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Topic: Cantons of Bosnia

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  Bosnia and Herzegovina - Enpsychlopedia
Bosnia itself is the chief geographic region of the modern state, and forms its historical backbone.
Bosnia, due to its geographic position and terrain, was probably one of the last areas to go through this process, which presumably originated from the urban centers along the Dalmatian coast.
Bosnia is located in the western Balkans, bordering Croatia to the north and south-west, and Serbia and Montenegro to the east.
www.enpsychlopedia.com /psypsych/Bosnia   (4531 words)

 Understanding Bosnia
Map of proposed cantons This map illustrates how the proposed cantons in Bosnia were divided equally between the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and the Bosnian Federation of Muslims and Croats.
Bosnia census 1996 A map of Bosnia's population by commune or opstina, including a breakdown of the total population of Bosnia by ethnic group and between the Bosnian Federation and the Repulika Srpska.
Bosnia's ethnic population in 1991 A map of the former Yugoslavia and Bosnia's ethnic population by commune or opstina in 1991.
home.ubalt.edu /NTYGCATH/bosnia2.html   (298 words)

 Bosnia and Herzegovina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bosnia and Herzegovina, also known as the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a country on the Balkan peninsula of southern Europe with an area of 51,129 km² (19,741 square miles), and an estimated population of around four million people.
Bosnia itself is the chief geographic region of the modern state, with a moderate continental climate, consisting of hot summers and cold snowy winters.
Bosnia and Herzegovina comprises the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH), the Republika Srpska (RS), and the Brčko District (BD).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Bosnia_and_Herzegovina   (6504 words)

 Cantons Of Bosnia
Bosnian cantons were created by the Bosniak-Croat Accords in 1994, and their boundaries were defined by the Dayton Accords in 1995.
In the Republika Srpska half of Bosnia and Herzegovina, there are no cantons and instead the municipalities are grouped into regions (see Regions of Republika Srpska).
Five of the cantons (Una-Sana, Tuzla, Zenica-Doboj, Bosnian Podrinje, and Sarajevo) are Bosniak cantons, three (Posavina, West Herzegovina, and West Bosnia) are Croat cantons, and two (Central Bosnia and Herzegovina-Neretva) are 'ethnically mixed', meaning there are special legislative procedures for protection of the constituent ethnic groups.
www.seattleluxury.com /encyclopedia/entry/Vrhbosna/Cantons_of_Bosnia   (236 words)

 dersimdestani.info: Sarajevo   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Sarajevo is part of Canton Sarajevo, one of the ten Cantons in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
As the center of Canton Sarajevo, the city is also the center of judicial procedures for the area, based on the post-transitional judicial system for the country as outlined by the High Representative and his plans for the “High Judicial and Prosecutorial Councils” of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2002.
Sarajevo is economically one of the strongest regions of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
www.dersimdestani.info /index.php?title=Sarajevo   (4223 words)

 Bosna River - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The Bosna is the third longest river in Bosnia and Herzegovina, and is considered one of the country's three major internal rivers, along with the Neretva and Vrbas.
The spring is one of Bosnia and Herzegovina's chief natural landmarks and tourist attractions.
Although it does not pass through any foreign countries, the Bosna flows through a number of cantons and regions of Bosnia.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Bosna   (375 words)

 The Balkans Pages: Bosnia-From Utopia to a Just Peace by Paul Tvrtkovic
Bosnia means a different thing to each of its three contestants as well as to the international community who pursue their own utopian aims, turning in never ending circles.
Cantonal administrations will be developed on the basis of the political and cultural traditions of each national group (as in Switzerland), but not to the detriment to each of the others.
He is a descendent of the mediaeval ruling family of Bosnia (whose family’s coat of arms have now been appropriated by the Government of the Republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina as the state emblem, without permission).
balkansnet.org /paul.html   (3312 words)

 Sarajevo Canton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planet2.scs.cs.nyu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The Sarajevo Canton is a canton of the Federation in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The canton was a result of this warfare, created by the Bosniak-Croat Washington Accords in 1994, and its boundaries defined by the Dayton Accords in 1995.
The employment rate in Bosnia and Herzegovina is 45.5% officially; however, grey economy may reduce actual unemployment to between 25 and 30%, while in sarajevo the official unemployment rate is around 20% of the labour force.
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/Sarajevo_Canton   (933 words)

