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Topic: Central Pacific languages

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In the News (Thu 20 Jun 19)

  Austronesian Languages - ninemsn Encarta
The languages of Australia (Aboriginal languages) and most of New Guinea (Papuan languages), however, are not part of this family.
The 237 Western Oceanic languages are spoken in Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands, and Indonesia.
In general, the Austronesian languages use affixes (suffixes, infixes, prefixes) attached to base words to modify the meaning or to indicate the function of the word in the sentence.
au.encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761553922/Austronesian_Languages.html   (645 words)

 Languages & Writing Systems - Crystalinks
Language is a system of conventional spoken or written symbols by means of which human beings, as members of a social group and participants in its culture, communicate.
Languages of the Finno-Ugric family, such as languages of the Sami (Lapp) and Baltic-Finno groups (e.g., Sami, Finnish, and Livonian), are spoken in parts of Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Russia.
The languages of North Asia are those spoken from the Arctic Ocean on the north to South Asia and China on the south and from the Caspian Sea and Ural Mountains in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east.
www.crystalinks.com /languages.html   (2691 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Maori language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Oceanic languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages, conatining approximately 450 languages.
The Central East Polynesian languages are a sub-phylum of the Eastern Polynesian languages.
A minority language is a language spoken by a minority of the population of a country.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Maori-language   (3257 words)

 Native American Languages - MSN Encarta
North American languages with the largest numbers of speakers include Navajo (150,000), Inuit (70,000), Ojibwa (45,000), Cree (35,000), Sioux (20,000), Choctaw (18,000), Central Alaskan Yupik (12,000), Tohono O’odham (12,000), and Creek (6,000).
Some of the languages distinguish consonants pronounced with rounded lips from those formed with unrounded lips; for example, there are two kinds of k sounds.
Other languages, particularly those in California, distinguish between ñ, pronounced nyuh and made with the tip of the tongue against the teeth, and Ñ, pronounced with the tongue farther back, as in the -ing in dancing.
encarta.msn.com /encyclopedia_761573518/Native_American_Languages.html   (1074 words)

 ECAI - Pacific Language Mapping
The regions of the Pacific, Southeast Asia (apart from Burma), and Madagascar are documented.
Digital language mapping continued in Taiwan by Paul Li resulting in his publications 2000 and 2001.
The ECAI Digital Pacific Language Map spans the extent of Pacific languages including Austronesian languages, Papuan languages, Australian aboriginal languages, and the Austro-Asiatic languages of Southeast Asia.
ecai.org /austronesiaweb/PacificLanguages.htm   (308 words)

 Saving cultures and languages-- AsiaPacificUniverse.com
Language survival is not associated with civilization or stages of advancement.
The cultures and languages that are under threat today are survivors that have withstood the test of thousands of years.
While many may see the need to preserve their languages and cultures, they may not be willing to live in conditions so far behind the rest of their neighbors.
asiapacificuniverse.com /commentary/diverse.htm   (460 words)

 Hans Schmidt
It is characterized by conspicuously artful pottery designs and different vessel forms, usually accompanied by further traits such as the use of earth ovens, shell tools, obsidian, one-piece fish-hooks, adzes and scrapers made of stone and shell; their dwelling places were large and close to the coast, often on offshore islands (Pawley and Ross 1993:446).
The central Pacific was probably discovered from North or Central Vanuatu since the languages of North/Central Vanuatu are the closest relatives of the Central Pacific ones.
Compared to Central-Pacific languages that had not lost touch with their neighboring dialects and languages, the sound changes in Rotuman were much further reaching and more numerous during this period of isolation than in later centuries (when contact with Polynesia and perhaps with Fiji was more intensive).
www.hawaii.edu /oceanic/rotuma/os/schmidt/Schmidt.html   (3979 words)

 Transferring Credit to the University of the Pacific
University of the Pacific allows students to transfer coursework from other colleges and universities, counting toward a Pacific degree.
Pacific requires original copies of all grade reports, transcripts, and exam results before transfer credit can be determined.
Documents may be submitted in languages other than English, but must be accompanied by a translated copy of the same document.
www.pacific.edu /admission/admissioninfo/transfer_credit/index.asp   (238 words)

 USATODAY.com - Project seeks to preserve world's dying languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Some experts say there are up to 10,000 different languages left in the world; others put the estimate thousands lower depending on how many are characterized as dialects of another language.
These types of research will be aided by one method of saving languages: by recording their speech, analyzing their grammar, and preserving them digitally.
She told of training him and other fluent speakers in collecting data on the language, exploring aspects that have not yet been preserved and recording material digitally.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2005-08-10-languages_x.htm   (903 words)

