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Topic: Chemical elements named after people


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In the News (Thu 23 May 19)

  
  Chemical element No. 110 finally gets a name -- darmstadtium
The decision on a name for chemical element No. 110 will mean instant obsolescence for current versions of the Periodic Table of the Elements, the charts that hang in chemistry classrooms and appear in textbooks around the world.
Element 110 was discovered in 1994 by scientists at the Laboratory for Heavy Ion Research, known as GSI, in Darmstadt, Germany.
Darmstadtium's old name, for instance, was "ununnilium" ("un" for one; "un" for one; "nil" for zero; followed by "ium," the now-standard suffix applied to all elements.
www.post-gazette.com /healthscience/20030506element0506p4.asp   (462 words)

  
 Chemical elements named after people - Biocrawler
Many chemical elements are named after astronomical bodies which are named after Greek or Roman deities.
Gadolinium (Gd, 64) is named from the mineral gadolinite, which in turn is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin.
Samarium (Sm, 62) is named from the mineral samarskite which in turn is named after Colonel Samarski, a Russian mine official.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Chemical_elements_named_after_people   (223 words)

  
 Thorium (Th) - Chemical properties, Health and Environmental effects
Thorium is still used as an alloying element in magnesium, to coat tungsten wire used in electronic equipment, to control the grain size of plutonium used for electric lamps.
People will always be exposed to small amounts of thorium through air, food and water, because it is found nearly everywhere on earth.
People that live near these hazardous waste sites may be exposed to more thorium than usual because they breathe in wind-blown dust and because it ends up in food that is grown near the site.
www.lenntech.com /Periodic-chart-elements/Th-en.htm   (892 words)

  
 No. 1235: Naming the Chemical Elements
It's to the credit of the scientists who've identified the 109 elements that none of the elements yet bear their names.
We named Niobium after Niobe, daughter of Tantalus, simply because it resembled the element tantalum.
It turns out that Element 106 was (amid a flurry of acrimony) indeed named after still-living Glen Seaborg after all.
www.uh.edu /engines/epi1235.htm   (520 words)

  
 Chemical elements named after places - Biocrawler
This is a list of chemical elements named after places.
For a list of other toponyms, i.e., names derived from a place or region, see List of toponyms.
Frenchman Lecoq de Boisbaudran, who was the discoverer of the metal, named it after his country and also subtly for himself.
www.biocrawler.com /encyclopedia/Chemical_elements_named_after_places   (141 words)

  
 List of elements by name: Encyclopedia of chemistry, analytics & pharmaceutics with 64,564 entries.
This is a list of chemical elements, sorted by name and color coded according to type of element.
Given is each element's element symbol, atomic number, atomic mass or most stable isotope, and group and period numbers on the periodic table.
The isotopic composition of this element varies in some geological specimens, and the variation may exceed the uncertainty stated in the table.
www.chemie.de /lexikon/e/List_of_elements_by_name   (248 words)

  
  Basic chemical nomenclature
Chemical substances have been a part the fabric of civilization and culture for thousands of years, and present-day chemistry retains a lot of this ancient baggage in the form of terms whose hidden cultural and historic connections add color and interest to the subject.
Chemical substances that are employed in the home, the arts, or in industry have acquired traditional or "popular" names that are still in wide use.
with an anion; the name of the anion is reflected in the name of the acid.
www.chem1.com /acad/webtext/intro/nomen.html   (2328 words)

  
  Erowid DXM Vault : DXM FAQ - Altered States
After passing through the last Veil, there is a sudden sense of being in the presence of a profoundly powerful, loving, intelligent entity (or occasionally, multiple entities).
Many people who have frequently used DXM or other dissociatives begin to develop consistent contact with "aliens" (with all due skepticism, these are probably elements of one's subconscious mind that have taken on characteristics of independent consciousness).
A lot of people have these experiences, on drugs or not (or maybe the ones who aren't on drugs are connected to an "inner pharmacist" of sorts, the secretion of chemicals like endopsychosin which mimic the dissociatives).
www.erowid.org /chemicals/dxm/faq/dxm_paranormal.shtml   (5681 words)

  
 Chemical element - ExampleProblems.com
The atomic mass of an element, A, is measured in unified atomic mass units (u) is the average mass of all the atoms of the element in an environment of interest (usually the earth's crust and atmosphere).
The 23 elements not found on earth are derived artificially; the first purportedly synthesized element was technetium, in 1937, although the trace amounts of naturally occurring technetium were not known then.
The naming of elements precedes the atomic theory of matter, although at the time it was not known which chemicals were elements and which compounds.
www.exampleproblems.com /wiki/index.php?title=Chemical_element&printable=yes   (1333 words)

