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Topic: Chicago school (architecture)


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  Chicago school (architecture) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chicago architecture is famous throughout the world and one style is referred to as the Chicago School.
In the history of architecture, the Chicago School was a school of architects active in Chicago at the turn of the 20th century.
Some of the distinguishing features of the Chicago School are the use of steel-frame buildings with masonry cladding (usually terra cotta), allowing large window areas and the use of limited amounts of exterior ornament.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chicago_school_(architecture)   (354 words)

  
 Architecture: The First Chicago School
The early structures of the First Chicago School, such as the Montauk and the Auditorium, had traditional load-bearing walls of brick and stone, but it was the metal skeleton frame that allowed the architects of the First Chicago School to perfect their signature edifice, the skyscraper.
The eclipse of the First Chicago School by an architecture based upon the classical as interpreted by the École des Beaux-Arts was signaled by the World's Columbian Exposition held in Chicago in 1893.
Louis Sullivan and other architects of the school had expected that the fair, under the architectural direction of Daniel H. Burnham and John Wellborn Root, would be a showcase for Chicago's architecture.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/62.html   (1494 words)

  
 Architecture: The Second Chicago School
Following the fallow years of World War II, residential architecture in Chicago began to reappear as early as the late 1940s, mostly in the form of apartment towers, while the resumption of commercial building waited until roughly a decade later.
One of the major pioneers in the development of modernism in Europe, Mies emigrated from his native Germany in 1937 to assume the headship of the School of Architecture at Chicago's Armour Institute of Technology (later Illinois Institute of Technology [IIT]).
While the Second Chicago School for the most part came to an end in the mid-1970s, several later structures have exhibited the structural straightforwardness associated with it.
www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org /pages/64.html   (1335 words)

  
 [No title]   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chicago presented a clean slate for new ideas, and the names of the architects Jenney, Sullivan, Root, Adler, and Burnham are etched in American architectural history for setting new and unprecedented parameters.
The architecture of the Chicago School was first considered a style among many styles.
But the desire of the protagonists of the Chicago School was also the expression of the social purpose of the building in its structure.
angam.ang.univie.ac.at /LiveMiss/Chicago-Arch/intro/chicago_school.html   (533 words)

  
 Taking a Pohl on the 'Chicago school' of sci-fi
The Chicago school of economics, with its dean's list of Nobel laureates, is known throughout the world.
She was a one-person school herself: erudite and intelligent, her SF themes centered on the alien among us and the individual's role in a vast, indifferent universe.
Ultimately, Pohl defines a Chicago school of science fiction as he himself is defined in this collection: an ambitous generalist, trying his hand at every motif within SF, sometimes succeeding, but in the end, smaller than the sum of its parts.
www.suntimes.com /output/books/cst-books-pohl11.html   (956 words)

  
 Chicago school - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Chicago school comprises the scholarly approaches in economics and sociology found and developed at the University of Chicago.
The term is also used to describe a stylistic period in the history of architecture, as well as a movement within literary criticism
This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chicago_school   (123 words)

  
 GoChicago.com - The Official Chicago & Illinois Tourist Office Website
After the fire, Chicago was a blank slate and the city reinvented itself as the great modern metropolis it is today.
Sears Tower - Constructed in 1974 by the Chicago firm of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill, the Sears Tower is a triumph of ingenuity and innovation.
Chicago Architecture Foundation/ArchiCenter - The CAF is the foremost expert on Chicago architecture, offering more than 70 different tours—on foot, by bus, or on a boat cruise down the Chicago River.
www.gochicago.com /architecture   (690 words)

  
 MSN Encarta - Search Results - Chicago School (architecture)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chicago School (architecture), group of American architects based in Chicago, Illinois, in the late 19th-century, who produced the skyscraper, the...
The Chicago architect Louis Sullivan, in his Wainwright Building (1890-1891) in St. Louis, Missouri, his Guaranty Building (1895) in Buffalo, New...
After a great fire in October 1871, which destroyed many of Chicago’s wood buildings, the city became a leader in the development of modern American...
encarta.msn.com /Chicago_School_(architecture).html   (202 words)

  
 bdnstyle.chicago   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chicago architects of the 1880s and 90s transformed the heavy detailing of Richardsonian Romanesque architecture into the makings of the modern skyscraper and called it the Chicago School style.
The architects of Chicago were encouraged to build higher structures because of escalating land prices and the introduction of elevators.
Chicago School architecture is expressed through the use of flat roofs, straight fronts and a regular window arrangement.
www.city.brandon.mb.ca /heritage/titlepage/schicago.html   (239 words)

