination of the miniature connectors including LC, MTRJ, MU and other small form-factor connectors that utilize these small diameter cables.
CMB manufactures Wall Mount and Rack Mount Fiber Optic Patch Panel Enclosures to support from 12 port to 288 port applications.
Together with CMB shelves, Cablecontrol™, and Powerstrips, a CMB Rack System is a solid choice for efficiently organizing and maintaining your network.
www.cablemanufacturing.com /Files/productspage.html   (235 words)

 Amber Miller's Home Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The CMB is composed of a bath of photons which were emitted following the big bang when the universe was still extremely hot and dense - so hot and dense that all the matter and radiation was bound together in a photon-baryon fluid.
The baryons then proceeded to gravitationally collapse into potential wells formed by the denser regions initiating the formation of the first stars and galaxies while the photons were left to travel essentially inimpeded ever since, cooling with the expansion of the universe.
The way in which these inhomogeneities (anisotropy in the CMB) are distributed on the sky gives us insight into how the universe came to be what we observe today.
calvin.phys.columbia.edu /cmb_research.html   (275 words)

 Department of Cell and Molecular Biology (CMB)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
CMB is a department strongly focused on basic science conducting research in several
CMB is a highly international workplace, where scientists from more than 10 countries work.
CMB is situated at the preclinical campus of the Karolinska Institute, KI-Campus, near the main entrance to the Karolinska Institute from Solnavägen, adjacent to the Nobel Forum and the Central Administration Building
www.cmb.ki.se /cmb.htm   (287 words)

 CMB Components - Independant Distributor :: Stocking Distributor :: Electronic Components
CMB provides material management solutions to a diverse group of OEMs and Contract Manufacturers worldwide.
If a part is not in stock, CMB calls upon its wordwide sourcing network of over 9,000 suppliers to quickly locate the required item.
CMB provides free access to over 800,000 product datasheets and 2,000,000 part descriptions from over 2,200 manufacturers.
www.cmbcomp.com   (237 words)

 Cosmic Microwave Background Group at Jodrell Bank Observatory   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
From precise mesurements of the CMB we can gain fundamental insights into the origin of the Universe and its structure on the largest of scales and at the earliest times.
Jodrell Bank has been a centre for the study of the CMB since the mid 1980's, and is currently a major participant in two world-leading initiatives to map the CMB: the Very Small Array and the Planck Spacecraft.
Direct observations of the CMB are supplemented by theoretical work and by study of microwave emission from our own Galaxy that appears in the foreground of the CMB and has to be modelled and subtracted.
www.jb.man.ac.uk /research/cmb   (325 words)

 Cosmic Microwave Background Anisotropy
The anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) consists of the small temperature fluctuations in the flbody radiation left over from the Big Bang.
The average temperature of this radiation is 2.725 K as measured by the FIRAS instrument on the COBE satellite.
After the average temperature and the dipole pattern are removed, there are intrinsic fluctuations in the CMB which can be seen faintly away from the Milky Way in the lower left panel below, which has constrast enhanced by 2000X.
www.astro.ucla.edu /~wright/CMB-DT.html   (537 words)

 CMB Permits   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
General Retailer - Place of business selling CMB or nonalcoholic malt beverages at retail for consumption on the licensed premises.
Limited Retailer - Place of business selling only at retail, CMB or nonalcoholic malt beverages in original and unopened containers and not for consumption on the licensed premises.
*CMB includes any fermented but undistilled liquor brewed or made from malt or a mixture of malt and/or malt substitute that does not contains more than 3.2% alcohol by weight.
www.opkansas.org /_Bus/Permits/cmb.cfm   (153 words)

 Politics of Medicine, The California Medical Board
The CMB is composed of legal staff and investigators who rely solely on information given to them from my peers and foes in the medical community and from organizations such as the Quackbusters.
This should have been understood by the CMB prior to their action, but some one was able to persuade them to take this action upon her.
While resolving this matter with the CMB, the CMB agent suggested that to provide full informed disclosure that a link should be provided from her website to the CMB.
www.drhufnagel.com /hufnagel_under_attack.htm   (3315 words)

