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Topic: Chechen

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  Second Chechen War - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Second Chechen War began wholly in September 1999, purportedly on account of attacks by Chechen forces on neighboring Dagestan, and a series of terroristic attacks on residential buildings in Russian cities that caused nearly 300 deaths, which were attributed to Chechen militants.
After the First Chechen War, Russia evidently didn't consider seriously to recognise the Chechen independence, because the 1999 intervention was prepared and executed according to a well-conceived plan.
Both Chechen militants and Russian troops, militia,and security services (whose number of 80,000-100,000 has remained basically constant since 2000), as well as the mostly Chechen-staffed paramilitary forces by Russia-backed Ramsan Kadyrov ("Kadyrovcy") have been and continue to be charged with substantiated claims of abductions, torture, rape, murder, looting, smuggling, and embezzlement.
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /second_chechen_war.htm   (1529 words)

 Chechen language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Chechen language is one of the languages of the Caucasus.
Chechen is an official language of Chechnya, an autonomous republic of Russia.
The Chechen diaspora in Jordan, Turkey and Syria is fluent but generally not literate in Chechen except for individuals who have made efforts to learn the writing system, and of course the Cyrillic alphabet is not generally known in these countries.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chechen_language   (451 words)

 Who are the Chechen?
Chechen and Ingush are so close to each other that with some practice a speaker of one has fair comprehension of the other, and where the two languages are in contact they are used together: a Chechen addresses an Ingush in Chechen, the Ingush replies in Ingush, and communication proceeds more or less smoothly.
The Chechens and Ingush are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi school, having converted in the late 17th to early 19th centuries.
Chechen social structure and ethnic identity rest on principles of family and clan honor, respect for and deference to one's elders, hospitality, formal and dignified relations between families and clans, and courteous and formal public and private behavior.
www.ulfsbo.nu /ussr/Chechen.html   (1649 words)

 Chechen Republic - Exile: How they were deported   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The present writer's efforts to discover even an approximate percentage of the Chechens and Ingush who had died or were executed in the course of this nightmare proved to be in vain.
It was for their secular unjust pursuit of freedom and independence that the Chechens and Ingush were destroyed and their republic was liquidated.
The annihilation of the Chechen, Ingush, Karachay and Balkar people marked the beginning of a grand operation of destruction and deportation of all the Caucasian populations.
chechen.8m.com /history/exile.html   (3205 words)

 Moscow Suicide Bombings - CDI Russia Weekly #264
All the hostage-takers were killed and some Chechens have accused Russian forces of leaving none alive so that their stories could never be heard in a courtroom.
Chechen militants "seem to have hit on a new Palestinian-style tactic, the difference being that in Chechnya it is mostly women," says Thomas de Waal, an analyst specializing in Chechnya for the London-based Institute for War and Peace Reporting.
Zainap Gashayeva, a Chechen and co-chair of Echo of War, an anti-war coalition of Chechen and Russian women, says it is this desire for vengeance that has pushed Chechen women to the forefront after 10 years of fighting.
www.cdi.org /russia/264-10.cfm   (1514 words)

 CNN - Russian forces bombard northern limits of Chechen capital - October 26, 1999
Chechen fighters battled the Russians about four kilometers (two miles) from the northern outskirts of Grozny with more fighting to the east of the city.
Chechen officials reported that Russian troops seized the town of Sernovodsk, 27 miles (43 km) west of Grozny, and that heavy fighting was continuing in Gudermes, a city 20 miles east of Grozny.
Saidayev said Chechen fighters were longing for the Russians to enter Grozny, where Chechen guerrillas inflicted severe losses on the Russian army in the last war.
www.cnn.com /WORLD/europe/9910/26/russia.chechnya.02   (1093 words)

 The History Guy: The Second Chechen War
Some Dagestanis are reported to have helped the Chechens in their war and some of the more radical Chechen war leaders wish to force Russia out of the area and unite the Muslim peoples of the Caucasus region.
Chechen cities and villages were leveled by intense Russian air attacks and artillery bombardment designed to maximize rebel losses while minimizing Russian casualties.
Continual bombings have struck terror in Moscow and other Russian cities as the Chechens target subways, concerts, commercial aircraft, theaters and, in September of 2004, the middle school in the town of Beslan, where hundreds of children and parents were killed.
www.historyguy.com /chechen_war_two.html   (1253 words)

