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Topic: Chariot burial

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In the News (Mon 18 Jun 18)

  Chariot burial - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chariot burials are tombs in which the deceased was buried together with his chariot, usually including his (more rarely, her) horses and other possessions.
The earliest chariots known are from chariot burials of the Andronovo (Timber-Grave) sites of the Sintashta-Petrovka culture in modern Russia, clustering along the upper Tobol river, southeast of Magnitogorsk, from around 2000 BC, containing spoke-wheeled chariots drawn by teams of two horses.
Later chariot burials are found in China, the most famous was discovered in 1933 at Hougang, Anyang of central China's Henan Province, dating to the rule of King Wu Ding of the Yin Dynasty (ca.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chariot_burial   (333 words)

 The Ultimate Chariot Dog Breeds Information Guide and Reference
In Latin biga is a two-horse chariot, and quadriga is a four-horse chariot.
The chariot, together with the horse itself, was introduced to Egypt during the reign of the Hyksos dynasty in the 16th century BC.
Chariots were retained only for races in the public games, or for processions, without undergoing any alteration apparently, their form continuing to correspond with the description of Homer, though it was lighter in build, having to carry only the charioteer.
www.dogluvers.com /dog_breeds/Biga   (1993 words)

 Iron Age Chariot Discovered in Ferrybridge
In late 2003, a rare and nationally significant Iron Age chariot burial was unearthed in Ferrybridge during excavations for the new A1 motorway construction.
Dating from roughly 500-100BC, chariot burials are one of the rarest forms of burial rites known in Britain.
Chariot burials are thought to represent the last rites of elite individuals of the middle iron age period.
www.knottingley.org /chariot.htm   (407 words)

 Chariot And Skeleton Crew Found On Motorway   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Buried for 2,500 years, the find is a complete chariot containing the skeleton of a tribal leader, with the remains of at least 250 cattle, probably slaughtered for the funeral feast.
The burial was discovered by an archaeologist after bulldozers stripped away topsoil over a limestone chamber where the chariot had been concealed.
Chariot burial at the time - between 500BC and 400BC - was reserved for high-ranking figures in the Parisii tribe, originally from France.
www.rense.com /general45/chariotandskeleton.htm   (373 words)

 Ferrybridge Chariot Burial   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Whoever was buried there must have been a person of great power and influence who was revered by a large number of people.
The skeleton found with the chariot burial has been carbon dated at around 300BC while interestingly, some of the cattle bones surrounding the site have been dated at 100BC, so whoever this important person was it appears he was celebrated for over 200 years.
The chariot is currently being assessed and examined and it is planned to display it in Wakefield Museum.
www.thedigest.co.uk /knottingley/chariot_burial.htm   (324 words)

 Chariot - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chariots are also an important part of both Hindu and Persian mythology, with most of the gods in their pantheon portrayed as riding them.
However, by this time cavalry was far more effective and agile than the chariot, and the defeat of Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC), where the army of Alexander simply opened their lines and let the chariots pass and attacked them from behind, marked the end of the era of chariot warfare.
The chariot became obsolete during the Age of the Warring States; the main reasons were the invention of the crossbow and the adaptation of nomadic cavalry (mounted archery), which was more effective.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chariot   (3854 words)

 Yorkshire history   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The chariot was clearly of the dismantled, Arras type, and as excavation progressed it became clear that much of the wood-work survived as dark soil staining.
Without doubt the chariot must have been harnessed to the ponies by means of a pole-shaft and a solid yoke, the latter resting on the shoulders of the ponies, and secured to them by a body girth behind the forelegs and a breast band.
Fox, in his reconstruction of the Llyn Cerrig chariot, suggests the horses were harnessed to the chariot be means of a double swingle-tree and a wooden yoke secured to the pole by lashings and a swivel-pin.
www.yorkshirehistory.com /chariot_burials/index_a.htm   (12149 words)

 Road workers in northern England unearth Iron Age chariot - www.smh.com.au
Oxford Archaeology said in the period 500 BC to 400 BC, chariot burial was practiced by a tribe, now known as the Arras culture, that had come to England from France, but it was reserved for high-ranking figures.
Almost all the chariot burials found in Britain so far have been unearthed in Yorkshire, but until now, the Arras had been thought not to have strayed further than the east coast; Ferrybridge is 60 lm beyond previously known boundaries.
Chariot burials were used for tribal leaders from 500 BC to 100 BC.
www.smh.com.au /articles/2003/12/04/1070351731407.html   (505 words)

 Untitled Document
Chariots were usually burried with the King so that in the "other" if needed he could go to battle.
Evidence from the royal tombs indicates that royal personages were buried with articles of value, presumably for use in the afterlife.
The constellations of the heavens appear on the celing of the burial chamber, the earth's geography models of courtiers attend him in death.
www.plu.edu /~madrigfa/Barrels.html   (378 words)

