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Topic: Charles Peirce

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Charles Sanders Peirce studied philosophy and chemistry at Harvard, where his father, Benjamin Peirce, was professor of mathematics and astronomy.
Peirce's early philosophical development relied on a Kantian theory of judgment, but careful study of the logic of relations led him to abandon syllogistic methods in favor of the study of language and belief.
Benjamin Peirce by Ivor Grattan-Guinness and Alison Walsh.
www.philosophypages.com /ph/peir.htm   (405 words)

  Charles Peirce
Charles Sanders Peirce (September 10, 1839 - April 19, 1914) was an American mathematician, philosopher and logician.
He is considered to be the founder of pragmatism and the father of modern semiotics.  In recent decades, his thought has enjoyed renewed appreciation.  At present, he is widely regarded as an innovator in many fields, especially the methodology of research and the philosophy of science.
Peirce, Charles S.  The Essential Peirce, 2 vols.  Edited by N.  Houser, et al.  Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1992-98.  An excellent edition of Peirce's most relevant philosophical works.  The introductions to both volumes by Houser are the best brief presentation of Peirce written to date.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ch/Charles_S._Peirce.html   (327 words)

 Charles Peirce - Wikipedia
Charles Sanders Peirce (10 september 1839 19 april 1914) was een Amerikaanse wetenschapper.
Charles Peirce werd geboren in Cambridge, Massachusetts, als zoon van Sarah en Benjamin Peirce.
Peirce wordt algemeen beschouwd als de stichter van het pragmatisme, en in tegenstelling tot sommige recentere pragmatici zoals William James en John Dewey, vatte Peirce pragmatisme hoofdzakelijk op als methode voor de verduidelijking van ideeën, die het toepassen van de methodes in de wetenschap op filosofische kwesties mogelijk moest maken.
nl.wikipedia.org /wiki/Charles_Peirce   (452 words)

 Charles Peirce - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Charles Sanders Peirce was the son of Sarah Hunt Mills and Benjamin Peirce, a professor of astronomy and mathematics at Harvard University, perhaps the first serious research mathematician in America.
Peirce referred to his general study of signs, based on the concept of a triadic sign relation, as semiotic or semeiotic, either of which terms are currently used in either singular of plural form.
Peirce extracted the pragmatic model or theory of inquiry from its raw materials in classical logic and refined it in parallel with the early development of symbolic logic to address problems about the nature of scientific reasoning.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Charles_Peirce   (9829 words)

 Charles Sanders Peirce
Peirce held that the continuity of space, time, ideation, feeling, and perception is an irreducible deliverance of science, and that an adequate conception of the continuous is an extremely important part of all the sciences.
Peirce's settled opinion was that logic in the broadest sense is to be equated with semeiotic, and that logic in a much narrower sense (which he typically called "logical critic") is one of three major divisions or parts of semeiotic.
Peirce's word "speculative" is his Latinate version of the Greek-derived word "theoretical," and should be understood to mean exactly the word "theoretical." Peirce's tripartite division of semeiotic is not to be confused with Charles W. Morris's division: syntax, semantics, and pragmatics (although there may be some commonalities in the two trichotomies).
www.seop.leeds.ac.uk /archives/win2004/entries/peirce   (7385 words)

 Charles Peirce - ExampleProblems.com
Charles Sanders Peirce (pronounced purse), September 10, 1839 – April 19, 1914, was an American polymath, the founder of pragmatism and one of the founders of semiotics.
Charles Sanders Peirce was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the son of Sarah and Benjamin Peirce.
Peirce admired Georg Cantor, was admired by Ernst Schröder (the sentiment was less than mutual) and William Kingdon Clifford, wrote a dismissive review of Bertrand Russell's Principles of Mathematics, and was apparently ignorant of Frege's work, despite their rival achievements in logic, philosophy of language and the foundations of mathematics.
www.exampleproblems.com /wiki/index.php/Charles_Peirce   (1958 words)

