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Topic: Capsian culture


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  Capsian culture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Capsians' diet included a wide variety of animals, many no longer present in the area, ranging from aurochs and hartebeest to hares and snails; there is little evidence on what plants they ate.
It was in the early Capsian period that the first domesticated sheep and goats appear in the area.
The Eburran culture of the 13th-8th millennia BC in Kenya is also termed the "Kenya Capsian", due to similarities in the stone blade shapes; it is unclear whether this culture is to be linked with the North African Capsian culture.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Capsian_culture   (406 words)

  
 Chapter 5:The Individuality of Portugal   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
Nevertheless, it cannot be doubted that the Upper Paleolithic hunters-and-artists ranged broadly across the peninsula at times, for their paintings (clearly of the same type as those of the great Cantabrian center of their art) are found in the center of the peninsula, as well as in the province of Málaga in the south.
In its early years this culture clearly showed influences of the makers of the small geometric flints, but pottery makers and agriculturists were at work, and other Neolithic influences from the eastern Mediterranean were increasingly evident, coming both by land through North Africa and by sea along the Mediterranean.
During the period of Argaric culture, the copper of South Portugal was exploited.
libro.uca.edu /stanislawski/Chap5.htm   (2878 words)

  
 Amazigh - Toseeka Search Results
Unlike the conquests of previous religions and cultures, the coming of Islam, which was spread by Arabs, was to have pervasive and long-lasting effects on the Maghreb.
Linguists and population geneticists alike have identified this culture as a probable period for the spread of an Afro-Asiatic language (ancestral to the modern Berber languages) to the area.
Some have regarded this culture's population as simply a continuation of the earlier Mesolithic Ibero-Maurusian culture, which appeared around ~22,000 BC, while others argue for a population change; the former view seems to be supported by dental evidence.
www.toseeka.com /subject/Amazigh   (3778 words)

  
 Berber   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
From the archaeological perspective they are agreed to descend from the Neolithic Capsian culture of southern Tunisia, which appeared in North Africa around 9,500 BC and maybe lasted until 2700 BC.
Some have regarded this culture's population as simply a continuation of the earlier Mesolithic Ibero-Maurusian culture, which appeared around ~22,000 BC, while others argue for a population change; the former view is more supported by dental evidence[1].
From the genetic perspective, the mtDNA make-up of NW African Amazigh is predominantly Neolithic Near Eastern in originclass="external">[1.
www.gogoglo.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/b/be/berber.html   (1289 words)

  
 Capsian culture - WikiLeasing.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
It is traditionally divided into two variants (often contemporaneous): traditional Capsian, characterized by flake and blade tools, and upper Capsian, with a much greater ariety of geometric microliths.
Capsian sites are typically accompanied by shell mounds and dark-colored ash ddeposits; some involve caves, while others are open-air.
The Capsians' diet included a wide variety of animals - many no longer present in he area - ranging from aurochs and hartebeests to hares and snails; there is little evidence on what plants they ate.Anatomically, the Capsians (to use a loose expression) were modern Homo sapiens, classed in two "racial" types: Mechta-Afalou and Proto-mediterranean.
www.wikileasing.com /15/Capsian_culture.html   (345 words)

  
 Slavic Origins   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This culture includes cultural traces like warrior Slavic society and drinking of traditional Slavic drink called "miod" (pl. honey) in the Eastern Europe and "mead" or "mied" in Western Europe from bell shaped cups (like these old Polish drinking horns for drinking mead), as it is clear from their ornament.
This culture is example of an early Indo-European culture, which in one part is derived from early Corded Ware culture, but in second part it is derived from east and central European cultures, which become "Kurganized" under incursions from steppe tribes from east.
Ertebolle culture is a culture of Western European natives, whom were according to archeological diggouts mixed race Cro-Magnon.
home.swipnet.se /Piotr_Glownia/Pochodzenie_e.htm   (4581 words)

  
 Morocco (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab-6.cs.princeton.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The area of modern Morocco has been inhabited since Neolithic times, at least 8000 BC, as attested by signs of the Capsian culture, in a time when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today.
Many theorists believe the Berber language probably arrived at roughly the same time as agriculture (see Berber), and was adopted by the existing population as well as the immigrants that brought it.
Casablanca is the center of commerce and industry and the leading port; Rabat is the seat of government; Tangier is the gateway to Morocco from Spain and also a major port; Fez is the cultural and religious center; and the dominantly "Berber" Marrakech is a major tourist center.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com.cob-web.org:8888 /encyclopedia/m/mo/morocco.html   (2543 words)

