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Topic: Capital architecture

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  Capital (architecture) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ionic capital, from the temple of Athena Polias, Priene, Ionia, in a 19th-century engraving
In the Ionic capitals of the archaic Temple of Artemis at Ephesus (560 BCE) the width of the abacus is twice that of its depth, consequently the earliest Ionic capital known was virtually a bracket capital.
The Romanesque and Gothic capitals throughout Europe present as much variety as in the Byzantine and for the same reason, that the artist evolved his conception of the design trom the block he was carving, but in these styles it goes further on account of the clustering of columns and piers.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Capital_(architecture)   (1314 words)

 Capital (architecture) -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Capitals of the second, concave type, include the richly carved examples of the columns flanking the 'Tomb of Agamemnon' in (An ancient city is southern Greece; center of the Mycenaean civilization) Mycenae (c.
In the Ionic capital (illustration, left) spirally coiled (Ornament consisting of a curve on a plane that winds around a center with an increasing distance from the center) volutes are inserted between the abacus and the ovolo.
The capital in San Vitale, Ravenna shows above it the dosseret required to carry the ((architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it) arch, the springing of which was much wider than the abacus of the capital.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/C/Ca/Capital_(architecture).htm   (1152 words)

 Probert Encyclopaedia: Architecture (Can-Cg)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In architecture, a cap is the uppermost of any assemblage of parts; for example the cap of a column (a capital), door, etc.; the term also applies to a coping, cornice, lintel, or plate.
In architecture a casemate is a hollow moulding, chiefly in cornices.
In architecture, a cella (also known as a cell) is the part enclosed within the walls of an ancient temple, as distinguished from the open porticoes.
www.probertencyclopaedia.com /T2A.HTM   (693 words)

 Capital (architecture)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The bulk of the capital may either be convex, as in the Doric order; concave, as in the bell of lhe Corinthian order; or bracketed out, as in the Ionic order.
The earliest Aegean capital is that shown in the frescoes at Knossus in Crete (1600 B.C.); it was of the convex type, probably moulded in stucco.
One of the most beautiful Corinthian capitals is that from the Tholos of Epidaurus (400 B.C.); it illustrates the transition between the earlier Greek capital, as at Bassae, and the Roman version.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/capital__architecture_   (1251 words)

 Capital (disambiguation) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In geography and politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital) of a country or other political entity is a city or town that contains the government.
In Marxian economics, capital is asset value seeking surplus-value (or value-accretion) within a framework of private property relations and social relations of production which permit the economic exploitation of surplus labour.
Also, the term "capital" is often confused with the term capitol, which is the term used for certain buildings used to house the legislative body of a certain sovereignty.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Capital_(disambiguation)   (349 words)

 AllRefer.com - capital, in architecture (Architecture) - Encyclopedia
capital, in architecture, the crowning member of a column, pilaster, or pier.
In later forms the capital had three well-defined parts: the neck, or necking, where it joins the shaft; the echinus, or spreading member above it; and the abacus, or block at the top.
The Greeks perfected three types belonging to three separate orders of architecture : the Doric order, the Ionic order, and the Corinthian order : which were also used in slightly modified forms by the Romans in the form of the composite order.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/capitl-arc.html   (333 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Quite recently (and perhaps even now, in architecture), turning to the postmodern would have been as surprising in theoretical circles as advocating the postmodernist style in avant-garde architecture, for if the postmodern was a dominant concept for critical discourse in the 1980s, by the early 1990s it seemed thoroughly depleted.
For Tafuri, architecture failed its historical mission because it was unable to present its promise of solving the problems of the city since that solution properly belonged to the realm of politics.
Nevertheless, as the postmodern architect’s ability to historically quote became a means by which she was valued in the academy and in the culture-hungry marketplace, the promise of resistance was compromised.
varnelis.net /research/permutations.html   (3144 words)

 Scott Campbell, Capital Cities
And this urbanizing force of capital cities is not new: one third of the total increase in urban population in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries took place in nine capital cities (Clark and Lepetit 1996, 1).
These "early" capitals, continuously serving as the center of early nation-states, were generally able to both act as catalyst to the nation's industrialization and use this new-found wealth to reinforce their dominance among the nation's cities.
Three future threats to the past dominance of national capital cities are plausible: the decline of the nation-state (as the provider of wealth and authority to national capitals), the ascendance of global cities as an alternative to capital cities, and the shift from a physical capital city to a virtual capital network.
www-personal.umich.edu /~sdcamp/AAG2000.html   (13610 words)

 capital (architecture)
In architecture, a stone placed on the top of a column, pier, or pilaster, and usually wider on the upper surface than the diameter of the supporting shaft.
A capital consists of three parts: the top member, called the abacus, a block that acts as the supporting surface to the superstructure; the middle portion, known as the bell or echinus; and the lower part, called the necking or astragal.
There are three basic types of capital, each originating with the ancient Greeks: the Doric; the Ionic, which is a scroll-like design; and the Corinthian, which is very ornate in style.
www.tiscali.co.uk /reference/encyclopaedia/hutchinson/m0000574.html   (193 words)

