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Topic: Charles Messier

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In the News (Mon 25 Mar 19)

  Sea and Sky: Charles Messier
Charles Messier, was a French Astronomer whose work on the discovery of comets led to the compilation of a catalog of deep sky objects known today as the Messier Catalogue of nebulae and star clusters.
Messier was born in Lorraine, France on June 26, 1730.
Messier determined the positions of the Orion Nebula (M42 and M43), the Beehive cluster (M44) and the Pleiades (M45) on March 4, 1769.
www.seasky.org /spacexp/sky5e06.html   (675 words)

 Untitled Document
Charles Messier was born in Badonviller, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine, France (20 miles from Luneville), then part of the Principality of Salm, as the 10th of 12 children of Nicolas Messier (1682-1741), a catchpole in Badonviller, and Francoise b.
Messier as loyal employee stated: "I was a loyal servant of M. Delisle, I lived with him in his house, and I conformed with his command." When Delisle finally announced the discovery on April 1, 1759, it was not believed by the other French astronomers (perhaps they took it as an April Fool's joke).
Charles Messier did his last score in comet discovery on July 12, 1801, when he independently co-discovered Comet 1801 Pons; this brought the number of his comet discoveries to 20, 13 being original and 7 independent co-discoveries.
freespace.virgin.net /p.thompson/history/charlesmessier.html   (4462 words)

 Cosmic Voyage-The Online Resource for Amateur Astronomers   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Born in 1730, the tenth of twelve children, Messier was deeply influenced by the appearance of a bright comet in 1744.
Messier landed in Paris and was hired by Nicholas Delisle, France's Astronomer of the Navy.
Charles Messier would be credited with the discovery or co-discovery of 13 comets over the course of his career.
hometown.aol.com /billferris/marathon.html   (546 words)

 Charles Messier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Charles Messier (June 26, 1730 – April 12, 1817) was a French astronomer who in 1774 published a catalogue of 45 deep sky objects such as nebulae and star clusters.
Messier was born in Badonviller (in the Lorraine région of France), the 10th of 12 children of catchpole Nicolas Messier and Francoise b.
Charles' interest in astronomy was stimulated by the appearance of a great 6-tailed comet in 1744 and by an annular Solar eclipse visible from his hometown on July 25, 1748.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Charles_Messier   (885 words)

 The Astronomical Society of Harrisburg
The French astronomer Charles Messier was born in Lorraine on June 26, 1730.
Charles Messier used over a dozen telescopes during his career but his favorite was a 7.5 inch 104x Gregorian reflector.
Charles Messier was limited as a scientist but he was an astute observational astronomer who studied sunspots, eclipses, and occultations in addition to discovering many comets and nebulous objects.
www.astrohbg.org /mitsky/messier.php   (1134 words)

 Messier Club Introduction
Charles Messier (1730-1817) was a French astronomer who developed an intense interest in comet hunting.
Since the purpose of the Messier Club is to familiarize the observer with the nature and location of the objects in the sky, the use of an automated telescope which finds the objects without effort on the part of the observer is not acceptable.
Also "Messier marathon" sessions where all the objects are found in one occasion is to be discouraged if the beginning observer depends on other experienced observers to find the object to be observed.
www.astroleague.org /al/obsclubs/messier/mess.html   (780 words)

 Astronomy Online - Messier Objects
These Messier images were captured using a 24 inch reflecting telescope with a Finger Lakes Dream Machine CCD camera.
Messier's goal was not to study these fuzzy objects on Messier's list, but Astronomers today still refer to the Messier Objects as some of the more prominent deep space objects.
The Messier Object catalog is not specific to one type of object but has a variety of galaxies, star clusters and nebulae.
www.astronomyonline.org /Astrophotography/Messier.asp?Cate=Messier   (569 words)

 Comets, comets and more comets
Many years later, in old age, Messier was to make a bit of a fool of himself by seeming to suggest that this comet heralded the birth of Napoleon Bonaparte (born on August 15th 1769).
Messier discovered this comet on the 14th of June, and observed it regularly to the 2nd of October.
On November 9th it was visible to the naked eye, the nebulosity being 4 or 5' in diameter, and its tail 3º or 4º in length.
www.skymapper.co.uk /html/comets.html   (3564 words)

