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Topic: Calendar


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  Calendars and their History
Adoption of a calendar depends on the forcefulness with which it is introduced and on the willingness of society to accept it.
The history of calendars in India is a remarkably complex subject owing to the continuity of Indian civilization and to the diversity of cultural influences.
Since the calendar is based on the true positions of the Sun and Moon, the accuracy of the calendar depends on the accuracy of the astronomical theories and calculations.
astro.nmsu.edu /~lhuber/leaphist.html   (8496 words)

  
  Calendar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A lunisolar calendar is synchronized both to the motion of the Moon and to the apparent motion of the Sun; an example is the Jewish calendar.
Calendars in widespread use today include the Gregorian calendar, which is the de facto international standard, and is used almost everywhere in the world for civil purposes, including in China and India (along with the Indian national calendar).
The Ethiopian calendar or Ethiopic calendar is the principal calendar used in Ethiopia and Eritrea.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Calendar   (2019 words)

  
 CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christian Calendar
A calendar in its ecclesiastical sense is simply a list of the feasts kept in any particular church, diocese, or country, arranged in order under their proper dates.
When the calendar was reformed under Gregory XIII, it was considered advisable to retain in a corrected form the old apparatus and names to which people were accustomed.
Besides the calendars for ecclesiastical use which were written in the service-books, a practice grew up towards the close of the Middle Ages of compiling calendars for the use of the laity.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03158a.htm   (9034 words)

  
 History & info - the Mayan calendar
The pyramid was used as a calendar: four stairways, each with 91 steps and a platform at the top, making a total of 365, equivalent to the number of days in a calendar year.
The Maya calendar was adopted by the other Mesoamerican nations, such as the Aztecs and the Toltec, which adopted the mechanics of the calendar unaltered but changed the names of the days of the week and the months.
The Haab was the civil calendar of the Mayas.
www.webexhibits.org /calendars/calendar-mayan.html   (1295 words)

  
 Judaism 101: Jewish Calendar
Holidays are celebrated on the same day of the Jewish calendar every year, but the Jewish year is not the same length as a solar year on the Gregorian calendar used by most of the western world, so the date shifts on the Gregorian calendar.
The Jewish calendar is based on three astronomical phenomena: the rotation of the Earth about its axis (a day); the revolution of the moon about the Earth (a month); and the revolution of the Earth about the sun (a year).
This calendar, still in use, standardized the length of months and the addition of months over the course of a 19 year cycle, so that the lunar calendar realigns with the solar years.
www.jewfaq.org /calendar.htm   (1587 words)

  
 History & info - the Chinese calendar
The beginnings of the Chinese calendar can be traced back to the 14th century B.C.E. Legend has it that the Emperor Huangdi invented the calendar in 2637 B.C.E. The Chinese calendar is based on exact astronomical observations of the longitude of the sun and the phases of the moon.
The Chinese calendar - like the Hebrew - is a combined solar/lunar calendar in that it strives to have its years coincide with the tropical year and its months coincide with the synodic months.
In the calendar that the Shang used, the seasons of the year and the phases of the Moon were all supposedly accounted for.
www.webexhibits.org /calendars/calendar-chinese.html   (2102 words)

  
 Calendar Converter
The Gregorian calendar was proclaimed by Pope Gregory XIII and took effect in most Catholic states in 1582, in which October 4, 1582 of the Julian calendar was followed by October 15 in the new calendar, correcting for the accumulated discrepancy between the Julian calendar and the equinox as of that date.
Unlike the Haab calendar, in which the day numbers increment until the end of the period, at which time the next period name is used and the day count reset to 0, the names and numbers in the Tzolkin calendar advance in parallel.
The Bahá'í calendar is a solar calendar organised as a hierarchy of cycles, each of length 19, commemorating the 19 year period between the 1844 proclamation of the Báb in Shiraz and the revelation by Bahá'u'lláh in 1863.
www.fourmilab.ch /documents/calendar   (5072 words)

  
 Western-Chinese Calendar Converter
This calendar, based upon the length of the Earth's revolution around the Sun (and hence called a solar calendar) was instituted in October 15, 1582 AD by Pope Gregory XIII as a reform to the previously used Julian calendar.
The traditional Chinese agricultural calendar is primarily lunar, in that the lunar cycle (a lunation) between new moons is a principle part of the calendar.
The Chinese agricultural calendar is also partially solar though because 7 times in a 19 year cycle, an extra leap month (runyue) is be added to the year to bring it back into line with the longer solar year.
www.mandarintools.com /calconv.html   (1304 words)

  
 Calendar (Java 2 Platform SE 5.0)
When computing a date and time from the calendar fields, there may be insufficient information for the computation (such as only year and month with no day of month), or there may be inconsistent information (such as Tuesday, July 15, 1996 (Gregorian) -- July 15, 1996 is actually a Monday).
The date or time format strings are not part of the definition of a calendar, as those must be modifiable or overridable by the user at runtime.
The flags which tell if a specified calendar field for the calendar is set.
java.sun.com /j2se/1.5.0/docs/api/java/util/Calendar.html   (3985 words)

  
 Calendar: a Javascript class for Mootools that adds accessible and unobtrusive date pickers to your form elements
Calendar has one required parameter: an object containing the element_id: 'format' pairs of the inputs or selects the class will be applied to.
The first class, in this case 'calendar', is applied to the div that contains the calendar element, the calendar button and the form element it is appended to.
In this case, the element that the calendar button will be appended to has a width of 74px - that's the default width (100) minus the width (20) and margin (6) of the calendar button.
www.electricprism.com /aeron/calendar   (1791 words)

