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Topic: Chalcedon

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In the News (Thu 18 Jul 19)

  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Council of Chalcedon
Council of Chalcedon, forbade all discussions on questions of faith, forbade the Eutychians to have priests, to live in monasteries, to hold meetings, to inherit anything, to bequeath anything to their partisans, or to join the army.
Council of Chalcedon with its dogmatic definition did not put an end to the controversy concerning the natures of Christ and their relation to each other.
Chalcedon; and Monophysites are found there to this day.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/03555a.htm   (3831 words)

Chalcedon was the birthplace of the philosopher Xenocrates, a disciple of Plato, and of the sculptor Beotes.
It is in her magnificent church that the Fourth General Council against Eutyches, known as the Council of Chalcedon (451), was held.
Chalcedon was an episcopal see at an early date; after the great council it became a metropolis, but without suffragans.
www.catholicity.com /encyclopedia/c/chalcedon.html   (668 words)

Chalcedon was a city of Bithynia near the Thracian Bosphorus, within sight of Constantinople, which was situated on the opposite bank.
If anyone asks how it is that the statements of the council of Chalcedon are of such outstanding excellence in their clarity and their efficiency in the refutation of error, we reply that this arises from the fact that ambiguities had been removed and a most exact terminology was used.
But the council of Chalcedon in full accord with that of Ephesus, clearly asserts that both natures are united in 'One Person and subsistence', and rules out the placing of two individuals in Christ, as if some one man, completely autonomous in himself, had been taken up and placed by the side of the Word.
www.catholic.net /RCC/documents/PiusXII/chalcedon.html   (4866 words)

 Profile: Chalcedon
Chalcedon is the origin and principal center of the Christian Reconstruction movement, and their materials have had a vast, immeasurable effect on the politics of the Christian Right.
Named after the Council of Chalcedon of 451 A.D., in which the Lordship of Christ was proclaimed, the organization's purpose is to establish Old Testament Biblical law as the standard for society.
Chalcedon's president, Rousas John (R.J.) Rushdoony, is best known as "the father of Christian Reconstructionism." As well as being the author of more than 100 books, he is a former Orthodox Presbyterian minister, John Birch Society operative, and missionary to Native Americans.
www.publiceye.org /ifas/fw/9501/chalcedon.html   (701 words)

 "Can We Dispense With Chalcedon?" by Gerald E Bray
At Chalcedon these were either reinterpreted or ignored, with the result that the council cannot justly claim to have faithfully transcribed all that the New Testament says about Christ.
Chalcedon did not claim to know how the hypostatic union occurred in terms of biology or genetics - such knowledge was in any case beyond human understanding.
Chalcedon tried to give equal weight to both, but in fact erred on the side of the divine nature.
www.earlychurch.org.uk /article_chalcedon_bray.html   (6305 words)

 Protopresbyter Alexander Schmemann: The Historical Background of the Council [Chalcedon]
ALEXANDER SCHMEMANN, B.D. From the purely historical point of view the Council of Chalcedon was the beginning of a crisis in the life of the Church.
The reason of this double meaning of Chalcedon, of its success as well as of its historical failure, is to be found in that central event of the whole history of the Church, and especially the history of the Eastern Church — its alliance with the Roman Empire, the true kernel and root of "Byzantinism."
Chalcedon was the critical point, the climax of that long and tragic process.
www.schmemann.org /byhim/chalcedon.html   (786 words)

Chalcedon was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari.
451 was the location of the Council of Chalcedon.
It fell under the repeated attacks of the barbarian hordes who crossed over after having ravaged Byzantium, and furnished an encampment to the Persians under Chosroes, c.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ch/Chalcedon.html   (175 words)

 Severus of Antioch's Objection to Chalcedon
Severus of Antioch's Objection to the Councel of Chalcedon
Severus was an uncompromising critic of the Council of Chalcedon and the Tome of Leo.
Severus’ objection to Chalcedon is not derived from a ‘monophysite’; point of view: it comes from a genuine fear that the Council did not affirm the unity of Christ adequately, and that it therefore violated the faith of the Church.
www.monachos.net /patristics/christology/severus_chalcedon.shtml   (4214 words)

 Teaching Minds, Changing Hearts
Hick’s charge against Chalcedon is that it is incoherent to maintain that one person may have all the necessary divine and human properties at the same time.
So, Chalcedon confesses that Jesus was one divine person with two distinct natures whereby "the distinction of natures being in no way annulled by the union, but rather the characteristics of each nature being preserved and coming together" were one and the same person Jesus Christ.
Chalcedon is not the definitive statement that closes the door on every subsequent inquiry into the nature and person of Jesus of Nazareth.
www.tmch.net /christcalcedon.htm   (7360 words)

