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Topic: Cerebral atrophy


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  Cerebral atrophy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cerebral atrophy is a common feature of many of the diseases that affect the brain.
Atrophy can be generalized, which means that all of the brain has shrunk; or it can be focal, affecting only a limited area of the brain and resulting in a decrease of the functions that area of the brain controls.
Many diseases that cause cerebral atrophy are associated with dementia, seizures, and a group of language disorders called the aphasias.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cerebral_atrophy   (368 words)

  
 [No title]
Dementia with cerebral atrophy was not incurred in or aggravated by service, and is not proximately due to or the result of a service connected injury.
The veteran contends that he has a cerebral atrophy that is a direct result of the gunshot wound with the retained metallic fragment in the head.
On a VA examination in October 1992, the veteran's history of dementia with demonstration of cerebral atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging and computerized axial tomography scans of the head was noted.
www.va.gov /vetapp/files1/9402559.txt   (4266 words)

  
 Introduction: Cerebral Atrophy - WrongDiagnosis.com
Cerebral Atrophy information: Cerebral atrophy is a condition characterized by a decrease in the size or a wasting away of brain cells and tissues.
Researching symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy: Further information about the symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy is available including a list of symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy, or alternatively return to research other symptoms in the symptom center.
Treatments for Cerebral Atrophy: Various information is available about treatments available for Cerebral Atrophy, or research treatments for other diseases.
www.wrongdiagnosis.com /c/cerebral_atrophy/intro.htm   (212 words)

  
 Viewer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
The present MRI study was conducted to analyze the correlation between regional cerebral atrophy and neuropsychological deficits in HD.
Regional cerebral atrophy as identified by VBM, mainly localized in the bilateral striatum, significantly covaries with the degree of neuropsychological deficits in HD, demonstrating the role of striatal atrophy and consecutive impairment of cortico-basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical circuits in frontal dysfunction in HD.
Topography of cerebral atrophy in early Huntington´s disease: a voxel-based morphometric MRI study.
www.meetingassistant.com /ohbm/FORMATTED/CategoryAbstracts/1390.html?abstractlist=A10A1390A48A1010A826A103A256A583A274A1390A1541A1770A1742A514A1222A530A966A466A809A992A902A299A1719A1772A938A1707A1670A56A1560A632A619A1663A1592A640A76A1275A843A845A803A1735A1637A1247A14A626A199A1767A831A733A45A*&path=anything&abspath=anything   (343 words)

  
 Brain Atrophy   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
However, recent evidence demonstrates that axonal damage, and cerebral atrophy also occur to a significant extent, even early in the disease.
In as much as progressive brain atrophy represents irreversible brain damage and tissue loss, a metric of brain atrophy is a powerful surrogate for the accumulated burden of disease.
Atrophy measures will lead to a better understanding of MS pathology and will have important implications for disease prognosis, and monitoring treatment effect in clinical trials.
www.bic.mni.mcgill.ca /users/louis/brain_atrophy.html   (265 words)

  
 Korean Journal of Radiology   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Cerebral angiography was normal in four of these five patients.
A large infarct in the territory of the middle cerebral artery was the second most common finding in our small series and it may occur due to the thrombosis of cerebral arteries or embolism from cardiac valvular lesions associated with PAPS.
Diffuse cortical atrophy occurring in PAPS is clinically associated with dementia.
www.kjronline.org /abstract/view_articletext.asp?year=2000&page=5   (2268 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Cerebral atrophy in multiple sclerosis patients treated periodically with boluses of methylprednisolone
The degree of cerebral atrophy was evaluated in axial cuts of 10 mm of studies of magnetic resonance with the indices of Evans, bicaudate, bifrontal, frontal spears and bithalamic.
There are not statistically significant differences in the degree of cerebral atrophy with any of the used indices.
www.mult-sclerosis.org /news/Oct2003/MedlineMethylprednisoloneCerebralAtrophyinMS.html   (223 words)

