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Topic: Chinese communism

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  People's Republic of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chinese economic development is among the fastest in the world, and has been growing at an average annual GDP rate of 9.4% for the past 25 years.
Chinese banknotes are multilingual and contain written scripts for Standard Mandarin (Chinese characters and Hanyu Pinyin), Zhuang (Roman alphabet), Tibetan (Tibetan alphabet), Uyghur (Arabic alphabet) and Mongolian (traditional Mongolian alphabet).
The government is particularly concerned with the large imbalance in the sex ratio at birth, apparently the result of a combination of traditional preference for boys, family planning pressure, and the wide availability of ultrasound, which led to its ban for the purpose of sex-selective abortion.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/People's_Republic_of_China   (6424 words)

 HighBeam Encyclopedia - communism
COMMUNISM [communism] fundamentally, a system of social organization in which property (especially real property and the means of production) is held in common.
Communism, in this sense, is to be distinguished from socialism, which (as the term is commonly understood) seeks similar ends but by evolution rather than revolution.
Communism as a theory of government and social reform may be said, in a limited sense, to have begun with the ancient Greek idea of the Golden Age, a concept of a world of communal bliss and harmony without the institution of private property.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/c1/communism.asp   (2519 words)

 Communist Party of China - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The party was founded in 1921, and fought the Kuomintang during the Chinese Civil War, which ended with the party's victory in the Chinese Revolution.
Some of the opponents of the Party within the Chinese democracy movement have tended not to argue that a strong Chinese state is inherently bad, but rather that the Communist leadership is corrupt.
Chinese Neo-Leftism, meanwhile, is a current within China that seeks to "revert China to the socialist road" -- i.e., to return China to the days after Mao Zedong but before the reforms of Deng Xiaoping and his successors.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Communist_Party_of_China   (2119 words)

 HighBeam Encyclopedia - Communist party   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
The Chinese Communist party became formally allied with the Kuomintang in 1923; by 1925 Communists held many top posts in the Kuomintang organization.
In Sept., 1937, after a two-year effort to promote Chinese unity in the face of further Japanese aggression (see Sino-Japanese War, Second), the Communists obtained a limited truce from Chiang Kai-shek and accepted his nominal authority, although they retained actual military and political control over large areas in the northwest.
Chinese non-communist party leaders briefed on nation's railway development.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/CommunisC1hi.asp   (817 words)

 [No title]
Chinese Communists benefited greatly from the fact that Sun Yat-sen obtained no support from the Western powers who were, after all, attached to their special privileges in China.
Still, though the Stalin-Comintern Chinese policy had exposed the CCP to brutal repression, at the time it seemed to achieve the primary Soviet goal of aiding a strong national movement to victory, thus loosening the hold of the imperialist powers on China and thereby benefiting the Soviet Union.
It was during this period that Mao redirected Chinese communism from the workers to the peasants who, after all, made up the vast majority of the population.
www.ku.edu /~eceurope/communistnationssince1917/ch9.html   (8166 words)

 Commentary Magazine - The Chances of a Mao-Stalin Rift   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
...When the Chinese Communist troops reached the eastern border of Tibet, the Indian Communist party was under a left extremist leadership set up by Zhdanov, who had in the meantime been overthrown and died...
...In Chinese Communism and the Rise of Mao (Harvard University Press), he advances the thesis that Chinese Communism differs fundamentally from Russian Communism in that it is based on the peasantry rather than the proletariat...
...Chinese observers are agreed that the campaign was aimed directly at the Li Li-san and Wan Min groups-i.e., against Moscow's representatives in China-and their methods...
www.commentarymagazine.com /Summaries/V14I2P25-1.htm   (4435 words)

