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Topic: Central American Free Trade Agreement

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  Dominican Republic-Central America Free Trade Agreement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bordering Central American nations not in the agreement include Belize and Panama on the mainland, Haiti which is on the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic, and Cuba.
Negotiations began in January 2003, and agreement was reached with El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Nicaragua on December 17, 2003, and with Costa Rica on January 25, 2004, and in that month, negotiations began with the Dominican Republic to join CAFTA.
While pro-globalization Administration officials have been pushing hard to pass CAFTA they only barely were able to rally key Republican members of the House to their side who were opposing CAFTA on the grounds of preserving national sovereignty [5].
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Central_American_Free_Trade_Agreement   (1502 words)

 Encyclopedia: North American Free Trade Agreement
This agreement was an expansion of the earlier Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement of 1989.
The Free Trade Area of the Americas or FTAA (in Spanish: Área de Libre Comercio de las Américas, ALCA; in French: Zone de libre-échange des Amériques, ZLEA; in Portuguese: Área de Livre Comércio das Américas, ALCA) is a proposed agreement to eliminate or reduce trade...
The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) is a free trade agreement between the United States and the Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras, and Canada, and Mexico.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/North-American-Free-Trade-Agreement   (2370 words)

 Miller Supports Central American Free Trade Agreement
The agreement, the Central American Free Trade Agreement or CAFTA, would reduce trade barriers between the United States, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.
“Free trade - whether it is with a trading partner across the street or around the globe - gives both parties to a transaction more of something they want.
Free trade works to reduce prices and increase the standard of living for the trading partners.
www.house.gov /garymiller/MillerSupportsCAFTA.html   (572 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Central America Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR) between the United States and five Central American nations—Guatemala, El Salvador, Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduras—as well as with the Dominican Republic, passed the Senate on June 30th by a vote of 54-45, the closest margin in recent trade history.
CAFTA’s defeat would block ongoing negotiations toward the Free Trade Area of the Americas Agreement which is intended to place all of the Americas into one trading bloc.
CAFTA is modeled on its forebear, NAFTA, the 1993 North American Free Trade Agreement among the United States, Canada and Mexico, passed during the Clinton Administration.
www.networklobby.org /issues/cafta.html   (937 words)

 americas.org - Will CAFTA Fly?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
CAFTA would be a souped-up and extended version of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which covers Mexico, the United States, and Canada.
The agreement is of only mild interest to U.S. corporations, and the Bush administration appears to be prioritizing it as part of a larger strategy to box Brazil and some other nations into the U.S. version of the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).
But if Central American public opposition to CAFTA significantly impacts its progress there, it may be a winnable battle in the U.S. as well.
www.americas.org /News/Features/200303_MarApr_NoGuerra/200303_CAFTA_Weiss.htm   (1000 words)

 The U.S. Should Support Free Trade with Central America and the Dominican Republic
Free trade negotiations with five Central American countries were concluded on March 15, and the agreement was signed in May 2004.
In return, the Dominican Republic and the Central American countries would gain permanent tariff-free access to the $10.9 trillion U.S. economy, which is more than 145 times the size of their combined economies.
By liberalizing rules and regulations constraining trade and investment, free trade sets these countries on a course toward greater prosperity that supports the democratic and free market evolution that has taken place in Central America over the last 20 years.
www.heritage.org /Research/LatinAmerica/em941.cfm   (972 words)

 Statement Of Senator Patrick Leahy On The Central American Free Trade Agreement
I strongly believe free trade and the agreements that facilitate it will be critical to the well being of my state and our country in the years ahead.
But we have a responsibility to ourselves and those we trade with to make sure these agreements are soundly predicated, are fair to both sides, are constructed to advance the interests of the many and not just a few, and that they will protect the environment upon which we all ultimately depend.
It is a wonder to me that the Administration is seeking trade agreements that are not part of a comprehensive strategy to deal with this kind of continually escalating foreign competition.
leahy.senate.gov /press/200506/063005a.html   (1092 words)

 Free Trade Agreements   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
CAFTA must be approved by the U.S. Congress and by National Assemblies in the Central American countries before it becomes law.
The agreement was signed on May 28, 2004 in Washington D.C. and is now waiting to be submitted to Congress after the elections.
CAFTA is the first “sub-regional” agreement to be negotiated between such unequal trading partners, where the combined GDP of Central America is equal to 0.5 percent of U.S. CAFTA would require market liberalization for the majority of goods and services in Central America—including agriculture, manufacturing, public services and government procurement.
www.wola.org /economic/cafta.htm   (494 words)

 USCCB - Joint Statement on United States-Central American Free Trade Agreement (US-CAFTA)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Free trade agreements, such as CAFTA, should be a way of achieving authentic human development that upholds basic values such as human dignity, solidarity and subsidiarity.
If trade agreements are shaped by a proper moral perspective, they can promote human development — while respecting the environment — by fostering closer economic cooperation among and within countries and by raising standards of living, especially for the poorest and most abandoned.
Because trade agreements are not a panacea for deep-seated problems of poverty and social and economic exclusion, they must be part of a broader agenda of sustainable development that includes financial cooperation and migration policies and programs specifically designed to lift up sectors adversely affected by the agreement.
www.usccb.org /sdwp/international/jointtradestatement.htm   (1173 words)

