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Topic: Chinese dialects


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  Chinese, Pinyin, Tone, Pronunciation, Spelling, Syllables, Initials, Dialects
As the most widely spoken language on earth, Chinese is, strictly speaking, a series of dialects spoken by the dominant ethnic group within China, the Han.
Indeed, the term most commonly used by the Chinese themselves to refer to the language is Hanyu, meaning "Han-language", though zhongyu, zhongwen, and zhongguohua are frequently used as well.
There are many different dialects of Chinese.Although the written language is the same throughout China,the pronunciation of the characters varies tremen-dously in different regions.Speaking their native dialect,people from the north of China can communicate.verbally with southerners about as easily as Frenchmen can speak with Italians.
www.tourroundchina.com /chinese.htm   (1246 words)

  
 Translating Simplified Chinese
Chinese translation is not a simple as it may seem.
But, in Chinese communities in North America, it is often translated as a character which resembles its English pronunciation.
Written Chinese is based on the Beijing dialect, but has been heavily influenced by other varieties of Northern Mandarin.
www.appliedlanguage.com /languages/simplified_chinese_translation.shtml   (0 words)

  
  Chinese language information - Search.com
Its pronunciation is based on the Beijing dialect, which is the dialect of Mandarin as spoken in Beijing; its vocabulary is drawn from the Mandarin group and (to a lesser extent) other groups; and its grammar is based on Vernacular Chinese, the standard written language that first became prevalent during the early 20th century.
Chinese is first known to have been written in Latin characters by Western Christian missionaries of the 16th century, but may have been written down by Western travelers or missionaries of earlier periods.
Chinese morphology is strictly bound to a set number of syllables with a fairly rigid construction which are the morphemes, the smallest building blocks, of the language.
www.search.com /reference/Chinese_language   (6406 words)

  
  Chinese Dialects   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Chinese is in one sense a single language because, generally, any two places speaking two different dialects of it can be linked by a chain of adjacent immediate places all of which understand their immediate neighbors without difficulty.
Looked at very close to, however, it is a baffling mosaic of sub dialects in which, for example, the speech of Baoding is markedly different from that of Beijing less than a hundred miles away.
Any sharply defined scheme of division into dialects thus does less justice both to the underlying unity and to the local diversity.
www.paulnoll.com /China/Culture/language-dialects.html   (115 words)

  
 Language Difficulty Essay
Generally, the idea of dialects differs from that of related languages in that dialects of the same language are mutually intelligible while separate languages are not.
Before discussing differences between English and the Chinese dialects and differences between the Chinese dialects themselves, it is important to define the parameters of the various languages.
Additionally, because of the unique tie Chinese dialects have to written Chinese and that fact that most Chinese morphemes are connected with a single allomorph, there is an additional criteria for comparison.
www.chinese-lessons.com /cantonese/difficulty.htm   (4025 words)

  
 Chinese@Everything2.com
Chinese is a term used to describe a large group of languages used in China.
While Chinese is a general term for a collection of languages, Mandarin has become the common spoken form of the language.
Chineses was used as a plural by the contemporaries of Shakespeare and Milton.
www.everything2.com /index.pl?node=Chinese   (350 words)

  
 Chinese Language
Chinese, together with Tibetan and Myanmar (formerly known as Burmese) and the many tribal languages of South and Southeast Asia, belongs to the family of Sino-Tibetan languages.
The Kejia, or Hakka, dialects are spoken in northeastern Guangdong, southern Jiangxi, southwestern Fujian, and in pockets throughout southeastern China and Southeast Asia.
The Chinese written language is of an old and conservative type that assigns a single distinctive symbol, or character, to each word of the vocabulary.
www.ron-turner.com /chineselanguage.html   (1875 words)

  
 Chinese Language and Dialects - Chinese Culture
Chinese is made up of many dialects that exemplify the cultural diversity of the country.
While there is almost an unlimited number of Chinese dialects that make up the country, generally scholars recognize anywhere from seven to eleven of them as the major dialects of the country.
Within the Mandarin dialect, there are a variety of variations that change the sound of the words to being "softer" or "harder", very similar to how people in Boston drop their "r"s and people in Texas tend to roll their words more.
www.bellaonline.com /articles/art30077.asp   (543 words)

  
 Spoken Chinese Summary
Wu dialects (77 million speakers in Zhejiang Province and in Jiangsu Province south of the Chang River) such as Shanghaiese are notable for their extensive tone sandhi (changing the tone of a syllable depending on context).
The general situation is one of dialect continuum where one can understand perfectly people speaking the local dialect and that the intelligibility decreases as the speaker comes from more and more distant regions.
The Min dialects are often regarded as being furthest removed linguistically from Standard Mandarin, in phonology, grammar, and vocabulary.
www.bookrags.com /Spoken_Chinese   (3104 words)

