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Topic: Candida (genus)

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  Candida - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In Latin, candidus, candida means clear and white, with the whiteness of pure quartz rather than the whiteness of chalk (albus).
Candida was the name of the clear-thinking, outspoken, and candid eponymous heroine of George Bernard Shaw's 1895 play poking fun at well-meaning socialist reformers in the Church of England.
Candida is a commune in the province of Avellino in southern Italy.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Candida   (171 words)

 Candida (genus) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Candida is a genus of yeasts (the most important being Candida albicans) that can cause fungal infections (candidiasis or thrush) in humans and other animals.
Candida grows in the medical laboratory as large, round, white or cream (albicans is Latin meaning 'whitish') colonies on agar plates.
Another Candida species is Candida dubliniensis which presents a problem in HIV positive patients receiving antifungal drugs.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Candida_(genus)   (203 words)

 Candida Species
Candida is a member of normal flora of skin, mouth, vagina, and stool.
Although they are the members of the same genus, the various species do have some degree of unique behavior with respect to their colony texture, microscopic morphology on cornmeal tween 80 agar at 25°C (Dalmau method) and fermentation or assimilation profiles in biochemical tests [1280].
Emergence of a new opportunistic pathogen, Candida lusitaniae.
www.doctorfungus.org /thefungi/Candida_spp.htm   (860 words)

 Candida (Candidiasis)
Candida - is a polymorphic yeast, i.e., yeast cells that hyphae and pseudohyphae are produced.
While Candida albicans is the most abundant and significant species, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Candida krusei, and Candida lusitaniae are also isolated as causative agents of Candida infections.
Candida albicans most often affects the crop, although the proventriculus (muscular stomach) and nontriculus (glandular stomach) may be affected as well.
www.avianbiotech.com /Diseases/Candida.htm   (897 words)

 Mycology Online -- Candidiasis
Candida cystitis or bladder colonization may be caused by prolonged catheterization with concomitant antibiotic treatment, diabetes and glycosuria, anatomical uropathy, previous bladder endoscopy or surgery, diabetic neurogenic bladder, chronic outlet obstruction from prostatic hypertrophy, or pelvic irradiation for cervical cancer.
Candida meningitis is a rare entity, predominantly seen in low birthweight neonates with septicemia and in patients with hematological malignancies, complicated neurosurgery or intracerebral prosthetic devices such as ventriculoperitoneal shunts.
Identification: The genus Candida is characterized by globose to elongate yeast-like cells or blastoconidia that reproduce by multilateral budding.
www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au /Mycoses/Cutaneous/Candidiasis   (3484 words)

 Mycology Online -- Candida
The genus Candida is characterized by globose to elongate yeast-like cells or blastoconidia that reproduce by multilateral budding.
Most Candida species are also characterized by the presence of well developed pseudohyphae, however this characteristic may be absent, especially in those species formally included in the genus Torulopsis.
Within the genus Candida, fermentation, nitrate assimilation and inositol assimilation may be present or absent, however, all inositol positive strains produce pseudohyphae.
www.mycology.adelaide.edu.au /Fungal_Descriptions/Yeasts/Candida   (77 words)

 candida albacans Resource Page - candida albacans nasal
Candida albicans, a diploid sexual fungus (a form of yeast) is the causal agent of opportunistic infections in humans, the most common being oral and vaginal infections.
Among the many organisms that live in the human mouth and digestive tract is the yeast Candida albicans, which under normal circumstances lives in 80 percent of the human population with no harmful effects generally, although overgrowth results in candidiasis.
One of the most interesting features of the Candida albicans genome is the occurrence of numeric and structural chromosomal rearrangements as means of generating genetic diversity, named chromosome length polymorphisms (contraction/expansion of repeats), reciprocal translocations, chromosome deletions and trisomy of individual chromosomes.
www.cydaily.com /med-Medical/candida_albacans.html   (760 words)

 Candida parapsilosis Sequencing
Candida parapsilosis is associated with approximately 25% of Candida infections in European hospitals, and in South America the incidence of this species increased from 12% to 25% between 1997 and 1999.
This isolate came from the hands of a hospital worker, who was the source for an outbreak of infection in a Mississippi community hospital in 2001, and was characterised and described in Kuhn et al and Clark et al.
The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Pathogen Sequencing Unit is sequencing the genome of Candida parapsilosis in collaboration with Dr Geraldine Butler of the Department of Biochemistry, University College Dublin, Prof.
www.sanger.ac.uk /sequencing/Candida/parapsilosis   (521 words)

 Candida-Symptoms-Treatment-Saliva-Test | Threelac | 1.888 (THREELAC) 847.3352 | 3lac | Treelac | Three-lac
Candida is the most dangerous of all the germs that can take over your intestinal tract after weak immune system and bad eating habits and after being treated with Antibiotics,Cipro or doxycycline.
Candida is referred to as "dimorphic", which means it can exist or live in 2 different states or forms.
Candida can invade the sinuses, the ears, and the creases of the skin where we sweat and cause chronic infections that continue to return despite treatment.
www.healthplusandmore.com /Candida-Symptoms-Treatment-Saliva-Test.html   (3189 words)

