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Topic: Censorship

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  Culture Shock: Who Decides? How and Why?: Definitions of Censorship
The term "censorship" comes from The Latin, censere "to give as one's opinion, to assess." The Roman censors were magistrates who took the census count and served as assessors and inspectors of morals and conduct.
For the ALA, technically censorship means the "The Removal of material from open access by government authority." The ALA also distinguishes various levels of incidents in respect to materials in a library which may or may not lead to censorship: Inquiry, Expression of Concern, Complaint, Attack, and Censorship.
Censorship - the prevention of publication, transmission, or exhibition of material considered undesirable for the general public to possess or be exposed to.
www.pbs.org /wgbh/cultureshock/whodecides/definitions.html   (808 words)

Conceptions of censorship derive from Roman practice in which two officials were appointed by the government to conduct the census, award public contracts and supervise the manners and morals of the people.
Whereas censorship in the 1950s and 1960s was based on the presumed standards and tastes of the white middle-class nuclear family, censorship in the 1970s became a process of balancing the often conflicting values of marginal social groups.
To counter conservative criticism and government censorship, producers and the networks have agreed to begin a ratings system which could be electronically monitored and blocked in the home.
www.museum.tv /archives/etv/C/htmlC/censorship/censorship.htm   (1917 words)

 ALA | Intellectual Freedom and Censorship Q&A
Censorship is the suppression of ideas and information that certain persons—individuals, groups or government officials—find objectionable or dangerous.
Censorship also occurs when materials are restricted to particular audiences, based on their age or other characteristics.
By contrast, censorship is an exclusive process, by which individuals or institutions seek to deny access to or otherwise suppress ideas and information because they find those ideas offensive and do not want others to have access to them.
www.ala.org /ala/oif/basics/intellectual.cfm   (1591 words)

Censorship exists to some extent in all modern countries, including the U.S.A., the U.K., Germany, France, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand.
One of the means whereby censorship occurs is the refusal by publishers to publish information and commentary which are embarrassing to the powers that be.
An example of this is the censorship of the essay against genocide written by John Bart Gerald.
www.serendipity.li /cda.html   (5201 words)

  Censorship History
Not In Front of the Children: "Indecency," Censorship, and The Innocence Of Youth
The Free Expression Policy Project began in 2000 as part of the National Coalition Against Censorship, to provide empirical research and policy development on tough censorship issues and seek free speech-friendly solutions to the concerns that drive censorship campaigns.
From May 2004 to March 2007, it was part of the Democracy Program at the Brennan Center for Justice at NYU School of Law.
www.fepproject.org /issues/censorshiphistory.html   (515 words)

  EFF: Free Speech
The government has time and again tried doing just that—indeed, censorship laws have often aimed at speech that could not be similarly restricted offline.
And when old laws are not properly adapted to this medium, it's all too easy for the government, companies, and individual litigants to undermine your rights.
EFF continues to fight related censorship policies today.
www.eff.org /Censorship   (837 words)

  censorship. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Censorship may be either preventive or punitive, according to whether it is exercised before or after the expression has been made public.
Attempts to suppress political freedom of the press in the American colonies were recurrent; one victory against censorship was the trial of John Peter Zenger.
Nevertheless, there have been examples of official political censorship, notably in the actions taken under the Sedition Act of 1798 (see Alien and Sedition Acts), suppression of abolitionist literature in the antebellum South, and local attempts in the 19th and 20th cent.
www.bartleby.com /65/ce/censorsh.html   (1233 words)

  Censorship - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Censorship is the control of forms of human expression; it is usually implemented by government.
Censorship is regarded among a majority of academics in the Western world as a typical feature of dictatorships and other authoritarian political systems.
Censorship has been alleged to occur in such media policies as blurring the boundaries between hard news and news commentary, and in the appointment of allegedly biased commentators, such as a former government attorney, to serve as anchors of programs labeled as hard news but comprising primarily anti-criminal commentary.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Censorship   (2720 words)

 Censorship - MSN Encarta
In modern times, censorship refers to the examination of books, periodicals, plays, films, television and radio programs, news reports, and other communication media for the purpose of altering or suppressing parts thought to be objectionable or offensive.
Thus, the rationale for censorship is that it is necessary for the protection of three basic social institutions: the family, the church, and the state.
In nondemocratic societies censorship is a dominant and all-pervasive force, felt on all levels of artistic, intellectual, religious, political, public, and personal life.
encarta.msn.com /encnet/refpages/RefArticle.aspx?refid=761559522   (790 words)

