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Topic: Chain shift


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  Vowel shift - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A vowel shift is a systematic change in the pronunciation of the vowel sounds of a language.
Other examples of ongoing vowel shifts are the Southern Vowel Shift in the southern United States, the California Vowel Shift in California English, or the Northern cities vowel shift in Michigan, Chicago, and parts of upstate New York.
A vowel shift can involve a merger of two previously different sounds, or it can be a chain shift, where vowels play "musical chairs".
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Vowel_shift   (138 words)

  
 Chain shift - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In the study of phonetic changes, a chain shift is a type of sound shift in which a group of sounds all change at about the same time, with some sounds taking the place of others.
Examples of historical chain shifts in English are the Great Vowel Shift in the 15th century, and the ongoing Northern cities vowel shift.
While a chain shift usually occurs as a set of vowel shifts, chain shifts can also occur in consonants.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chain_shift   (175 words)

  
 www.cyclingnews.com news and analysis
Noise from the chain as it rides on the sprocket is, however, a useful symptom.
Shift chain to outermost rear sprocket (smallest sprocket).
a) The inward shift from the second-to-innermost sprocket to the innermost sprocket.
www.cyclingnews.com /tech/fix/rearmechadjust.shtml   (2270 words)

  
 Pedal Power: Products   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
When the chain is in the middle ring in the front it is generally allowable for the chain to be in all the gears of the cassette.
Shifting happens differently when we are downshifting (to easier to pedal gears) and upshifting (to harder to pedal gears), which, upshifting is the most troublesome.
Once the chain is on the second ring it is necessary to trim the derauiller back (so there is no noise coming from the chain rubbing the front derauiller) by giving the small STI lever (on road bikes) or index finger lever (on hybrids) a half click.
www.pedalpowerct.com /shifting_info.htm   (1014 words)

  
 Louisville Bicycle Club
Shift to the smallest chainring and make sure the shifter is at the last detent or against the stop.
Shift the rear derailleur to move the chain to the largest sprocket.
Shift the rear derailleur to the smallest sprocket.
www.louisvillebicycleclub.org /maint/shifting.htm   (622 words)

  
 The Organization of Dialect Diversity in North America   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
To assess the effects of the Northern Cities Shift, it may be helpful to compare the relative positions of the vowels involved for two advanced representatives of the shift with two speakers who are quite remote from its influence.
The operation of the Southern Shift is illustrated in detail in Chart 2/Birmingham, which shows the relevant vowels in the normalized system of Thelma M. from Birmingham, Alabama.
The Northern Cities Shift and the Southern Shift are both complex relations of 6 to 10 vowels.
www.ling.upenn.edu /phono_atlas/ICSLP4.html   (3583 words)

  
 How to Adjust Your Rear Derailleur
Thread the shift cable through the cable stays and tighten it in the rear deraileur with as little slack as possible.
Shift the chain into the big chainring and the smallest cog.
If the chain does not shift, unscrew the cable adjustment screw on the back of the deraileur until the cable jumps up onto the next cog.
www.totalbike.com /service/rearderailleur.html   (516 words)

  
 Chain shift -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In the study of (Click link for more info and facts about phonetic) phonetic changes, a chain shift is a type of sound shift in which a group of sounds all change at about the same time, with some sounds taking the place of others.
While a chain shift usually occurs as a set of (Click link for more info and facts about vowel shift) vowel shifts, chain shifts can also occur in consonants.
A famous example of such a shift is the well-known (Click link for more info and facts about Grimm's Law) Grimm's Law which turned the (Click link for more info and facts about Proto-Indo-European) Proto-Indo-European voiceless/voiced/breathy-voiced distinction into a fricative/voiceless/voiced distinction.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/ch/chain_shift.htm   (137 words)

  
 Bike Barn - CreateCatalog   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
An important shifting rule is to reduce pressure on the pedals during shifts.
The trick is to shift before the steep part of the hill so you can make the shift with little pressure on the pedals.
The rule of thumb for checking wear is to put a load on the pedals, pick a chain pin on the top side and measure to any pin 12 inches away.
bikebarnaz.com /site/tip.cfm?ID=42   (556 words)

  
 Road Bike Manual Chapter 3- Shift systems   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
After the shift, by moving the shifter slightly, you should be able to position the front derailleur such that it does not rub on the chain.
Shift the chain onto the largest front chainring and the smallest rear cog.
Shift the chain onto the smallest front chainring and the smallest rear cog.
www.kleinbikes.com /us/support/om/om/klein_road/shift_systems.html   (1489 words)