 The Church In China   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-24)
Communism is not a friend of the church, nor is it a friend of mankind.
The 1958 Battle of Kinmen was intended by the Chinese Communists as prelude to the crossing of the Taiwan Straits.
Others, who were at first deceived by the lies of communism or who were intimidated into cooperation with communism's use of the church, soon recognized their mistake and refused to have any further part in making the church a Communist tool.
www.fundamentalbiblechurch.org /Foundation/fbchina1.htm   (5397 words)

 The survival of communism
The origins of Communism in the former Indochina are very similar to that of China, this as the former throughout history often has acted as a vassal state for the latter.
One emphasises the unfolding of Communism in the 1920's and the Soviet involvement in China.
One of the main characteristics and fundamental beliefs of communism is the ideal of a classless society, but Deng Xiaoping who initiated the process of economic reform seems rather to have adopted a policy to minimise the contrast between rich and poor.
www.janhoo.com /skole/university/communism.html   (3303 words)

 Comparison of Chinese and North Korean Communism
These significantly and permanently changed Chinese communism to a point where the Party's main newspaper the People's Daily declared in 1981 that Marxism-Leninism did not provide a problem to every economic, social and political problem in the world.
Since Deng's reforms Chinese communism has come to look more and more like communism in name only and created a deep divide with the strand of communism the North Koreans continue to practice.
Chinese and North Korean communism has a shared past and birth and indeed developed along similar lines and with comparable levels of success until the mid 1970s.
www.historyorb.com /asia/chinese_korean_communism2.shtml   (612 words)

 End to Chinese Communism - America's Debate
After all, this was a Chinese state for centuries, until the remnants of the nationalists under Chiang Kai-shek fled there in 1949, and unilaterally 'declred' themselves a free country.
I agree with Verm that Chinese culture is not expansionistic, which is why the Chinese built a wall around themselves at the height of their civilization; and the mission of the largest Chinese fleet ever assembled was to go on a giant public relations campaign for the emperor.
Chinese envoys would go to the distant lands and proclaim that they were now under their 'protection' and were to pay tribute to the empire.
www.americasdebate.com /forums/index.php?showtopic=5726   (3304 words)

 Book Review - Hungry Ghosts: Mao's Secret Famine
The portrait he drew of the Chinese communist leader was chilling and revolting.
While one brutal disaster after another was imposed on the Chinese people in the name of socialism, Mao remained secluded most of the time in his private residence in Beijing.
He would plot their dismissal or imprisonment, and he had moments of joy and happiness only when he was once again confident that he was the unquestioned ruler of all of China.
www.fff.org /freedom/0697f.asp   (1221 words)

 Personal Home Page
The relative success of Communism in China has often been partially attributed to the fact that its ideologies are similar to those of Confucianism, and therefore easier for the Chinese people to accept than a set of principles that might run contrary to those of Confucianism.
Under Confucianism Chinese society was, in the words of Chinese anthropologist Fei Xiaotong, “like the rings of successive ripples that are propelled outward on the surface when you throw a stone into water.
Chinese political leaders and intellectuals began to realize that the old ways of Confucianism were no longer helping with the modern problems of China and its people.
www.csuchico.edu /~cheinz/syllabi/fall99/graves   (2316 words)

 The Epoch Times | The Great Wall of Chinese Communism Collapses
Over the past months the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has been for the first time facing mass public resignations of its members in protest of the regime’s continuing abuse of power.
As of 14 March over a quarter of a million Chinese citizens had publicly renounced their membership and this number is increasing with over 15,000 withdrawals per day.
Such withdrawals from the CCP are directly in response to the publication of the Nine Commentaries on the Chinese Communist Party, which reveals the CCP’s continuing use of violence, corruption and lies to maintain control.
english.epochtimes.com /news/5-3-15/27076.html   (501 words)