 Representations of Global Capital
In this regard, Capital still aligns itself with the iconography of the supermodernist skyscraper and its streamlined vertical lines of ascent.
Capital has, from its inception, advertised itself through its architecture.
Like the architecture of all dominant economic classes in history, the architecture of Capital's built environment has been an architecture of power.
www.lclark.edu /~goldman/global/pageslandscapes/archofcap.html   (152 words)

 Glossary of Medieval Art and Architecture:Ionic capital   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
In the medieval period, the capital was often used without a strict adherence to the rest of the system.
An Ionic capital has a volute, or a spiral scroll-like carving, on each side as its major decoration.
Ionic capitals are relatively rare in medieval buildings.
www.pitt.edu /~medart/menuglossary/Ionic.htm   (117 words)

 capital --  Encyclopædia Britannica
In the Classical styles, the capital is the architectural member that most readily distinguishes the order.
Capital punishment should be distinguished from extrajudicial executions carried out without due process of law.
A capital gain is the increase in value of a capital asset such as a share of stock, a government or corporate bond, or a piece of real estate.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9020145?tocId=9020145   (850 words)

 AllRefer.com - column (Architecture) - Encyclopedia
In fully developed Egyptian architecture the columns were of gigantic size, spaced very closely together, and were reserved for inner courtyards and halls.
In Greek, Roman, and Renaissance architecture the various column types, taken together with the entablatures that they support, form the classical orders of architecture.
The capitals of the Romanesque and Gothic were often variously decorated with plant and animal forms.
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/column.html   (500 words)

 What the Architecture Schools Really Teach | archsoc.com
It is clear that in architecture the procedures and processes of design are not at all objectified—as the dismal failure of the Design Methods movement attests—and that architecture, unlike medicine or engineering or even law, requires not only knowing something as being something: we colloquially call this quality of being 'genius'.
Architectural education is intended to inculcate a certain form of habitus and provide a form of a generalised embodied cultural capital, a 'cultivated' disposition.
In a manner more potent and effective than mere words could have done, the cultural capital of architecture was identified with unknown experiences, and their own lack of familiarity and ease with yachting labelled them as less prepared, less familiar with that culture, and less acceptable as would-be entrants to the profession.
www.archsoc.com /kcas/Socialise.html   (4437 words)

 Representations of Global Capital
Capital dominates this landscape in its entirety, stretching from one edge of the landscape to its other.
Capital exercises complete hegemony - not over alternative socioeconomic systems but over its previous incarnations.
Here, the imagery of the corporate capitalist city is emergent - a nascent form which transcends the remains of earlier capitalist cities.
it.stlawu.edu /~global/pageslandscapes/citycapital.html   (118 words)

 Online NewsHour: Architectural Ambitions - September 5, 2001
Architecture with a capital "a" has been dreamed into being by renaissance popes, by kings, by Thomas Jefferson, by most modernist millionaires, St. Peters, Versailles, Monticello, a Philip Johnson glass house.
Standard-issue freeways may be LA's truest architecture; they express the singular desire of the citizenry to keep moving.
Architecture, capital "a" or small "a," I think, is not a result of money.
www.pbs.org /newshour/essays/july-dec01/architecture_9-05.html   (634 words)

 Ancient Greek glossary
The capital on a Corinthian column is covered with acanthus leaves, a favorite motif of Greek artists.
A slender, upright structure used in architecture to support an arch, a roof, an upper story or the top part of a wall.
Ionic columns are slender with narrow fluting and a scrolled capital.
greece-private.com /greek_glossary.htm   (1235 words)

 Representations of Global Capital
Today, the relationship between clock time and Capital is cast in terms of Investors.
More recently, the geographer David Harvey (2000) has explored how capitalism structures what he calls "the built environment" -- his abbreviation for how the forces of industry, capital, architecture, and the State structure the social spaces of everyday urban life.
Even with the advent of the television era, Capital for the most part chose to stay relatively invisible -- representing itself as a benevolent, almost ghostly, aura that manifested itself in music and imagery.
it.stlawu.edu /~global/pagesintro/capitalrep1.html   (577 words)

 Capital architecture - Definition up Erdmond.Com
The earliest Aegean capital is that shown in the frescoes at device, and with a concave apophyge on which the buds of some flowers are sculpted.
The Doric capital is the simplest of the five Classical orders: it consists of the reaches its culmination, where the convexity is at the top and bottom with a delicate uniting curve.
Since then, the use of antique Ionic capitals, instead of the Serlian version, has tended to lend an archaic air to the entire context, as in Greek_Revival Within the bounds of decorum, a certain amount of inventive play has always been acceptable within the classical tradition.
www.erdmond.com /Capital_(architecture).html   (1146 words)

 the canberra house: modern residential architecture in the act
Drawn primarily from the Block Museum’s collections, Drawing the Form of Nature will include a number of the Griffins’ presentation drawings created for prominent architectural commissions in the United States, examples of Mahony Griffin’s work as a landscape architect, and her little-known series of intricate botanical drawings and paintings of Australian landscapes.
Her architectural presentation drawings are distinctive in their tall, narrow format, with a mixture of landscaped horticulture and natural growth linking the structure to its natural environment.
Modernism was the dominant architectural movement of the twentieth century and flourished in Australia between 1945 and 1960.
www.canberrahouse.com.au   (797 words)