  
 Western North Africa, 8000–2000 B.C. | Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
6500 B.C. The peoples of the Capsian culture live in caves or rock shelters, moving from place to place in search of food.
Among the materials that come to western North Africa from abroad are obsidian blades from the Lipari Islands near Sicily.
Named for the distinctively shaped ceramics found in graves, the Beaker culture is associated with the emergence of a warrior mentality and the growth of individualism.
www.metmuseum.org /toah/ht/02/afw/ht02afw.htm   (340 words)

  
 OEDILF - Topic
Aurignacian means of or relating to an Upper Paleolithic culture marked by finely made artifacts of stone and bone, paintings, and engravings.
The Aurignacian (or-een-YA-shun) culture dates to between 34,000 and 23,000 BCE, bridging the Paleolithic (Old Stone Age) and Neolithic (New Stone Age) eras.
Their burial customs were complex, varying from cremation to log tombs and burial mounds, both large and small.
www.oedilf.com /db/Lim.php/?Topic=361   (696 words)

  
 Morocco   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The area of modern Morocco has been inhabited since Neolithic times, at least 8000 BCE, as attested by signs of the Capsian culture, in a time when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today.
What became modern Morocco in the seventh century, was the area invaded by the Arabs, who brought their customs, culture, and Islam, to which most of the Berbers converted, forming states such as the Kingdom of Nekor.
Morocco is an ethnically diverse country with a rich culture and civilization.
libraryoflibrary.com /E_n_c_p_d_Morocco.html   (4377 words)

  
 The Siwa - EgyptSearch Forums
During the Old Kingdom it was thought that small-scale Caucasoid incursions from the Levant lightened the skin tone of the original Egyptians, with subsequent "invasions" from Persia, Greece, and Rome further transforming the physical characteristics of the Egyptians.
The origins of this culture are unclear; according to the historian Christopher Ehret, the probably came from the African coast of the Red Sea.
Culture is more important than physical features which vary mostly (85-90%) on the individual level.
www.egyptsearch.com /forums/Forum8/HTML/001029.html   (6158 words)

  
 The Siwa - EgyptSearch Forums
Language is part of culture but culture includes many other things like ideas, beliefs, customs, codes, institutions, tools, techniques, works of art, rituals, and ceremonies, among other elements.
The small stone and earthen tumuli and monuments left in the wake of the early pastoral cultures attest to a degree of social ranking in the former probably based around the accumulation of livestock and widely traded polished stone objects (beads, arm rings, axes, etc.).
Capsian Stone tool making is not a genetic haplotype, but rather a cultural trait, and not particularly relevant to Berber culture at all.
www.egyptsearch.com /forums/Forum8/HTML/001029-2.html   (8739 words)

  
 Wikinfo | Maghreb
This remained the case until after the time of the Arabic expansion and the spread of Islam; even then, trade was restricted to costly (but often profitable) caravan expeditions, trading such goods as salt, gold, ivory, and slaves.
Though Maghreb culture as well as its people have both African and Middle Eastern roots, most Maghrebis are either Arabic- or Berber-speaking Muslims of predominantly Middle Eastern ancestry, while a few are of predominantly African ancestry, and the corsairs brought in significant amounts of Italian, Spanish, and Turkish ancestry in the big coastal cities.
The Arabic dialects of the Maghreb share many common characteristics (like a first person singular present with n-) that set them apart from the dialects of the Middle East and most of Egypt; Berber languages, of course, are almost exclusively spoken in the Maghreb, and were originally spoken throughout it.
www.wikinfo.org /wiki.php?title=Maghreb   (619 words)

  
 sources for King Arthur and Osiris
A Culture Hero was one who was responsible for a great cultural innovation in a society.
This is something more than a mere matter of etymology, for it is a Mercury and Culture hero that we have all along taken the mythological Arthur to have been; at the same time it raises the question as to the exact meaning of the name Arthur.
The Capsian Culture, which came to Europe as we have seen, emanated from North-West Africa; it is indeed, named after Capsa of Gafsa in tunis.
www.geocities.com /dagonet_uk/osirisda.htm   (6528 words)