  
 Chinese Dialects
The term 'Chinese' refers to a group of dialects and local varieties which often are mutually incomprehensible when spoken but share one 'universal' writing system.
Chinese writing is logographic, meaning that a symbol represents one word, syllable or concept rather than a sound.
One of the reasons to consider Chinese to be a single language rather than a family of languages is that its speakers think of it as such.
www.chinese-language.info /chinese/dialects.asp   (650 words)

  
 Chinese Dialects
Sinitic Languages and Dialects: Use this map to explore and browse languages and dialects.
Younger people use dialects less confidently, although the Jixi Hui informant spoke very confidently for being only 19yo and claiming she had been away from Jixi already for 2 years.
This was my first foray in Southern Wu dialects, but as a linguist it's not that challenging to code-switch between dialects once differences in key vocabulary and regular sound changes in syllables are identified.
www.glossika.com /en/dict   (0 words)

  
 Chinese Characters
Chinese is a family of closely-related but mutually unintelligible languages.
All varieties of Chinese belong to the Sino-Tibetan family of languages and each one has its own dialects and sub-dialects, which are more or less mutually intelligible.
The major varieties of Chinese are mutually unintelligible, but most people in China and Taiwan who don't speak Mandarin as their first language, can speak or least understand it.
www.chinesesoftwareguide.com /chinese/characters/char04.htm   (646 words)

  
 Marjorie Chan's C785. Modern Chinese Dialects (Au 2005)
Students should, at the end of the course, gain a deeper understanding of both the linguistic structure of some modern Chinese dialects and the relationship between the standard language and the dialects of Chinese in modern Chinese culture and society.
"Hanyu fangyande fenqu" (汉语方言的分区) [Classification of the Chinese dialects].
The Chinese Dialects database is based on William S-Y Wang and Chin-Chuan Cheng's DOC (Dialects of China) (a.k.a.
people.cohums.ohio-state.edu /chan9/c785.htm   (2723 words)

  
 Chinese language and dialects from ALS International   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Chinese, unlike many other languages, denotes a large family of dialects and written forms.
The written forms of Chinese include a traditional alphabet and a simplified Chinese (Pinyin), which was originated in 1948 after the establishment of the People's Republic of China, to make the written lanuage more accessible to the general population.
Traditional Chinese is still widely used throughout Asia and among Chinese populations around the world, while simplified Chinese is virtually universal in the People's Republic of China.
www.alsintl.com /languages/chinese.htm   (821 words)

  
 Chinese spoken language - Learn Chinese - Chinese
Chinese makes a very strong distinction between written language (文 w?n) and spoken language (语語 yǔ), and Chinese tend to conceptualize the variations of Chinese as different spoken languages sharing a common written standard and literary and cultural tradition.
When forced to conceptualize these variations in terms of language and dialect common in the West, most Chinese do not think of these variations as separate languages because they share a common written standard and literary and cultural tradition, and perhaps just as importantly, is the basis for a single political identity.
Wu dialect is notable among Chinese dialects in having kept voiced consonants, such as /b/, /d/, /g/, /z/, /v/, etc. (These may in fact be better described as voiceless consonants that create a voiced breathy element across the syllable: i.e.
www.famouschinese.com /virtual/Chinese_spoken_language   (1926 words)

  
 Learning Chinese
The Chinese language is one of the oldest languages of the world.
The Chinese pinyin, which represents the pronunciation of the language, was developed later to help westerners to better master the pronunciation.
The mostly spoken dialect is probably Cantonese, spoken in Guangdong, Hong Kong, and most Chinatowns in the United States.
www.chineseresource.com /culture/learningchinese.html   (0 words)

  
 St. Edward's University
Third, unlike English, Chinese is a tonal language, and for some students it is difficult to develop the habit of listening for tonal distinctions and producing them in speech.
The Chinese program at St. Edward's is multimedia based, designed to provide students with the basic language skills needed to function in contemporary China with the skills needed to read classical and contemporary Chinese publications.
For this reason, Chinese dialects are sometimes considered separate languages, but common history and a common writing system (Chinese characters) have had a strong unifying influence.
www.stedwards.edu /hum/lang/chinese/chinese_faq.html   (945 words)

  
 Chinese Writing System (4): A bridge between dialects
The ability of characters to act as a 'bridge' between dialects rests on the fact that the modern dialects are genetically related, all being descended from Old Chinese (Classical Chinese).
Although the modernday Chinese dialects started drifting apart more than a thousand years ago, their vocabularies preserve large chunks of the older language, disguised by differences in pronunciation.
There are very real differences among the dialects, including differences in grammar, sizable chunks of vocabulary that are not shared, differences in the usage of vocabulary that is shared, colloquialisms, etc. Even Chinese dialectologists, led astray by an over-reliance on characters, first concentrated on differences in how characters are read.
www.cjvlang.com /Writing/writchin/dial.html   (1340 words)