 CER | Bosnia: The Third Balkan War
Yet, should Bosnia be reduced to ethnic smithereens, Croatia, as well as Serbia, are not likely to sit idle and watch their compatriots slaughtered by Afghan and Saudi mujaheedin or harried by each other.
This event, thoroughly overlooked by the Koštunica-enamoured Western media, was preceded by the corrosive disintegration of Bosnia and the slow demise of the Dayton Accords.
When the Croat National Assembly declared self-rule in five cantons in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Wolfgang Petritsch, the Western dictator in Bosnia, fired Ante Jelavić (of the HDZ, the Croatian Democratic Union) from the tripartite presidency of the protectorate and banned him and others from future political activity.
www.ce-review.org /01/13/vaknin13.html   (756 words)

 Bosnia and Herzegovina
For example, in August the Sarajevo Canton prosecutor appealed for the second time the acquittal of Ibrahim Djedovic on war crimes charges, keeping alive a case that was brought for political motives.
Municipal and canton authorities have broad discretion regarding disposition of contested property that was nationalized under the Communist government; many use this as a tool of political patronage, rendering religious leaders dependent on politicians to regain lost property.
HDZ obstructionism also delayed the formation of Cantonal governments in the Federation; Cantons 7, 8, and 10, where the HDZ won a plurality, were the last to form governments.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2001/eur/8236.htm   (18438 words)

 Bosnia Hercegovina   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Bosnia Herzegovina's independence was internationally recognised but in April war erupts, in June 1992 the Bosnian presidency officially declared a state of war and soon after the Western vocabulary had to be extended to include a new term: ethnic cleansing.
Bosnia becomes primary battleground between German Occupiers and Communist-led Partisans of Tito.
Bosnia is restored as an administrative unit - one of six republics of socialist Yugoslavia, January 31 1946.
www.novimost.org /facts/history.htm   (929 words)

 Herzegovina-Neretva Canton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The canton mainly comprises the Neretva river valley area and parts of Herzegovina west of Mostar, its administrative center.
The canton is split into the municipalities of Čapljina, Čitluk, Jablanica, Konjic, Mostar, Neum, Rama, Ravno and Stolac.
The canton is the only canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina with access to the sea via the municipality of Neum.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Herzegovina-Neretva_Canton   (492 words)

 Bosnia and Herzegovina
There was no progress in the investigation by canton and Federation antiterrorism officers into a bomb explosion at the home of Ivan Saric, former middle Bosnia canton governor, in a village outside Gornje Vakuf in 1999.
Although the Sarajevo cantonal court convicted and sentenced Djedovic to 10 years in 1998, he was released in March after winning an appeal and returned to his seat in the Federation Parliament.
The Chamber stated that the cantonal court's reasoning for rejecting the appeal was "grossly inadequate and devoid of the appearance of fairness" and that Damjanovic did not have a fair chance to appeal to the Federation Supreme Court.
www.state.gov /g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2000/eur/index.cfm?docid=693   (17859 words)

 Green Left - Issues: Bosnia: who are the guilty parties?
Ninety per cent of Bosnia is under occupation by militias sponsored by Serbia and Croatia which openly aim to split the republic between them.
Bosnia's various communities are scattered in every part of the republic.
If Bosnia's borders with Serbia and Croatia were sealed, and the arms blockade on Bosnia were lifted, it would easily be able to deal with the nationalist militias.
www.greenleft.org.au /back/1993/107/107p13.htm   (1544 words)

 Canton (country subdivision) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A canton is a territorial subdivision of a country, e.g., region or state.
Cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina: a subdivision of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Cantons of Luxembourg: a subdivision of the districts of Luxembourg
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Canton_(subnational_entity)   (185 words)