 Search Tuna Report for Chechen Rebels   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Chechen rebel leader Staff and agencies Thursday November 13, 2003 A British judge today rejected Russia's request for the extradition of Chechen rebel leader Akhmed Zakayev, saying that it was politically motivated.
Pravda.RU Chechen Rebels Change Geopolitical Orientation 16:38 A Chechen Separatist Intends To Say Farewell To Arms Akhmed Zakaev, one of the field commanders of Chechen separatists, has asked for a meeting in Moscow to discuss a procedure for disarming militants in Chechnya and start of a new life for them....
Chechen Rebels Release Dagestan Hostages But Dagestani Interior Ministry spokeswoman Anzhela Martirosova later said the gunmen left the village sometime before dawn, leaving behind their 11 hostages ¡ª seven from Galatli and four they had seized in another village, Shauri....
searchtuna.com /ftlive/2014.html   (4101 words)

 Chechen History   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Dudaev was born in a Chechen village in January 1944 and was deported with his family to Kazakhstan a few weeks later; he returned to Chechnya with his parents in 1957, pursued a successful military career, joined the Communist Party in 1966, and became a Major General in the Soviet air force.
Chechens and Ingush are related by ties of language, religion, and culture, and have been traditional allies, joined together under the Soviets in the Chechen-Ingush ASSR.
Detained Chechens in the prison wagons in Mozdok we met had been badly beaten and were in urgent need of medical care.There have been other allegations of torture and summary execution of Chechen civilians detained by the Russian army and sent to screening facilities in Mozdok and elsewhere in the region.
www.newsbee.net /moscow/chhistory.html   (6298 words)

 Alexander's Gas & Oil Connections - Chechen government brings oil sector under control
Acting Chechen president Sergei Abramov declared at the previous meeting of the Chechen government that revenues to the Chechen budget would be doubled at the expense of the restoration of the Chechen oil processing industry.
Chechen President elect Alu Alkhanov appealed to the Russian leadership, asking that the funds earned from oil sale should be directly channelled to the restoration of the Chechen economy and its social infrastructure.
President Putin approved the proposal made by the local authorities that all the funds raised from exports of Chechen oil should be contributed to the restoration of the Chechen economy.
www.gasandoil.com /goc/news/ntr44190.htm   (406 words)

 russian genocide over chechen people
Chechens are suffering disappearances at the Russian night raids, tortures and hunt on the male population beginning from 12 years old, as well as assault and rape of women and girls.
The war leaves only two possible ways out to the Chechen people: a hopeless, deadly resistance to "russian death squadrons" acting under the cover of Russian force structures beyond all legal and human laws, - or a slow death in the totally isolated "ghetto," starvation, privations, total injustice and endless humiliations.
The war impedes the development of the Russian economy, contributes to the widening gap between a handful of super nouveaux riches who made their bloody business on this war and the majority of the population of Russia which hardly survives on the edge between poverty and destitution.
russian-genocide-over-chechen-people.blogspot.com   (1623 words)

 Chechnya - What drives the separatists to commit such terrible outrages? By Masha Gessen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In 1944, the Chechens, along with several other ethnic groups, were accused of having collaborated with the Nazis and deported to Siberia.
Chechen fighters have not only continued to battle the federal powers at home but have staged a series of increasingly shocking terrorist attacks in other parts of Russia (although the Chechen connection is, in most cases, presumed rather than proved).
Chechens are Muslims, and they are at war; representatives of virtually every Islamic organization have at one point or another sent missionaries and recruiters to the region.
slate.msn.com /id/2106287   (1646 words)

 Chechnya. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
Recognized as a distinct people since the 17th cent., the Chechens were the most active opponents of Russia’s conquest (1818–1917) of the Caucasus.
The Chechen Autonomous Region was created in 1922, and in 1934 it became part of the Chechen-Ingush Region, made a republic in 1936.
Aslan Maskhadov, chief of staff of the Chechen forces, was elected president early in 1997 but appeared to have little control over the republic.
www.bartleby.com /65/ch/Chechnya.html   (573 words)

