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Topic: Cartilage

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In the News (Wed 22 May 19)

  What is Cartilage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Cartilage is a tough, semi transparent, elastic, flexible connective tissue consisting of cartilage cells (chondrocytes and chondroblasts) scattered through a lipoprotein material strengthen by collagen fibers.
Cartilage is found in the tip of the nose, in the external ear, in the walls of  the windpipe (trachea) and ; the voice box  (larynx) ; where it provides support and shape.
Cartilage is known as elastic cartilage, fibrocartilage or hyaline cartilage, depending on its different physical properties.
www.polychondritis.com /connectivetissue/Cartilage/WhatisCartilage.html   (311 words)

  Blue Histology - Skeletal Tissues - Cartilage
Cartilage is rather rare in the adult humans, but it is very important during development because of its firmness and its ability to grow rapidly.
occurs in the epiglottic cartilage, the corniculate and cuneiform cartilage of the larynx, the cartilage of the external ear and the auditory tube.
The darker hue of the cartilage close to the bone is caused by the calcification of the cartilage.
www.lab.anhb.uwa.edu.au /mb140/CorePages/Cartilage/Cartil.htm   (1837 words)

 Shark Cartilage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
The minority of cartilage, which is not used for bone formation, is deposited in the ears, nose, and joint cavities.
Supplemental cartilage and its anti-angiogenesis activity continues to be at the forefront of research in breast, colon, lung, prostate and brain cancers.
Cartilage supplements should be taken on an empty stomach to maximize overall absorption.
www.supplementnews.org /cartilage   (1257 words)

 shark cartilage
Lu said that there was reason to believe the cartilage might be effective in fighting cancer because cartilage has been found to contain substances that impede the formation of blood vessels and cutting off the blood supply to tumors has already been proven effective.
The shark cartilage extract was given as a liquid twice a day.
They believe that it is a protein in cartilage that affects angiogenesis and that the protein would be digested rather than absorbed into the bloodstream where it might find its way to a tumor.
www.skepdic.com /shark.html   (470 words)

Cartilage acts as a model and is gradually replaced by bone as the embryo grows.
Permanent cartilage (cartilage which does not become ossified) is found in the tip of the nose, in the external ear and in the walls of the trachea (windpipe) and the larynx (voice-box).
Hyaline cartilage is responsible for the longitudinal growth of bone in the neck regions of the long bones.
www.botany.uwc.ac.za /sci_ed/grade10/mammal/cart.htm   (533 words)

 Cartilage (Bovine/Shark) - Supplements
Cartilage extracts are just what you think they are — from sharks, the fins are typically used, while cartilage from the trachea (windpipe) of cows is used in bovine cartilage supplements.
Cartilage has been linked to healing of connective tissue injuries since the middle part of the century (much as HCP/gelatin, glucosamine and chondroitin are today).
This means that something in cartilage prevents the growth of new blood vessels toward tumors, thereby restricting tumor growth (the inhibitor is probably not a typical protein, but may be a heat-stable proteoglycan).
www.supplementwatch.com /supatoz/supplement.asp?supplementId=71   (1325 words)

 Information on Shark Cartilage - Diet-and-Health
Cartilage, a translucent elastic tissue, composes most of the skeleton of embryonic and very young vertebrates and, through a process of calcification, is transformed into bones which make up the fully developed skeletal system.
Cartilage is also found between the segments of the spine and at the ends of long bones, where it acts as a shock absorber and a bearing surface to reduce the friction between moving parts.
Research is also being conducted to learn about the antimutagenic activity of shark cartilage (its ability to inactivate or reverse the effects of cancer-causing agents), and whether shark cartilage may protect cells from DNA damage by being a scavenger of free radicals.
www.diet-and-health.net /articles.php?cont=cartilage   (1289 words)

 Exercise 7: Cartilage
Cartilage matrix is a homogeneous material principally composed of proteoglycans, macromolecules with a proteinaceous backbone, to which is attached complex carbohydrates (these carbohydrates are "glycosaminoglycans," usually abbreviated GAGs).
Cartilage of the growth plates is responsive to the presence of growth hormone (GH).
Elastic cartilage is found in the pinna of the ear, the walls of the Eustachian tube, and in the epiglottis—all places in which the maintenance of a specific shape is important to proper function.
education.vetmed.vt.edu /Curriculum/VM8054/Labs/Lab7/Lab7.htm   (2438 words)