 Stargazer Online || Charles Messier
Charles Messier came to Paris in 1751 at the age of 21.
Messier's descriptions of his telescopes are rather unsatisfying; he usually says something like "easily visible in a telescope of two feet" (focal length).
As the political situation stabilized, Messier was elected to the new Academy of Sciences, and received the Legion of Honor from Napoleon.
www.richardbell.net /cmessier.html   (1278 words)

 SWAOG Observing Site Info Page   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Charles Messier was born in Badonviller, Lorraine (France), where he grew up in humble conditions.
Messier specialized on comet hunting, and observed 44 of them during his professional life (plus at least one - the great comet of 1744, described by De Chéseaux - which he had observed from Lorraine in young years).
Charles Messier has been honorerd by naming a moon crater after him; moon crater Messier (1.9S, 47.6E, 11.0 km diameter) was officially named in 1935.
home.comcast.net /~wd9gvu/swaog-mess-mar.html   (528 words)

 Messier Charles - Search Results - MSN Encarta
Messier, Charles (1730-1817), French astronomer, born in Badonviller, noted for the valuable catalogue of nebulous-appearing celestial objects...
Messier Catalogue, listing of nebulous objects and star clusters compiled in the 18th century by the French astronomer Charles Messier.
In the 10th century, a Persian astronomer, al-Sufi, described such a faint patch of light in the constellation Andromeda, which is now known to be...
uk.encarta.msn.com /Messier_Charles.html   (111 words)

 Charles Messier's Publications
By M. Messier, clerk of the Depot of Maps of the Navy, the Academies of England, of Holland and Italy.] On comet 1P/Halley, 1P/1758 Y1 (1759I, 1759) Palitzsch.
Messier's 8th and 9th comet, the 55th and the 56th with a calculated orbit.
Messier's 19th and 20th comet, the 66th and 67th with a calculated orbit.
messier.obspm.fr /xtra/history/m-pub.html   (6156 words)

 Charles Messier, astronomer   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Messier was a French astronomer with a keen interest in comets.
To organize his work, he prepared the Messier Catalog (1784) for which his name is now perpetuated in astronomy.
Charles Messier's Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters.
www.todayinsci.com /M/Messier_Charles/Messier_Charles.htm   (380 words)

 SignOnSanDiego.com > News > Science/Health -- Comet hunter Charles Messier, father of fuzzy astronomy
Charles Messier was, perhaps, more interested in the fame and fortune that might come from comet discoveries than in the science itself.
Messier's goal was to find a faint, fuzzy ball of light among the pinpoint stars and watch its movement from night to night.
Ironically, Messier never achieved fame or fortune for his comet discoveries; instead it was his list of "nuisance" objects for which he is known.
www.signonsandiego.com /news/science/20030625-9999_1c25star.html   (464 words)

 Charles Messier (June 26, 1730 - April 12, 1817)
In early 1769, Messier must have decided to publish a first version of his catalog, and to enlarge the number of objects, cataloged the well known objects M42--M45 (Orion Nebula, Praesepe, and the Pleiades) on March 4, 1769.
The Messier catalog was finally corrected by identifying the 4 missing objects (or at least three of them), and brought into its current state by adding the late discoveries of Méchain, M104--M109, plus the uncataloged discovery M110, only in the 20th century.
Messier 42 or M42 for the Orion Nebula, or M31 for the Andromeda Galaxy.
www.seds.org /messier/xtra/history/biograph.html   (4733 words)

 Charles Messier   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Charles Messier Charles Messier (1730-06-26 - 1817-04-12) was a French astronomer who in 1774 published a catalogue of 45 deep sky objects such as nebulae and star clusters.
The purpose of the catalogue was to help comet hunters (like himself) and other naked-eye observers to distinguish between permanent and transient objects in the sky.
The Messier crater on the Moon and the asteroid 7359 Messier were named in his honour.
charles-messier.kiwiki.homeip.net   (222 words)