 Al-Ahram Weekly | International | The Chechen fight back   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Chechen separatist forces have staged a series of impressive surprise attacks on Russian troops and guerrilla warfare appears to be erupting throughout Chechnya.
The Chechen separatists have proved to be very adept and have utilised their thorough knowledge of their rugged homeland terrain to full effect.
The Chechen separatists corroborated the unofficial statements of the Russian intelligence sources and announced that over 2,500 of their fighters had escaped eastward from the Argun Gorge into the neighbouring Vedeno Gorge early last Friday.
weekly.ahram.org.eg /2000/472/in1.htm   (499 words)

 Crisis in Chechnya - Global Issues
The mass deportation of Chechen people, among others, is estimated in the range of 400,000 to 800,000 with perhaps 100,000 or more of these people dying due to the extreme conditions.
Former members of the Chechen republican legislature established a Moscow-based State Council of the Republic of Chechnya, affording Moscow a reason to recognise it as the sole legitimate Chechen authority and to refuse negotiation with Maskhadov.
In March 2003, a Chechen referendum was approved favoring a new constitution stipulating the republic as part of the Russian Federation.
www.globalissues.org /Geopolitics/Chechnya.asp   (3556 words)

 Chechen Republic - History - THE CHECHENS AND THE INGUSH   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
In 1785, Mansur Ushurma, a Chechen from Aldy, assumed the title of imam of all the Caucasian Mountaineers, a move which effectively united all the tribes of the North Caucasus: the Chechens, the Ingush, the Daghestanis, the Ossetians, the Cherkess and the Kabardians.
Ali-Bek Haji replied on behalf of his companions: "It is only before God and the Chechen people that we consider ourselves guilty because, in spite of all the sacrifices, we were not able to reconquer the freedom that God gave us!" They were sentenced to death by hanging.
Chechens are almost fanatically religious, and any attack on Islam arouses among them a profound reaction.
chechen.8m.com /history/avtorh.html   (2925 words)

 Chechen - www.ezboard.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Chechen language is a northern Caucasian language and one of the official languages of Chechnya.
Chechens are today to be found in all parts of the ex-Soviet Union, especially in the oil industry in Central Asia and Siberia.
Chechen belongs to one of the four subfamilies of Caucasian languages, known as the Nakh subfamily, whose center of distribution is the Caucasus mountains of central and northern Georgia and the smaller countries just to the north such as Ingushetia and Chechnya, although the inhabitants of Alania speak a language belonging to the Indo-Iranian family.
pub18.ezboard.com /fbalkansfrm114.showMessage?topicID=137.topic   (5584 words)

 EurasiaNet Eurasia Insight - Georgia Tackles Chechen Conundrum
One Chechen advocate in Georgia, Dzhokola Acheshvili, said the Georgian government’s campaign was not distinguishing between radicals and mainstream believers of Islam.
"Chechens are not responsible for future problems in relations that most probably could arise," said a March 7 commentary on the arrest of an 18-year-old Chechen on the Georgian-Azerbaijani border.
She is at work on a senior thesis that examines the impact of the Chechen conflict on Russian foreign policy.
www.eurasianet.org /departments/insight/articles/eav031104.shtml   (1054 words)

 The War in Chechnya - MN-FILES - MOSNEWS.COM   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Once conquered by the Ottoman Turks, the Chechens are predominantly Muslim, and Sunni missionaries from Saudi Arabia reinforced the Sunni faith there in the 17th and 18th centuries.
In 1991, thanks to mass demonstrations led by the newly-formed Chechen National Congress, the Communist leadership of the republic was brought down, and Chechen National Congress leader Jokhar Dudaev was elected president.
In June of 1995, Chechen rebels seized hundreds of hostages at a hospital in Budennovsk, in southern Russia.
www.mosnews.com /mn-files/chechnya.shtml   (1661 words)

 Terrorism: Q & A | Chechen-based Terrorists
The Chechens are a largely Muslim ethnic group that has lived for centuries in the mountainous Caucasus region and has consistently resisted Russian subjugation.
During World War II, the Soviet dictator Josef Stalin accused the Chechens of cooperating with the Nazis and forcibly deported the entire population to the Central Asian republic of Kazakhstan.
Chechen militants reportedly fought alongside al-Qaeda and Taliban forces against the U.S.-backed Northern Alliance in late 2001.
www.terrorismanswers.org /groups/chechens.html   (891 words)