 Human Rights Watch World Report 2002: Europe & Central Asia: Bosnia and Herzegovina
The major political development was the formation of non-ethnic-nationalist governments at the national level and in one of Bosnia's two constitutive entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
On February 22, Bosnia's central parliament elected a cabinet (Council of Ministers) composed solely of the members of a moderate seven-party grouping dubbed the Alliance for Change.
At a November 2000 session the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe welcomed the progress achieved by Bosnia and Herzegovina toward meeting the criteria for accession to the Council of Europe and added that further progress was needed, including the adoption of an electoral law.
www.hrw.org /wr2k2/europe5.html   (2455 words)

 Serbian President Milosevic Approves Truce Agreement
The truce was brokered earlier Thursday by European Community mediators in meetings with leaders of Bosnia's warring Muslim, Croat and Serb communities, who agreed to stop shooting and return to talks aimed at dividing Bosnia into ethnic cantons.
Heavy fighting across the republic in the past three days -- particularly in Sarajevo, Bosnia's battle-scarred capital -- had seemed to be building toward all-out civil war, but the violence lessened significantly Thursday.
Independent observers in Bosnia agree that prior to the recent outbreak of heavy fighting, the Serb minority there had no reason to fear ethnic discrimination, let alone ethnic violence.
www-tech.mit.edu /V112/N22/serbia.22w.html   (870 words)

 NATO/SFOR:Transcript - Press Conference 12 December 2002
During the conference they discussed various issues of local governance and one of the results was the identification of the need to thoroughly re-examine the present distribution of competencies between municipal and higher levels of governance.
The Canton 4, Ministry of Interior are considered by UNMIBH to have fulfilled conditions to be accepted as meeting basic requirements on democratic policing.
On Monday, 16 December at a ceremony in Gorazde the Canton 5, Ministry of Interior are scheduled to receive UNMIBH accreditation and on Tuesday, 17 December at a ceremony in Tuzla, the Canton 3, Ministry of Interior, are scheduled to receive UNMIBH accreditation as well.
www.nato.int /sfor/trans/2002/t021212a.htm   (1610 words)

 Hotel Europa garni - About Sarajevo
Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located at 43°52' N 18°25' E. According to a 1991 census, its population was 429,672; currently estimated at around 400,000.
The unique beauty of this jewel of the Central Europe, the natural wealth that is contained in its fresh and healthy air, mineral and thermal water and the resourceful potential for the enjoying different sports, made Sarajevo and the rest of Bosnia and Herzegovina famous all around the world.
They are part of the Dinaric Alps mountain range that winds through Croatia, Bosnia and Herze-govina, and Serbia and Montenegro.
www.europa-garni.ba /eng/sarajevo.php   (434 words)

According to the conception of the shapes of nations that is currently preferred, however, nations must conform to the topological model of (approximate) circularity; their borders must guarantee contiguity and simple connectedness, and such borders must as far as possible conform to existing topographical features on the ground.
When the majority is mobilized on ethnic grounds, minorities are incompatible with the definition of the state, and those that form a local majority are likely to try to secede, particularly when they can anticipate acceding to a neighboring state under the control of their ethnic confreres.
This is the situation of Serbs and Croats in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Russians in Ukraine and Moldova, Albanians in Kosovo and Macedonia, Armenians in Nagorno-Karabakh, Kurds in Turkey, Iran and Iraq, Tamils in Sri Lanka, and Muslim Kashmiris in India.
ontology.buffalo.edu /smith/articles/bosnia.html   (8974 words)

 Sarajevo Travel Guide: BosniaTravel.net   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, located at 43°52'N and 18°25'E. According to a 1991 census, its population was 429,672; currently estimated at around 400,000.
It was the site of the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, which sparked World War I; more recently Sarajevo has hosted the 1984 Winter Olympics and was besieged during the Yugoslav wars in the 1990s.
Bosnia Travel Copyright 2006 www.bosniatravel.net All rights reserved.
www.bosniatravel.net /sarajevo   (119 words)

