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Topic: Caius Terentius Varro


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  Battle of Cannae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In 216 BC elections resumed with Caius Terentius Varro and Lucius Aemilius Paullus elected as consuls and given command of a newly raised army of unprecedented size in order to counter Hannibal.
Varro knew how the Roman infantry had managed to penetrate Hannibal’s center during the Battle of the Trebia, and he planned to recreate this on an even greater scale.
Varro believed that when pressed hard by the Romans’ superior numbers, the Carthaginians would fall back onto the river, and with no room to maneuver, would be cut down in panic.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Battle_of_Cannae   (5209 words)

  
 The Project Gutenberg eBook of The History of Rome; Books Nine to Twenty-Six, by Titus Livius
Caius Hostilius Tubulus was also continued in command, with orders to go into Etruria, in the capacity of propraetor, and succeed Caius Calpurnius in the command of the two legions there.
The senate decreed the same with respect to Caius Aurunculeius, who, as praetor, had held the province of Sardinia with two legions, which it did in the case of Lucius Veturius, and the question of the continuation of his command was proposed to the people.
Caius Hostilius had the city jurisdiction, to which the foreign was added, in order that three praetors might go out to the provinces.
www.gutenberg.org /files/12582/12582-h/12582-h.htm   (14764 words)

  
 Appian's History of Rome: The War against Hannibal
When they sent the consuls forward they begged them as they were leaving the city to end the war by battle, and not to exhaust the city by delay, by conscriptions, by taxes, and by hunger and idleness due to the devastation of the fields.
But Varro, like the demagogue he was, reminded his colleague of the charge which the people had laid upon them at their departure, that they should bring matters to a speedy decision by battle.
Hurrying armed as he was to the headquarters, he complained in the presence of senators, centurions, and tribunes that Aemilius had made a pretense about the omen in order to snatch a sure victory from the city, either hesitating from cowardice or moved by jealousy toward himself.
www.livius.org /ap-ark/appian/appian_hannibal_04.html   (1240 words)

  
 Context & Perspective Article
After Fabius's six-month leadership term expired, the Roman Senate elected Aemilius Paullus and Caius Terentius Varro to command the army and it demanded a decisive battle.
Varro deviated from normal strategy because of a few recent examples of success and because he was under pressure from Rome.
Just like Varro, many fund managers and individual investors deviated from more disciplined investment strategies and ratcheted their portfolio risk higher by pouring money into technology stocks at a time when they were already overvalued.
www.leggmason.com /funds/knowledge/intcap/cp/cp.asp   (1160 words)

  
 Ancient Roman Empire Forums > Hannibal's Invasion Of Italy
Varro on the other hand was a relatively less important name who could easily been scapegoated.
You make a good argument about the pressures Varro thought should force him into battle, but the primary responsibility of a good general is to access the tactical situation according to the terrain/position, the enemy, his army's capabilities and finally his own abilities and experience.
Varro ignored his position which Paullus found unfavorable, was faced with one of the greatest enemies anyone has ever faced, he had an army where a large number had little or no combat experience and he himself had no military experience, ignoring the advice of his own co-consul who did.
www.unrv.com /forum/lofiversion/index.php/t2500.html   (7688 words)

  
 HighBeam Encyclopedia - Varro, Caius Terentius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Probably more blame for this disaster may be ascribed to the Roman system of alternate command than to Varro's incompetence.
One of the few survivors, Varro rallied the remnants of his army at nearby Canusium (now Canosa di Puglia).
More information is at your fingertips at HighBeam Research:
www.encyclopedia.com /html/V/Varro-C1a.asp   (66 words)

  
 Etext » books
Caius Memmius likewise upbraided him with serving the king at table, among the rest of his catamites, in the presence of a large company, in which were some merchants from Rome, the names of whom he mentions.
Though Varro was at this time in his eightieth year, he writes with all the vivacity, though without the levity, of youth, and sets out with invoking, not the Muses, like Homer and Ennius, as he observes, but the twelve deities supposed to be chiefly concerned in the operations of agriculture.
Varro's work is divided into three books, the first of which treats of agriculture; the second, of rearing of cattle; and the third, of feeding animals for the use of the table.
etext.teamnesbitt.com /books/etext/etext04/st01w10.txt.html   (16903 words)

  
 Hannibal - Simple English Wikipedia
Once the Roman Senate resumed their Consular elections in 216, they appointed Caius Terentius Varro and Lucius Aemilius Paullus as Consuls.
The Roman and Allied legions of the Consuls Aemilius and Varro, resolving to confront Hannibal, marched southward to Apulia.
Hannibal capitalized on the eagerness of Varro and drew him into a trap by using an envelopment tactic which eliminated the Roman numerical advantage by shrinking the surface area where combat could occur.
simple.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hannibal   (8586 words)