 Charles Sanders Peirce (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Peirce was not a simple operationalist in his philosophy of science; nor was he a simple verificationist in his epistemology: he believed in the reality of abstractions and in many ways resembles the medieval realists in metaphysics.
Peirce's understanding of scientific method, then, is not far different from the standard idea of scientific method (which perhaps itself derives historically from William Whewell and Peirce) as being the method of constructing hypotheses, deriving consequences from these hypotheses, and then experimentally testing these hypotheses (guided always by the economics of research).
Peirce's settled opinion was that logic in the broadest sense is to be equated with semeiotic (the general theory of signs), and that logic in a much narrower sense (which he typically called “logical critic”) is one of three major divisions or parts of semeiotic.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/peirce   (10585 words)

 Charles Sanders Peirce - Encyclopedia.com
Regarding logic as the beginning of all philosophical study, Peirce felt that the meaning of an idea was to be found in an examination of the consequences to which the idea would lead.
A major thinker in a number of fields, Peirce is also recognized as the originator of the modern form of semiotics and the first American experimental psychologist.
Common sources for the semiotic of Charles Peirce and John Poinsot.
www.encyclopedia.com /doc/1E1-Peirce-C.html   (1017 words)

 C.S. Peirce's Pragmatism [Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy]
Peirce made his first published attempts at formulating pragmatism in the 1870’s, and the maxim he developed there is often regarded as a prototype of the verification principle proposed by logical positivists in the early twentieth century.
Peirce was to return to this issue in his second major period of work on pragmatism with some regret about this counterintuitive feature of his early pragmatic maxim.
Peirce felt that this austerity towards meaning was an upshot of his early formulations of the pragmatic maxim, ruling out all metaphysics, including the kind that he felt might be respectable enough to count as meaningful.
www.iep.utm.edu /p/PeircePr.htm   (5436 words)

 NOAA reprint Charles Peirce: scholar, cartographer, mathematician and and metrologist
Peirce's early interest in the sciences of fundamental natural phenomena was paralleled by his enthusiasm for the study of logic, the science of reasoning.
Charles Peirce was assigned additional duties by his father when he joined Benjamin Peirce's U.S. delegation for the observation of the eclipse of the sun in the Mediterranean on December 22, 1870.
Peirce received a vote of approval from the scientific community and was acknowledged both for having greatly increased the "correctness" of the studies and for his originality in pendulum work.
www.publicaffairs.noaa.gov /history/peirce.html   (2368 words)

 Charles Peirce
Charles Sanders Peirce (1839-1914) is generally regarded as the founder of philosophical pragmatism, and, with Saussure, of modern semeiotic, and also as one of the founders of mathematical or symbolic logic.
Peirce's writings are pervaded by triadic divisions, which, given that he felt himself to be at heart a mathematician, he expressed most basically in numerical form as Firstness, Secondness, and Thirdness.
In Peirce's evolutionary cosmology, Thirdness, or triadic relation, or semeiosis, is considered to be a fact of the universe and not simply limited to the human mind, and therein lies the difference between Peirce and Kant, and between Peirce and much of modern linguistics and language theory.
www.nd.edu /~ehalton/Peirce.htm   (662 words)

 The Transilluminated Vision of Charles Peirce
Peirce's writing is difficult, though in my opinion always clear, but this only partly explains his marginal status until recently.
Peirce also claimed that interpretation is guided by the summum bonum, Beauty, Goodness, and Truth, which are utterly unfashionable today, even in uncapitalized form.
In his classification of the normative sciences logic is conceived not as rational calculation, but as self-controlled thought, which is a sub-species of self-controlled conduct, or ethics, which in turn is dependent upon the intrinsically admirable, or aesthetics.
www.nd.edu /~ehalton/transPeirce.htm   (427 words)

 Peirce - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Bill Peirce - Economist, Professor Emeritus at Case Western Reserve University, and 2006 Ohio gubernatorial candidate.
Charles Peirce - American polymath and founder of pragmatism.
Benjamin Peirce - Mathematician and author of an article on rejection of data outliers Peirce's Criterion.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Peirce   (110 words)