  
 Abstract for Bill Labov's talk   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
These chain shifts are all governed by principles of functional economy first laid out by Martinet, by which ranges of dispersion and margins of security are optimized for maximal contrast.
This event involves the shift of a given phoneme from one sub-system to another: tensing of short vowels, monophthongization, or a shift of syllabicity of a rising or falling diphthong.
The rarity of allophonic chain shifting indicates that the segment, rather than the feature, is the central construct of phonological structure.
semlab2.sbs.sunysb.edu /events/col/abstracts/abstrlabov.html   (174 words)

  
 Extending a microcontroller's I/O
The shift register chain is made up of a number of output shift register devices (74HC595 or 74HC4094s) and a number of input shift register devices (74HC165).
After this number of clock pulses, all the required output states have been shifted into position in the 74HC597 output shift registers, and another dipping of the "strobe" line is performed to set these states on the shift register output pins.
If you have a second chain with the same number of input and output shift register chips, then the "output control", "clock" and "strobe" lines can be commoned for both chains, and just a separate "data" line used, one for each chain.
homepages.which.net /~paul.hills/Software/ShiftRegister/ShiftRegisterBody.html   (1728 words)

  
 League of American Bicyclists: Bicycle Advocacy and Education Center   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Basically unchanged for one hundred years, the chain drive allows only two percent of energy to be lost between the chainrings and the cassette.
Quality of the Chain: The differences between less expensive and more expensive chains are the shape of the plates, quality of materials and the riveting of the pins.
Chain side plates are designed to help the chain shift better, so better quality equals smoother shifts.
www.bikeleague.org /educenter/factsheets/drivetrain.htm   (1149 words)

  
 William Idsardi:Spontaneous Chain Shifts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Rather the chain shift arises spontaneously for these speakers, presumably as a result of their changing knowledge of the target L2 as reflected in their interlanguage.
In addition, the chain shift is not a property of the target L2, and therefore is not in the L2 data available to the learner.
Therefore the appearance of this chain shift is mysterious from an OT perspective.
www.ling.upenn.edu /Events/speaker_series/spring01/abstracts/idsardi.html   (486 words)

  
 [No title]
As the chain wears, the connections become sloppy (grit between the metal surfaces causes a sanding process) causing the chain to be longer and have a floppy side to side movement.
Your chain and gears wear in unison, so if one is replaced with out the other it may cause the gears to skip.
Finally we’ll tackle the front derailluer, shift the shift lever so it is in the smallest cog in the front.
www.thespincycle.com /about.asp?level1=spin_doctors&level2=tech_tips   (1882 words)

  
 How to Fix a Poorly Shifting Bicycle - eHow.com
Shifting is controlled by levers at the handlebars, connected by cables to the front and rear derailleurs.
The derailleurs--devices through which the bike's chain passes--move from side to side to shift the chain from one sprocket to the next.
If the initial problem is that the chain won't shift onto the largest rear gear, locate the two small side-by-side adjustment screws on the rear derailleur.
www.ehow.com /how_117871_fix-poorly-shifting.html   (737 words)

  
 How to Adjust Bike Gears - eHow.com
Shift into the big chain ring once you have set the inner limit.
The chain should not rub the front derailleur when you're in the big ring in front and in the small cog in back.
Generally, when the chain is on the small chain ring, the front derailleur cable should have a small amount of slack - it shouldn't be completely taught.
www.ehow.com /how_233_adjust-bike-gears.html   (619 words)

  
 ProGold | Comments
Shifting between the chain rings became so smooth and quiet, that I had to keep looking down to assure myself that the shift was actually successful.
The ability of your chain "treatment" to keep my mountain bike chain lubed and silent, without attracting grit and without the grease build-up, and its ability to prolong chain life is remarkable.
I can't hear the driveline anymore, shifting action is much smoother, and an annoying chain skip problem under load had disappeared.
www.progoldmfr.com /comments.html   (2916 words)

  
 ChainDriver.com: How To Operate   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Shift chain on the rear cassette of your bicycle to outermost (smallest) gear.
In certain cases the cyclist may need to make a small barrel adjustment to ensure smooth shifting (In most cases this is only a 1/4 turn counterclockwise)/ Shift chain to outermost rear sprocket (smallest).
Shift derailleur one sprocket inward at a time, listening for signs of rattle, indicating a too tight inner wire.
www.chaindriver.com /howtooperate.php   (1032 words)

  
 [No title]
Move the front and rear derailleur shift levers to the position which has the least amount of tension on the cable (cable extended it's maximum amount).
Shift the chain to the largest chainring while turning the crank.
Shift the chain to the largest cog while turning the crank.
www.sandsmachine.com /guide_s.htm   (495 words)

  
 The Bike Lane - CreateCatalog   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
But, if you can always ease up a bit, the shifts will be smoother and your chain, cogs and chainrings will last longer.
You're shifting between chainrings that are significantly different in size.
If you can finesse this shift, you're much more likely to get a clean, smooth shift.
thebikelane.com /site/tip.cfm?ID=42   (566 words)