  
 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 189 (v. 2)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Fundania had purchased an estate, and Varro com­posed his three books, De Re Rustica, as a manual for her instruction in the management of it.
fundanius was the father of Fundania, the wife of M. Terentius Varro.
Fundanius is one of the speakers in Varro's first dialogue, De Re Rustica; and from the speech there assigned him, he seems to have been a scholar, and ac­quainted with at least the statistics of agriculture.
www.ancientlibrary.com /smith-bio/1297.html   (928 words)

  
 AllRefer.com - Caius Terentius Varro (Ancient History, Rome, Biography) - Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
AllRefer.com - Caius Terentius Varro (Ancient History, Rome, Biography) - Encyclopedia
Caius Terentius Varro[kA´yus tiren´shus vAr´O] Pronunciation Key, fl.
More articles from AllRefer Reference on Caius Terentius Varro
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/V/Varro-Ca.html   (179 words)

  
 Second Punic War, 218-201 BC
To guard against this, one consul, Servilius Geminus was sent to the east coast, the other, Caius Flaminius to guard the passes, each with a normal consular army.
The two new consuls, Caius Terentius Varro and Lucius Aemilius Paullus, were each given a double sized consular army, which gave them a combined force of 80,000 men, and once their army was ready this massive force moved off towards Hannibal.
Later traditions of dissent between Varro and Paullus are probably inventions made in the knowledge of the disaster to come.
www.rickard.karoo.net /articles/wars_punic2.html   (8219 words)

  
 [No title]
Porsena then blockaded the city, and when the Romans were nearly starving he sent them word that he would give them food if they would receive their old masters; but they made answer that hunger was better than slavery, and still held out.
In the midst of their distress, a young man named Caius Mucius came and begged leave of the consuls to cross the Tiber and go to attempt something to deliver his country.
There was a great deal of hard fighting, lasting for years; and in the course of it the consul, Caius Flaminius, began the great road which has since been called after him the Flaminian Way, and was the great northern road from Rome, as the Appian Way was the southern.
www.gutenberg.org /files/16667/16667.txt   (18615 words)

  
 What's So Great About Carthaginians?
I would hold back the warbands, hoping that the enemy could be induced to advance against them, thus increasing the scope for outflanking by the cavalry and African spearmen.
Unfortunately, one cannot rely on one's opponent being as cooperative as Caius Terentius Varro.
Alternative options open to those determined to use Gauls would be to deploy them in rough going, or to send them on a flank march.
www.byzant.demon.co.uk /Carthage.htm   (866 words)

  
 [No title]
They are not to be identified with the Arae Philaenorum traditionally the eastern boundary of the Carthaginian Empire and later the boundary between the Roman provinces of Africa and Cyrenaica.
Supposedly, the Locrians were shipwrecked on their return from Troy with Ajax, son of Oileus and some made their way to Southern Italy.
Nautes Troinaus According to Varro, the Nautii were priests of Pallas since Nautes apparently recovered the Palladium.
ccat.sas.upenn.edu /~jfarrell/temp/vp/july31/names.all.txt   (22781 words)

  
 Footnotes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
M. Terentius Varro the "most learned of the Romans" (died b.c.
Caius Julius Hyginus, freedman of Augustus and friend of Ovid.
Seek to stimulate 30 31 a [H e 21] and the mass of mss.
www.ccel.org /fathers2/NPNF2-03/footnote/fn69.htm   (137 words)

  
 A Brief History of Roman Libraries
The idea to found a library with sections on Latin and Greek was Caesar's, whom having spent time in Alexandria, wished to equip Rome with a great public library and ordered his friend Marcus Terentius Varro to acquire and classify the books.
It is arguable that Julius Caesar had sought to turn Rome into the intellectual center of the Mediterranean world.
Asinius Pollio introduced to Rome the custom of decorating the library with busts of dead writers, although it made an exception with Varro, whose bust included during the writer's lifetime.
www.roman-empire.net /articles/article-005.html   (1399 words)

  
 Roger L. Simon: "The Victory of The Euro-nihilists"
A year later Fabius was deposed, and the Roman armies were entrusted to Lucius Aemilius Paulus and Caius Terentius Varro.
Paulus the aristocrat counseled caution; Varro of the plebs was all for action; and, as usual, caution lost the argument.
Varro sought and found the Carthaginians at Cannae, in Apulia, some ten miles from the Adriatic coast.
www.rogerlsimon.com /mt-archives/2005/06/the_victory_of.php   (12399 words)

  
 Rome and Carthage: Classic Battle Joined [Archive] - Military Photos
Two now consuls, Caius Terentius Varro and Aemilius Paulus, were given command of the combined legions of Rome with orders to make an end to the feared Carthaginian.
Hannibal's efficient intelligence system soon informed him that Varro was the more impetuous of his opponents, and so Hannibal decided to force an action on a day Varro was in overall command.
At this point, Aemilius was dead or dying, and Varro, the other commander, no longer was with the Roman army.
www.militaryphotos.net /forums/archive/index.php/t-36434.html   (4059 words)