  
 Chemical element
A chemical element, often called simply element, is a chemical substance that cannot be divided or changed into other chemical substances by any ordinary chemical technique.
An element is a class of substances that contain the same number of protons in all its atoms.
Lists of the elements by name, by symbol, by atomic number, by density, by melting point, and by boiling point as well as Ionization energies of the elements are available.
www.brainyencyclopedia.com /encyclopedia/c/ch/chemical_element.html   (1476 words)

  
 Chemical substance Summary
No chemical process occurs, and the material can be identified as a mixture by the fact that the sulfur and the iron can be separated by a mechanical process, such as using a magnet to attract the iron away from the sulfur.
Often a chemical substance needs to be isolated from a mixture, for example from a natural source (where a sample often contains numerous chemical substances) or after a chemical reaction (which often give mixtures of chemical substances).
Finally, chemical analysis may be used to identify the chemical composition and to assay the purity.
www.bookrags.com /Chemical_substance   (2158 words)

  
 What's in a name? Much and more. Who and what inspoired the names of the elements
While relating the heavenly bodies to the names of elements in the Periodic Table, one could think of the source as a mythological figure or as an object in space.
The village is Ytterby and the elements are yttrium, erbium, terbium and ytterbium.
Chemical properties which were identified before the christening became the roots of the names of gases - hydrogen (water-forming), oxygen (acid-forming) and nitrogen (nitre-forming).
www.scienceinafrica.co.za /2003/september/naming.htm   (1193 words)

  
 Erowid 2C-T-7 Vault : Sulfurous Samadhi: Chemistry and Physical Properties
Both chemicals generally come in the form of a hydrochloride salt, which are white crystalline powders.
Although never officially named so by its inventor, it seems logical to assign the name 2C-T-24 to this compound, in case it ever gets synthesized and explored and needs to be referred to by a simpler name.
After all this, Shulgin decided that while the 2C-T family of drugs was pharmacologically interesting, it no longer seemed too challenging from a creative chemistry perspective.
www.erowid.org /chemicals/2ct7/article1/chemistry.shtml   (1566 words)

  
 Chemical Data Elements Reference   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Chemical Technicians' Ready Reference Handbook continues to be the best place to turn for the procedures, techniques, an formulas used in the modern chemical laboratory.
Chemical elements data references - Recommended values for many properties of the elements, together with various references, are collected on these data pages.
The book features modern applications, early integration of examples from organic chemistry elements and biochemistry, chemistry elements and a strong approach to problem solving that moves away from rote memorization to a thorough understanding of key concepts chemistry elements...
ge10.mndine.com /chemicaldataelementsreference.html   (1105 words)

  
 NTI: Country Overviews: Iran: Chemical Chronology
After reiterating the Secretary General's belief that there is serious and considerable evidence proving that Iraq committed the atrocity, the report draws attention to diplomatic sources that "believe the UN Secretary General's statement focuses on three important points.
After a meeting with the Secretary General, the ambassador states that Iran believes that the UN team's trip to investigate the attacks, and the report that follows, will certainly inform global opinion about the crime.
Government television instructs people to cover exposed skin with plastic, cover their mouths with a wet cloth soaked in powdered coal, and to move to higher ground in the event of a CW attack.
www.nti.org /e_research/profiles/Iran/Chemical/2340_2960.html   (15939 words)

  
 Chemical Nomenclature
Chemical nomenclature is the systematic naming of chemical compounds.
The first element is usually a positively charged metal, and the second element is usually a negatively charged nonmetal.
So far we have seen that in the name of a chemical compound, the first element usually is positive, and is the first part of the name.
library.thinkquest.org /10429/low/nomen/nomen.htm   (1315 words)

  
 Einsteinium Summary
The element was produced in trace amounts during the explosion of that bomb.
The actinide elements are found in Row 7 of the periodic table, a chart that shows how chemical elements are related to each other.
A metallic highly radioactive transuranic element (7th in the series) in the actinides, einsteinium is produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons and was discovered in the debris of the first hydrogen bomb test.
www.bookrags.com /Einsteinium   (1335 words)

  
 Chem4Kids.com: Germanium: Say It
Germanium was discovered in 1886 by a chemist named Winkler and was named after Germany.
You will find many other elements that were named after people or places as you study the elements of the periodic table.
It is in the same family with the elements carbon and silicon.
www.chem4kids.com /files/elements/032_speak.html   (146 words)

  
 Lists of people - enyclopaedia article about Lists of people
The biographies don't include fictional characters, e.g., people like Arthur the Knight are included but King Arthur is not.
Lists of people By name By belief By nationality...
People by lifestyle (in certain cases with a possibly biological role)
www.pro-researcher.co.uk /encyclopaedia/english/lists_of_people   (412 words)

  
 Chemical elements named after places - Definition, explanation
Chemical elements named after places - Definition, explanation
selenium – Selene, the Greek name for the Moon
tellurium – Tellus, the Latin name for the Earth
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/c/ch/chemical_elements_named_after_places.php   (171 words)

