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Topic: Chemotherapy

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Chemotherapy is a systemic therapy; this means it affects the whole body by going through the bloodstream.
The purpose of chemotherapy and other systemic treatments is to get rid of any cancer cells that may have spread from where the cancer started to another part of the body.
Chemotherapy is effective against cancer cells because the drugs love to interfere with rapidly dividing cells.
www.breastcancer.org /treatment/chemotherapy/index.jsp   (407 words)

  Chemotherapy: Encyclopedia of Cancer
Chemotherapy is often used to treat patients with cancer that has spread from the place in the body where it started (metastasized), but it may also be used the keep cancer from coming back (adjuvant therapy).
Chemotherapy can be the primary treatment with cancers such as these: certain lymphomas, childhood and some adult forms of Hodgkin's disease, Wilms' tumor, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and small cell lung cancer.
Primary chemotherapy is becoming the norm in treating some patients with certain cancers, such as specific types of lymphomas, some small cell lung cancers, childhood cancers, head and neck cancers, and locally advanced breast cancer.
health.enotes.com /cancer-encyclopedia/chemotherapy   (5280 words)

 Chemotherapy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
As chemotherapy affects cell division, tumours with high growth fractions (such as acute myelogenous leukemia and the lymphomas, including Hodgkin's disease) are more sensitive to chemotherapy, as a larger proportion of the targeted cells are undergoing cell division at any time.
Depending on the patient, the cancer, the stage of cancer, the type of chemotherapy, and the dosage, intravenous chemotherapy may be given on either an inpatient or outpatient basis.
Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent or it may aim to prolong life or to palliate symptoms.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chemotherapy   (2470 words)

 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Chemotherapy (pronounced keem-o-therapy) is the use of certain drugs to treat disease, as distinct from other forms of treatment, such as surgery.
Chemotherapy dates at least as far back as the use, by the Indians of Peru, of cinchona bark in the treatment of fevers, such as malaria.
Depending on the patient, the cancer, the stage of cancer, the type of chemotherapy, and the dosage, IV chemotherapy may be given on either an inpatient or outpatient basis.
wikiwhat.com /encyclopedia/c/ch/chemotherapy.html   (910 words)

 Chemotherapy- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs or medications to treat disease.
In the early days, chemotherapy was considered a last resort to be used only in terminal cases when all else had failed to cure a cancer.
Chemotherapy is the only scientifically proven method that can reach virtually every part of the body to seek and destroy cancer cells that surgery and radiation cannot reach and sensitive instruments cannot see.
www.drdean.healthcentral.com /encyclopedia/408/155.html   (1477 words)

 Chemotherapy - Medical Encyclopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Combination chemotherapy is a similar practice which involves treating a patient with a number of different drugs simultaneously.
Adjuvant Chemotherapy can be used when there is little evidence of cancer present, but there is risk of recurrence.
Some sudies1 and patient groups claim that the use of cannabinoids derived from marijuana during chemotherapy greatly reduces the associated nausea and vomiting, and enables the patient to eat.
www.nursingstudy.com /encyclopedia/Chemotherapy.html   (924 words)

 Imaginis - Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is often used as an adjuvant (supplemental) therapy in addition to other treatments, such as surgery or radiation therapy, which are designed to achieve local (breast/chest) control of the cancer.
Chemotherapy may also be given intramuscularly (injected in the muscle), under the skin, topically (on the skin), or injected locally into the cancer area.
Chemotherapy is a systemic form of treatment; that is, it is distributed throughout the bloodstream, affecting tissues and organs in the entire body.
www.imaginis.com /breasthealth/chemo.asp   (877 words)

 Leukemia & Lymphoma Society - Disease Information - Chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is the use of drugs or chemicals, often in combinations, to kill or damage cancer cells in the body.
Chemotherapy used to treat leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma may be accompanied by undesirable side effects.
The goal of chemotherapy is either to kill cancer cells to the point that there is no longer any sign of illness (called remission), or to damage or kill cancer cells to the point that the progress of the disease is slowed.
www.leukemia-lymphoma.org /all_page?item_id=8498   (1339 words)

 Dr. Koop - Chemotherapy- Health Encyclopedia and Reference
Most people have had some type of chemotherapy for illness during their lives - for example, taking penicillin for an infection.
Chemotherapy was then highly experimental and there were relatively few drugs available for experimentation.
In adjuvant chemotherapy, anticancer drugs are used (after another treatment) to destroy any cancer cells that may remain after surgery or radiation therapy.
www.drkoop.com /encyclopedia/93/155.html   (1459 words)

 NBC 4 - Health Encyclopedia - What Is Cancer?
If all of the cancer cannot be removed with surgery, the options for treatment include radiation, chemotherapy, or both.
Side effects of radiation treatment are usually temporary and vary depending on the area of the body that is being treated.
Chemotherapy causes your immune system to weaken, so you should avoid people with colds or the flu.
www.nbc4.tv /encyclopedia/6861803/detail.html   (1166 words)

 Leukemia - Chemotherapy - oncologychannel
Chemotherapy is a general term that is used to describe cancer-killing drugs.
Chemotherapy for leukemia is varied, because there are many different forms of this disease.
Chemotherapy for CLL may be postponed if the patient has early-stage disease and shows no related symptoms (see Treatment of Leukemia).
www.oncologychannel.com /leukemias/chemotherapy.shtml   (1399 words)