 Oceanic subgroups
The Oceanic languages are members of the Austronesian language family, a language family which, until the advent of European exploration and settlement of the 'New World', had spread out across a considerably larger proportion of the earth than had any other language family.
Austronesian languages are spoken from Madagascar in the west to Easter Island in the east, and from Taiwan and Hawaii in the north to New Zealand in the south.
He maintains that speakers of languages outside the Western Oceanic group migrated from the area in which POC was spoken, and that the languages of the Western Oceanic group evolved by a process of dialect differentiation from that point on.
www.tlg.uci.edu /~opoudjis/Work/Oceanic_guide.html   (5840 words)

 Pacific Publications Backlist
The language of this volume are all Oceanic Austronesian and include Maleu, Kilenge, Kabana, Lusi, Kove, Amara, Mouk, Aria,, Tourai, and Lamongai.
This volume presents a description of the phonology, morphology, and syntax of the Mangap-Mbula language, which is spoken on an island in the Morobe Province of Papua New Guinea.
Lisu, the language of 850, 000 people in China, Myanmar, India and Thailand, is described in this Lisu-English and English-Lisu dictionary using the orthography devised in China in the late 1950s.
linguistlist.org /pubs/pacific.html   (478 words)

 UH Press Journals: Oceanic Linguistics, vol. 36, no. 2 (1997)
This paper's orginal impetus was to attempt to find the morphosyntactic origins of the well-known Polynesian o and a possessive-markers, and the origins of the phonologically and grammatically similar Rotuman markers ?o and ?e.
This analysis shows that both the Kimbe languages and Bali and Vitu have had complicated histories, involving extensive borrowing from another Austronesian language by Bali and the merging of two dialect communities in the formation of what became Proto-Kimbe.
This is an attempt to unravel the grammar of a gospel text in Siraya, an extinct West Formosan language.
www.uhpress.hawaii.edu /journals/ol/OL362.html   (1023 words)

 Fijian language - Biocrawler   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Fijian is an Austronesian language of the Malayo-Polynesian family spoken in Fiji.
Spoken as first language on Vanua Levu, the eastern half of Viti Levu, and on the lesser islands of Kadavu, Nayau, Lakeba, Oneata, Moce, Komo, Namuka, Kabara, Vulaga, Ogea and Vatoa.
In the rest of Fiji, spoken as a second language.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Fj   (330 words)

 Polynesian languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Polynesian languages are a language family spoken in the region known as Polynesia.
By the time that linguists made their way to the Pacific, at least for the major languages, the Bible was already printed according to the orthographic system developed by the missionaries, and the people had learned to read and write without marking vowel length or the glottal stop.
The glottal stop (not present in all Polynesian languages, but where present it is one of the most common consonants) is indicated by an apostrophe.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Polynesian_languages   (964 words)

 NativeWeb Resources: Languages & Linguistics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
The Less Commonly Taught Languages (LCTL) Project is one of a number of projects which operates under the auspices of the Center for Advanced Research on Language Acquisition (CARLA) at the University of Minnesota.
The Indigenous Language Institute collaborates with indigenous communities to revitalize and perpetuate the languages and culture of the original inhabitants of the Americas.
The mission of the Berkeley Language Center (BLC) is to improve and strengthen foreign language instruction on the Berkeley campus by keeping teachers informed of new developments in the fields of language pedagogy, second language acquisition, and applied linguistics.
www.nativeweb.org /resources/languages_linguistics   (991 words)

 Department of Anthropology
"Language, Mind, and Culture: From Linguistic Relativity to Representational Modularity." In Marie Banich and Molly A. Mack (Eds.) Mind, Brain, and Language: Multidisciplinary Perspectives.
"Language and Space in Tonga: The Front of the House is Where the Chief Sits!" Anthropological Linguistics, 42, 4:499-544.
Auckland, New Zealand: The Institute of Polynesian Languages and Literatures.
www.niu.edu /acad/anthro/people/faculty/bennardo.htm   (406 words)

 UH Press Journals: Oceanic Linguistics, vol. 41, no. 1 (2002)
Age grading of self-reported proficiency in the Pasifika languages indicates the differing degrees to which they are undergoing shift or maintaining their standing.
The East Papuan languages are thought to be the descendants of the lan-guages spoken by the original inhabitants of Island Melanesia, who arrived in the area up to 50,000 years ago.
In particular, we seek to discern similarities between the languages that might call for closer investigation, with a view to establishing genetic relatedness between some or all of the languages.
www.uhpress.hawaii.edu /journals/ol/OL411.html   (1414 words)

 Literature and Language courses
Topics covered include language use in the Pacific, language policy and planning, language and education, language and the mass media, and the development of technical vocabulary in a language.
It also examines the history of the languages, as far as linguists have been able to reconstruct this, and the relationship between these languages and the social and cultural contexts in which they are spoken.
The actual languages or language will vary from time to time depending on student demand and staff availability; and the actual topics covered with vary from language to language, according to the nature of the language and availability of materials.
www.sidsnet.org /mir/pacific/usp/LINGUIST/COURSES.HTM   (7732 words)

