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Topic: Canal

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  Canal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Canals are so deeply identified with Venice that many canal cities have been nicknamed "the Venice of..." The city is built on marshy islands, with wooden piles supporting the buildings, so that here it is not so much the waterways which are man-made, as the land.
In Europe and then in the young United States, inland canals preceded the development of railroads during the earliest phase of the Industrial Revolution; some canals were later drained and used as railroad rights-of-way.
Canals have found another use in the 21st century, as wayleaves for fibre optic telecommunications networks.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Canal   (537 words)

 Panama Canal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Panama Canal connects the Gulf of Panama in the Pacific Ocean with the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean.
Because of the S-shape of the Isthmus of Panama, the canal runs from south-east at the Pacific end to north-west at the Atlantic; to avoid confusion, the canal authorities classify transits of the canal as northbound (Pacific to Atlantic) and southbound (Atlantic to Pacific).
The canal authority cites a number of major improvements, including the widening and straightening of the Gaillard Cut to reduce restrictions on crossing vessels, the deepening of the navigational channel in Gatun Lake to reduce draft restrictions and improve water supply, and the deepening of the Atlantic and Pacific Entrances of the Canal.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Panama_Canal   (4405 words)

 MSN Encarta - Canal (waterway)
Canal (waterway), artificial waterway constructed for purposes of irrigation, drainage, or navigation, or in connection with a hydroelectric dam.
Canals date from a period long before the Christian era and served as means of navigation and communication for the Assyrians, Egyptians, Hindus, and Chinese.
The construction of the Erie Canal, started in 1817, marked the beginning of an era of canal building, which produced an aggregate of more than 7242 km (4500 mi) of canals (mostly in the Middle Atlantic and Central states) and was largely responsible for opening the American Midwest to settlement.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761555006   (976 words)

 Whitford's History of New York Canals. Chapter XIX, The Genesee Valley Canal.
By constructing a canal across this divide and by canalizing the two rivers, an unbroken inland water communication would be afforded between all the important sections of New York State and the valleys of the Ohio, Mississippi, Missouri.
The canal committee to which these petitions were referred could not select a line from the rough surveys already made of the three routes, and recommended that for the present the condition of the finances of the State was not such as to warrant the expense of constructing this canal.
In the spring of 1856 all work on the main canal was under contract and rapidly nearing completion and the contract for the Oil creek reservoir, which was to supply the deficiency of water experienced during the dry part of the season, had at last been let, and was in a fair state of progress.
www.history.rochester.edu /canal/bib/whitford/1906/Chap19.html   (5302 words)

 US Army Corps of Engineers, Philadelphia District
Canal construction resumed in April 1824, and in several years some 2,600 men were digging and hauling dirt from the ditch.
The "new" canal opened in May 1927 with great celebration, yet plans already were underway for further expansion as the sizes of ships and amounts of cargo continued to increase.
The canal is unique as the sole major commercial navigation waterway in the United States built during the early 1800s still in use.
www.nap.usace.army.mil /sb/c&d.htm   (2427 words)

 Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and Towpath
Construction of the Canal began in on July 4, 1828, the same day the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad was begun.
The railroad operated the Canal for several decades until another devastating flood in 1924 at which time the Canal was closed for good.
Parts of the Canal have been rewatered and other towns along its path are hoping to do the same in the future, but in the meantime, much of the bed of the Canal is filled with trees and shrubs.
www.fred.net /kathy/canal.html   (1509 words)

The digging of canals for irrigation probably dates back to the beginnings of agriculture, and traces of canals have been found in the regions of ancient civilizations.
Movement on canals was long accomplished by animal tows or by poling; in the 20th cent.
canals regained importance, as modern technology provided the means to overcome greater topographic obstacles and facilitated the construction of larger canals and the expansion of existing ones.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/sci/A0810139.html   (588 words)

 Cape Cod Canal, Navigation, Navigation Regulations
The canal, including approaches, extends from the Canal Station Minus 100 in Cape Cod Bay, approximately one and six-tenths (1.6) statute miles seaward of the Canal Breakwater Light, through dredged channels and land cuts to Cleveland Ledge Light in Buzzards Bay approximately four (4) statute miles southwest of Wings Neck.
The canal is open for passage to all adequately powered vessels properly equipped and seaworthy, of sizes consistent with safe navigation as governed by the controlling depths and widths of the channel and the vertical and horizontal clearances of the bridges over the waterway.
In the event vessels within the confines of the canal fail to perform and are unable to make sufficient headway against the currents, the marine traffic controller may activate a helper tug in accordance with paragraph (k) of this section.
www.nae.usace.army.mil /recreati/ccc/Navigation/navreg.htm   (3656 words)