  
 MRI description of cerebral atrophy in mouse lemur primates.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
We assessed cerebral atrophy in mouse lemur primates (Microcebus murinus) by estimating CSF volume in their brains from 4.7 Tesla T2-weighted magnetic resonance images.
The three animals with diffuse atrophy that could be studied for neuropathology had diffuse cerebral amyloid deposits detected by immunocytochemistry.
Relations between the different types of atrophy as well as their causes will have to be assessed in future studies.
www.arclab.org /medlineupdates/abstract_10794852.html   (205 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Atrophy measures on MRI may be a useful surrogate marker of worsening disability in MS, but the published studies are of relatively short duration.
Change in brain volume (atrophy) was measured over a four-year period in 20 patients with relapsing—remitting (RR) and 18 with secondary progressive (SP) MS using three-dimensional (3D) MRI acquired during treatment trials of interferon-beta-1a (Rebif®).
The data also provides evidence that brain atrophy can be detected early in the disease course and central white matter atrophy as reflected by ventricle enlargement appears to be a continuous process.
www.mult-sclerosis.org /news/Mar2003/MedlineCerebralAtrophyandDisabilityinRRandSPMS.html   (287 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
It is not shown that progressive dementia secondary to cerebral atrophy, residuals of a cerebrovascular accident, and Parkinson's disease are etiologically related to a service-connected disorder.
After examination, the diagnosis was Parkinson's disease, probably secondary to cerebrovascular arteriosclerosis; chronic progressive dementia, secondary to cerebral atrophy such as in Alzheimer's disease; moderate generalized anxiety disorder with depression; status post cranio-cerebral injury with history of head trauma 1942 to 1945; and chronic tension headaches.
Service Connection for Progressive Dementia secondary to Cerebral Atrophy, Residuals of a Cerebrovascular Accident, and Parkinson's Disease The governing law provides that service connection will be granted for disability resulting from personal injury suffered or disease contracted, or for aggravation of a pre-existing injury suffered or disease contracted in line of duty.
www.va.gov /vetapp/files1/9405284.txt   (3524 words)

  
 eMedicine - Sturge-Weber Syndrome : Article by Ali Nawaz Khan, MBBS, FRCP, FRCR   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Cranial manifestation of SWS includes ipsilateral cerebral hemiatrophy associated with hemihypertrophy of the skull and sinuses, enlarged glomus of the choroid plexus, and abnormal myelination ipsilateral to the meningeal angioma.
Cerebral perfusion defects and areas of hypometabolism are seen with positron emission tomography (PET) in a variety of epileptogenic foci.
Cerebral angiograms show early capillary blush in the angiomatous malformation associated with abnormally large veins in the subependymal and periventricular regions.
www.emedicine.com /radio/topic660.htm   (3392 words)

  
 World of MS - Research - Cerebral atrophy and disability in relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
World of MS - Research - Cerebral atrophy and disability in relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis over four years
Cerebral atrophy and disability in relapsing-remitting and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis over four years
summary: A four year MRI study of 20 patients affected by relapsing remitting Ms and 18 patients affected by secondary progressive MS finds measures of cerebral atrophy to be associated with worsening disability.
www.ifmss.org.uk /en/research/research_news/cerebral_atrophy.html   (67 words)

  
 ASNR: Severity Of Alzheimer's Disease Can Be Seen With Magnetic Resonance Imaging   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Sokratis Papageorgiou and colleagues from the Athens General Hospital in Athens, Greece, described a study in which the mean BFV values in the MCA of forty probable AD patients were found to correlate with the degree of cerebral atrophy, as well as the degree of hippocampal atrophy.
Cerebral atrophy and hippocampal atrophy were evaluated quantitatively by two independent examiners, using a four-point scale.
These values were then correlated to the cerebral and hippocampal atrophy values, MMSE scores and the duration of the disease in number of years.
www.docguide.com /dg.nsf/PrintPrint/2624561D95A2895E85256A3B00567701   (436 words)

  
 msudemail   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Cerebral edema causing death in children with maple syrup urine disease.
In cases of atrophy the relationship of cerebellar to cerebral atrophy is important.
Maple Syrup Urine Disease is an autosomal recessive disorder of branched chain amino acid metabolism with an incidence in Ireland of one in 140,154 births.
mobiletel2.mobiletel.com /~abdk/msudemail.html   (2942 words)

