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Topic: Chess terminology


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  Wikipedia: Chess
Chess (the "Game of Kings") is a board game for two players, which requires 32 chesspieces (or chessmen) and a board demarcated by 64 squares.
Chess is one of humanity's more popular games; it is has been described not only as a game, but also as both art and science.
Chess is sometimes seen as an abstract wargame; as a "mental martial art".
www.factbook.org /wikipedia/en/c/ch/chess_1.html   (1266 words)

  
 Chess terminology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Blindfold chess: A form of chess in which one or both players is not allowed to see the board.
With the advent of electronic chess clocks, it is often the case that the time remaining is incremented by 1 or 2 seconds per move.
Middlegame: The part of a chess game that follows the opening and comes before the endgame, beginning after the pieces are developed in the opening.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chess_terminology   (4173 words)

  
 Chess
Chess is a two-player strategy board game of pure skill and one of the deepest and most complex games commonly played.
Chess is played both recreationally and competitively in clubs[?], tournaments, on-line, and by mail (correspondence chess).
Chess is played on a square board divided into 64 squares upon which move 16 "white" and 16 "fl" pieces.
www.ebroadcast.com.au /lookup/encyclopedia/ch/Chess.html   (904 words)

  
 Chess - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chess is one of the world's most popular games; it has been described not only as a game but also as an art or science.
Chess is sometimes seen as an abstract wargame; as a "mental martial art", and teaching chess has been advocated as a way of enhancing mental prowess.
Chess openings are a sequence of moves, often memorized, which will help a player build up their position and prepare for the middlegame.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chess   (3651 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Chess terminology
In chess, a back rank mate is a checkmate delivered by a rook or queen (or some similar fairy chess piece in some chess variant) along a back rank (that is, the row on which the pieces (not pawns) stand at the start of the game) in which the mated...
In chess the fianchetto (Italian little flanking) is a pattern of development wherein a bishop is developed to the second rank of the adjacent knight file, the knight pawn having been moved one or two squares forward.
In chess, a smothered mate is a checkmate delivered by a knight in which the mated king is unable to move because he is surrounded (or smothered) by his own pieces.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Chess-terminology   (6602 words)

  
 Info and facts on 'Chess terminology'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
This page explains commonly used terms in chess (A game for two players who move their 16 pieces according to specific rules; the object is to checkmate the opponent's king) in alphabetical order.
Checkmate (A chess move constituting an inescapable and indefensible attack on the opponent's king) : A position in which a player's king is in check and the player has no legal move (i.e cannot move out of check).
Gambit (A chess move early in the game in which the player sacrifices minor pieces in order to obtain an advantageous position) : A sacrifice (usually of a pawn) in the opening (A vacant or unobstructed space that is man-made).
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/ch/chess_terminology.htm   (3607 words)

  
 IBM Research | Deep Blue | Overview
The form of chess notation by using a combination of letters and numbers - a to h and 1 to 8 - which denote the 64 squares on a board.
Chess does not have referees or umpires, it has Arbiters for the enforcement of the rules, and Directors for the organisation of tournaments (a distinction recognized in America).
One of the most artistic aspects of chess is the composition, which is an artificial position composed by a problemist.
www.research.ibm.com /deepblue/reference/html/i.2.html   (2084 words)

  
 Chess terminology
Back rank: a player's first rank (the one on which the pieces (not pawns) stand in the initial array); white's back rank is fl's eighth rank and vice versa.
Blitz chess: A form of chess with a very small time limit, usually 3 or 5 minutes per player.
Skewer: An attack to a valuable piece to compel it to move to avoid capture and expose a less valuable piece which can then be taken by the attacker.
www.guajara.com /wiki/en/wikipedia/c/ch/chess_terminology.html   (1243 words)

  
 Mark Lowery's Exciting World of Chess - The Pieces & the pawns
In these tutorials, to be encountered in chess books and publications, and in playing chess, there are a lot of terms and phrases used in the chess world.
This is not to disparage terminology used in chess.
There is a Chess Notation tutorial because the subject is fairly expansive, with different types or systems of notation used historically and in use in the modern chess world.
www.markalowery.net /Chess/Chess_intro2.html   (2896 words)