 Julian Borrill's Homepage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The most promising discriminant is the Cosmic Microwave Background radiation - the relic radiation from the Big Bang itself, stretched with the expansion of the universe until its temperature has dropped to a chilly 3 Kelvin (-270 C, -454 F).
Imprinted in this CMB radiation is a map of the perturbations as they were only 300,000 years after the Big Bang, in the form of tiny temperature fluctuations of a few parts in a million.
Much of my work to date has involved determining the general cosmological viability of various topological defect models, and calculating the kinds of CMB fluctuation maps that the viable ones might generate.
crd.lbl.gov /~borrill   (823 words)

The Compagnie Monégasque de Banque and the Société Monégasque d'Etude Financière have signed an extremely important partnership with the IIR Méditerranée company for the next two editions of the Monaco Yacht Show.
The sparkling event, which has become a very important international point of reference, will be held in September once again.
The exclusive services offered by CMB through SMEF, therefore, will be highly appealing to those attending the event.
www.cmb.mc /en/news.php?id=00030   (91 words)

 SPACE.com -- 'Astounding' Findings Pin Down Age of Universe, Birth of First Stars
How astronomers' view of the CMB changed from one of smooth distribution in 1965, to a more lumpy configuration in 1992, and finally a pre-mission projection of what the MAP observatory was expected to see.
The data were projected to a slightly more modern yet unseen era, revealing that the universe had cooled enough for matter to condense and form the first stars just 200 million years after the Big Bang.
The cosmic microwave background (CMB) was unleashed about 380,000 years after the Big Bang, when the universe had first expanded enough to cool and allow atoms to form.
www.space.com /scienceastronomy/map_discovery_030211.html   (1625 words)

 Big Bang pictures, images created from CMB, cosmic microwave background radiation. Online exhibit of artistic works by ...
The radio signals received today that were produced by the Big Bang are technically defined as "cosmic microwave background radiation" or CMB which is an "isotropic radiation bath that permeates the entire Universe" meaning that it is found everywhere in the Universe.
I created these images with a homemade receiver and a specially modified CRT that was designed to maximize the received radiation from the Big Bang and reduce manmade and Earth based interference.
The CMB is a relic of the moment when the universe had cooled enough so that photons could "decouple" from electrons, protons, and neutrons; then atoms formed and light went on its way.
www.rickdoble.net /big_bang   (1755 words)

 U.S. Army Chemical Mortar Battalions
CMB: Travelogue of the 88th Cml Mortar Bn, by Raymond B. Whitaker
Mark Freedom Paid – A Combat Anthology, edited by Lee Steedle and illustrated by Sam Kweskin, is a collection of first-hand accounts from 30 veterans of the 83rd Cml Mortar Battalion with many illustrations and sketches by the unit's artist.
In WWII, I served with two chemical mortar battalions: the 87th CMB in training and then the 97th CMB in training and in combat in Europe.
www.4point2.org   (1855 words)

 Special Web Supplement -- The Dark Side: Some Web Resources
The structure of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) is one of the fundamental constraints on any cosmological model.
Gaining an increasingly accurate picture of the patterns of this background radiation will allow scientists to test and further refine assumptions regarding the density and distribution of dark matter, the role of dark energy, and just when the Universe's early "dark age" came to a close.
Handsome site of ongoing NASA mission that is "measuring the temperature of the cosmic background radiation over the full sky with unprecedented accuracy." Site includes a useful educational component, Cosmology 101, an image gallery, and more.
www.sciencemag.org /feature/data/darkside/resources.shtml   (1895 words)

 Welcome to the CMB Graduate Program!
The Cellular & Molecular Biology (CMB) Program is UAB's preeminent biomedical training program with over 150 graduate students currently training under the tutelage of some of the world's most respected scientists and physicians.
Each year the program accepts 30-40 new students who receive full financial support through the CMB program and its affiliated training grants.
The scientific breadth and depth of the CMB program is unrivaled providing many opportunities for truly innovative research that often translates bench discoveries to new medical treatments.
www.cmb.uab.edu   (145 words)

 George Smoot's Astrophysics Research Program
Professor George Smoot's group conducts research on the early Universe (cosmology) using the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB) and other astrophysical sources.
Post doctoral, Graduate and undergraduate student, and other job opportunities, pending funding, are available in the various research projects.
Former Projects such as the U2 jet aircraft borne experiment that detected the CMB dipole anisotropy and this one to measure the long wavelength spectrum of the cosmic microwave background.
aether.lbl.gov   (347 words)

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