The corruption of the regime of Chiang Kai‑Shek caused many of the masses in China to turn to Communism for relief, since Chinese Communism is mixed with Nationalism and discourages the old Chinese curse of official corruption; but Communism in China has the same de­humanising effect on the people as it has elsewhere.
It was the Sassoon family which turned the normal Chinese dislike and distrust of foreigners into hatred.
However, in 1927 a raid was made by Chang Tso‑Ling on the Soviet Embassy at Pekin, which revealed the scope and extent of the Soviet plot to bolshevise China, and the Borodins were arrested and imprisoned.
www.jrbooksonline.com /HTML-docs/chinese_communism.htm   (972 words)

 Museum of Communism FAQ
The study of Communism and webpage design have been two of his long-time avocations; unless otherwise stated, he is the sole author of all material in the Museum of Communism.
The purpose of the Museum of Communism is to for Communism what the Holocaust Memorial Museum does for Nazism: namely, to educate the public about mass murder, widespread slave labor, and other human rights violations committed by Communist regimes.
Communism is, he explains, "the positive transcendence of private property, or human self-estrangement, and therefore the real appropriation of the human essence by and for man...
www.gmu.edu /departments/economics/bcaplan/museum/comfaq.htm   (13899 words)

 Modern China: Mao Tse-tung
He was one of the twelve Chinese who attended the first meeting of the Chinese Communist Party in 1921 under the guidance of the Comintern, or Communist Internatiional, which in turn was directed by Soviet Russia.
He saw the Chinese as dominated by three separate institutions: the state, the clan and family, and the system of gods and spirits (theocratic authority).
Mao believed that the peasant were, by the very nature of their lives, the most free of clan, theocratic, and patriarchal authority; this was one further argument why the Chinese revolution needed to be a peasant revolution.
www.wsu.edu /~dee/MODCHINA/MAO.HTM   (1030 words)

 Freepers-Answer this question about China, if you can. [Free Republic]
Whether this is Chinese or merely Asian, they have the greatest preoccupation with products to increase their libidos.
However, I'm quite sure that many of the Chinese people have no problem with the new avenues for economic prosperity that have arisen for them since the beginning of Most Favored Nation trade status as well as the Overseas Private Investment Corporation's efforts to send American manufacturing their way since the early 70's.
This incredible number is over a million greater than all the aforementioned 8,963,000 war dead in all the hundreds of wars and rebellions in China from the beginning of the century to the Nationalist final defeat.
www.freerepublic.com /forum/a3b2aeb2a46f0.htm   (6186 words)

 Anarchism in the Chinese Revolution
He argues that the history of anarchism is indispensable to understanding crucial themes in Chinese radicalism.
The changing circumstances of the Chinese revolution provide the immediate context, but throughout his writing the author views Chinese anarchism in relation to anarchism worldwide.
He is the author of Revolution and History: Origins of Marxist Historiography in China, 1919-1937 (California, 1978) and The Origins of Chinese Communism (1989).
www.ucpress.edu /books/pages/5678.html   (203 words)

 Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (Simplified Chinese: 中国人民政治协商会议; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì [Listen
The organization consists of both Party members and non-Party members, who discuss Chinese communism's principles, and occasionally, create new government organizations.
The members are chosen by the Communist Party of China, but are from a somewhat broader range of people than normally chosen for government office.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chinese_People's_Political_Consultative_Conference   (271 words)

 The Epoch Times | Blunt Truths about Chinese Communism Discussed in Forum
They had three judges, a lawyer for each party and cross examination, but the verdict was already given in a back room by a CCP committee who decided on up to 25 cases per day without entering the courtroom.
The campaign includes three phases: “study and mobilization; analysis and discussion; and finally readjustment and improvement.” All CCP members are required to put a mandatory 40 hours into the three phases.
Ironically, the Chinese constitution, which the CCP in theory accepts, guarantees the people of China freedom of speech, religion and assembly as well as the right to a fair trial.
www.theepochtimes.com /news/5-4-3/27525.html   (635 words)