 Protesting Bush's Central American Free Trade Agreement
The controversial Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) was originally designed to open borders for free trade in the entire region, with the exclusion of Cuba.
Central American leaders are hot on CAFTA to boost sales of their nations' products in the huge U.S. market and to lure more U.S. investment, but critics charge the free trade pact will send U.S. jobs overseas and hurt the poor.
CAFTA protesters said in this agreement the U.S. is pushing for tougher restrictions than those it agreed to in the so-called Doha Declaration which established a procedure for countries to set aside drug patents in public health emergencies.
www.actupny.org /reports/CAFTA03.html   (3279 words)

 USATODAY.com - Central American Free Trade Agreement faces obstacles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
WASHINGTON — Uneasy about record trade deficits, the rising economic clout of China and opposition from domestic sugar producers and unions, lawmakers are balking at approving a pact to open markets between the USA and Central America.
The Central American Free Trade Agreement is a multinational deal that will create a free trade zone — a pact of unrestricted trading — between the USA and six countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and the Dominican Republic.
Part of trade expansion: CAFTA is a critical part of the Bush administrationand#146;s plan for expanding U.S. trade around the world, but faces strong opposition from the powerful sugar industry and organized labor, as well as some in the textile industry, who are pressuring representatives to reject the agreement.
www.usatoday.com /money/economy/trade/2005-05-11-trade-usat_x.htm   (2186 words)

 Public Citizen | CAFTA - CAFTA: Part of the FTAA Puzzle
The Central American Free Trade Agreement (known as CAFTA) is an agreement between the United States, five Central American nations (Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Costa Rica and Nicaragua), and the Dominican Republic.
CAFTA is a piece in the FTAA jigsaw puzzle and is based on the same failed neoliberal NAFTA model, which has caused the "race to the bottom" in labor and environmental standards and promotes privatization and deregulation of key public services.
Statement by the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Opposing CAFTA
www.citizen.org /trade/cafta   (268 words)

 USDEC - Trade Policy - Central American Free Trade Agreement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The agreement was approved by Congress and signed into law by the President in the summer of 2005.
Eliminating tariffs on Central American and Dominican Republic imports of dairy products from the United States is expected to stimulate some additional U.S. dairy exports by overcoming the advantages of export subsidies for EU products and undercutting prices from New Zealand and Australian exports.
Upon implementation, the agreement will grant immediate new access for more than 2,200 metric tons of cheese into the five Central American countries, as well as immediate access for approximately 1,800 tons of powder, 600 tons of butter, 600 tons of ice cream, and 650 tons of other dairy products.
www.usdec.org /Tradepolicy/content.cfm?ItemNumber=711   (468 words)

 USAID Presidential Initiatives: Central American Free Trade Agreement Initiative
The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) initiative, announced by President Bush in January 2002, improves the ability of Central American countries to compete in the modern global economy.
Working in tandem with the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, USAID is assisting in Central America's transition to free trade by building capacity with governments and the private sector through technical assistance and training.
Central American businesses are able to expand more rapidly if they improve the design and packaging of their products; form more permanent business relationships with U.S. companies; shift from low-value products to higher quality, higher value exports; and improve their business management skills.
www.usaid.gov /about_usaid/presidential_initiative/freetrade.html   (628 words)

 Nicaragua approves Central American Free Trade Agreement
The would-be free trade agreement had divided Nicaragua’s congress, with lawmakers failing to reach consensus on the measure in sessions past.
Bush and other CAFTA proponents say the deal will benefit both the United States and Central America, by opening the region wider to U.S. goods and services and lowering obstacles to investment in the region, as well as strengthening protections for intellectual property.
In particular, opponents are concerned that an increase of imports from U.S. farms will drive Central American subsistence farmers off their land, leading to overcrowding in cities and an increase in illegal immigration to the United States.
www.bilaterals.org /article.php3?id_article=2902   (467 words)

 The push is now on for the Central American Free Trade Agreement. - Global Affairs Forum, Politics, Law, Science, Health
The trade pact would be the biggest since the North American Free Trade Agreement in 1994 that lowered barriers between the United States, Mexico and Canada.
The immigration provisions are cloaked as "service agreements" in the document that have become standard fare in most trade agreements.
If CAFTA were really just about trade, the agreement would be little more than a few pages long, declaring that tariff treatment for U.S. and Central American goods will be on a reciprocal basis.
www.globalaffairs.org /forum/showthread.php?p=329716#post329716   (1677 words)