  
 Northern Cities Shift   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Northern Cities Chain Shift is a series of innovations in the vowels of the English spoken in the urban centres that surround the American side of the Great Lakes.
First described by Labov, Yaeger, and Steiner (1973) and investigated further by Eckert (1989), its linguistic consequence is a new vowel system, characteristic of cities like Chicago, Detroit, Cleveland, and Buffalo.
The result of the Northern Cities Shift is that each of a series of vowels receives a new place of articulation along the parameters of tongue advancement and height.
www.ic.arizona.edu /~lsp/Northeast/ncshift/ncshift.html   (122 words)

  
 webtools/chain/Chain.pm - annotate - 1.4   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
40: 41: A chain consists of a directed graph of categories, of which one is 42: distinguished and regarded as "the root".
Only the chain on which the method is invoked, the 213: "this" chain, is modified; the update chain is not altered.
219: 220: Where a category in the update chain has a child node (link or 221: category) that is not a child of the corresponding category in the 1.2 richard 222: "this" chain, it is added.
www.chiark.greenend.org.uk /ucgi/~richardk/cvsweb/webtools/chain/Chain.pm?annotate=1.4   (846 words)

  
 webtools/chain/Chain.pm - annotate - 1.10   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
44: 45: A chain consists of a directed graph of categories, of which one is 46: distinguished and regarded as "the root".
Only the chain on which the method is invoked, the 221: "this" chain, is modified; the update chain is not altered.
227: 228: Where a category in the update chain has a child node (link or 229: category) that is not a child of the corresponding category in the 1.2 richard 230: "this" chain, it is added.
www.chiark.greenend.org.uk /ucgi/~richardk/cvsweb/webtools/chain/Chain.pm?annotate=1.10   (820 words)

  
 Teradata Magazine | Applied Solutions: Directional Shift: Demand chain management lets you buy what you sell, instead ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Teradata DCM reverses the flow of information in the traditional supply chain, pushing information about demand at the store and SKU level up through the supply chain to vendors and manufacturers.
But at the heart of every automation effort is a supply chain management (SCM) system, which supports the ordering and replenishment of goods moving between manufacturers, distributors, warehouses and store outlets.
Teradata DCM reverses the flow of information in the traditional supply chain, pushing information about demand at the store and SKU (stock keeping unit) level up through the supply chain to vendors and manufacturers.
www.teradata.com /t/go.aspx?id=114906   (1905 words)

  
 Comp.compilers: replacing multipication of constant by simpler instructions (LONG)
an "addition chain" for C is defined as a sequence of integers
For example, an addition chain for the number 9 can be 1 2 4 5 9 because
In the case where add, sub, shift, and LEA instructions are all allowed,
compilers.iecc.com /comparch/article/92-10-091   (2320 words)

  
 downWrite
The first obstacle is that the front derailleur won't shift the chain to the outer chainring.
Some of the articles and instruction manuals seem to say that you should have the chain on the middle chain ring.
I manually set the chain to the second ring, leave the shifter set at "2" and loosen the cable.
www.downwrite.org   (1256 words)

  
 Intelligent Enterprise Magazine - Information Supply Chain: Shift Into Reverse
More significantly, the current economic environment is finally shifting the focus to business strategies and processes as opposed to looking for the next technology silver bullet.
Clearly, if the print cartridge OEM had a reverse supply chain, it could revert this revenue stream from the recycling companies by retrieving used products from the consumer, moving them to a recycling location, and then feeding them back into the distribution channels.
The economic benefits from having a reverse supply chain are clear: The enterprise continues to retain contact with existing customers while providing a valuable recycling service and making customers feel good about themselves.
www.intelligententerprise.com /020509/508infosc1_1.jhtml   (868 words)

  
 Chains
XT/Ultegra level chain with tighter tolerances to maintain 9-speed shifting performance.
LX/105 level chain with tighter tolerances to maintain 9-speed shifting performance.
Construction:Super-narrow design allows the use of a 9-speed cassette with the same overall width as 8-speed.Precision Tolerances:Tighter chain tolerances help maint...
xoomgear.com /results.php?bike=1&product=chains&varfilter=0   (217 words)

  
 Nation's Restaurant News: Panda gains higher visibility for chain amid shift from malls, food courts
Those new outlets are part of an overall plan to grow the privately held chain, which already has expanded to a joint-venture unit in Japan, and bring its signature items--such as beef with broccoli, Mandarin chicken and chow mein--closer to customers.
Paul said the chain's focus on street stores is "an important thing if they really have such ambitious [growth] goals.
The chain's outlook for launching a total of 110 additional branches this year compares with its opening of 98 new U.S. locations in 2003 to reach a year-end total of 608 domestic locations.
www.findarticles.com /p/articles/mi_m3190/is_32_38/ai_n6153868   (1104 words)

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