 History of Ohio's Canals
Unlike the Ohio and Erie, the Miami and Erie Canal was not initially conceived as a route from Lake Erie to the Ohio River.
Approximately seven miles of watered canal along the Maumee River in Defiance and Henry Counties is under the jurisdiction of the Division of Parks and Recreation.
The Ohio and Erie Canal is maintained from Akron by a staff of six Division of Water employees.
www.dnr.state.oh.us /water/canals/canlhist.htm   (1211 words)

 Canals for Shipping in ancient Egypt
The Tumilat canal was possibly restored during the 12th dynasty and was seemingly navigable during the reigns of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III who made intensive use of their navy for both economic and military ventures.
In the Late Period another attempt at reconstructing the "Suez" canal was made by Necho (or Nekhau, ca.600 BCE), who must have been aware of the military and economic importance of a navigable link between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.
During the construction of the Gizeh pyramids, a canal was excavated leading to a depression near the pyramids, which could be used as a port for unloading the granite blocks shipped downriver.
nefertiti.iwebland.com /timelines/topics/canals.htm   (1727 words)

 New York State Canals: Canal Culture: Canal History
The effect of the Canal was immediate and dramatic and settlers poured west.
We've published an account of the history of the Erie Canal and the "lateral" Canals, as referenced by Roy Finch, that was written in 1925 in celebration of the 100th anniversary of the Erie Canal.
He was intrigued by the Canals and, in celebration of the birth of the Canal, thought it useful to share his knowledge and experience with all.
www.canals.state.ny.us /cculture/history   (958 words)

 Suez Canal
The canal is 163 km long, and has a width is a minimum of 60 metres.
The canal is cutting through three lakes, the Lake Manzala, in the north from which it is protected with a bedding on the western side, the Lake Timsah in the middle, and the Bitter Lakes further south.
The canal is extensively used by modern ships, as it is the fastest crossing from the Atlantic Ocean to the Indian Ocean.
i-cias.com /e.o/suez_can.htm   (480 words)

 Suez Canal
Suez Canal, an artificial waterway running north to south across the Isthmus of Suez in northeastern Egypt; it connects the Mediterranean Sea with the Gulf of Suez, an arm of the Red Sea.
Later the canal was neglected until the Greeks, followed by the Romans dug it several times but it was again neglected.
The Suez Canal shortens considerably the distance between East and West, for instance, 86% of the distance between the Saudi Port of Jeddah to the Black Sea port of Canstanza is saved if compared to the route round the Cape of Good Hope.
www.geocities.com /freighterman.geo/suez.html   (653 words)

 Modern Wonders: The Suez Canal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
On November 17, 1869, the Canal was officially inaugurated by Khedive Ismail in an extravagant and lavish ceremony.
The Suez Canal emerged on the political scene in 1956, during the Suez crisis.
In 1967, the Canal was closed at the wake of the Six-Day War, when Israel occupied the Sinai Peninsula, causing the Canal to act as a buffer zone between the fighting forces.
ce.eng.usf.edu /pharos/wonders/Modern/suezcanal.html   (622 words)

 History of the Erie, Champlain, Oswego and Cayuga & Seneca canals
The Cayuga and Seneca canal is 27 miles long and connects the Erie, west of Syracuse with Cayuga and Seneca Lakes.
When a canal across New York State was first proposed by Jesse Hawley, a miller in the town of Geneva, President Thomas Jefferson thought it was "little short of madness".
The canal today is 363 miles long, has 57 locks and the total rise from the Hudson River to Lake Erie is 568 feet.
www.nycanal.com /nycanalhistory.html   (504 words)

 Schuylkill Canal Association
A "reach" is the flat water of a canal between two locks.
The two remote ends of the canal, at the head and the foot, quickly became havens for dumpers and gangs.
From this point on, the land between canal and river widens, and a good trail follows the scenic riverbank, away from the action along the towpath.
schuylkillcanal.com /about   (1568 words)

 The Little Falls Canal
When the Erie Canal was built, it ran on the south side of the river, but the western end of the old canal was retained as a feeder to the new canal, and so was kept open.
At the end of the 20th century, however, the old canal had suffered a great deal of impact, and one standing in the same spot more recently would be hard pressed to recognize the heritage site originally envisioned for preservation.
Water no longer flows through the canal because all of the canal east of this point has been filled in, and a number of years ago a large sewer line, one of the massive manholes of which can be seen, was excavated through the bottom of the lock and canal.
www.nysm.nysed.gov /research_collections/research/history/littlefalls   (1529 words)