 [No title]
Charles Messier was a French astronomer who lived from 1730 to 1817.
Charles compiled a list of over 100 deep-sky objects with the original purpose of providing a resource to identify objects that were often mistaken as comets.
Today, the Messier catalog stands for a collection of almost all of the magnificent deep-sky nebula, galaxies, and star clusters that can be seen through a small amateur telescope.
members.ncats.net /astro/reference/messier.html   (161 words)

 Charles Messier (June 26, 1730 - April 12, 1817)
The celebrated French astronomer Charles Messier became famous in his lifetime for the discovery of 20 comets, 13 of which were original discoveries which were (and are still) credited to him.
Charles Messier has been honored lately by the astronomical community by naming a Moon Crater (or even two) after him.
It was cropped from a chart drawn by Messier, and shows the central part of the Virgo Cluster of Galaxies which Messier thought to be a cluster of nebulae.
www.seds.org /messier/xtra/history/CMessier.html   (358 words)

 Untitled Document   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
In the 1800 Charles Messier was a professional comet hunter.
Charles developed a list of 110 non-stellar (not stars) objects that were not comets.
Charles is better known for the list of 110 non-comet objects than for the 12 comets he discovered.
www.rci.rutgers.edu /~brights/messier.htm   (173 words)

 Charles Messier
Charles Messier was born in Badonvillier, Lorraine, France (20 miles from Luneville), as the 10th of 12 children, and grew up in humble conditions.
Messier was appointed as associate editor of the Connaissance des Temps in 1785, and hold this post for five years until 1790.
Charles Messier did his last score in comet discovery on July 12, 1801, when he independently co-discovered Comet 1801 Pons; this brought the number of his comet discoveries to 19, 13 being original and 6 independent co-discoveries.
www.messiermarathon.com /about.htm   (3313 words)

 Stargazer Online || Messier Marathon
In an amazing coincidence, most of the objects (if not all) that Messier and Méchain took 24 years to observe and catalog can be observed in one night around the time of the vernal equinox in March.
The first marathoner to hunt down all 110 Messier objects in a single night was perhaps Gerry Rattley of Dugas, Arizona on the night of March 23/24, 1985.
Messier's instrument of choice was a 7.5" reflector, but the quality of the mirror wasn't quite the same as it is today.
www.richardbell.net /marathon.html   (3249 words)

 APOD: June 26, 1996 - Happy Birthday Charles Messier: M1   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Charles Messier was born on June 26, 1730.
Messier knew that since they did not move with respect to the background stars they could not be the comets he was searching for.
Objects on Messier's list are still referred to by their "Messier number".
antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov /apod/ap960626.html   (183 words)

 The Messier Catalog : Starshine.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-18)
Messier was interested in finding comets, and this list catalogs objects that proved not to be comets.
Due to Messier recording it at a location 4 degrees away, it was considered "missing" for long time until his descriptions were paired up with the object NGC2548.
Charles Messier, who found it on October 4, 1780, described it as: "Cluster of three or four small stars, which resembles a nebula at first glance, containing very little nebulosity..."
www.starshine.com /frankn/astronomy/messier.asp   (4931 words)

 Sid's Astronomical Images
Charles Messier was an early comet hunter back during the 1700's.
Messier was only interested in finding comets, so he did not want to waste time studying an object waiting to see if it moved, only to find out that it was the same object he had previously wasted time on in a prior observing session.
M104 was discovered by Pierre Mechain and reported to Messier for inclusion in the catalog, but was never added by Messier prior to his death.
members.cox.net /~sidleach/list_Messier.htm   (521 words)

 Messier Objects - South Dublin Astronomical Society
The Messier Objects are a collection of Deep Sky objects first catalogued by Charles Messier.
The purpose of this catalogue was not to identify interesting objects in the night sky, but rather to tabulate the objects which Messier saw which could be confused as a comet.
Keep in mind though that Messier observed all of these objects from Paris, so it might be an idea to pack your binoculars next time you head off on holidays.
www.southdublinastronomy.org /wiki/Messier_Objects   (446 words)

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