 Candida albicans and Candidiasis intestinal yeast infections
Candida is a genus of yeast having a number of species that are human pathogens.
Candida albicans is a member of normal flora of skin, mouth, vagina, and stool.
Normally Candida albicans and other yeast that is present in the gastrointestinal tract is held in check by the presence of "beneficial flora" that control yeast and other potential invaders by crowding them out and by producing natural antifungal substances.
www.fungusfocus.com /candida/ccandida_info.htm   (1836 words)

 Candidiasis: an illness destructive mutations create that results in a parasitic attack on human cells and organs.
The isolation of Candida from wounds, skin, urine, sputum, or stool specimens is not diagnostic of disease.
Although they are the members of the same genus, the various species do have some degree of unique behavior with respect to their colony texture, microscopic morphology...
Even when Candida is isolated from the bile drained during gallbladder surgeries, such recovery is not enough proof that Candida plays a pathogenic role.
www.earthtym.net /ref-candida-2.htm   (2588 words)

 Candida/Yeast/Mold Stillpoint Center for Integrative Medicine
Candida albicans is a form of fungus of the genus Candida.
Although candida may play a role is chronic illness, and the toxins that are released from candida can cause biochemical changes leading to signs and symptoms of fatigue, depression, joint discomfort, bloating, gas, and lethargy, attempts to eliminate candida are usually met with frustration and unsatisfactory results.
The reason that many people suffering with chronic candida is because they have imbalances in the systems of their body that keep us healthy.
www.stillpointhealth.com /Page.html   (526 words)

 CDC - Fungal Biofilms and Drug Resistance
Candida species are now emerging as major agents of hospital-acquired infections; they are ranked as the third or fourth most commonly isolated bloodstream pathogens, surpassing gram-negative bacilli in frequency (2–9).
This mixture of yeasts, hyphae, and matrix material is not seen when the organism is grown in liquid culture or on an agar surface, which suggests that morphogenesis is triggered when an organism contacts a surface and that the basal cell layer may have an important role in anchoring the biofilm to the surface (2,3,5,8).
Flucytosine is primarily used in combination with amphotericin B for the treatment of candida endophthalmitis and cryptococcal meningitis (30,31).
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/EID/vol10no1/03-0119.htm   (3742 words)

 Bioline International Official Site (site up-dated regularly)
The aims of this work were to identify the species of the genus Candida and to analyze the genetic variability intra and inter-specific of 37 strains isolated from different anatomical sites of 11 immune-compromised patients infected with HIV, through the RAPD assay.
Among the 37 Candida isolates obtained from the 11 immune-compromised patients infected with HIV in the state of Espírito Santo, C.
Rapid identification and fingerprinting of Candida krusei by PCR-based amplification of the species-specific repetitive polymorphic sequence CKRS-1.
www.bioline.org.br /request?oc04027   (3262 words)

 Oral Candidiasis
Candidiasis is an opportunistic infectious condition caused by a ubiquitous, saprophytic fungi of the genus Candida, which includes eight species of fungi, the most common of which is Candida albicans.
Candida is commensal organism and part of the normal oral flora in about 30% - 50% of the population, and is capable of producing opportunistic infections within the oral cavity when appropriate predisposing factors exist.
Median rhomboid glossitis is a form of chronic atrophic candidiasis characterized by an asymptomatic, elongated, erythematous patch of atrophic mucosa of the posterior mid-dorsal surface of the tongue due to a chronic Candida infection.
www.dentalcare.com /soap/intermed/oralcan.htm   (1166 words)

 CANDIDA Albicans yeast infection diet symptoms treatment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-02)
The establishment of infection with Candida species appears to be a property of the host - not the organism.
The clinical material to be sent to the lab depends on the presentation of the disease: blood cultures, vaginal discharge, urine, feces, nail clippings or material from cutaneous or mucocutaneous lesions.
The best treatment is still the Candida diet in conjunction with other treatments depending on the seat of the Candida overgrowth.
colonhealth.webspirit.com /problems/candida.htm   (1231 words)

 Doctor Fungus: Valid Species, Synonyms, & Teleomorph-Anamorph Relationships for Candida spp.
Mycotorula is an obsolete synonym of this genus
Torulopsis is an obsolete synonym of this genus
Torulopsis candida is an obsolete synonym of this species.
www.doctorfungus.org /imageban/synonyms/Candida.htm   (753 words)

 USBioTek Laboratories - Services
The genus Candida comprise about 154 species of which six most commonly inhabit the skin and mucous membranes as members of normal flora.
Candida albicans represents the most abundant opportunistic strain while Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, Candida krusei, Candida parapsilosis and Candida lusitaniae may also mount infection under opportunistic conditions.
Generally, fungal infections due to overgrowth of Candida are referred to as Candidiasis of which cover a broad range of clinical signs and symptoms encompassing superficial, local and deep-seated infections.
www.usbiotek.com /Services-CandidaAntibodies.htm   (291 words)