  
 History of Morocco at AllExperts (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab-6.cs.princeton.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Capsian culture brought Morocco into the Neolithic about 8000 BC, in a time when the Maghreb was less arid than it is today.
The Berber language probably arrived at roughly the same time as agriculture (see Berber), and was adopted by the existing population as well as the immigrants that brought it.
The coastal regions of present-day Morocco shared in an early Neolithic culture that was common to the whole Mediterranean littoral.
experts.about.com.cob-web.org:8888 /e/h/hi/History_of_Morocco.htm   (3921 words)

  
 Al Maghreb Al Aqsa -- Morocco Notes (Part 1/4)
The Berbers of Morocco are the descendants of this Capsian culture.
As Carthage, Greece, Rome and Byzantium rose in the northern and eastern Mediterranean, the Berbers were successively colonized or became tributaries of the dominant culture.
In 622 A.D., a Qurayshi trader claiming receipt of divine revelation in distant Arabia fled from Mecca to Medina to protect his flock from the wrath of ‘idolaters’ -- Islam was born.
www.grandpoohbah.net /Grandpoohbah/mornotes0.htm   (2684 words)

  
 PREHISTORIC AFRICAN SPEAR HEADS
This nice example is a point made on a core-struck blade and is from the Oranian / Capsian culture of Northwest Africa's prehistoric past.
The Capsian industry runs simultaneously with the Oranian beginning 11,000 years ago (9,000 years ago in the Northwest region).
Some points were so perfectly executed that they were not used at all but served as items of prestige by their owner and are sometimes found in association with burials.
www.paleodirect.com /orcap-023.htm   (526 words)

  
 Tribes of Atlantis - Atlantis Rising
The Capsian period began around 9000 BC in the northwest corner of Africa, and had spread to Egypt by roughly 6000 BC.
Capsians ruled during the Fayum B period, from 6000 BC to 5000 BC.
As well most of the cultures from the mediterranean and Europe were said to have come from the MA'DAN tribe according to MTDNA.
forums.atlantisrising.com /ubb/Forum1/HTML/000637-5.html   (4684 words)

  
 EXTENDED PROFILES - ALGERIA
The industry appears to have spread throughout the coastal regions of the Maghrib between 15,000 and 10,000 B.C. Between about 9000 and 5000 B.C., the Capsian culture began influencing the IberoMaurusian, and after about 3000 B.C. the remains of just one human type can be found throughout the region.
Neolithic civilization (marked by animal domestication and subsistence agriculture) developed in the Saharan and Mediterranean Maghrib between 6000 and 2000 B.C. This type of economy, so richly depicted in the Tassili-n-Ajjer cave paintings, predominated in the Maghrib until the classical period.
Distinguished primarily by cultural and linguistic attributes, the Berbers lacked a written language and hence tended to be overlooked or marginalized in historical accounts.
wdbase.com /extended_profiles/algeria/12   (330 words)

  
 DODONA: Human Biodiversity Discussion Forum - Racial History of Egypt
A stone tool culture characterized by small backed bladelets and found across the North African coast from at least 22,000-10,000 years ago (the late Würm (last) glacial period).
The culture was related to Cro-Magnon, A Group of people known as the Mechta-el-Arbi race, living along the Mediterranean from Tunisia to Morocco and also Libya.
The Capsian culture brought Protomediterranid elements into North Africa which was before that more robust and rather Cromagnoid (Ibero-Maurisiens).
dodona.proboards35.com /index.cgi?board=physanth&action=display&thread=1137869578&page=3   (1338 words)

  
 Orbis Quintus » Blog Archive » 12,000-Year-Old Skeleton Discovered In Morocco   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
This seems to be right at the dawn of Capsian culture.
One of the skeletons was buried with a horn of a barbary sheep, an animal once abundant in the region during the prehistoric age.
The discovery will give experts a clearer idea of the funeral rituals practiced by the prehistoric population of the superior Paleolithic, the Iberomaurusian culture in particular.
orbis-quintus.net /blog/?p=1895   (239 words)