  
 Jordan's China Handbook: The Chinese Language(s)
Since Chinese tend to name languages after places, and since English tends to use the same names for languages and the people who speak them, it is useful at this point to include a few additional terms you will find in the anthropological literature referring to regional variants of Chinese language or culture.
It is, of course, almost as foreign to speakers of Non-Mandarin variants of Chinese as the old literary standard was, for the languages of China vary not only in pronunciation, but in vocabulary and word order (a fact rarely appreciated by northern Chinese or by Chinese who have been the victims of school system propaganda).
Traditionally, most written Chinese tended to be adialectical, a phenomenon made possible by the hieroglyphic nature of the writing system, as we noted, But literary tastes varied, and some writers more closely followed dialectical usages of one area or another, while others remained closer to a strictly written standard.
weber.ucsd.edu /~dkjordan/chin/hbchilang-u.html   (6780 words)

  
 Chinese Cultural Studies:  The Chinese Language and Alphabet
The 'Sinitic' part of the name refers to the various Chinese languages (often referred to as 'dialects'); the 'Tibetan' part refers to several languages found mainly in Tibet, Burma, and nearby territories.
Han Chinese is thus to be distinguished from the non-Han minority languages used in China.
After several previous attempts to write Chinese using the letters of the roman alphabet, this 58-symbol writing system was finally adopted in 1958.
acc6.its.brooklyn.cuny.edu /~phalsall/texts/chinlng2.html   (1520 words)

  
 Chinese Computing Information   (Site not responding. Last check: )
The Chinese script is a logographic script structured so that each character represents a single concept; characters are then combined to form compound words.
Chinese Traditional is the older form of the script and is used in Taiwan, Hong Kong, and other locations outside of China, including various "Chinatowns" in the West.
Chinese Simplified was developed in Mainland China (and adopted in Singapore) as a way of simplifying the older system in order to increase literacy.
tlt.its.psu.edu /suggestions/international/bylanguage/chinese.html   (1942 words)

  
 Chinese translations: Chinese to English translation, English to Chinese translation
There are a great deal of dialects any translator must be aware of in order to provide the appropriate Chinese translations.
Spoken Chinese is divided into several varieties of Chinese, with 1,2 billion speakers using one of these varieties.
The standard Chinese is Mandarin, the official language of People’s Republic of China, Republic of China and one of four official languages of Singapore.
www.lengua.com /chinese-translation.shtml   (0 words)

  
 Chinese Dialects - Learn Chinese New York City | Character Writing | Chinese School NYC
It is hard to guess how many dialects exist, but they can be roughly classified into one of the seven large groups, i.e., Putonghua (Mandarin), Gan, Kejia (Hakka), Min, Wu, Xiang and Yue (Cantonese).
These are the Chinese languages spoken mostly by the Han people, which represents about 92 percent of the total population.
Despite the large differences among Chinese dialects, there is one thing in common for them -- they all share the same writing system based on Chinese characters.
www.bingchen.com /content/view/31/66   (241 words)

  
 Chinese Dialects - Overview
In fact, the difference between these dialects are so significant that some people might even consider them as foreign `languages'; speakers of one dialect may not understand speakers of another dialect.
The main dialect spoken in mainland China is Mandarin, it has been designated as the official national language since 1913.
Despite the large differences among Chinese dialects, there is one thing in common - they all share the same writing system based on Chinese characters.
www.learn-chinese-language-online.com /chinese-dialects.html   (0 words)

  
 Eternity, the Language of China - Chinese Dialects
The people of each province have a special dialect, and then the people of each city, town, and village have their own special dialect as well.
However, unlike many languages many of the Chinese dialects are vastly different from some of the other Chinese dialects.
Taiwanese is the dialect used in Taiwan in addition to Mandarin.
library.thinkquest.org /20443/dialects.html?tqskip1=1   (171 words)

  
 List of Chinese dialects at AllExperts
The question of whether these should be called dialects or languages in their own right is particularly interesting in Chinese.
On the one hand, the designation seems to be as much socio-political as linguistic, reflecting Max Weinreich's comment that "a language is a dialect with an army and a navy." Purely from a linguistic point of view, many of these idioms seem to meet the criteria of a language.
Because the written language is grammatically closest to Standard Mandarin, many Chinese speakers view Standard Mandarin as "the Chinese language", and everything else as dialects.
en.allexperts.com /e/l/li/list_of_chinese_dialects.htm   (414 words)

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