 Chemotherapy Report
In an article entitled "Chemotherapy: Snake-Oil Remedy?" that appeared in the Los Angeles Times of 1/9/87, Dr. Martin F. Shapiro explained that while "some oncologists inform their patients of the lack of evidence that treatments work...others may well be misled by scientific papers that express unwarranted optimism about chemotherapy.
Chemotherapy may consist of one or several cytotoxic drugs, depending on the type of cancer being treated.
The goal of chemotherapy is to shrink primary tumors, slow the tumor growth, and to kill cancer cells that may have spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body from the original tumor.
www.1cure4cancer.com /controlcancer/information/chemo.htm   (1513 words)

 Cancer Treatment Information—Chemotherapy, Radiation Oncology, and Surgery | OncoLink
Chemotherapy is the use of medications or chemicals with cancer-fighting abilities.
Chemotherapy flows from the IV bag/bottle, through the needle and catheter into the bloodstream.
This is because the chemotherapy may be absorbed slowly through the muscular tissues and into the bloodstream.
www.oncolink.com /treatment/article.cfm?c=2&s=9&id=56   (1037 words)

Chemotherapy works by interfering with the way cells divide, thereby preventing the cancer from spreading - and sometimes even curing the disease by helping to get rid of all the cancer cells in the body.
Chemotherapy may be used alone to treat cancer, or it may be used in combination with other cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy (pronounced: ray-dee-ay-shun ther-uh-pee) or surgery.
Chemotherapy may cause sores in the mouth, gums, and throat, or cause a person's gums to become irritated and bleed.
www.kidshealth.org /teen/diseases_conditions/cancer/chemo.html   (1844 words)

 ACS :: Chemotherapy Principles
Chemotherapy drugs are divided into several categories based on how they affect specific chemical substances within cancer cells...
Chemotherapy drugs are considered hazardous, so the nurses and doctors who give chemotherapy will take precautions to avoid direct contact with the drugs while administering them...
Side effects are different for each chemotherapy drug, and they also differ based on the dosage, the route the drug is given, and how the drug affects you individually...
www.cancer.org /docroot/eto/eto_1_3_chemotherapy_principles.asp   (353 words)

 General chemotherapy information overview : Cancerbackup
Chemotherapy is a treatment used for some types of cancer.
Sometimes chemotherapy is used to treat non-cancerous conditions but often the doses are lower and the side effects may be reduced.
You are likely to have questions and concerns about your own treatment that this information does not cover, as there are over 200 different types of cancer and over 50 chemotherapy drugs, which can be given in various ways.
www.cancerbacup.org.uk /info/chemotherapy.htm   (304 words)

 Chemotherapy for Mesothelioma Treatment
It may be used to shrink a tumor before surgery (neo-adjuvant therapy), to help destroy cancer cells that may remain after surgery (adjuvant chemotherapy), to make radiation therapy or immunotherapy work more effectively, or to help destroy cancer that recurs or has spread from the site of the original tumor.
Chemotherapy drugs may be given as single agents, but often, two or more drugs are given simultaneously.
Before beginning a chemotherapy protocol, your doctor should discuss your specific treatment and the side effects most closely associated with the drugs you will be receiving.
www.mesotheliomaweb.org /chemo.htm   (589 words)

 Prostate Cancer - Chemotherapy (Written Primarily For The Medical Oncologist)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
To prevent potential extravasation injuries, vesicant chemotherapy should be given with caution to patients with poor-quality veins, or patients who are to receive drugs as a protracted infusion over several days.
If chemotherapy extravasation does occur, 70% DMSO applied topically prevents tissue injury and should be administered as soon as possible, and at least 4 to 6 times a day until the site of extravasation is fully healed.
It is very important that a patient promptly report any unusual symptoms or side effects during chemotherapy treatment to his physician to be sure that it is not, or does not become, a major problem.
www.lef.org /protocols/prtcl-136.shtml   (1306 words)

 Cancer Chemotherapy: Online Reference For Health Concerns   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-26)
Chemotherapy drugs have a high rate of failure because they usually kill only specific types of cancer cells within a tumor or the cancer cells mutate and become resistant to the chemotherapy.
The goal of chemotherapy is to shrink primary tumors, slow the tumor growth, and kill cancer cells that may have spread (metastasized) to other parts of the body from the original, primary tumor.
A failed attempt at chemotherapy is detrimental to the physical and emotional well being of patients, is financially burdensome, and may preclude further effective therapies.
www.lef.org /protocols/prtcl-024.shtml   (2625 words)

 CNN - High-dose chemotherapy may increase breast cancer survival - May 28, 1999
In most of these advanced cases, standard chemotherapy is ineffective in ridding the body of cancer, which usually returns after a period of time, said Dr. William Peters, lead author of the larger study and president and chief executive officer of Karmanos Cancer Institute in Detroit, Michigan.
Women who received the high-dose chemotherapy were far less likely to experience a relapse (a return of the cancer) and were far more likely to survive for five years than women who received the standard dose.
Discussion of high-dose chemotherapy also included the results of three other studies, which failed to show that the therapy is effective in improving the prognosis for breast cancer patients.
www.cnn.com /HEALTH/cancer/9905/28/chemo.breast.cancer/index.html   (739 words)

 Mesothelioma SOS - Mesothelioma Chemotherapy Drugs
A member of the family of chemotherapy drugs known as platinum containing compounds or alkylating agents...
Part of the group of drugs known as anti-metabolites, Gemcitabine is used in the treatment of malignant mesothelioma as well as lung, bladder, breast, and pancreatic cancer...
Navelbine® is a chemotherapy drug that has been traditionally used for a number of different kinds of cancer, including breast cancer and non-small-cell lung cancer...
www.mesotheliomasos.com /treatmentChemotherapy.php   (140 words)

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