 Chester Knee Clinic | Knee Problems - Articular Cartilage Damage
Articular cartilage is a highly organized avascular tissue composed of chondrocytes embedded within an extracellular matrix of collagens, proteoglycans and noncollagenous proteins.
Cartilage is frequently injured, often as a result of sports related trauma, but due to its avascular nature, articular cartilage has very limited capacity for repair.
The dead spaces between circular grafts, the lack of integration of donor and recipient hyaline cartilage, different orientation, thickness and mechanical properties of donor and recipient hyaline cartilage are further sources of clinical concern.
www.kneeclinic.info /problems_articular_cartilage.php   (2036 words)

 USA Human Performance and Joint Restoration - Cartilage Transplantation
The surface cartilage at the end of your bones in a joint (i.e., shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow) is smooth and marble-like in appearance.
Autograft refers to a patient's own cartilage and, as previously mentioned, this cartilage is taken from the same knee or from the opposite knee from a nonessential area.
If cartilage transplantation is to take place, you could wear away that cartilage transplant by continuing to walk with most of your weight being put on the inside of the knee.
www.southalabama.edu /usahealthsystem/jointrestoration/cartilage.html   (815 words)

 Cartilage (Bovine and Shark) - National Cancer Institute
Cartilage from cows (bovine cartilage) and sharks has been studied as a treatment for cancer and other medical conditions for more than 30 years (see Question 2).
Clinical trials (research studies with people) are under way to study cartilage as a cancer treatment for humans (see Question 6).
Studies to date have not proven cartilage to be an effective treatment for cancer in people (see Question 6).
www.cancer.gov /cancerinfo/pdq/cam/cartilage   (185 words)

Cartilage basically consists of two components: water and a framework of structural macromolecules (matrix) that give the tissue its form and function.
Cartilage is an avascular, aneural and alymphatic tissue.
In case articular cartilage is involved, this may lead to further joint degeneration; In case cartilage of the airway is involved, this may lead to breathing problems.
www.cartilage.org /index.php?pid=89&SID=a5529514d2cbc991ec10b28e8c079693   (442 words)

Cartilage is a type of connective tissue consisting of cells called chondrocytes and a tough, flexible matrix made of collagen, protein, and sugar.
Most cartilage is converted to bone as an animal matures, but some cartilage remains in the nose and ears, as well as joints such as the knees, hips, shoulders, and fingers.
The interest in cartilage as a treatment for cancer arose, at least in part, from the mistaken belief that sharks (whose skeletons consist primarily of cartilage) are not affected by cancer.
www.umm.edu /altmed/ConsSupplements/Cartilagecs.html   (1280 words)

 Dorlands Medical Dictionary
costa´lis [TA] costal cartilage: a bar of hyaline cartilage by which the ventral extremity of a rib is attached to the sternum in the case of the true ribs, or to the superiorly adjacent ribs in the case of the upper false ribs; called also sternal cartilage.
epiphysia´lis [TA] epiphyseal cartilage: the disk or plate of cartilage interposed between the epiphysis and the shaft of the bone during the period of growth; by its growth the bone increases in length.
na´si latera´lis lateral nasal cartilage: either of a pair of triangular cartilages extending laterally from the septal cartilages on either side of the nose, attached superiorly to the nasal bone and the frontal process of the maxilla.
www.mercksource.com /pp/us/cns/cns_hl_dorlands.jspzQzpgzEzzSzppdocszSzuszSzcommonzSzdorlandszSzdorlandzSzdmd_c_12zPzhtm   (1627 words)

Maintenance of the integrity of the articular cartilage is critical to preventing the development of post-traumatic or degenerative arthritis.
Shock absorption - The biconcave C-shaped pieces of tissue known as meniscii (cartilage in non-medical terms) lower the stress applied to the articular cartilage, and thereby have a role in preventing the development of degenerative arthritis.
The traditional method of surgery for a torn meniscus (cartilage) involves admission to a hospital for several days, one or more surgical incisions that may average several inches, several weeks on crutches, and up to several months to completely rehabilitate the knee.
www.arthroscopy.com /sp05005.htm   (835 words)

