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Topic: Caspian

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During the 1960's and 1970's, the Caspian Sea was polluted as adversary countries competed to reap the benefits of sturgeon fishing.
Today, the Caspian Sea is threatened by pollution, which has led the main exporters of caviar to take initiatives designed to help protect its abundant supply of sturgeon.
Second, the Caspian Sea was very polluted during the 1960's and 1970's and the many countries surrounded are attending to keep it clear and conserve its pressure resources.
www.american.edu /TED/caspian.htm   (1458 words)

  Caspian Sea Regional Country Analysis Brief: Environmental Issues   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Caspian Sea's energy potential already was well-known, and the confirmation of that potential with the discovery of significant hydrocarbon deposits in the mid-1990s brought an influx of foreign investment in energy development in the region, particularly in Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan.
Thousands of seals that live in the Caspian Sea have died since 2000 due to pollution that weakened their immune systems, and overfishing, especially of the prized sturgeon, has caused a dramatic decline in fish stocks.
The overfishing that threatens the Caspian's sturgeon population is a direct result of the inability to reach a new agreement to divide the sea.
www.eia.doe.gov /emeu/cabs/caspenv.html   (4038 words)

 ADW: Phoca caspica: Information
Caspian seals are found exclusively in the Caspian Sea, a landlocked body of salt water bordered by Russia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, and Kazakhstan.
Caspian seals, although protected by hunting limitations, continue to be a target for poachers.
Caspian seals were hunted extensively in the 19th and 20th centuries.
animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu /accounts/phoca/p._caspica.html   (872 words)

 CEP: General background
The Caspian Sea is the biggest enclosed body of water on Earth, having an even larger area than that of the American Great Lakes or that of Lake Victoria in East Africa.
The Caspian region lies in the center of the Palaearctic zoogeographical realm and is comprised of two major biomes – cold, continental deserts and semi-deserts in the north and east and, warmer mixed mountain and highland systems with complex zonation in the southwest and south.
Birds are prolific throughout the year, in and around the Caspian, and their numbers swell enormously during the migration seasons when many birds patronize the extensive deltas, shallows and other wetlands.
www.caspianenvironment.org /caspian.htm   (1516 words)

  crm software customer relationship management from Caspian
Caspian CRM is a suite of customer relationship management solutions designed to enhance and support your communication transactions with your prospects and customers.
Caspian can be fully integrated with your other systems such as accounting and ERP to give you a single view of the customer.
Caspian can help you manage very simple to very complex relationships, whether you sell direct to 20 companies or if you sell via partners to hundreds of companies around the world, Caspian will ensure that you are in control at all times providing your business with the knowledge you need to be successful.
www.caspiansoftware.com   (405 words)

 The Caspian Horse Society (UK)
The Caspian Horse Society (CHS) is a UK registered charity with origins in 1975 to promote and preserve the Caspian breed.
The Society maintains and publishes registers of pure and part-bred Caspians and is a founder member of the International Caspian Society which publishes the International Stud book.
Sir John was a key figure in the start of the Caspian movement in Britain in the early seventies.
www.caspianhorsesociety.org.uk   (231 words)

 Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - New report comments on Caspian production outlook
Furthermore, the Caspian has the potential to produce 16-17 bn cfpd of natural gas by 2010, of which Turkmenistan could account for some 49 % of the total and Kazakhstan 38 %.
Examples include: Kashagan, which is now a discovery; the CPC pipeline, which is now operational, reducing the transportation and marketing risk for Tengiz and others; progress on the BTC pipeline, which should have a similarly positive effect on the ACG development; conclusion of the gas contract and transit terms for Shah-Deniz gas.
The overall potential of the Caspian region is not in doubt.
www.gasandoil.com /goc/news/ntc22233.htm   (1198 words)

 - Russian National Interests and the Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea, located on Iran's northern border, surrounded by Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Turkmenistan, and sharing a border with the south-west corner of Russian territory, is the epicenter of a collision of regional, national and business issues.
Caspian oil, despite all its economic significance, is merely the external manifestation of the global political task of the present day-the restoration of Russia's might.
To achieve this end, the MFA initially argued that the Caspian is a lake and not a sea in order to gain access to the richer oil deposits (since the Caspian basin would be treated as common economic property to its littoral states if it was considered a lake and not a sea).
www.fas.org /nuke/guide/russia/agency/fmso-caspian.htm   (6139 words)