  
 Definitions of the early modern architectural style   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The "Chicago School of Architecture" was a proto-modernist style which arose during the building boom after the Chicago Fire.
The style is a major step in the direction of simplified modern architecture, and although it incorporates many features of historical styles the ornament is subordinated to the overall structural scheme.
The two most prolific and important firms in the early development of the Chicago School were Holabird & Roche and Burnham and Root.
www.emporis.com /en/ab/ds/sg/ra/bu/ca/ap/sy/tr/cs   (165 words)

  
 ipedia.com: Chicago school (architecture) Article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chicago style architecture is famous throughout the world and is often referred to as the "Chicago School".
In the history of architecture, the Chicago School was a group of architects active in Chica...
Architects whose names are associated with the Chicago School include Daniel Burnham, Dankmar Adler, John Root, William Holabird Martin Roche, William Le Baron Jenney, Louis Sullivan.
www.ipedia.com /chicago_school__architecture_.html   (333 words)

  
 Chicago in 1900 Architecture
Chicago’s Loop of 1900 was a wondrous place for fans of architecture.
Jens Jensen, Chicago’s most famous landscape architect, was also practicing his magic in the parks at the time.
Large public buildings such as churches, schools, firehouses, and police stations were common in the outlying areas, and many of those buildings used in 1900 are still in use today.
www.chipublib.org /004chicago/1900/arch.html   (757 words)

  
 Repeat - Planning and its Disconnects: Make No Little Plan
Long before, the legacy of the innovative architecture of the first Chicago School had been discarded as child's play on the road to the perfect city of the 1893 Columbian Exposition.
One essential architectural masterpiece, Burnham's 1895 Reliance Building, has been rescued from ruin and fully restored as a hotel and rechristened with the architect's name; still another, Louis Sullivan's Carson Pirie Scott store is being retrofitted as a mixed use retail/office complex, and it's long-missing parapet reconstructed.
The Chicago Transit Authority is raising funds for a $213,000,000 transit "superstation" under Block 37 to serve "express" trains to the city's airports that do not now exist and for which no plans have been unveiled to make possible.
www.lynnbecker.com /repeat/planning/planintro.htm   (1232 words)

  
 The Chicago School   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The style that became known as the Chicago School in the 1940's came about with the rebuilding of the city after the fire of 1871.
Architects like Louis Sullivan, known as the father of the Chicago School, wanted to develop an urban landscape that appeared invincible, impervious to any further disasters.
Buildings like these can still be seen in Chicago, and are usually identified by the thickness of the outer wall, which often exceeds 6 ft at the base.
www.cofc.edu /~eckg/csa.html   (304 words)

  
 Roosevelt University - School of Real Estate
Chicago is known for its world-class architecture, which includes historic landmarks as well as contemporary developments.
The city needs a School of Real Estate to prepare the next generation of architects, city planners and developers to continue a tradition that echoes Daniel Burnham's goal, in which Chicago "makes no little plans".
The Chicago School of Real Estate’s mission is to raise the quality bar within the real estate profession.
www.roosevelt.edu /realestate   (252 words)

  
 Ronald E. Schmitt / Sullivanesque
Highly regarded in architecture for inspiring the Chicago School and the Prairie School, Sullivan was an unwilling instigator of the method of facade composition--later influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright, William Gray Purcell, and George G. Elmslie--that came to be known as Sullivanesque.
Masterfully framed by the author's photographs of Sullivanesque buildings in Chicago and throughout the Midwest, Ronald E. Schmitt's in-depth exploration of the Sullivanesque tells the story of its evolution from Sullivan's intellectual and aesthetic foundations to its place as a form of commercial vernacular.
Ronald E. Schmitt is an associate professor in the School of Architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
www.press.uillinois.edu /f02/schmitt.html   (516 words)

  
 Chicago School --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - The online encyclopedia you can trust!   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Their work earned Chicago a reputation as the “birthplace of modern architecture.” Among the school's members were Louis Sullivan, Daniel Burnham, and John Wellborn Root (1850–91).
The original University Elementary School was founded in Chicago in 1896 by American educator John Dewey as a research and demonstration centre for the Department of Pedagogy at the University of Chicago.
The oldest and largest art museum and art school in the midwestern United States, the Art Institute of Chicago was established in 1879 as the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts.
www.britannica.com /ebc/article-9360549?tocId=9360549   (852 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Masterpieces of Chicago Architecture: Books: John Zukowsky,Martha Thorne,Stanley Tigerman   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chicago is universally recognized as the cradle of modern architecture.
Chicago is a living architecture museum always in flux; new buildings are added to the skyline, old ones re-imagined and re-used, whole neighborhoods rising from decades of urban decay.
Chicago is the leading force in American building trends and to understand where Chicago is going is to understand something about the future.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0847825965?v=glance   (923 words)