 MedlinePlus Herbs and Supplements: Shark cartilage   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-05)
Creams applied to the skin with 5% to 30% shark cartilage are available, and have been recommended by some practitioners for treatment of psoriasis alone or with shark cartilage by mouth, for four to six weeks.
Shark cartilage is not recommended in children due to lack of scientific study and a theoretical risk of blocking blood vessel growth.
Shark cartilage products may contain high levels of calcium, which may be harmful to patients with kidney disease, abnormal heart rhythms, a tendency to form kidney stones, and those with cancers that raise calcium levels.
www.nlm.nih.gov /medlineplus/druginfo/natural/patient-sharkcartilage.html   (1978 words)

Cartilage is a tough connective tissue found in many parts of the body.
On this basis, shark cartilage has been proposed for a wide variety of medical conditions, from cataracts to scleroderma; however, there are no meaningful studies as yet that can tell us whether it offers any benefit.
Cartilage in general has been proposed as a treatment for the common "wear and tear" type of arthritis known as osteoarthritis.
www.mbmc.org /healthgate/GetHGContent.aspx?token=9c315661-83b7-472d-a7ab-bc8582171f86&chunkiid=21618   (1207 words)

Since cartilage has minimal ability to repair itself, even shat may seem like a small lesion (ranging from the size of a dime to a quarter), if left untreated, can hinder your ability to move free from pain, and cause deterioration to the joint surface.
Although cartilage in unable to repair itself on its own, advanced FDA-approved technology allows cartilage cells, know as chondrocytes to be harvested from your knee and cultured and multiplied.
This sample of cartilage is used to create new chondrocytes, which take 3-4 weeks that are then reimplanted in your knee.
www.hawaiiortho.com /Patient_Info/Knee/Cartilage/cartilage.html   (528 words)

 Cartilage and Collagen
Shark cartilage is sometimes taken in much higher amounts (e.g., 60 to 100 grams per day orally or by enema).
Not only is toxicity information on this amount of shark cartilage lacking, but the amount of calcium in this amount of shark cartilage exceeds the 2 to 2.5 grams per day that is commonly considered to be the upper limit of safe intake.
Because shark cartilage contains calcium, people who ingest large amounts of shark cartilage (60 to 100 grams per day) may be consuming excessive amounts of this mineral.
www.pccnaturalmarkets.com /health/Supp/Cartilage.htm   (584 words)

 Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis) Causes, Diagnosis, Symptoms, and Treatment on MedicineNet.com
Osteoarthritis is a type of arthritis that is caused by breakdown of cartilage, with eventual loss of the cartilage of the joints.
Cartilage is a protein substance that serves as a "cushion" between the bones of the joints.
With aging, the water content of the cartilage increases and the protein makeup of cartilage degenerates.
www.medicinenet.com /osteoarthritis/article.htm   (790 words)

 ACS :: Shark Cartilage
Cartilage is a type of elastic tissue that is found in the skeletal systems of many animals, including humans.
Shark cartilage is usually taken by mouth as a capsule, powder, or liquid extract, but some people have trouble taking it by mouth because of the strong fishy smell and taste.
Some experiments have shown that some forms of shark cartilage possess a modest ability to slow the growth of new blood vessels in laboratory cell cultures and in animals, but the effects on humans are not known.
www.cancer.org /docroot/ETO/content/ETO_5_3X_Shark_Cartilage.asp?sitearea=ETO   (1528 words)

 Shark Cartilage
One company selling shark cartilage claimed that after years of research by several doctors, finally in 1983, at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, it was proven that shark cartilage contains a protein that inhibits the formation of blood vessels to tumors.
The program which was for the knowledge of the public did not portray shark cartilage to be as positive, yet, it still expressed the monumental scientific breakthrough caused from the discovery and it also talked of the great possibility of shark cartilage as a major cure for cancer.
Shark cartilage may be used for cancer treatment effectively in the future, however, right now no scientific facts can support the claims of shark cartilage's ability to treat cancer.
www.vanderbilt.edu /AnS/psychology/health_psychology/Sharkcartilage.htm   (2041 words)

 Cartilage and Collagen
Shark cartilage is sometimes taken in much higher amounts (e.g., 60 to 100 grams per day orally or by enema).
Not only is toxicity information on this amount of shark cartilage lacking, but the amount of calcium in this amount of shark cartilage exceeds the 2 to 2.5 grams per day that is commonly considered to be the upper limit of safe intake.
Because shark cartilage contains calcium, people who ingest large amounts of shark cartilage (60 to 100 grams per day) may be consuming excessive amounts of this mineral.
www.hollandandbarrett.com /VF/HealthNotes/HN_live_uk/Supp/Cartilage.htm   (582 words)

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