  
 Chess Guide > Terminology
For a list of terms used in chess is general, see chess terminology.
Eceonomy of material or force (not using more pieces than necessary), economy of space (using the chessboard to its fullest, not cramming all the pieces into one corner) and economy of motivation (keeping all lines in the solution relevent to the theme) are all regarded as important.
In chess problems, however, the letter S (standing for Springer, the German name for the knight) is often used instead, with N instead being reserved for the popular fairy piece, the nightrider.
www.chess.freegames.eu.com /problems-puzzles/terminology.html   (2097 words)

  
 Chess Guide > Chess Opening
There are a number of openings, some defensive, and some offensive; some are tactical, and some are strategic; some openings focus on the center, and others focus on the flanks; some approaches are direct, and others are indirect.
In more general terms, many writers (for example, Reuben Fine in The Ideas Behind the Chess Openings) have commented that it is White's task in the opening to preserve and increase the advantage conferred by moving first, while Black's task is to equalise the game.
This section briefly lists a few of the more well-known chess openings, emphasizing common approaches to starting chess (currently or historically) and their purpose.
www.chess.freegames.eu.com /strategy-tactics/opening   (2387 words)

  
 John Greschak - Connections between Music and Chess
Throughout the song, the moves of a chess game are recited, beginning with "Pawn to king four", "Pawn to queen's bishop four" and "Knight to queen's bishop three".
For example, in chess, a person who creates puzzles and problems to be solved is called a composer, and two different sequences of moves that lead from one given position to another are said to be related by transposition.
Some other terms that are used in chess and music are: play, piece, notation, score, tempo, theme, variation, development, minimal composition, round, major and minor, position, second, retrograde, mirror, attack, anticipation, phase and echo.
www.greschak.com /muschess.htm   (3905 words)

  
 US Chess Federation
One of your reasons for starting a chess club is to have a place for students to play chess or to create an alternative to the existing clubs at school.
Remember the difference between English and chess terminology, and avoid words and concepts that require explanation to those who are not familiar with chess and tournaments.
Chess for Youth is a program that donates free chess sets to schools around the county.
www.uschess.org /scholastic/sc-guide2.html   (16886 words)

  
 For the Love of Chess
One of the earliest problems involving chess pieces was posed by Guarini di Forli, who in 1512 asked how two white and two fl knights could be interchanged if they were placed at the corners of a 3 x 3 board (using normal knight's moves).
Raymond Smullyan composed chess problems of retrograde analysis, in which the object was to deduce the past history of a game.
To read about Julia, a young Madrid art restorer who is drawn into the world of chess and murder when she discovers the inscription "Who killed the knight?" on a Flemish painting, read the book The Flander's Panel by Arturo Perez-Reverte.
www.richmond.edu /~pstohrhu/chess   (813 words)

  
 Links to Online Chess Resources - Beginner and Instructional Chess Sites
A comprehensive introduction to chess, covering the moves of the pieces, the openings, the middlegame, and the ending.
For chess coaches or teachers who want to make the case that chess is good for kids.
Braunlich offers a very interesting meditative essay about the way scholastic chess has altered the landscape of American chess generally and kept the U.S. out of the top tier of world competition by channeling funds more broadly to all kids rather than narrowly to the most promising.
www.rci.rutgers.edu /~goeller/urusov/links/beginners.html   (998 words)

  
 Chess Notes by Edward Winter
He regarded chess from its artistic side – as indeed was to be expected of him.
He never played chess in public or in any club, reserving it as a relaxation in his own home; but he took great interest in published games of a brilliant description, and was specially fond of Bird’s bright games of years ago, and on more than one occasion wrote to that master.’
Pages 130-131 of the July-August 1915 American Chess Bulletin reverted to the painting by quoting a statement by Frank de Heyman, the son of the owner, that ‘the portrait was painted in 1603, in Holland, while the plague was raging in London, and a large number of theatrical people had gone to other countries’.
www.chesshistory.com /winter   (7884 words)

  
 chess   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The core of the chess playing algorithm is a local min-max search of the gamespace.
Many combinations of the first few initial moves on the board are known to establish a good position on the board.
the years, chess masters have developed what is essentially an encyclopedia of these openings.
www.cs.cornell.edu /boom/2004sp/ProjectArch/Chess/algorithms.html   (2363 words)