  
 Brian's Study Breaks
For Mal, however, after losing in the war, Serenity and its community is all he has, and he is willing to die attempting to preserve it.
After all, as we learn at the end, he picked her out across a crowded, err, yard of spaceships.
Meanwhile, a State Department official named Andrew Semmel is claiming that North Koreans are in Syria, and that Syria is trying to use them to develop nuclear weapons.
bjulrich.blogspot.com   (2685 words)

  
 Purdue News Service
Purdue University agricultural alumnus Chuck Conner, who was named Thursday (Sept. 20) as acting head of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, is known by Purdue officials as a determined individual who has spent many years in Washington, D.C., serving the Midwest.
A chemical spill in a Purdue University building Wednesday afternoon (Sept. 19) forced the evacuation and cancellation of classes and lab sessions for the remainder of the day in the facility.
"People assume this growth is from 9/11, but it's not," said Keith Dickson, chair of the Arabic, classics, Hebrew and Italian section in the Department of Foreign Languages and Literatures.
news.uns.purdue.edu   (2381 words)

  
 Rhythms and Riffs - Popular Music Then and Now
After three years into their life as a recording band, Arcade Fire should be on top of the world.
After the glamor of the Wembley Concert for Diana the week before, the Live Earth concerts were generally given a thumbs down.
A lot of people were put off by the “carbon footprints” of the performers and the excessive use of bad language at times when children would be watching.
www.rhythms-riffs.com   (3168 words)

  
 Chemical elements named after people Information Center - Chemical elements named after people
Many chemical elements are named after astronomical bodies which are Chemical elements named after people named after Greek or Roman deities.
Gadolinium (Gd, 64) is named from the mineral gadolinite, which in turn is named after the Finnish chemist and geologist Johan Gadolin.
Samarium (Sm, 62) is named from the mineral samarskite which in turn is named after Colonel Samarski, a Russian mine official.
www.scipeeps.com /Sci-Chemistry_Topics_C_-_Cl/Chemical_elements_named_after_people.html   (229 words)

  
 Chemical Elements words: mercury to platinum, part 5 of 8.
The element seemed so inert that Lavoisier named it “azote”, meaning “without life”; however, its compounds are vital components of foods, fertilizers, and explosives.
The name nitrogen was introduced by J. Chaptal (1790) to indicate that the element is a constituent of nitre (potassium nitrate, or saltpeter).
All of the elements discovered after 1669 can be attributed to a specific person and a specific time and Brand’s discovery of phosphorus is the first of which this can be said.
www.wordquests.info /cgi/ice2-for.cgi?file=/hsphere/local/home/scribejo/wordquests.info/htm/L-Gk-chem-elem-Pt-5.htm&HIGHLIGHT=chemical   (4108 words)

  
 [No title]
All of the planets in our solar system are named from mythological deities, and three of the chemical elements draw their name from these planets.
And second to Uranus is the planet Pluto and the second element beyond uranium is plutonium (94), Iris, the goddess of the rainbow, gave her name to iridium (77).
Yttrium (39), terbium (65), and ytterbium (70) are all named after Ytterby, a town in Sweden.
department.monm.edu /classics/Courses/Clas225/CourseHandouts/CHEMELEM.htm   (865 words)

  
 World Wide Words: The Great Element Chase
It’s become the done thing to name at least some of the new chemical elements being manufactured in nuclear furnaces after famous people in science (mendelevium, curium, fermium), though this is a controversial business, as I relate elsewhere.
This set me searching through the list of the 81 stable elements found in nature to see whether any others had been similarly namedafter all, a large number of them had been identified in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, and names had had to be invented for them.
Isolation of the element in ceria had to wait until the late 1830s, when Carl Mosander (a pupil of Berzelius’) managed to decompose the oxide using potassium vapour (a procedure to be watched from a distance, in my view).
www.worldwidewords.org /articles/lanthanide.htm   (1190 words)

  
 Chemical Elements : Origins Of Names quiz -- free game
Nickel got its name after a German word for a mischievous demon who was supposed to have created a "false copper ore".
Names based on countries or continents are frequent: europium; americum; polonium; and indirectly indium.Also celebrities got their share:(nobelium; einsteinium; mendelevium;...
Another chemical element whose name refers to 'heaviness' was discovered in 1781 by Karl W. Scheele.
www.funtrivia.com /playquiz.cfm?qid=73397   (371 words)

  
 Lesson Comments
These elements are very unstable and only last a fraction of a second, just long enough to register their presence in a detector.
Element 106 was recently given the name Seaborgium, after the Berkeley Nobel Laureate who discovered it.
Elements are often named in the same manner as dinosaurs.
www.princeton.edu /~pmi/outreach/scsp/chemtests/tips/hoagland/comments.htm   (1227 words)

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