 Finally the U.S. Takes the Lead in Bosnia
Therefore, for the following two years Bosnian Serbs, who constituted 31 percent of the pre-independence population of Bosnia but were occupying 70 percent of the land, undertook with impunity vicious and often murderous "ethnic cleansing" measures against Muslims and Croats, who had constituted 44 percent and 17 percent of the population respectively.
The Bosnian government, a multi-sectarian institution in which Serb and Croat military and civilian officials were represented along with the predominant Muslims, dug in to hold the cities, but remained largely dependent upon United Nations troops to feed the civilian populations and, in the case of six "safe areas" including the capital, Sarajevo, protect them.
Bosnian Serb authority was divided between Karadzic, a demagogic orator who had just unsuccessfully tried to strip Mladic of his military command, and Mladic, a sadistic and probably mentally unbalanced commander who was rumored to have personally presided over the execution of some 2,000 of the missing men of Srebrenica.
www.washington-report.org /backissues/0995/9509009.htm   (1273 words)

 Amnesty International Report 2002 - Europe - BOSNIA-HERZEGOVINA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
Under the 1995 Constitution, enshrined in the Dayton Peace Agreement, the country is made up of two largely autonomous entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Federation) and the Republika Srpska (RS), as well as the autonomous district of Brcko.
The HNS justified its initiative by arguing that Bosnian Croat interests were threatened by amendments to the Federation Constitution and new electoral rules.
In April the Mostar Cantonal Court acquitted four Bosnian Croat former military police officers charged with war crimes against Bosniac prisoners of war in 1993.
web.amnesty.org /web/ar2002.nsf/eur/bosnia-herzegovina!Open   (2155 words)

 Welcome to Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia was partitioned by fighting during 1992-95 and governed by competing ethnic factions.
Bosnia's current governing structures were created by the Dayton Accords, the 1995 peace agreement which was officially signed in Paris on 14 December 1995 by Bosnian President IZETBEGOVIC, Croatian President TUDJMAN, and Serbian President MILOSEVIC.
Economy—overview: Bosnia and Herzegovina ranked next to The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia as the poorest republic in the old Yugoslav federation.
www.middleeastnews.com /BosniaHerzegovina.html   (1556 words)

 Project Bosnia IPRO - Netoworking Schematics for Cantons
The purpose of this network is to serve as a backbone for the legal database currently in development by Patrick and his team.
This means that each canton only needs to be able to exchange data with the main server, and not with any other canton.
Also, in order for DSL to work, each canton would have to be located within a couple of miles from a telephone company's Central Office.
pbosnia.kentlaw.edu /oldpbosnia/ipro2/network   (938 words)

 Bosnia: Whole out of parts | M. Bozinovich | Columns | serbianna.com
I quoted this to show the position of Croats in Bosnia, as the smallest and the weakest people, left and betrayed by official authorities from Croatia, and as an example of politician-servant who knows that Bosnia is multinational country and should be treated as such, but he talks what international ears like to hear.
Prime minister Sanader announced his visit to Bosnia and support of Croatian Government to the Croats in Bosnia in a way that he is going to appoint his official Representative for revision of Dayton Agreement.
P.Klein was the Special Representative General Secretary of the UN Mission in Bosnia and I was deputy minister of Interior in the Federation Bosnia Government.
www.serbianna.com /columns/mb/045.shtml   (1882 words)

 Central Bosnia Canton - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-12)
The Central Bosnia Canton is one of the ten cantons of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
It is located in the center of the country, to the west of Sarajevo.
The canton is split into the municipalities of Bugojno, Busovača, Dobretići, Donji Vakuf, Fojnica, Gornji Vakuf - Uskoplje, Jajce, Kiseljak, Kreševo, Novi Travnik, Travnik, Vitez.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Central_Bosnia_Canton   (204 words)

 This Week in Bosnia: July 27, 1997
And special American envoy to Bosnia Robert Gelbard told a U.S. Congressional hearing that apprehending war criminals was a top priority for the Clinton Administration.
And that scarce housing isn't only being used for refugees from elsewhere in Bosnia; but is also being given to ``hoodlums, police officers, political leaders and high government officials,'' the Times charges.
But shortly after Western officials proposed a doomed peace plan aiming to carve Bosnia into ethnic cantons, in order to ``recognize reality on the ground,'' Croat nationalists turned on their allies in an effort to create their own ethnically pure ministate.
world.std.com /~slm/twib0727.html   (2439 words)

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