 Software Linguist - Computerworld   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
But Lou Coglianese, chief architect at enterprise architecture at Capital One Financial Corp. in Falls Church, Va., describes his role in terms that a linguist would appreciate.
Skills required: Competence with architecture styles, patterns and their implications; an understanding of performance-based estimates and capacity planning; knowledge of the benefits of new technologies; a good working knowledge of many programming languages, servers, databases, networks and system operations.
In addition to meeting immediate end-user needs, software architecture must also account for the way in which future changes and additions will be incorporated into its design and the way that the system will be produced, maintained and upgraded.
www.computerworld.com /printthis/2001/0,4814,59607,00.html   (1006 words)

 Capital (architecture) Encyclopedia Article, Definition, History, Biography   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Looking For capital architecture - Find capital architecture and more at Lycos Search.
Find capital architecture - Your relevant result is a click away!
Look for capital architecture - Find capital architecture at one of the best sites the Internet has to offer!
www.karr.net /encyclopedia/Capital_%28architecture%29   (1492 words)

 The Canberra House: an introduction   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The city of Canberra is located in the Australian Capital Territory, a 2356 square kilometre area of land handed over by the NSW government in 1911 for the site of Australia’s new capital.
Growth accelerated with the establishment of the National Capital Development Commission in 1957, and during the 1960s and 1970s Canberra was transformed.
The post-war Melbourne regional architecture of Roy Grounds and Robin Boyd.
www.canberrahouse.com.au /introduction.html   (649 words)

 Clinger-Cohen fulfilled?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
An example is the marriage of the capital planning and investment control process — the financial rationale behind funding requests — with the enterprise architecture models that officials must incorporate into agency business cases contained in the Office of Management and Budget's Exhibit 300s.
The financial aspects of an enterprise architecture have never been captured well, but now the technology is available to pull together the architecture and investment strategy in a single solution.
Understanding how to use the capabilities of the capital planning and enterprise architecture technology to the maximum extent, implementing agency-specific executive dashboards where stakeholders can see, at a high-level glance, the different strategic initiatives for an IT investment and the effect of alternatives.
www.fcw.com:8443 /fcw/articles/2004/1115/oped-wright-11-15-04.asp   (454 words)

 Glossary of Medieval Architecture:Corinthian capital   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Corinthian capital was developed further in Roman times and used often in the medieval period, again, without strict adherence to the rest of the system.
The Corinthian capital is essentially the same from all sides.
Adaptations of the Corinthian capital are common in the Middle Ages.
www.pitt.edu /~medart/menuglossary/corinthian.htm   (128 words)

 GN Online: Global financial architecture: keep capital flowing   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Certainly, all the convened wisdom will not be sufficient to answer this somewhat esoteric question, all the more so as the recent past has not made it any easier to cope with the challenges.
A significant part of this dialogue and increased transparency is the "code of conduct", which is supposed to provide firm guidelines on how to prevent a crisis and, if too late, on how to resolve it in order to keep costs for all parties involved bearable.
In recent years, capital inflows have been more and more directed towards the private sector.
www.gulf-news.com /Articles/print.asp?ArticleID=98039   (800 words)

 The Capital South Tower At Central Park   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Capital Condominiums have awakened the heart of Mississauga's new city centre.
Where brilliant design and head turning architecture act as a dramatic counterpart to a natural three-acre community park environment.
www.capitalsouthtower.com   (57 words)

 City Focus Madrid February 2003, Magnificent Madrid, The old and the new sit comfortably side-by-side in Spain's ...
City Focus Madrid February 2003, Magnificent Madrid, The old and the new sit comfortably side-by-side in Spain's capital city, with architecture and cultural traditions from the past co-existing with a modern and vibrant social scene.
The old and the new sit comfortably side-by-side in Spain's capital city, with architecture and cultural traditions from the past co-existing with a modern and vibrant social scene.
The Torre de los Lujanes in the Plaza de la Villa dates from the 15th Century, while the Moorish architectural style depicted in the tower of the San Nicholas de los Servitas church - the oldest church in Madrid - serves as a reminder of the city's previous Arab occupation.
www.hothousemedia.com /ltm/ltmbackissues/feb03web/feb03cityfocus.htm   (1266 words)

 The Edifice Complex - What fancy corporate headquarters really mean. By Witold Rybczynski   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
Sudjic's point, which he somewhat belabors, is that while architecture is an end in itself for architects, it's always a means to an end for the people who pay—the clients.
One of the most munificent patrons of early modern architecture, for example, was the very young King Faysal II of Iraq, who in the mid 1950s hired no less than Le Corbusier, Walter Gropius, Alvar Aalto, and Frank Lloyd Wright to beautify Baghdad; he was killed by revolutionaries in 1958, along with the royal family.
The truth is that individuals and institutions usually turn to architecture at moments of decline.
slate.msn.com /id/2128080/fr/rss   (817 words)

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