 BBC NEWS | World | Asia-Pacific | Central Asia: At-a-glance
In the early years of his presidency, Mr Akayev was widely regarded as the most liberal leader in former Soviet Central Asia.
Kazakhstan is the wealthiest and most stable country in Central Asia, thanks chiefly to its oil reserves.
Tajikistan is the only Central Asian country to have had a civil war since the break-up of the Soviet Union.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/world/asia-pacific/4379497.stm   (702 words)

 Family tree - Polynesian languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Niuatoputapu is here classified as a Wallisian language, and not as an unclassified language within the Samoic-Outlier group, based on the classification made by Grimes 1992 where Niuatoputapu is considered to be genetically closer to the Wallisian language Niuafo'ou than to any other language.
Reao is here classified as a language, and not as a dialect of Tuamotuan, based on the statement by P.H. Audrian 1919 (Notes sur le dialecte Paumotu) that Reao is incomprehensible to speakers of the Tuamotuan language, and also on my own field experiences of Reao in 1993.
Rapa is here classified as a Tahitic language, and not as an unclassified language within the Central Polynesian subgroup, based on Biggs' 1971 statement that the language spoken on the island of Rapa today is a variant of the Tahitian language.
www.ling.su.se /pollinet/facts/tree.html   (334 words)

 Thai Language at SAIS
Thai is a member of the Tai family of languages which are dispersed over a wide area of Asia from northern Vietnam to northern India.
Distinct dialects are spoken in the north, the northeast and the south of the country, but the language of the Central Region is regarded as the standard and is used both in schools and for official purposes throughout the country.
Thus, like many other Southeast Asian languages, Thai can use the same form of a noun to indicate both singular and plural meanings and the same form of a verb to indicate a variety of tenses; this sometimes tempts westerners to draw the erroneous conclusion that the language has no grammar.
www.sais-jhu.edu /programs/asia/SEA/SEA_Languages/language_thai.html   (395 words)

 A2Z Languages - Playa de Jaco, Costa Rica - City Overview
The town of Jaco is located on the Central Pacific coast, approximately an hour and 45 minutes from Juan Santamaria International Airport.
Jaco's close proximity to the airport and the central valley (where the capital city is located and most of the population live) has made it a popular beach destination for Costa Rican and international tourists.
Jaco's central location makes it an ideal home base for travelers that want to explore up and down the Pacific coast.
www.a2zlanguages.com /Costarica/Jaco/jaco_city.htm   (334 words)

 Asia/Pacific Computer Services - links about Spoken Languages, Speech Recognition, Translation
It is an artificial language that replicates the functions of natural languages in human communication.
Of course, English, as the preferred language of exchange in the scientific and commercial world, will maintain its very considerable advantage, but its advantage will no longer be absolute, since only slightly more than 10% of human beings master English as their first or second language!
Two researchers using computer analysis of 87 past and present languages have concluded that the English language and the Indo-European language family of which it is a part, originated in what is now Turkey around 8,000 years ago.
asiapac.com.au /Links/SpokenLanguages.htm   (4162 words)

 Ethnologue report for Tonga
Of those, 3 are living languages and 1 is extinct.
Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Tongic
Classification: Austronesian, Malayo-Polynesian, Central-Eastern, Eastern Malayo-Polynesian, Oceanic, Central-Eastern Oceanic, Remote Oceanic, Central Pacific, East Fijian-Polynesian, Polynesian, Nuclear, Samoic-Outlier
www.ethnologue.com /show_country.asp?name=Tonga   (154 words)

 Foreign Languages, SSC: Web Resources
CALICO has an emphasis on modern language teaching and learning, but reaches out to all areas that employ the languages of the world to instruct and to learn.
Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages
Coalititon of the Foreign Language Associations of North Dakota, Iowa and Arkansas
www.salemstate.edu /languages/resources.htm   (1107 words)

 Central Eurasian Studies U520 Decsy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
This course deals with the historical development and present situation of the approximately 80 languages spoken in the huge territory between Poland and the East Asian Pacific rim.
Key concepts include nation and language, language and state, majority and minority languages, historical and
emerging languages, linguistic conflict_research, internal and external linguistics, English as a common second language, and economic life and language.
www.indiana.edu /~ceus/u520-languages-central-eurasia-decsy.html   (90 words)

 Pacific Studies WWW VL - Pacific Region (2)
This document is a part of the Pacific Studies WWW Virtual Library.
One recent event was a workshop on 'Three Centuries of Science in the Pacific', held jointly with the Pacific Circle and convened by Jane Samson (ICS) and Carl Bridge (SRMCAS).
[Pacific Power Association (PPA) is an association of electricity utilities, organisations, and individuals who have an interest in the operations and development of the power industry in the Pacific Island Countries.
coombs.anu.edu.au /WWWVLPacific/VLPacific2.html   (2306 words)

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