 (IRAYLS) - Censorship - Section of Libraries for Children and Young Adults
Censorship is a behavior everyone is taught at a young age, which works to keep us healthy, civilized and moral.
Censorship is more strongly motivated by the fear of losing control over children than a concern for their moral development, and books which portray young people who defy parental values may especially outrage authoritarian personalities.
Strategies to avoid censorship challenges include avoiding or removing titles which have been challenged elsewhere, avoiding or restricting all works by particular authors or artists, and avoiding certain subjects (such as the occult) because of their tendency to attract censorship challenges.
www.ifla.org /VII/s10/irayls/censor.htm   (868 words)

Censorship has been practiced in both the narrower and the broader senses as long as there have been organized cultures.
Those societies which have been most confident of their principles and of the loyalty of their members have allowed the greatest freedom from censorship, for they have been the least fearful of the consequences of dissent.
The relative prevalence of censorship is one of the features that has most distinguished autocratic from democratic societies and is most obvious in the thorough going preventive censorship practiced today in nations such as Communist Albania.
www.thefileroom.org /documents/Definitions.html   (1153 words)

 Freedom of Expression - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Censorship is the restriction of expression for the claimed purpose of protecting people from themselves by selectively limiting access to various ideas deemed harmful by some authority.
Common in authoritarian societies, censorship is often seen by its perpetrators as a necessity to control the spectrum of thought, and prevent any kind of protest against the practice.
The general principles of censorship have their roots in religion, which often tells followers that anything they cannot explain is such by the decree of a wise authority who decides what people should and shouldn't know, and that questioning such paradoxes is an act against the religion itself.
uncyclopedia.org /wiki/Censorship   (1024 words)

 Who supports Internet censorship?   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Censorship is the moral or legislative process by which society “agrees” to limit what an individual can do, say, think, or see.
The remainder of the paper is structured as follows: the next section provides a brief history of censorship, both in the world and the United States, previous attempts to censor the Internet, and the relatively scant economic literature on censorship.
Finally, those who are employed in information industries might naturally disfavor censorship of the Internet because of their desire to have unfettered publication abilities on the Internet or because of concerns that government regulation of Internet content might spread to other sectors of the economy that deal with information [13].
www.firstmonday.org /issues/issue11_9/depken/index.html   (5553 words)

 Censorship   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Censorship is a common tool of egocentric or ethnocentric people who think they have the only correct answer and want to force all others to be like themselves.
Censorship is diametrically opposed to the concept of intellectual freedom, the idea that intelligent people, exposed fully to all points of view, will choose the right answers for themselves.
Censorship is negative; it keeps from us a story better not told in the opinion of the censor.
www.accd.edu /pac/philosop/phil1301/censorship.htm   (410 words)

 Censorship - SourceWatch   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Censorship is the use of state power or public body or individual to control freedom of expression.
Censorship 'criminalizes' some actions or the communication (and suggested communications) of actions.
The purpose of censorship is to maintain the status quo, to control the development of a society, or to stifle dissent among a subject people.
www.sourcewatch.org /index.php?title=Censorship   (192 words)

 Amazon.com: 50 Ways to Fight Censorship: And Important Facts to Know About the Censors: Books: Dave Marsh,George ...   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Marsh (Born to Run) is a rock critic and leader in the fight against censorship and mandatory labeling of rock albums.
He astutely eschews the conventional definition of censorship as state action to cover such phenomena as skewed news judgment that leads to chronic under-coverage of the U.S. labor movement, and the efforts of freelance censors.
Censorship is defined; an annotated list of ten commandments for the fight are given.
www.amazon.com /50-Ways-Fight-Censorship-Important/dp/1560250119   (1415 words)

 The Censorship Labelling System   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Virtually the only directive given the censor was that no film should be approved which "in the opinion of the censor, depicts any matter that is against public order and decency, or the exhibition of which for any other reason is, in the opinion of the censor, undesirable in the public interest".
Its report concluded that 'the censorship of films is at present carried out in a very satisfactory manner', and that it was up to 'parental control' to observe the certificates issued by the censor."
THE NEW Film Censorship Regulations which were gazetted last June and which came fully into operation in December are of interest to the public generally, but they should be of very particular interest to teachers, parents, and all others who have any influence over film-going by children.
www.censorship.govt.nz /censorship_dash.html   (2219 words)