  
 The Chicago School Of Architecture   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
The Chicago School of Architecture : A History of Commercial and Public Building in the Chicago Area, 1875-1925, Carl W. Condit...
SoA@UIC/ The School of Architecture at University of Illinois Chicago
In the history of architecture, the Chicago School was a group of...
www.e-school-education.org /107/the-chicago-school-of-architecture.html   (178 words)

  
 BARNARD NEWS
The Chicago Public School design was first recognized as the winner of the Chicago Public School Design Competition for an elementary school on Chicago's Southside.
The Chicago Public School design is an elementary school for 900 students, 25 percent of whom are disabled.
She has served as a panelist for the architecture awards at the New York Foundation for the Arts and on the Young Architects Committee of the Architectural League of New York.
www.barnard.edu /newnews/news021102.html   (559 words)

  
 Amazon.com: Chicago Architecture and Design: Books: Jay Pridmore,George A. Larson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Larson is a Chicago architect, Pridmore a contributor to the Chicago Tribune.
This book is not to be confused with the almost identically titled Chicago Architecture and Design, 1923-1993 (LJ 10/1/93), the sequel to Chicago Architecture 1872-1922: Birth of a Metropolis (Prestel, 1987).
These two volumes catalog exhibitions at the Chicago Art Institute celebrating the centennial of the Chicago School of Architecture and the great World's Columbian Exhibition held in The Windy City in 1893 along with more recent architecture extending up to the present.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0810931923?v=glance   (1060 words)

  
 Condit, Carl W.: The Chicago School of Architecture
This thoroughly illustrated classic study traces the history of the world-famous Chicago school of architecture from its beginnings with the functional innovations of William Le Baron Jenney and others to their imaginative development by Louis Sullivan and Frank Lloyd Wright.
The Chicago School of Architecture places the Chicago school in its historical setting, showing it at once to be the culmination of an iron and concrete construction and the chief pioneer in the evolution of modern architecture.
It also assesses the achievements of the school in terms of the economic, social, and cultural growth of Chicago at the turn of the century, and it shows the ultimate meaning of the Chicago work for contemporary architecture.
www.press.uchicago.edu /cgi-bin/hfs.cgi/00/409.ctl   (210 words)

  
 Chicago Architecture: Ten Visions
Xavier Vendrell studied architecture in his native city of Barcelona, where he later combined practicing architecture along with teaching at the university level at the Escuela Tecnica Superior de Arquitectura de Barcelona.
Vendrell first came to the United States in 1994 to serve as a visiting professor at Washington University School of Architecture in St. Louis, Missouri.
At the invitation of the University of Illinois, he moved to Chicago in 1997 and is currently professor of architecture at the University of Illinois at Chicago’s School of Architecture.
www.artic.edu /aic/exhibitions/10visions/vendrell.html   (447 words)

  
 Chicago Tribune Tower, Chicago, Illinois (Hood and Howells) - Architecture of the USA   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-09-19)
Chicago Tribune Tower, Chicago, Illinois (Hood and Howells) - Architecture of the USA
The award was very much criticized at the time as the gothic design went against the modernizing trend set by the Chicago School and against the ideas of the more functional European architecture, later known as the International Style, which reduced decorations to the bare minimum.
With its decorative buttresses at the top, the Chicago Tribune Tower remains a remarkable architectural monument.
usa.archiseek.com /illinois/chicago/tribune_tower.html   (242 words)

  
 Chicago : Traveler's Guide to Art & Architecture | Frommers.com
Although the Great Chicago Fire leveled almost 3 square miles of the downtown area in 1871, destroying lives and property, it did clear the stage for Chicago's emergence as the country's second city.
Building innovations continued in Chicago through the turn of the 20th century and well into the next 100 years, as architects sought to follow in the footsteps of these pioneers.
The Chicago zoning ordinance of 1923, which required setbacks in buildings above a certain height to ensure that light and air could reach the street, gave Art Deco skyscrapers their distinctive profile.
www.frommers.com /destinations/chicago/0006013469.html   (2374 words)

  
 Chicago HQ : Chicago Architecture
Materials for the study the architectural history of the city from the Universityof Illinois: historical maps and views, recent images including aerial...
Chicago, IL gallery that specializes in original drawings by architects andindustrial designers, historic and modern.
Chicago HQ excludes all liability of any kind (including negligence) in respect of any third party information or other material made available on, or which can be accessed using, this Website.
chicago-hq.com /chicagoarchitecture/index.php   (944 words)

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