  
 Diffuse microgliosis associated with cerebral atrophy in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
Diffuse microgliosis associated with cerebral atrophy in the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
The cause of cerebral atrophy in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is obscure because human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1)-related histopathological changes hardly correlate with cerebral atrophy.
An index of ventricular expansion was measured in uniformly sliced, formalin-fixed brain specimens, and immunochemically marked cells in coronal sections of the left superior frontal gyrus (Brodmann area 8) were quantified by field counting and planimetry.
www.aegis.com /aidsline/1993/sep/M9390411.html   (479 words)

  
 Effect of Extreme Hypercapnia on Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Damage in the Immature Rat -- VANNUCCI et al. 49 (6): 799 -- ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
the posterior diameter of the ipsilateral cerebral hemisphere
Vannucci RC, Brucklacher RM, Vannucci SJ 1996 The effect of hyperglycemia on cerebral metabolism during hypoxia-ischemia in the immature rat.
Ringel M, Bryan RM, Vannucci RC 1991 Regional cerebral blood flow during hypoxia-ischemia in the immature rat: comparison of iodoantipyrine and iodoamphetamine as radioactive tracers.
www.pedresearch.org /cgi/content/full/49/6/799   (3142 words)

  
 Diffuse Cerebral Atrophy
The report that came with the CT scan indicated there was diffuse cerebral atrophy.
No one ever mentioned the diffuse cerebral atrophy to me. When I try to look it up on the internet, there are many references to Alzheimer's (which my mother-in-law died from at an early age).
Now that she is older, it will give the pediatric neurologist a better look into the possibilities of diffuse cortical atrophy, if it indeed real, and if there might be other things going on.
www.medhelp.org /forums/neuro/messages/31244a.html   (523 words)

  
 Case 79 --Neuropathology Case
The brain shows a striking pattern of cerebral atrophy confined to the right hemisphere with contralateral (left) cerebellar atrophy; the right temporal pole had been previously surgically removed.
4 shows right cerebral cortical and white matter atrophy and severe atrophy of the right caudate nucleus with secondary enlargement of the right lateral ventricle.
5 shows atrophy of the cerebral cortex and white matter, and atrophy of the right thalamus, subthalamic nucleus, lenticular nucleus, tail of the caudate and hippocampus with secondary enlargement of the right ventricular system.
path.upmc.edu /divisions/neuropath/bpath/cases/case79.html   (493 words)

  
 Chronic Toxic Encephalopathy in a Painter Exposed to Mixed Solvents   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Symmetry and the general cerebral architecture were intact except for subtle findings related to a generalized volume loss.
On T1-weighted midsagittal images, the cerebellum appeared moderately atrophied, but this was not disproportionate to that seen in the cerebral cortex.
Volume loss specific to the midbrain is commonly described in multisystems atrophy, but in practice, these changes occur quite late in the disease and are often difficult to recognize because standard imaging measurements are not available for the midbrain (28).
ehp.niehs.nih.gov /members/1999/107p417-422feldman/feldman-full.html   (5674 words)

  
 Transient ischaemic attacks are associated with increased rates of global cerebral atrophy -- Walters et al. 74 (2): ...
Transient ischaemic attacks are associated with increased rates of global cerebral atrophy -- Walters et al.
Transient ischaemic attacks are associated with increased rates of global cerebral atrophy
Association of hypertension with increased atrophy of brain matter in the elderly.
jnnp.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/74/2/213   (2963 words)