 Dynasties Witness Rise and Fall of Chariots
Burying only the chariots or the horses is rare for the people of the Yin Dynasty, although a total of 25 chariots and 37 horses have been found respectively in the two sites.
Besides being buried in the same tomb with their masters, the chariots and horses could also be put into a separate site, by which they became "public" sacrificial items for previous rulers buried in the nearby area.
Although fewer chariots were buried in the Qin and Han periods, they still symbolized the rulers' high status.
www.china.org.cn /english/MATERIAL/28792.htm   (952 words)

 Chariot Warrior Queen
It may be the earliest chariot burial so far discovered, and could solve the mystery of who these people were and why they buried their dead in a way different from other Iron Age Britons.
The chariot's 1.7m square carriage ­ equipped with a 2m long pole ­ was inverted and placed like a box over the body of the driver, after the remains of a funeral feast of roast wild boar had been placed on her chest.
The chariot burial tradition came originally from northern France and Belgium, which means the owner of the chariot probably had strong continental connections or ancestry.
www.hullwebs.co.uk /content/a-pre-history/iron/charriot-queen.htm   (488 words)

 Chariots in Pictish Art, Scotland - UK History
Due to the recent discover of the Iron Age (250 BC) chariot burial in Newbridge (10 km West of Edinburgh) I thought it might be beneficial to give you a quick overview of chariots in Pictish times.
It is in question whether the chariot on the stone represents a Pictish chariot, a Roman chariot or the artist’s perception of a Biblical times chariot.
The last recorded use of chariots in a Celtic battle was by the Dal Riadans at the battle of Moin Dairi Lothair in 563 AD.
www.scotshistoryonline.co.uk /pictish-chariot.html   (722 words)

 Online Pagan Networks   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
A rare and nationally significant Iron Age chariot burial has recently been found in West Yorkshire during excavations for the route of the new A1 motorway, one of Britain’s largest road improvement schemes.
The chariot had been placed in a large oval pit in the centre of a square ditched enclosure.
The burial pit would originally have been covered by a low earth mound formed from the spoil dug out of the surrounding enclosure ditch.
www.ipagan.net /print.php?sid=54   (170 words)

 Yorkshire history
Chariots in other cultures are for standing on, not sitting on, as the riders can counteract a jolting ride by using their legs as springs.
The Arras, or Wolds burials, in which the chariots were dismantled in some way with their wheels flat on the grave floor; and the other, where the chariot for the most part remained intact with their wheels in the normal upright alignment.
The chariot itself was normally taken apart, with the wheels left either leaning against the side of the grave, or laid flat on top of the structure of the chariot itself.
yorkshirehistory.com /chariot_burials/index_b.htm   (10706 words)

 BBC NEWS | England | West Yorkshire | Ancient chariot excites experts
A chariot burial site uncovered in West Yorkshire could be the final resting place of one of Britain's ancient tribal leaders, archaeologists say.
Burials were extremely rare during the Iron Age, with evidence suggesting that most bodies were simply discarded in rivers and other water courses.
The chariot burial, only the 21st discovered in Britain, should now help archaeologists discover more about the tribes that lived in the north of England.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/england/west_yorkshire/4333705.stm   (572 words)

 Current Archaeology 200   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Another outstanding discovery was that of the Dover boat, a 'sewn' boat of the Bronze age that was presumably typical of those that made the early journey to France.
The chariot pole then ran along the figure-of-eight grave, and the yoke was then at right angles in the top pit.
Burials also predominate from the very end of the Iron Age, when some very wealthy graves have been discovered both at St Albans and Colchester – possibly indeed dating to the very early part of the Roman period.
www.archaeology.co.uk /ca/issues/ca200/prehistory/prehistory.htm   (776 words)

 e-Keltoi: Volume 5, Warfare - Iron Age chariots and medieval texts: a step too far in "breaking down ...
However, the chariots deposited in these burials seem to have been at least similar enough in their technological characteristics to allow the assumption that they were not isolated developments, but rather interdependent in their development (Egg and Pare 1993: 216-7; Furger-Gunti 1993: 220).
The parts he identified were: the yoke, the pole, the axle or axle-tree, the wheels, the sideboards, the chariot platform, the seats, one in the front, the other in the rear of the platform, and the two ferts, two beams sticking out to the rear of the chariot.
Use of chariots as biers on which to place the dead is clearly documented by the chariot burials, where the chariots obviously fulfilled exactly this function.
www.uwm.edu /Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol5/5_1/karl_5_1.html   (5412 words)

 [No title]
This method of burial was quite common during the 2nd and 3rd century BCE in France and Belgium, although they did dig pits for the vehicles, unlike the Edinburgh example.
Although the burial of an intact chariot is rare in this country, there are a number of chariot burials known where the vehicle has been dismantled before being interred.
They used to bury their dead in square barrows like those in east Yorkshire so it was logical to assume that they may have been the same people.
www.northernearth.co.uk /87/haigh.htm   (1033 words)