  
 DOGS IN LITERATURE
The first recorded dog literature was written over 2,000 years ago by Marcus Terentius Varro, an officer in the Spanish Army, and a poet and philosopher.
In De Re Rustica, Varro describes different types of dog, offering advice on how to examine them for soundness, where to buy them, what to feed them, how to breed them, and how to train them.
It was not until the late 1500s, when Dr. John Caius (or John Keys, founder of Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge and physician to successive English kings and queens) wrote De Canibus Britannicis, that an attempt was made to classify dogs.
personal.uncc.edu /jvanoate/k9/k9inlit.htm   (1070 words)

  
 Varro, Marcus Terentius - ENCYCLOPEDIA - The History Channel UK
Varro, Marcus Terentius - ENCYCLOPEDIA - The History Channel UK or LOGIN
Known as the most erudite man and the most prolific writer of his times, Varro is estimated to have written about 620 volumes.
He served as Pompey's legate in Spain and fought at Pharsalus, but was reconciled with Caesar, who made him director of the proposed public library.
www.thehistorychannel.co.uk /staging/search/search.php?word=Varro-Ma   (280 words)

  
 Ask Us A Question   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
In the meantime, the Romans, hoping to gain success through sheer strength in numbers, raised a new army of unprecedented size, estimated by some to be as large as 100,000 men.
On this occasion, the two armies were combined into one, the Consuls having to alternate their command on a daily basis.
The Consul Varro, who was in command on the first day, was a man of reckless and hubristic nature, and was determined to defeat Hannibal.
www.avoo.com /wiki/Hannibal   (6864 words)

  
 Chapter Roland <i>to</i> Romance of the Rose of R by Brewer's Readers Handbook
Horatia is the betrothed of Caius Curiatius, but is also beloved by Valerius, and when the Curiatii are selected to oppose her three brothers, she sends Valerius to him with a scarf to induce him to forego the fight.
Horatia is distracted; they take from her every instrument of death, and therefore she resolves to provoke her surviving brother, Publius, to kill her.
Romance of the Rose, a poetical allegory, begun by Guillaume di Lorris in the latter part of the thirteenth century, and continued by Jean de Meung in the former half of the fourteenth century.
www.bibliomania.com /2/3/174/1128/14958/2.html   (469 words)

  
 What’s in a Roman Name?
The first of these is the praenomen or "fore-name." There were a limited number of these in use and so they generally appear in abbreviated form.
The second element is sometimes called simply the nomen ("name"), more precisely the nomen gentilicium or "gentile name." It designates the gens or "clan" to which the bearer belongs and is therefore the heart of the Roman name.
Praenomina are not regularly employed, the main exceptions being "Mark Antony" (a Shakespearean inheritance) and Gaius and Tiberius Gracchus, where the praenomina are needed to distinguish between the brothers.
classics.wlu.edu /romanames.html   (725 words)

  
 Hort 306 - Lecture 19
However, the only complete work of his to survive are a loose collection of agricultural instructions and advise, in essence a farmers notebook, about the care of farm estates This famous agricultural manual De agri cultura (De re rustica) is the earliest extant specimen of a treatise in Latin prose.
He was a true scholar interested in literature and antiquities and was commissioned by Caesar to supervise the collection and arrangement of a great library of Greek and Latin literature destined for public use.
Discussed are the management of fields, the care of trees and vines, rearing of horses and cattle, and beekeeping.
www.hort.purdue.edu /newcrop/history/lecture19/lec19.html   (2545 words)

  
 Broadmining: Caius   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Saint Caius or Gaius was pope from 283 until his death in 296.
Saint Caius is portrayed in art wearing the Papal Tiara with Saint Nereus.
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lowide.com /Caius   (111 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
This site, created by Tiziana Brolli (Biblioteca Scientifica, Facoltà di Lettere e Filosofia, Università ca' Foscari di Venezia), is a bibliographical review of historical and literary critical works on P. Terentius Varro Atacinus from the edition of Emil Baehrens (1886) to the present.
Terentius Varro Atacinus (82—57 BCE) is the first transalpine Latin poet whose works are extant.
The site is in Italian, but can also be viewed via Altavista's Babelfish machine translation facility (with the usual caveats about machine translation) at http:// babelfish.altavista.com/translate.
www.academiathules.org /links2.html   (1698 words)

  
 Sabellius
Caius Mucius Scaevola, an early Roman who demonstrated the strength of will of the Roman people, and their disregard for their own lives, to his enemies, by setting his right hand in the coals.
David danced before the Ark of the Covenant, put his hand out to steady it, because the oxen shook it, and God struck him down, and he died there.
Publius Terentius Varro Atacinus, the Roman author of epics and satires (82-36BC)
www.tonykline.co.uk /PITBR/Italian/DantindexSTUVWXZ.htm   (6353 words)

  
 The History of Rome; Books Nine to Twenty-Six by Titus Livius - Full Text Free Book (Part 5/10)
Terentius alone was created consul, that the comitia for choosing his
Paulus instanced to Varro the temerity of Sempronius and Flaminius;
Varro, on the following day, on which it was his turn to hold the
www.fullbooks.com /The-History-of-Rome-Books-Nine-to-Twenty5.html   (20220 words)

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