 Implications of Central American Free Trade Agreement
It and other recent trade agreements go beyond tariffs and quotas to “impose strict rules related to government regulation, taxation, purchasing and economic development policies that are regarded as non-tariff barriers to trade by the drafters of the agreements” (William T. Warren, “Trade Agreement Trade-offs,” State Legislatures, July/August 2004).
CAFTA requires procuring agencies to “accord to the goods and services of another party, and the suppliers of another party of such goods and services, treatment no less favorable than the most favorable treatment the party or procuring entity accords to its own goods, services, and suppliers” (Article 9.
CAFTA requires orders and decisions to be published, but Connecticut law requires only that they be indexed and available to the public for copying.
www.cga.ct.gov /2004/rpt/2004-R-0421.htm   (3073 words)

 U.S., Costa Rica Announce Agreement on Free Trade - US Department of State
Describing CAFTA as the "culmination of a year of intense negotiations," Zoellick said the agreement fulfills a key U.S. objective of opening markets in Latin America while also helping to further the cause of trade liberalization globally.
CAFTA is the culmination of a year of intense negotiations, and fulfills a key U.S. objective of opening markets in Latin America while continuing to push trade liberalization globally in the Doha talks of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and regionally in the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA).
Central American countries have agreed to change "dealer protection regimes" and loosen restrictions that lock U.S. firms into exclusive or inefficient distributor arrangements.
usinfo.state.gov /wh/Archive/2004/Sep/13-788817.html   (1594 words)

 The Central American Free Trade Agreement - International Economy - Anarkismo
The Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) was signed last year by Bush administration officials after trade ministers in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and the Dominican Republic completed negotiations with the United States.
The oversight of these agreements is outside of state and local governance, and unelected trade tribunals operating on the investment rules of specific trade agreements.
CAFTA will likely be submitted to the Congress for ratification this spring, as soon as its supporters feel they have a potential majority.
www.anarkismo.net /newswire.php?story_id=450   (1464 words)

 Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) | Food First/Institute for Food and Development Policy
CAFTA, the Central American Free Trade Agreement that will include Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and the Dominican Republic, is facing mounting public opposition throughout Central America and the United States.
CAFTA has been met by mass protests in Central America, and the Bush administration is having trouble garnering even Republican votes in the US Congress.
Ratifying CAFTA promises to be a highly symbolic legislative struggle, with the potential to significantly stall the free trade agenda.
www.foodfirst.org /cafta   (361 words)

 Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA)
For the newly emerging democracies of Central America, CAFTA would bring new investment that means good jobs and higher labor standards for their workers.
Central American consumers would have better access to more U.S. goods at better prices.
And by passing this agreement, we would signal that the world's leading trading nation was committed to a closer partnership with countries in our own backyard, countries which share our values.
www.state.gov /p/wha/rt/cafta   (120 words)

 Statement by AFL-CIO President John Sweeney on Central American Free Trade Agreement
CAFTA would reward companies that ship American jobs overseas with greater access to the U.S. market, more freedom to violate workers’ rights with impunity, and the ability to challenge government regulations enacted in the public interest.
CAFTA’s rules on investment, government procurement, intellectual property rights, and services create new rights for multinational corporations, but the agreement contains no effective new protections for workers’ rights and actually removes existing protections, leaving the interests of ordinary working men and women out in the cold.
It is time for America’s leaders to admit trade agreements like NAFTA have not delivered on their promises of job creation and economic development.
www.aflcio.org /mediacenter/prsptm/pr05282004.cfm?RenderForPrint=1   (357 words)

 Global Exchange : CAFTA: Central American Free Trade Agreement
CAFTA's passage was bought by an outrageous amount of pork barrel politics, and fake side deals, and unbelievable pressure from the Bush Administration.
CAFTA will undermine workers rights, drive countless family farmers off their land, and expose communities throughout Central America and the U.S. to privatization of essential public services like water, electricity, health care and education.
CAFTA is based on the massive failure of NAFTA, the agreement that cost million US jobs and increased poverty in Mexico.
www.globalexchange.org /campaigns/ftaa/cafta   (467 words)

 DeFAZIO: Central American Free Trade Agreement (01323)
And to extend it to Central America is not going to begin to put America on a better path to bringing jobs home to the United States, bringing wages back up for our production workers, seeing that they continue to have benefits.
American workers should not be asked to compete with workers who earn less than a $1 an hour in Central America.
It is time for a trade policy that makes sense for all the people of America, not just a treasured few who own the stock and the factories of the multinational corporations that have been profiting from our failures.
www.house.gov /defazio/pf_072505TRStatement.shtml   (708 words)

 US Dept of State - U.S.-Central American Free Trade Agreement Signed
The Central American countries already enjoy duty free access to the U.S. for over 75 percent of their exports, and the agreement expands their opportunities and promotes the kind of positive domestic reforms that will help them grow and prosper and trade with the United States.
The signing of the final agreement, a 2,400-page document, took place in the Hall of the Americas at the headquarters of the Organization of American States (OAS), where President Bush first announced his plan to negotiate an FTA with Central America during a speech in January 2002.
CAFTA is a key export market for important U.S. manufacturing sectors such as information technology products, agricultural and construction equipment, paper products, chemicals and medical and scientific equipment, all of which will enjoy immediate duty-free access.
usinfo.state.gov /ei/Archive/2004/Jun/01-149499.html   (1454 words)

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