 Candida albicans
There are many species of the genus Candida which cause the disease known as candidiasis or "thrush".
Candida is a commensal organism found in 40-80% of normal humans, and is present in the mouth, gut, and vagina.
Emphasizes the behaviour, physiology, activities and practical significance of fungi, and includes extensive sections on fungal pathogens of plants, animals and humans, the roles of fungi in major environmental processes, the use of fungi as biological control agents of pests and pathogens, fungal cell biology, and the application of fungal molecular genetics.
www-micro.msb.le.ac.uk /video/Candida.html   (437 words)

 Candida dubliniensis Sequencing
The Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Pathogen Sequencing Unit is sequencing the genome of the fungal pathogen Candida dubliniensis in collaboration with Dr. Derek Sullivan, Dr. Gary Moran and Prof.
Diseases caused by Candida species include superficial infections of the oral cavity and vagina and deep-seated systemic infections, which have a mortality rate of 35-50%.
Virulence is a polygenic trait in Candida species, therefore comparative genomics is likely to play a major role in understanding virulence in this group as a whole.
www.sanger.ac.uk /sequencing/Candida/dubliniensis   (595 words)

 Symptoms of Candida Albicans Yeast Infection Rid With Probio 5
Thrush is a fungal infection, typically concentrated in the area of the mouth or vagina.
A healthy level of candida albicans is kept in check by friendly floral bacteria in the intestines, such as Lactobacillus sporogenes, bacillus subtills or streptococcus faecalis
Yeasts are common on plant leaves and flowers, on the surfaces of skin and the intestinal tract of animals.
www.candida-albican-support.com   (1229 words)

 Wellness Guru - Candida
The definition of Candida and Candida Albicans according to Stedman’s Medical Dictionary is as follows:
“CANDIDA - A genus of yeast-like fungi commonly found in nature; a few species are isolated from the skin, faeces and vaginal and pharyngeal tissue, but the gastrointestinal tract is the source of the single most important species, C. Albicans.
We are happy to answer any questions you may have on Candida related questions.
www.guruwellness.com /wellness_candida.htm   (288 words)

 Medical Dictionary: Candida - WrongDiagnosis.com
Candida : genus of yeast\-like mitosporic fungi characterized by producing yeast cells, mycelia, pseudomycelia, and blastophores; commonly part of the normal flora of the skin, mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina, but can cause a variety of infections, including candidiasis.
Candida: Another name for Candidiasis (or close medical condition association).
Candida: Candida is listed as a type of (or associated with) the following medical conditions in our database: Mouth conditions, Nosocomial infections, Vagina conditions, Skin conditions, Esophagus diseases
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /medical/candida.htm   (211 words)

 Candida glabrata: Review of Epidemiology, Pathogenesis, and Clinical Disease with Comparison to C. albicans -- Fidel ...
Candida is frequently cultured from the esophageal surface and reaches the esophagus in oral secretions.
was responsible for 20% of the Candida urinary tract infections
Candida glabrata is emerging as a major pathogen in the 1990s.
cmr.asm.org /cgi/content/full/12/1/80   (7724 words)

Candida albicans (figure 2 and 3) is an endogenous organism.
Candida is a polymorphic yeast, i.e., yeast cells, hyphae and pseudohyphae are produced.
Gross pathology of rabbit kidney lesions due to experimental Candida albicans infection.
pathmicro.med.sc.edu /mycology/mycology-3.htm   (1366 words)

 CDC - Candida and Candidiasis
Yeast of the genus Candida have exploded into prominence in recent years as opportunistic and nosocomial fungal pathogens.
Candida and Candidiasis is a worthy successor in providing comprehensive information on the biology of these organisms.
A consolidated chapter on the epidemiology of Candida infections should be considered for the next edition.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/EiD/vol8no8/02-0059.htm   (302 words)

 Rapid Identification of Candida Species by Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and a Statistical ...
Interspecific discontinuity in the genus Clavispora Rodrigues de Miranda by phenetic analysis, genomic deoxyribonucleic acid reassociation, and restriction mapping of ribosomal deoxyribonucleic acid.
Identification of pathogenic yeasts of the imperfect genus Candida by PCR-fingerprinting.
Rapid identification of Candida glabrata by using a dipstick to detect trehalase-generated glucose.
aem.asm.org /cgi/content/full/69/8/4566   (4872 words)

 AEGiS OI: Candida
Candida is the most common HIV-related fungus infection.
There is some evidence that you should use the lowest CD4+ level you ever had when considering your risk for some opportunistic infections.
Oral Thrush and Esophageal Candida: It isn't clear if preventative measures are more effective than treating thrush after it appears.
www.aegis.com /topics/oi/oi-candida.html   (294 words)

 Secreted Aspartic Proteinase Family of Candida tropicalis -- Zaugg et al. 69 (1): 405 -- Infection and Immunity
Fungemia caused by Candida species and Torulopsis glabrata in the hospitalized patient: frequency, characteristics, and evaluation of factors influencing outcome.
Characterization of a secretory proteinase of Candida parapsilosis and evidence for the absence of the enzyme during infection in vitro.
Isolation and nucleotide sequence of the extracellular acid protease gene (ACP) from the yeast Candida tropicalis.
iai.asm.org /cgi/content/full/69/1/405   (3653 words)

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