  
 Assignment Calendar - 4teachers.org
Teachers create a calendar for each of their classes and add assignments for the students to view.
Students view their teachers' calendars in order to see assignments for classes they might have missed, or to get an overview of the class.
Calendars with no entries will be deleted within 2 weeks.
assignaday.4teachers.org   (145 words)

  
 Calendar (Java 2 Platform SE v1.4.2)
This may vary by calendar; for the Gregorian calendar, the default for a field is the same as that of the start of the epoch: i.e., YEAR = 1970, MONTH = JANUARY, DATE = 1, etc.
The version of this function on Calendar uses an iterative algorithm to determine the actual minimum value for the field.
The version of this function on Calendar uses an iterative algorithm to determine the actual maximum value for the field.
java.sun.com /j2se/1.4.2/docs/api/java/util/Calendar.html   (3642 words)

  
 Ecclesiastical Calendar: Enter a Year...
the Julian Calendar or the Gregorian Calendar, 1875-2124.
For example, England and its dominions did not accept the Gregorian Calendar or the new method of determining Easter until 1752; thus, Easter in England prior to 1753 was determined using the same algorithm as that of the Orthodox Church.
And some countries that switched to the Gregorian calendar used a different definition of Easter for some time (parts of Germany and Sweden used tables based on the observations of Tycho Brahe to determine Easter for many years after the Gregorian calendar was adopted in those locations).
www.smart.net /~mmontes/ec-cal.html   (2614 words)

  
 Printable 2005 Calendar Start Page
Our printable 2005 Calendar is designed to be no-frills with no extra graphics or words in the blocks.
calendar is supported by those who use and appreciate it.
The No-Frills Honor Calendar is not free but, under the honor system, we want you to set the value on our service.
myboatclub.com /AVYCalendar2005.htm   (241 words)

  
 2007 Calendar
Year 2007 countdown calendar for countdowns to popular dates/times of the year 2007.
Calendar view date comparer set month dates beside each other to find concurrent weekdays.
Date calculator; two dates find the number calendar days between two dates.
www.calendardate.com /2007.php   (141 words)

  
 Calendar - Frequently Asked Questions
There is a bug that sets a non-visible calendar to visible for a short time while adding a new event to that calendar.
The events are drawn to view during that time, but when you click one of the events the calendar is not available, and a crash results.
Be careful not to add or edit any events or tasks in the same calendar file from two program instances simultaneously, or you may lose changes when the file is overwritten.
www.mozilla.org /projects/calendar/faq.html   (1752 words)

  
 Calendars: A guide to locating events for each day of the year
Calendar Date - Compare monthly calendars for the years between 1970 and 2030.
Chabad.Org Calendar - Convert a regular calendar date into the Jewish calendar date, determine the time to light the Shabbat candle, and determine the date for a Bar/Bat Mitzvah.
Calendars Through the Ages - A good introduction to calendars in different countries and historical periods.
www.sldirectory.com /cal.html   (2077 words)

  
 Apple - Mac OS X - iCal   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Using iSync, iCal 2.0 lets you synchronize your calendar info on your Mac with your mobile phone, PDA and even your iPod, so you can take your calendar with you wherever you go.
With.Mac, changes to your iCal calendars are continuously synced over multiple Macs (with Mac OS X 10.2 or higher) and on your.Mac account.
The iCal Calendar Library features subscription calendars you can use to stay on top of holidays, test dates, sports and lots more.
www.apple.com /macosx/features/ical   (909 words)

  
 Iranian Calendar Converter
The Gregorian calendar is the calendar that is used nearly everywhere in the world.
A modification of the Julian calendar, it was first proposed by the Neapolitan doctor Aloysius Lilius, and was decreed by Pope Gregory XIII, for whom it was named, on 24 February 1582.
The Islamic calendar or Muslim calendar (also called "Hijri calendar") is the calendar used to date events in many predominantly Muslim countries, and used by Muslims everywhere to determine the proper day on which to celebrate Islamic holy days.
www.iranchamber.com /calendar/iranian_calendar_converter.php   (167 words)

  
 Maya calendar: Encyclopedia - Maya calendar
A different form of calendar was used to track longer periods of time, and for the inscription of calendar dates (i.e., identifying when one event occurred in relation to others).
As a calendar for keeping track of the seasons, the Haab was crude and inaccurate, since it treated the year as having 365 days, and ignored the extra quarter day (approximately) in the actual tropical year.
Since Calendar Round dates can only distinguish within 18980 days, equivalent to around 52 solar years, the cycle repeats roughly once each lifetime, and thus, a much more refined method of dating was needed if their history was to be recorded accurately.
www.experiencefestival.com /a/Maya_calendar/id/523561   (3357 words)

  
 Religious calendars: Baha'i, Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Mayan, Muslim, Sikh, W.C. O.T. C., Wicca and Zoroastrian
During the Christian era, the calendar was adjusted so that DEC-25 of the year 1 BCE was believed to be the birthday of Jesus Christ.
The base year for the calendar is the date of the coronation of the last Zoroastriaa Sasanian King, Yazdegird II in 631 CE.
Khurshedji Cama proposed a revised calendar in 1906 CE.
www.religioustolerance.org /rel_calendar.htm   (1071 words)

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