Glavlit (Main Administration for Literary and Publishing Affairs), created in 1922, was responsible for censorship, which came later in the creative process.
The Soviet censorship system was thus more pervasive than that of the tsars or of most other recent dictatorships.
He did so by launching his policy of glasnost' in 1986, challenging the foundations of censorship by undermining the authority of the Union of Writers to determine which works were appropriate for publication.
www.ibiblio.org /pjones/russian/Attacks_on_Intelligentsia__Censorship.html   (327 words)

 diacritic | art and culture: Facing Up to Modern Censorship
Both attempt to drill deeper into the dynamics of modern censorship and away from the common flat perception of censorship being solely a repressive tool used by the state.
But censorship often operates more subtly than that, sometimes disguised as a moral imperative, at other times presented as an inevitable result of the impartial logic of the free market.
"Censoring Culture" expands the notion of censorship beyond the acts of removing a photograph from an exhibition or canceling a performance to include a much larger field of social conditions and practices that prevent artists' works of all kinds from reaching audiences or even from being produced.
www.diacritic.org /blog/archives/2006/04/facing_up_to_mo.htm   (792 words)

National Coalition Against Censorship The National Coalition Against Censorship (NCAC), founded in 1974, is an alliance of over 40 national non-commercial organizations, including literary, artistic, religious, educational, professional, labor, and civil liberties groups.
Families Against Internet Censorship FAIC is committed to opposing censorship on the Internet believing that parents are the people best suited to decide what their children should and should not see.
Censorship This page includes definitions of important terms, background information on censorship in general and on censorship on the internet, news stories about the issue, case studies of censorship cases, and various opinions on the question.
www.scils.rutgers.edu /~kvander/censorship.html   (2222 words)

 Censorship Quotations - Quotations
We want censorship to protect someone else; the young, the unstable, the suggestible, the stupid.
"Censorship of anything, at any time, in any place, on whatever pretense, has always been and always be the last resort of the boob and the bigot."
This is not merely interference with freedom of the press but the sealing up of a nation's heart, the excision of its memory.
www.bellaonline.com /articles/art35627.asp   (2051 words)

 From fatwas to the seven dirty words, no easy answers in the fight over censorship
Censorship, the "official prohibition or restriction of any type of expression believed to threaten the political, social or moral order," according to the New Columbia Encyclopedia, invokes appropriately ominous images of totalitarian regimes, forcibly silenced writers and artists, a stifled press, book burnings and similar strong-armed tactics.
But raising them reminds us how pervasive the theme of censorship is in a culture steeped in a seemingly free and unimpeded flow of words and images.
Censorship is only part of the modern anxiety, famously voiced by George Orwell in his 1949 novel "1984," about a world increasingly yoked to computers and centralized data banks.
www.sfgate.com /cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2004/01/21/DDGN94D4QU14.DTL   (2721 words)

 Comments on 17787 | MetaFilter   (Site not responding. Last check: )
If the majority of people thing "censorship is bad" and they think this sort of editorial judgement is OK, then maybe by extending logical thought to the hick masses we can declare that the meaning of censorship has changed.
If censorship is bad, and broadcasters have a social obligation to provide all voices a forum, then you don't have news or entertainment, you have a shouting match.
If people understand that "censorship" itself is neutral and that there can be "good" censorship (parents controlling their young kids' viewing habits) and "bad" (governmental), well, that seems a more realistic way to talk about the issues.
www.metafilter.com /comments.mefi/17787   (6283 words)

This Wikia is a database cataloging everything related to censorship past and present, in news media, film, artwork, and literature.
Founded on 28 January 2005 and restarted on 4 May 2006, there are currently 63 articles on this Wikia.
Articles on all levels of Internet censorship are welcome, from country-wide blocks to ISP-level blocks of specific websites.
censorship.wikia.com   (194 words)

 Censorship and Free Speech Guide: Overview
It is complemented by a separate guide on Secrecy, including discussion of official secrets legislation, commercial confidentiality regimes, freedom of information, archives and whistleblowing.
This site also features a detailed profile examining the shape of censorship in Australia and New Zealand from the 1780s onwards, providing a point of reference for understanding online content regulatory mechanisms, issues and advocacy groups.
John Gilmore's glib dictum that "the internet interprets censorship as damage and routes around it" ignores substantial issues.
www.caslon.com.au /censorshipguide.htm   (526 words)

 Urban Dictionary: censorship
Also, censorship is responsible for starting many useless parent groups that try to prevent anyone under the age of 18 from listening to music with profanity, watching movies, or watching TV.
Two of the parent groups that are for censorship, the PMRC (which is anti-music) and The White Dot (which is anti-television) have to be the most pointless, worthless organizations ever, right up there with Right-to-lifers and PETA.
Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.
www.urbandictionary.com /define.php?term=censorship   (566 words)

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