 The Western Zhou Chariot Burial Pit- Silk Road City Guide -
The Western Zhou Chariot Burial Pit was unearthed at Zhangjiapo, Chang'an County in 1955.
One wooden chariot with only one thill and adorned with bronze is hauled by four horses and was used in battle.
The unearthed chariots, the remains of horses and their decorations demonstrate that the handicraft industry of three thousand years ago -- such as wood work, leather work, metal work and especially the bronze production of this period -- had reached quite an advanced technical standard.
www.silk-road-china.com /xian/western-zhou-chariot-burial-pit.htm   (191 words)

 Chariot burials of Yorkshire - Message Board - ezboard.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
The burial tradition was widely practised by the Arras culture in the Yorkshire Wolds, and may have originated in central Europe.
Chariot burials are unique to the middle Iron Age (500-100BC) and only 19 others have been found in Britain - all of them in Yorkshire apart from one near Edinburgh.
But tests have shown that the chariot burial took place at the beginning of the 4th century BC, while the cattle, which came from different regions, were deposited in the Roman period, the second century AD.
p208.ezboard.com /ftalkinghistoryfrm14.showMessage?topicID=348.topic   (2564 words)

 Egyptian Royal Tombs of the New Kingdom
The burial chamber, with a ritual if not an actual orientation towards the West, is the "chamber of departure towards the funeral destinies," as she says.
Instead, Akhenaton, her son, seems to have planned to have her buried at Amarna; but she was then apparently buried in her own tomb, KV 55, from which she was retrieved and included in the great mummy cache in Amenhotep II's tomb (leaving Akhenaton behind, if that is him).
Since the floor of the burial chamber was excavated out of the shale that underlines the limestone of most of the Valley, it soaked up the water, expanded, and began cracking the walls and columns of the burial chamber.
www.friesian.com /tombs.htm   (6555 words)

 Chariot of Iron found after an Age - www.theage.com.au
Chariot burial was reserved for people of high rank among the Parisii tribe, who lived in what is now Yorkshire.
The chariot was found about 30 centimetres beneath a ploughed field near the A1 motorway in West Yorkshire.
The bones of the chariot's owner, thought to have been aged between 30 and 40 at death, and metal "tyres" of the one-metre spoked wheels, remained in place.
www.theage.com.au /articles/2003/12/04/1070351720278.html   (401 words)

 Ancient Chariot Revelations - N and V University of Bradford
Interim results from the ongoing analysis about the rare and internationally significant Iron Age chariot burial at Ferrybridge in West Yorkshire were published earlier this year.
The chariot and its occupant - one of only 21 found in the UK - were found to be 2,400 years old and were buried in a mound surrounded by a ditch at a site of enormous religious importance in the fourth century BC.
A massive haul of cattle bones was found next to the burial site which archaeologists initially thought were the remnants of a feast held in the dead man's honour.
www.brad.ac.uk /admin/pr/June2005/chariot.php   (543 words)

 BBC News | SCOTLAND | Ancient chariot found in Edinburgh
The chariot, which is thought to have been used in a burial around 250BC, was unearthed by construction workers on the site of the new Edinburgh Interchange development, near Newbridge.
Experts said the chariot is the first of its kind to be discovered in Scotland and suggests that someone of importance may have been buried nearby.
The chariot, which was still encased in mud, was then taken to the NMS laboratory in Granton, Edinburgh, for conservation work.
news.bbc.co.uk /1/hi/scotland/1220286.stm   (376 words)

 Western Zhou Chariot Burial Pit
This pit is rectangle-shaped with its length of 5.6 meters and depth of 2 meters.
One wooden chariot with only one thill is hauled by four horses, which was used to do battle and adorned with bronze.
The unearthed chariots, the remains of horses and their decorations exemplify that the handicraft industry of three thousand years ago such as wood work, leather work, the metal work, especially the bronze production of this period, had reached quite high technical standard.
www.cntravel.biz /cityguides/xian/chariot_burial.htm   (214 words)

 Dürrnberg, Austria.
Reconstruction of lower burial in Hallein Tomb 44 as displayed in open-air museum, Dürrnberg.
Drawing of lower burial in Tomb 44 as excavated in 1956.
The skeleton lay with the head to the west on a two-wheeled chariot; the wagon-box measured ca.
ccwf.cc.utexas.edu /~cmw/1995/Durrnberg.html   (112 words)

 The State Hermitage Museum: Collection Highlights
This large four-wheel chariot is one of the striking finds of the Pazyryk burial mounds.
The axles do not have a rotary device, and the distance between the back and front wheels is only 5 cm, which meant that the chariot could only be used on flat ground.
Thanks to the permafrost, the chariot is in an excellent state of preservation.
www.hermitagemuseum.org /html_En/03/hm3_2_7e.html   (128 words)

 Anchor Stone International - Iron Age Chariot Burial Uncovered in West Yorkshire   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-15)
Archaeologists called to the scene conclude that the man buried there was slender, about five feet, nine inches in height and approximately 30 or 40 years old with a full set of teeth.
Tests done on his bones reveal that he was not native to the area, but may have come from as far away as Scotland.
Buried with jewelry, a finely wrought harness and a chariot, he was most likely a well-respected man of prominence.
www.anchorstone.com /content/view/31/33   (175 words)

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