  
 Cerebral atrophy in Parkinson's disease with and without dementia: a comparison with Alzheimer's disease, dementia with ...
Cerebral atrophy in Parkinson's disease with and without dementia: a comparison with Alzheimer's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies and controls -- Burton et al.
Cerebral atrophy in Parkinson’s disease with and without dementia: a comparison with Alzheimer’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies and controls
Cerebral atrophy and its relation to cognitive impairment in Parkinson disease
brain.oxfordjournals.org /cgi/content/abstract/127/4/791   (560 words)

  
 Corticobasal Degeneration: Evaluation of Cortical Atrophy by Means of Hemispheric Surface Display Generated with MR ...
Intense focal atrophy is accentuated in the bilateral superior parietal lobules (arrows in A, D-H).
Remarkable cortical atrophy is apparent in A, the superior parietal lobules (patient 1; arrows); B, the parasagittal frontoparietal lobes (patient 5; arrows); and C, the left postcentral gyrus (patient 15; white arrow) and superior parietal lobule (fl arrow).
PET study of cerebral glucose metabolism and fluorodopa uptake in patients with corticobasal degeneration.
radiology.rsnajnls.org /cgi/content/full/216/1/31   (3877 words)

  
 Brain Atrophy Recovery Pill
In TCM theory, if such circumstances happened such as obstruction of channels, wind pathogen blocking channels, dampness pathogen staying along channels, toxin pathogen obstructing channels, etc. the movements of some parts of the body will be effected to some extent.
Cerebral atrophy presents with shrinking and dementia symptoms and to dredge the channels is an inevitable option.
Now it is the first patent medicine in brain atrophy treatment which gained approval from State Medicine and Medical Administration Bureau.
www.damo-qigong.net /treat/atrophy/brain.htm   (798 words)

  
 Symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy - CureResearch.com
- Misdiagnosis of Underlying Causes of Cerebral Atrophy
This symptom information has been gathered from various sources, may not be fully accurate, and may not be the full list of symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy.
Symptoms of Cerebral Atrophy: Cerebral atrophy is a condition characterized by a decrease in the size or a wasting away of brain cells and tissues.
www.cureresearch.com /c/cerebral_atrophy/symptoms.htm   (340 words)

  
 Dementing Disorders: Volumetric Measurement of Cerebrospinal Fluid to Distinguish Normal from Pathologic ...
The interuncal distance: a new MR measurement for the hippocampal atrophy of Alzheimer disease.
Atrophy of the hippocampal formation in early familial Alzheimer’s disease: a longitudinal MRI study of at-risk members of a family with an amyloid precursor protein 717Val-Gly mutation.
Temporal lobe atrophy on magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of early Alzheimer’s disease.
radiology.rsnajnls.org /cgi/content/full/224/1/278   (5301 words)

  
 Positron emission tomography in aging and dementia: effect of cerebral atrophy.   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-03)
Data analysis strategies which therefore purport to quantify cerebral metabolism per unit mass brain tissue are in fact measuring a value which may be artifactually reduced due to contamination by CSF.
We studied cerebral glucose metabolism (CMRglc) in 17 healthy elderly individuals and 24 patients with Alzheimer's dementia using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose and PET.
Appropriate corrections for atrophy should be employed if current PET scanners are to accurately measure actual brain tissue metabolism in various pathologic states.
www.arclab.org /medlineupdates/abstract_3494824.html   (244 words)

  
 Serum folate and the severity of atrophy of the neocortex in Alzheimer disease: findings from the Nun Study -- Snowdon ...
Serum folate and the severity of atrophy in the neocortex in a subset of 15 participants in the Nun Study with significant numbers of Alzheimer disease lesions in the neocortex.
to atrophy of the neocortex in children (13, 14) and in older
Regional distribution of neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques in the cerebral cortex of elderly patients: a quantitative evaluation of a one-year autopsy population from a geriatric hospital.
www.ajcn.org /cgi/content/full/71/4/993   (4315 words)

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