  
 Maghreb
Though Maghreb culture as well as its people have both African and Middle Eastern roots, most Maghrebis are either Arabic or Berber-speaking Muslims of predominantly Middle Eastern ancestry, while a few are of predominantly African ancestry, and the corsairs brought in significant amounts of Italian, Spanish, and Turkish ancestry in the big coastal cities.
The Arab Maghreb Union (Union du Maghreb Arabe) is an effort to coordinate political and economic policies across this region; disagreements among its members and security problems in Algeria have posed it serious setbacks.
Originally, the Sahara was inhabited by fl Africans, as demonstrated by Saharan rock art throughout the region; however, the Maghreb proper seems to have been inhabited mainly by "white" speakers of northern Afro-Asiatic languages such as Berber at least since the Capsian culture (about 8000 BC).
www.knowledgefun.com /book/m/ma/maghreb.html   (561 words)

  
 Maghreb   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-10)
The Arab Maghreb Union (Union du Maghreb is an effort to coordinate political and policies across this region; disagreements among its and security problems in Algeria have posed it serious setbacks.
Originally the Sahara was inhabited by fl as demonstrated by Saharan rock art throughout region; however the Maghreb proper seems to been inhabited mainly by "white" speakers of Afro-Asiatic languages such as Berber at least the Capsian culture (about 8000 BC).
Many ports along the Maghreb coast were by Phoenicians particularly Carthaginians ; with the defeat of Carthage many of these ports naturally passed Rome and ultimately it took control of entire Maghreb north of the Atlas Mountains from some of the most mountainous regions the Moroccan Rif.
www.freeglossary.com /Maghreb   (540 words)

  
 Tribes of Atlantis - Atlantis Rising
The map demonstrates that western Capsian culture is the material reality which stands behind the "Lake Tritonis" legends in Greek Mythology.
Note that Capsian culture was mapped in Brown, and happens to match the location of mythical Lake Tritonis and River Tritoness.
And the Qarunian-Fayum B culture (a Capsian culture) was active in the Fayum region of Egypt during 6000-5000 BC.
forums.atlantisrising.com /ubb/Forum1/HTML/000637-2.html   (7024 words)

  
 directopedia : Directory : Society : Ethnicity : African : Amazigh
Most if not all of these invaders have left some imprint upon the modern Berbers as have slaves brought from throughout Europe (some estimates place the number of Europeans brought to North Africa during the Ottoman period as high as 1.25 million)[3] and sub-Saharan Africa have also left impressions upon the local populations.
In historical times, the Berbers expanded south into the Sahara (displacing earlier fl African populations such as the Azer and Bafour), and have in turn been mainly culturally assimilated in much of North Africa by Arabs, particularly following the incursion of the Banu Hilal in the 11th century.
Prominent Berber groups include the Kabyles of northern Algeria, who number approximately 4 million and have kept, to a large degree, their original language and culture; and the Cleuh (francophone plural of Arabic "Shalh" and Tashelhiyt "ašəlḥi") of south Morocco, numbering about 8 million.
www.directopedia.org /directory/Society-Ethnicity/African-Amazigh.shtml   (3782 words)

  
 Essays.cc - Berbers In North Africa
Out of this mix developed the Berber people, whose language and culture, although pushed from coastal areas by conquering and colonizing Carthaginians, Romans, and Byzantines, dominated most of the land until the spread of Islam and the coming of the Arabs.
The purpose of this research is to examine the influence of the Berbers on North Africa.
The industry appears to have spread throughout the coastal regions of the Maghrib between 15,000 and 10,000 B.C. Between about 9,000 and 5,000 B.C., the Capsian culture began influencing the Ibero- Maurusian, and after about 3,000 B.C. the remains of just one human type can be found throughout the region.
www.essays.cc /free_essays/d3/aym36.shtml   (3849 words)

  
 Resources on the Berber
Its mission is to preserve and promote indigenous culture in general and the...
Mouvement Culturel Berbere (Berber Cultural Movement), Berber, Africa, 921.
Amazighe (berber) culture of poeples of North Africa; Algeria...
www.mongabay.com /indigenous_ethnicities/african/Berber.html   (3764 words)

  
 Fayum B
Epipalaeolithic (also called Mesolithic) culture (late Capsian), well attested at a number of sites in the Fayum.
However there are some types common to both cultures (the arrowheads), suggestive of connections between them.
The settlement site labelled Z by the excavators is thought to have been located about 5 m above the lake level at the time of its use.
www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk /fayum/fayumb.html   (130 words)

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