 Chalcedon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chalcedon (Χαλκηδών, sometimes transliterated as Chalkedon; see also list of traditional Greek place names) was an ancient maritime town of Bithynia, in Asia Minor, almost directly opposite Byzantium, south of Scutari (modern Üsküdar).
In its early history it shared the fortunes of Byzantium, was taken by the satrap Otanes, vacillated long between the Lacedaemonian and the Athenian interests, and was at last bequeathed to the Roman Republic by Attalus III of Pergamum (133 BC).
It was partly destroyed by Mithradates, but recovered during the Empire, and in 361 AD it was the location of the Chalcedon tribunal, where Julian the apostate brought his enemies to trial.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chalcedon   (270 words)

 What was at stake at Chalcedon?   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The fourth Ecumenical Council, the council of Chalcedon in 451, marks a definitive point in the history of the early Church.
These were the questions that reared their heads in the mid fifth century, as it became more and more evident that there existed in the Christian world quite differing views on the nature of the person of Christ.
Nicea and Constantinople, with their use of ambiguous language and terminology, were clarified and given the strength to stand as the central symbols of the faith for centuries to come.
www.monachos.net /patristics/christology/chalcedon_what_stake.shtml   (2438 words)

 Chalcedon, Council of - HighBeam Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Chalcedon, Council of fourth ecumenical council, convened in 451 by Pulcheria and Marcian, empress and emperor of the East, to settle the scandal of the Robber Synod and to discuss Eutychianism (see Eutyches).
It deposed the principals in the Robber Synod and destroyed the Eutychian party.
However, the Roman Catholic Church did not admit the 28th canon, which made the patriarch of Constantinople second only to the pope in Rome in precedence, until the Fourth Lateran Council (1215).
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-chalcedoc1.html   (362 words)

 St Vladimir's Orthodox Theological Seminary - Chalcedon Canon 28: Yesterday and Today
As Chalcedon canon 28 clearly specified, “the metropolitans – and they alone – of the dioceses of Pontus, Asia and Thrace…shall be ordained by the most holy throne of the most holy Church of Constantinople.” Similar distinctions were made with regard to the presbeia of other major sees.
Quite simply, at the time of Chalcedon the prerogatives or presbeia of major sees still were not uniform or evenly distributed, and neither were the bases for these various prerogatives clearly defined.
But as the example of Chalcedon itself indicates, both in its dogmatic decree and in its canon 28, sometimes it was necessary not just to safeguard the tradition but also, in view of changing circumstances, to explain it and give it contemporary application.
www.svots.edu /index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=165&Itemid=116   (5291 words)

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At Chalcedon, the emperor did what many people often say should be done in such situations: lock both sides into a room and don't let them out until they come to an agreement.
So the end result was that the theologians on whose work Chalcedon was based were rejected by a church that continued to hold Chalcedon as its standard.
Chalcedon makes sure that the Antiochene approaches don't go so far as to threaten the unity of Christ, and that the Alexandrian approaches don't go so far as to be docetic (i.e.
www.cs.rutgers.edu /pub/soc.religion.christian/mine/chalcedon   (1243 words)

 Amazon.com: The Council of Chalcedon Re-Examined: Books: V. C. Samuel,Peter Farrington   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
Chalcedon is sometimes referred to as the "Fourth Ecumenical Council" by Orthodox and Roman Catholic historians, although was not universally acknowledged by ancient Christendom.
To the vast majority of Egyptians, Chalcedon was the "council of schism." In contrast, Chalcedon was a bastion of Christian Orthodoxy for the prelates loyal to the Byzantine Empire and its government and the pope of Rome in the west.
It appears that the schism heralded by Chalcedon and imperial and papal political and theological agendas was a terrible mistake and both sides were in fact "Orthodox" in their Christology.
www.amazon.com /Council-Chalcedon-Re-Examined-V-Samuel/dp/1401016448   (2361 words)

 Dogmatic Definition of the Council of Chalcedon
The sacred and great and universal synod by God's grace and by decree of your most religious and Christ-loving emperors Valentinian Augustus and Marcian Augustus assembled in Chalcedon, metropolis of the province of Bithynia, in the shrine of the saintly and triumphant martyr Euphemia, issues the following decrees.
In establishing his disciples in the knowledge of the faith, our lord and saviour Christ said: "My peace I give you, my peace I leave to you"', so that no one should disagree with his neighbour regarding religious doctrines but that the proclamation of the truth would be uniformly presented.
Since we have formulated these things with all possible accuracy and attention, the sacred and universal synod decreed that no one is permitted to produce, or even to write down or compose, any other creed or to think or teach otherwise.
www.ewtn.com /faith/teachings/incac2.htm   (366 words)