  
 Some resources for chess (and/or mathematics)
This is a wonderful one-volume encyclopedia; particularly good for us are the extensive treatment and well-chosen illustrative examples for chess terminology from Alfil to Zugzwang.
A pioneering discussion of the esthetics of chess, particularly of chess problems/studies.
Krabbé's chess site; for instance, the castling records and many others such as a 269-move game are on
www.math.harvard.edu /~elkies/FS23j.03/sources.html   (632 words)

  
 Mark Lowery's Exciting World of Chess - Chess tutorials, lessons, problems, tactics, strategyA
The techniques I utilize present my vision...mixing, matching, and meshing the rules of chess, guidelines, principles, and higher level concepts, to foster better conceptualization of the game of chess.
The biggest draw in the next World Championship match tournament cycle seems certain to be the chess world's newest qualifier-Magnus Carlsen, the Norwegian teenager who defeated Russian GM Vladimir Malakhov, assuring him a place in the top ten and a wonderful notch in his climb up in the chess world.
In his short time in the 1800's, he helped to revolutionalize the conceptual theory of chess and aided in bringing about modernizing chess theory.
www.markalowery.net /Chess/index1.html   (1869 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Microsoft Chess with Coupons (Microsoft Chess): Books: Yasser Seirawan   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
There are only about thirty or forty GREAT chess instructional books in print, this is a great place to start quality chess study.
The second, Winning Chess Tactics, is where it starts getting good, I am not even through it all the way, and I already noticed a real improvement on my games.
These are the books for the chess hacker who has played a lot of casual chess but needs a deeper understanding of the game.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0735609217?v=glance   (1018 words)

  
 Chess Links - Instructional and Scholastic Chess Links
A text-based site that explains the game to beginners and offers a chance to philosophize about what chess is all about.
A wonderful blog by a committed "chess dad" designed to promote chess among kids and their parents in Illinois and focused on the Chicago-area scholastic chess scene.
The first in what promises to be a new series at ChessCafe devoted to Scholastic Chess.
www.kenilworthchessclub.org /links/instructional.html   (694 words)

  
 Chess Terminology: English-Spanish
The foregoing glossary has been compiled to aid instruction in the playing of chess by those whose mother tongue is English, and who are instructing those who are most fluent in Spanish.
I welcome suggestions to improve the glossary's ability to achieve those goals.
chess player[n.] el jugador de ajedrez, el ajedrecista
chess.expoparkla.com /spanish.htm   (676 words)

  
 terminology - OneLook Dictionary Search
Terminology : Online Plain Text English Dictionary [home, info]
Phrases that include terminology: advertising terminology on the internet, chess problem terminology, chess terminology, cricket terminology, environmental terminology, more...
Words similar to terminology: language, nomenclature, terminological, terminologically, terminologies, more...
www.onelook.com /?w=terminology   (239 words)

  
 Link to: A Guide to Variant Chess
Kriegspiel is September's Recognized Chess Variant of the month.
Designed and compiled by George Jelliss, this page is an alphabetized guide to fairy chess terminology.
Jelliss's description of Modern Courier Chess is seriously at variance with all other sources I have seen.
www.chessvariants.com /link2.dir/jelliss.html   (115 words)

  
 Chess Piece Knight Black Results   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
players with 1 chess piece each, which would normally be a fl andamp; white knight.
first turn, each chess piece is moved just like a knight in a...
The knight (Old English: cniht = 'boy', 'lad' or 'servant') (or, colloquially, horse) is a piece in the game of chess, representing a knight (armoured soldier) and often depicted as a horse's head.
www.chess-set-net.com /directory/chess-piece-knight-black.html   (730 words)

  
 Pawns Unite   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A community of deviant chess inventors and players
Zillions of Games links to a whole list of functional reworkings of chess.
Advanced AI techniques borrowed from the field of computer chess allow Zillions to look far ahead, calculating a best move.'
www.journalscape.com /pawns_unite/2003-09-28-14:41   (185 words)

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