 Charles Peirce - Psychology Wiki - a Wikia wiki
Charles Sanders Peirce was the son of Sarah Hunt Mills and Benjamin Peirce, a professor of astronomy and mathematics at Harvard University, perhaps the first serious research mathematician in America.
Charles was employed as a scientist by the United States Coast Survey(1859–1891), where he enjoyed the protection of his highly influential father until the latter's death in 1880.
Peirce referred to his general study of signs, based on the concept of a triadic sign relation, as semiotic or semeiotic, either of which terms are currently used in either singular of plural form.
psychology.wikia.com /wiki/Charles_Peirce   (9666 words)

 Charles Peirce   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Though the young Peirce received a graduate degree in chemistry from Harvard he never succeeded in a tenured academic position.
Peirce's academic ambitions frustrated by his difficult (perhaps manic-depressive) personality and by the scandal surrounding divorce from Harriet Melusina Fay and his to Juliette Froissy which immediately followed.
Peirce is considered to be the father of modern semiotics the science of signs.
www.freeglossary.com /Charles_Sanders_Peirce   (1019 words)

 IDM : Charles Peirce, Trichotomies, What & Where, and the I Ching
Peirce came up with a three-tiered model that was supposed to reflect, and to some degree does reflect, the categorisation and development of fundamental signs and from these 'basics' were derived composites.
Peirce (and Freud, see later) got it almost right but seen in the context of their times, they were way ahead of those times.
Peirce's concepts of first, second, third, reflects levels of bifurcations applied to the what/where dichotomy where at the third level we have a set of states that can be used to encapsulate a concept and as such get labeled and become a 'first' of a new level for analysis.
pages.prodigy.net /lofting/peirce.html   (5600 words)

 PIke County Historical Society Charles Sanders Peirce
The founder of the philosophical study of pragmatism, he was a great thinker whose theories and ideas were years ahead of his time.
Peirce’s seminal work in the area of pragmatism defined a method of sorting out conceptual confusions by relating meaning to consequences.
Peirce, who was born in Massachusetts in 1839, moved to Milford, Pennsylvania, in 1887, where he lived until his death in 1914.
www.pikehistory.org /peirce.htm   (288 words)

 Charles S. Peirce: Semiotics and Theory of Categories
The first period (from 1855 to 1871) embraces Peirce's early years, from the beginning of his study of Kant, undertaken when he was sixteen years old, to the temporary conclusion of his critical study of the philosophical tradition.
Abstract: "According to C. Peirce, every proposition consists of two signs, 1) a subject, an indexical sign which "indicates" some object or objects (the objects of the proposition), and 2) a predicate, an iconic sign whose function is to represent the object (or objects) indicated by the subject.
Peirce rejects the distinction between simple and complex ideas, and holds that every (mental or linguistic) sign refers to its object by virtue of another sign it implies, viz its interpretant.
www.formalontology.it /peircecs.htm   (1739 words)

 Peirce_Charles biography
Charles S Peirce was the son of Benjamin Peirce and Sarah Hunt Mills, the daughter of Senator Elijah Hunt Mills.
His older brother was James Mills Peirce who became a mathematician in the Mathematics Department at Harvard, and then from 1890 to 1895 served as Dean of the Graduate School at Harvard and, after that, as Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences.
Benjamin Peirce found it difficult to find students who were bright enough to benefit from his teaching, but in his own children he found the talent that seemed to be lacking elsewhere.
www-history.mcs.st-and.ac.uk /history/Biographies/Peirce_Charles.html   (2002 words)

 OPT Design    Philosophy: Charles Sanders Peirce and Rene Descartes
Although Peirce is less well known outside the philosophical realm, his thoughts have been influential in the formation of a philosophy called Pragmatism, as well as the development of American society.
Peirce also sees the questioning of everything and feels that it is irrelevant because it is not a practical or 'real' doubting.
Peirce wants his thoughts to make sense on their own, without having to be applicable in all cases.
www.optdesign.com /Philosophy/Peirce.htm   (2061 words)

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