 AM Archive - Chinese communism turns 80
The Chinese Communist Party has turned 80, and the country's leaders are promising that it will be around and in charge for another 80.
TOM O'BYRNE: It's dawn on the Chinese Communist Party's special day, and thousands of people have flocked to Tiananmen Square in the heart of the capital for the raising of the Chinese flag.
Most of the people here are not party members, but like the entire population, their lives and fortunes have been inextricably linked to that of the party's for the last 50 years.
www.abc.net.au /am/stories/s321865.htm   (670 words)

 Library of Congress / Federal Research Division / Country Studies / Area Handbook Series/ China / Bibliography
The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement of 1919.
"Chinese Politics, 1973-76: From the 10th Party Congress to the Premiership of Hua Kuo-feng: The Significance of the Colour of the Cat," China Quarterly [London], No. 67, September 1976, 457-88.
The Politics of the Chinese Red Army: A Translation of the Bulletin of Activities of the PLA.
lcweb2.loc.gov /frd/cs/china/cn_bibl.html   (12526 words)

 Studies of Modern Chinese History: 50 Classics
Hu Shih and the Chinese Renaissance: Liberalism in the Chinese Revolution, 1917-1937.
Provincial Militarism and the Chinese Republic: The Yunnan Army, 1905-25.
The Dialectic of the Chinese Revolution: From Utopianism to Hedonism.
orpheus.ucsd.edu /chinesehistory/pgp/index.html   (1298 words)

 Chinese Communism: Who's Who
Index to the biographies and writings of members of the Chinese Communist Party and their supporters in other countries and other material about the Chinese Revolution.
The Chinese Communist Party was founded in July 1921 by Chen Duxiu and Li Dazao.
The new CCP consolidated its leadership and cadre during the Long March, 1934-37, and after the defeat of the Japanese was able to drive out the Guomintang and in 1949, declared the People's Republic of China.
www.marxists.org /subject/china/whos-who.htm   (378 words)

 Literature Network Forums - Freeman, this book is based on Chinese communism with exaggeration.
By joining our free community you will have access to post topics, communicate privately with other posters with private messages (PMs), respond to polls, upload your own avatar/profile information and access many other special features.
Freeman, this book is based on Chinese communism with exaggeration.

With my chinese background, I somewhat understand the whole thing.
Orwell is an world journalist, and he travelled to many places.
Interesting enough, the revolution is this book happened to be the exact time of Chinese's revolution.
www.online-literature.com /forums/showthread.php?t=9224   (370 words)

 References for History of China
Chinese history is a vast field of intellectual inquiry.
An excellent and concise survey of the entire course of Chinese history up to the 1970s is China: Tradition and Transformation by John K. Fairbank and Edwin O. Reischauer.
"Chinese Politics 1973-76: From the l0th Party Congress to the Premiership of Hua Kuo-feng: The Significance of the Colour of the Cat," China Quarterly [London], No. 67, September 1976, 457-88.
www-chaos.umd.edu /history/references.html   (1209 words)

 Nature of Chinese Communism under Mao
In reading through Jung Chang's book and her coverage of the Mao years, it must have occurred to you the question of how to understand the different policies and problems of Communist China.
Also, instead of a classless, "flat" society, Chinese society was stratified in many ways, making total, uniform control difficult to achieve.
Industrialization based on a small number of large state factories led directly by ministries of the central government in a state regulated economy where prices were kept arbitrarily low to encourage development, and economy was centrally planned.
www.indiana.edu /~hisdcl/h207_2002/nathan2.htm   (445 words)

 The Epoch Times | 3rd Ave. Parade Calls for End of Chinese Communism
For the approximately 1,500 marchers and millions more in China, the booming sound signaled the beginning of a new political and cultural era in China and the end of Chinese communism.
Several high-ranking Chinese officials in Australia and Canada have also defected since the Nine Commentaries was published last year.
Wang said that many people, Chinese and non-Chinese alike, have come together to encourage more people to quit the CCP and let the world know that the Chinese government is oppressing its people with state-run terrorism.
www.theepochtimes.com /news/5-9-21/32364.html   (642 words)

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