 USATODAY.com - Killing of Chechen leader may empower hard-liners   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Aslan Maskhadov, the only Chechen leader ever to win an internationally-recognized election, was born in 1951 in Central Asian exile to a family which — like most Chechens — had been deported from their homes by Soviet dictator Josef Stalin in 1944.
As Chechen president, Maskhadov failed to rein-in the powerful warlords, especially Basayev, who turned the tiny republic into a terrorist training ground and haven for kidnappers and arms smugglers.
Maskhadov's predecessor, the father of Chechen independence Dzokhar Dudayev, was killed by a Russian missile that homed in on his satellite telephone in the spring of 1996.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2005-03-08-csm-chechen_x.htm   (597 words)

 Chechen Fighters Endanger Civilian Lives (Human Rights Watch Press release, January 14, 1999)
Chechen fighters  have repeatedly beaten and threatened civilians who attempted to spare their villages from Russian bombardment.
As in the 1994-1996 war, Chechen civilians, chiefly the village elders, often try to prevent the destruction of their villages by approaching the Russian military and by encouraging Chechen combatants to leave their villages.
Magomet's account of Chechen and Russian abuses in the village could not be independently confirmed because few villagers from Dyshne-Vedeno have apparently been able to travel to Ingushetia. ; However, his detailed account was consistent with accounts received about similar abuses committed by Chechen fighters elsewhere in Chechnya.
www.hrw.org /press/2000/01/chech0114.htm   (671 words)

 Chechen terrorists probed - The Washington Times: Nation/Politics - October 13, 2004   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
U.S. security officials are investigating a recent intelligence report that a group of 25 Chechen terrorists illegally entered the United States from Mexico in July.
The Chechen group is suspected of having links to Islamist terrorists seeking to separate the southern enclave of Chechnya from Russia, according to officials familiar with intelligence reports.
Members of the group, said to be wearing backpacks, secretly traveled to northern Mexico and crossed into a mountainous part of Arizona that is difficult for U.S. border security agents to monitor, said officials speaking on the condition of anonymity.
www.washtimes.com /national/20041013-121643-5028r.htm   (836 words)

 BBC NEWS | Europe | Senior Chechen envoy held
A court in Denmark has ordered a leading official of the ousted Chechen Government to be held in prison for two weeks, as Russia seeks his extradition.
He is suspected by Russia of being involved in last week's siege by Chechen rebels of a theatre in Moscow, and of participating in other "terrorist acts" between 1996 and 1999.
About 50 Chechen gunmen and women held 800 people hostage for three days until the theatre was stormed by Russian special forces - an operation that left more than 100 hostages and about 50 hostage-takers dead.
news.bbc.co.uk /2/hi/europe/2374651.stm   (709 words)

 NewsFromRussia.Com Chechen rock festival canceled because of security concerns
The reports cited Chechen Prime Minister Sergei Abramov as saying the event was put off until September after he received a letter from the heads of several security agencies saying that they could not guarantee safety at the festival due to growing complications on the republic's borders, reports the AP.
Law enforcement officers detained a bandit from Shamil Basayev's group (Basayev is a Chechen terrorist leader), representative of the Regional Operative Headquarters of the anti-terrorist operation in the Northern Caucasus (ROH) told RIA Novosti.
The commission thinks that adoption of the Chechen constitution will allow to create a new category of institutions; this will be the first stage of handing authorities over to the republic on the basis of opportunities provided by the Russian Constitution More details...
newsfromrussia.com /chechnya/2005/07/04/60514.html   (1919 words)

 CNN - Chechen president talks peace, readies for war - October 17, 1999
Although Russian troops reportedly clashed with Chechen fighters in the village of Shchedrinski north of the Terek on Sunday, the north of Chechnya appeared under strong Russian control.
Maskhadov also said that many Chechen commanders were unhappy about his call for talks to end the fighting, which they saw as a sign of weakness.
Russian forces' slow push toward Grozny has raised fears that the army could be heading into a repeat of the 1994-96 war, where Chechen guerrillas devastated Russian formations in street-fighting in the capital.
www.cnn.com /WORLD/europe/9910/17/russia.chechnya.02   (770 words)

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