 Caspian Sea seismic geological well-logs prospects petroleum data Kazakhstan Turkmenistan Azerbaijan Russia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Over a long period of time the Caspian Sea northern part served as a state reservation with limitation of navigation, fishery and complete prohibition of any geological (geologic) research.
Over the period starting in 1982 considerable geophysics investigations were carried out in the Caspian sea northern part primarily seismic and gravimagnetic, resulted in obtaining valuable data which enable to evaluate the Caspian Seanorthern part oil prospectivity with great optimism.
Over the period starting in 1982 considerable geophysics investigations were carried out in the Caspian sea northern part primarily seismic and gravimagnetic, resulted in obtaining valuable data which enable to evaluate the northern part oil prospectivity with great optimism.
www.eastoil.com /caspia/Caspian_Sea.html   (301 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Caspian Coast including the three littoral provinces of Gilân (center Rasht), Golestân (center Gorgân) and Mâzanderân (center Sâri), with its thick forests and intensive rice cultivation presents a striking contrast to the dry inner plateau of Iran.
The picturesque provinces of Golestân, Mâzanderân and Gilân bound by the Caspian Sea in the north and, Alborz(Elborz) Range in the south, are divided into a multitude of valleys whose rivers drain into the sea.
The three provinces with their tropical climate in summer and mild winters, beautiful sandy beaches and scenic beauty are very popular among Iranians as a holiday and weekend resort and numerous holiday and residential complexes and private villas dot the landscape.
medlem.spray.se /davidgorgan/Caspiansea.html   (816 words)

 Pollution in the Caspian Sea
The Caspian sturgeon and the Caspian seal, one of two freshwater species in the world, have been dying in large numbers as a result of polluters or poachers, who have operated with impunity since the collapse of the former Soviet Union.
Out of the several thematic centers that are established by the CEP (Caspian Environment Programme) in the littoral states of the Caspian Sea, the Legal Center, which is in charge of preparing regulations, is in Moscow.
In the case of the Caspian Sea, the fact that this body of water is not really connected to the open seas of the world makes it imperative to have special rules and standards.
www.payvand.com /news/02/jul/1073.html   (1888 words)

 Water Features and Water Issues: Caspian Sea   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The northern part of the Caspian is still ice-bound, despite the heavy spring flow into the sea from the Ural and Volga Rivers.
By late March, the Caspian ice cover around the Volga Delta has thinned, and the heavy sediment load brought down by the river results in a significant plume of mud into the sea.
The large shallow bay along the eastern shore of the Caspian, the Zaliv Kara Bogaz Gol, is an effective evaporating basin for the sea.
eol.jsc.nasa.gov /newsletter/html_Mir/caspian.htm   (568 words)

 The Caspian Horse
It was her quest for mounts for the children which led her to pursue rumors of small horses in the remote Elburz mountains in northern Iran, along the vast Caspian Sea.
Firouz's husband, the Caspians in Iran are once again in danger of seizure by the government.
The approximately 300 Caspians worldwide (in 1994) are scattered mainly in England, France, Australia, New Zealand and now the United States.
www.kristull.com /caspian.htm   (749 words)

 RADIO FREE EUROPE/ RADIO LIBERTY   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Reports suggest little agreement on the outcome of the operation, which was said to be the largest in the Caspian during either Russian or Soviet times.
President Vladimir Putin called for the exercises after a summit of Caspian leaders collapsed in April, sending the message that Russia hoped to push its neighbors into solving their decade-old border disputes.
Although the official RIA-Novosti news agency quoted Ivanov as saying that he "would not rule out" a Caspian security grouping with Kazakhstan, the country's defense minister, General Mukhtar Altynbaev, told Interfax that there is "no urgent need" for such a force.
www.rferl.org /nca/features/2002/08/21082002161403.asp   (872 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Caspian Sea, Gorgân bay and in the rivers of Atrak and Sepidrud
Caspian sea's rivers and Tajen and Morqâb rivers in the Qareh qorum*
Caspian Sea and estuaries to the Caspian Sea.
medlem.spray.se /davidgorgan/fishes.html   (355 words)

 Caspian Sea - geological reports, atlases, albums and geological studies   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The Karaton-Prorvinsk zone of uplifts of the Northern Caspian Sea (offshore Tengiz) attracts the attention of different oil Companies as one of the most prospective areas within the Union of Independent Countries.
The complex analysis of data available made it possible to raise a reliability of prognosis and to give an answer on the question if hydrocarbon accumulations are possible within offshore part of the Karaton-Prorvinsk zone of uplifts, their resources and oil-gas ratio.
Caspian Sea, to the north of the Buzachi peninsula
www.eastoil.com /caspia/casrepin.htm   (483 words)

 Oil in the Caspian Region and Central Asia
If the Caspian Region and Central Asia had not been landlocked or had freely available transit routes, the region would be one of the world’s most favorable oil provinces.
In the Caspian Region and Central Asia the monopolies of the Soviet times have been replaced by patron-client relationships, that due to their discretionary and selective character bear little resemblance with open markets.
Russia’s and Iran’s potential maneuvers for disturbing the flow of Caspian oil to the Mediterranean are legion, using proxies such as Armenia, Georgian dissidents or Kurdish guerrillas.
www.caucasus.dk /publication8.htm   (7242 words)

 spychips.com - how RFID will compromise privacy, security, freedom
CASPIAN also supports anti-chipping legislation like the law passed in Wisconsin...
CASPIAN's Joint Position Statement requests limits on business and government use of RFID
The Spychips website is a project of CASPIAN, Consumers Against Supermarket Privacy Invasion and Numbering.
www.spychips.com   (1203 words)