 October 8: Council of Chalcedon
When Constantine became emperor of the Roman Empire and made Christianity a legal religion, he believed unity of the Church was important to the political strength of the empire.
The Chalcedon Creed is an important basic statement on the nature and person of Christ, but even this creed which has stood for centuries cannot fathom fully the wondrous depths and mystery of Christ's person and nature.
History of Christianity is a survey course designed to stimulate your curiosity by providing glimpses of some of the pivotal events in the spread Christianity and sketches of great Christian figures who have significantly affected Christian history thereby shaping the history of the world.
chi.gospelcom.net /DAILYF/2003/10/daily-10-08-2003.shtml   (875 words)

 The Chalcedon Foundation - Faith for All Life
Chalcedon may want to contact its readers quickly by means of e-mail.
R.J. Rushdoony (1916-2001) was the founder of Chalcedon and a leading theologian,church/state expert,and author of numerous works on the application of Biblical Law to society.
Susan Burns is Chalcedon's executive assistant and managing editor of the Chalcedon Report and Chalcedon's other publications.
www.chalcedon.edu /report/search.shtml   (281 words)

 The Making of Chalcedon
A council was summoned to meet at Chalcedon in 451.
The Council of Chalcedon reversed the decisions of Ephesus.
Deposed and banished to Paphlagonia at the third session of the Council of Chalcedon.
www.etss.edu /hts/hts1/notes15.htm   (1155 words)

 A History of Christianity in Egypt - The Council of Chalcedon
The new council, originally to be held at Nicaea, was moved to Chalcedon, as the emperor was unable to travel to Nicaea at that time.
The fifth session was the publishing of the creed of Chalcedon that affirmed the equal parts of the human and divine Christ in one body, one being.
Furthermore, the relationships between the Egyptian churches and Constantinople were strained as the Egyptian Christians refused to acknowledge the authority of Alexandrian popes appointed by the Byzantine state.
www.interoz.com /egypt/chiste4.htm   (1361 words)

 The Consequences of Chalcedon
But after the Council of Ephesus and the Council of Chalcedon, great bodies of the Oriental Churches, sympathetic with, or maybe, not altogether alive to the bearings of, the teachings and heresies of Nestorianism and Monophysitism, broke away from the orthodox Churches--schisms which still at this day endure.
The Church of Armenia must, at first, have accepted the Council of Chalcedon, for ten Armenian bishops were present at that synod and signed the acts.
Peter the Fuller was objecting to Chalcedon, and got himself made Patriarch of Antioch, sympathised with and supported by Zeno, son-in-law of the emperor and afterwards emperor himself.
www.catholic-forum.com /members/popestleo/conseq.html   (5008 words)

 Faith: The Definition of Chalcedon   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-28)
The "Definition of the Council of Chalcedon," 451, was the end result of the struggle to understand the relationship of the three persons of the Holy Trinity.
It is accepted as a symbol of Christian doctrine by the Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Anglican, Reformed and Lutheran churches.
The concern of Chalcedon is the humanity and divinity of Jesus Christ.
www.ucc.org /faith/chalcedon.htm   (299 words)

 Council of Chalcedon and the Papacy -- Apolonio's Catholic Apologetics, Philosophy, Spirituality
Knowing that every success of the children rebounds to the parents, we therefore beg you to honor our decision by your assent, and as we have yielded agreement to the Head in noble things, so may the Head also fulfill what is fitting for the children.
For the Fathers rightly granted privileges to the throne of old Rome, because it was the royal city.
As for those things which the universal Council of Chalcedon recently ordained in favor of the church of Constantinople, let Your Holiness be sure that there was no fault in me, who from my youth have always loved peace and quiet, keeping myself in humility.
www.bringyou.to /apologetics/a35.htm   (1524 words)

 Council of Chalcedon and the Dual Jesus
In 451 it was decided by a council held at Chalcedon, called together by the Emperor Marcian, that Christ had two natures — the human and divine.
The rest, however, whom We adjudge demented and insane, shall sustain the infamy of heretical dogmas, their meeting places shall not receive the name of churches, and they shall be smitten first by divine vengeance and secondly by the retribution of Our own initiative, which We shall assume in accordance with the divine judgment.
Thanks to the actions of the Council of Chalcedon in 451, priests have had to explain to their parishioners the split personality of Jesus with ever-more-desperate appeals to faith and mystery: being both god and man is certainly not defensible biologically — or logically!
www.ronaldbrucemeyer.com /rants/1008almanac.htm   (906 words)

 Medieval Sourcebook: Council of Chalcedon, 451
We still have a judgment of his which he gave respecting the decree of Chalcedon concerning the faith, and in which he repeats the leading doctrine in the words of the Synod itself.
Before the holding of the Council of Chalcedon, in the Greek Church, the canons of several synods, which were held previously, were gathered into one collection and provided with continuous numbers, and such a collection of canons, as we have seen, lay before the Synod of Chalcedon.
From this canon we learn that the synod of Chalcedon willed that all who were in charge of such pious institutions should be subject to the bishop, and in making this decree the synod only followed the tradition of the Fathers and Canons.
www.fordham.edu /halsall/basis/chalcedon.html   (12749 words)

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