 Central America: Panama Canal
In order to recover some of the money that was invested in the canal project, the French began looking for someone who would buy their equipment and the rights to build the canal in Panama.
However, based on the recommendations of both Canal Commissions, the United States still favored building a canal in Nicaragua because it would be less expensive.
The Panama Canal Treaty of 1903 gave the United States ownership of a path extending five miles on each side of the proposed canal.
www.cet.edu /earthinfo/camerica/panama/PCtopic2.html   (986 words)

 The Love Canal Debate
Love Canal, New York, began in 1892 when William T. Love proposed digging a canal to connect the upper and lower parts of the Niagara River.
However, from 1920-1953, the canal was used to dump hazardous wastes.
In 1953, the canal area was covered with dirt and presumed safe.
www.spa3.k12.sc.us /WebQuests/LoveCanal   (724 words)

 New York State Erie Canal - Barge Canal Towpath, Travel, Lodging, Weather, Hike, Bike, Cruise, Maps and More...
The Erie and her sister canals, the Champlain, Oswego, and Cayuga-Seneca, nestled within a scenic natural setting, boast a variety of outdoor, entertainment, educational, serene and family experiences rolled into a spectacular day trip, weekend getaway or even vacation.
New York's canal trails are safe, clean and a beautiful place to walk, bike, hike, skate and enjoy the outdoors while shaping up.
The idea of building a canal across New York State was thought to be "little short of madness", find out how the "Jewel of New York State" came to be.
www.nycanal.com   (661 words)

 WABA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Swains Lock to Cumberland, MD Paralleling the Chesapeake and Ohio (CandO) Canal amidst woodland and wildlife, the 184-mile CandO Canal Towpath serves both cycling and hiking interests in the Washington area.
The CandO Canal played a part in the history of the national competition to open the western frontier (in the early 19th century the "frontier" was Wheeling, W. Va. on the Ohio River).
The canal finally reached Cumberland in 1850, eight years after the railroad.
www.waba.org /new/paths/comd.php   (395 words)

 Welcome to the Augusta Canal
Explore the nation's only industrial power canal still in use for its original purpose.
The Augusta Canal National Heritage Area is one of the 27 heritage areas affiliated with the National Park Service and a member of the Alliance of National Heritage Areas.
The Canal’s award-winning Interpretive Center also is available for special events up to 300 guests.
www.augustacanal.com   (240 words)

 The Bude Canal and Harbour Society   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The idea of the Bude Canal was conceived in 1774 by Cornishman John Edyvean originally to carry the chemically rich Bude sea sand to poor inland soils.
The project took a number of years to take shape and it was not until 1819 that the Bude Harbour and Canal Company was formed with 330 shareholders.
Welcome to the new Bude Canal and Harbour Society website, We will be adding further information about the history of the Bude Canal, its present state and future plans over the next few months.
www.bude-canal.freeserve.co.uk   (198 words)

 Basingstoke Canal - BC News 191   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Other prizes included a short term visitor licence on the Basingstoke Canal donated by the Basingstoke Canal Authority, who shared the cost of the stand with the Society, and a painting kindly donated by waterways artist and writer Nancy Larcombe whose work can be seen aboard her floating art gallery at the Mytchett Canal Centre.
The River Wey, the Basingstoke Canal and the Wey and Arun Canal.
In 1986 he was promoted to Assistant Canal Manager and in 1994 he became Waterway Manager on the retirement of David Gerry, who was the first chairman of the Surrey and Hampshire Canal Society before joining the canal as Canal Manager for the Hampshire section in 1974.
www.basingstoke-canal.org.uk /bcnews191.htm   (11646 words)

 Cape Cod Canal, Canal Story, Army Corps of Engineers, US Army
The idea of constructing a Canal through the isthmus of Cape Cod was first considered and explored by Miles Standish of Plimoth Colony in 1623.
Falling behind schedule, the Canal Company decided to use steam shovels to dig "in the dry" in the middle of the isthmus.
Recognizing that it would be necessary to widen and deepen the Canal, the Corps contracted with the Massachusetts Institute of Technology to construct a hydraulic model to test the concept of a straight approach through Buzzards Bay to replace the sharply curving channel through Phinney's Harbor.
www.nae.usace.army.mil /recreati/ccc/history/canalstory.htm   (1790 words)

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