 World Press Review - Oil Central Asia - Afghanistan - Taliban
In the 13th century, Marco Polo recorded rumors of a spring that produced oil, which, though not edible, was 'good to burn,' and useful for cleaning the mange of camels.
According to the estimates of geologists, the oil deposits of the Caspian Sea may not be quantitatively comparable to the deposits of the Persian Gulf, but they are still considered of excellent quality and many look to them as a significant source of untapped energy for the 21st century.
Some have estimated that the entire Caspian Sea is a basin full of oil and natural gas, starting from Azerbaijan and continuing to the opposite shore in the territory of Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.
www.worldpress.org /specials/pp/front.htm   (1613 words)

 Caspian Sea Oil: Politics and Pipelines
WHILE THE DISCOVERY of significant new oil fields in the Caspian Sea near Kazakhstan is good news for a petroleum-thirsty world, getting that oil to international markets will require overcoming enormous obstacles since it must travel by pipeline through one of the most politically volatile areas of the world.
Because the Caspian Sea is landlocked, oil and natural gas must be transported by pipeline to a terminal on the open sea, where it would be pumped into tankers and shipped to customers.
• Azerbaijan: Although it is presently the largest oil producer in the Caspian and has reserves estimated at more than one billion barrels, American companies cannot provide economic or technological assistance to Azerbaijan as long as it maintains an embargo on neighboring Armenia.
www.infoplease.com /spot/caspianoil1.html   (590 words)

 Caspian Crossroads Magazine Web Site
The Caspian Crossroads Magazine is produced by US-Azerbaijan Council, a non-profit, non-partisan organisation, which serves to foster greater interest and knowledge of the Caucasus and Central Asia among Americans.
Ukraine as a Transportation Corridor for Caspian Sea Oil to Europe by Bohdan Klid.
The Impact of the Instability in Chechnya on Daghestan by Anna Matveeva
ourworld.compuserve.com /homepages/usazerb/casp.htm   (1162 words)

 Caspian Horse Sales
"The discovery of the Caspian, a breed of very great antiquity, was a matter of the greatest scientific and historical importance in equine studies."
We have an exciting story about the miraculous re-discovery of the 5,000 year old Caspian Horse.
With less than 900 Caspians in the world today, their dramatic story continues and has just recently begun in the U.S.!
www.caspianhorse.com   (95 words)

 Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - Analysis of the Caspian oil scene
A new geostrategic rivalry between Turkey and Russia in the Caspian region is thus in the making.
American officials hailed the document as a very positive development for the east-west energy corridor long promoted by US It did not take too long, however, for Kazakh officials to "clarify" that Kazakhstan favoured multiple routes, and that the BTC was only an option, no more.
The envisioned connection is one that involves transport of "early" Kashagan crude from Aktau to Baku via barges and tankers across the Caspian.
www.gasandoil.com /goc/news/ntc21293.htm   (2370 words)

 Photography: Caspian Sea @ nationalgeographic.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
For me, the Caspian story started 40 years ago.
This is where, as a six-year-old in Iran, I saw the sea for the first time.
The results are in the May 1999 NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC article “The Rise and Fall of the Caspian Sea”—and in this gallery.
www.nationalgeographic.com /photography/reza   (105 words)

 Eurasia Policy Forum
The resource-rich states of the Caspian Basin today face the very real prospect of unprecedented revenues from the sale and transport of oil and natural gas, and from mining.
The Caspian Revenue Watch policy program (CRW) aims to generate and publicize research, information, and advocacy on how revenues are being invested and disbursed and how governments and extraction companies respond to civic demands for accountability in the region.
International meetings on the issue of Caspian natural resource revenue funds in Washington, DC and the Caspian region.
www.eurasianet.org /policy_forum/crw.shtml   (1098 words)

 Caspian Environment   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
The water level of the Caspian fell during the 1960s and 1970s as its natural fluctuations were compounded by the construction of dams, which slowed down water turnover.
Uninviting Caspian coast: The Caspian Sea coast, with its beaches and rocky frontiers, is damaged by a variety of natural and man-made factors.
Sick seals and less biodiversity: The furry Caspian seal has been hit by sickness and threatened by hunting and loss of food.
www.grida.no /caspian/index.htm   (155 words)

 Caspian Sea security
Most recent studies of the Caspian Sea region have focused almost exclusively on its energy potential, while the current project explores the economic issues only as they relate to the overall security setting in the region.
And finally, the project examines different policy options aimed at the de-escalation of existing tensions in the Caspian region and at the establishment of an atmosphere of growing trust and international co-operation.
A second conference entitled ‘US-Russian Interaction on Security in the Caspian Sea Region’ was held on 17-18 February 2001 in Moscow, Russia, in cooperation with the Kettering Foundation (USA) and the Russian Centre for Strategic Research and International Studies.
projects.sipri.se /caspiansea   (475 words)

 Resources - Other useful links for Caspian sea region
Caspian Sea seismic geological well-logs geophysical oil fields prospects...
The Caspian Sea is bordered by Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Russia.
Caspian Society is proud to present Caspian Journal, your news source for the Caspian Sea Region
www.caspianstudies.com /links/resource.htm   (834 words)

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