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Topic: Chiricahua language

In 1861, the Chiricahua Apache and the U.S. military began a war which came to an end with the tribe being held prisoners for 27 years in Florida, Alabama, and Oklahoma.
Apachean is part of the Athabascan family which is the largest language in use among Indian tribes in the twentieth century.
The Chiricahua Apache are a section of the Apache tribe known as eastern Apache.
www.mnsu.edu /emuseum/cultural/northamerica/chiricahua.html   (447 words)

 Science Fair Projects - Chiricahua
Chiricahua refers to a group of bands of Apache Native Americans that formerly lived in the general areas of southwestern New Mexico, southeastern Arizona, and in northern Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico (it is not possible to precisely define the exact boundaries of their territory).
Chiricahuas are called Ha’i’ą́há (meaning 'Eastern sunrise") by the White Mountain, Cibecue, and Bylas groups of the Western Apaches.
The Chiricahua language is a Southern Athabaskan language as spoken by the Chiricahua tribe in Oklahoma and New Mexico.
www.all-science-fair-projects.com /science_fair_projects_encyclopedia/Chiricahua   (989 words)

 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Southern Athabaskan languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
Typologically, Southern Athabaskan languages are partly agglutinating, partly fusional, polysynthetic head-marking languages.
A head-marking language is one where the grammatical marks showing relations between different constituents of a phrase tend to be placed on the heads (or nuclei) of the phrase in question, rather than the modifiers or dependents.
The 24 Northern Athabaskan languages are spoken throughout the interior of Alaska and the interior of northwestern Canada in the Yukon and Northwest Territories as well as in the provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Southern-Athabaskan-languages   (3638 words)

 Ethnologue: USA
Language is dying out in many areas, but is still spoken on Manitoulin Island in Lake Huron by most adults and some younger ones.
Language use is vigorous in the west and south.
Language use is vigorous in some locations, in others only the older ones speak the language.
www.christusrex.org /www3/ethno/USA.html   (8257 words)

 Native Americans - Apache
The Navaho, who also speak an Athabascan language, were once part of the Western Apache; other groups E of the Rio Grande along the mountains were the Jicarilla, the Lipan, and the Mescalero groups.
LANGUAGE: : The Chiricahua are one of the Apachean-speaking nations of the Southwest, Southern Plains and northern Mexico.
When a few of the Chiricahua refused to stay on that reservation, all the men, women and children were exiled to Florida as prisoners of war.
www.nativeamericans.com /Apache.htm   (1616 words)

Arizona, although like the Chiricahua and other Apache of Arizona, they raided far southward, and were reputed to have laid waste every town in northern Mexico as far as the Gila, prior to the Gadsden purchase in 1853, and with having exterminated the Sobaipuri, a Piman tribe, in the latter part of the 18th century.
From the fact that the Apache language was practically the same as that of the Tartar Chinese, color is given to the theory advanced by Bancroft in his “Native Races,” Volume 5, p.
A clan or band of the Chiricahua Apache, associated with and hence taken to be a part of the Pinaleños; correlated with the Tziltaden clan of the Pinal Coyoteros, the Tziseketzillan of the White Mountain Apache, and the Tsayiskithni of the Navaho.
southwest.library.arizona.edu /hav7/body.1_div.1.html   (3852 words)

 White Mountain Apache Language Issues
Language is a universal human ability (Comre, 1989; Yule, 1996), but one should not infer that all languages have similar grammar rules from this.
Language learning methods, especially if they have been successfully utilized, are important information for tribes to share in their language renewal efforts.
The results of the questions on language ideology from a small segment of my tribe revealed that they value their language and culture and that there are many causal factors for the erosion and loss of their language and a rapid shift to English.
jan.ucc.nau.edu /~jar/TIL_12.html   (5301 words)

 [No title]
The Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache are two tribes, closely related in both language and culture, who formerly lived in adjacent areas of southern New Mexico and Arizona.
The Chiricahua territory lay west of the Rio Grande, and the Chiricahua bands ranged through southwestern New Mexico, southeastern Arizona, and the northern parts of Sonora and Chihuahua.
His notes to this volume are from his unpublished data on Chiricahua and Mescalero folklore and are intended to supply the ethnological background necessary to a thorough comprehension of the texts.
etext.lib.virginia.edu /apache/frames/intro.html   (1317 words)

 News | TimesDaily.com | TimesDaily | Florence, Alabama (AL)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-23)
The most elaborate system was among the Chiricahua where men must use indirect polite speech toward and were not allowed to be within visual sight of his relatives that he was in an avoidance relationship with.
Chiricahua cousins are not distinguished from siblings through kinship terms.
Navajo is notable for being the indigenous language of the United States with the largest number of native speakers.
www.timesdaily.com /apps/pbcs.dll/section?category=NEWS&template=wiki&text=Apache   (4978 words)

 Apache Nation - Crystalinks
Most of the tribes were subdued by 1868, except for the Chiricahua, who continued their attacks until 1872, when their chief, Cochise, signed a treaty with the U.S. government and moved with his band to an Apache reservation in Arizona.
1812­June 9, 1874) was a chief of one of the bands of the Chiricahua Apache and the leader of an uprising that began in 1861.
The next year the Chiricahua were ordered to Tularosa Reservation in New Mexico but refused to leave their ancestral lands, which were guaranteed to them under treaty.
www.crystalinks.com /apache.html   (3320 words)

 Chiricahua - Qwika
Chiricahua is a Southern Athabaskan language spoken by the Chiricahua tribe in Oklahoma and New Mexico.
Chiricahua Mountains Those Chiricahua Mountains are in Mountain course in the...
Chiricahua (term clarifying) Chiricahua designated a North American Indian trunk, see Chiricahua their language, see Chiricahua (language) This side is one Term clarifying...
www.qwika.com /find/Chiricahua   (484 words)

 Inde (Apache) Literature
The Apache are composed of six regional groups: the Western Apache, Chiricahua, Mescalero, Jicarilla, Lipan, and Kiowa Apache.
The Chiricahua occupy southwestern New Mexico, southeastern Arizona, and adjacent Mexican states of Chihuahua and Sonora.
The Apache attained their greatest fame as guerrilla fighters defending their mountainous homelands under the Chiricahua leaders Cochise, Geronimo, Mangas Coloradus, Victorio, and Juh.
www.indians.org /welker/apache.htm   (590 words)

 Search Results for "Chiricahua"
The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition.
Chiricahua Apache leader who helped direct Apache resistance to U.S. troops in the Southwest (1861-1872)....
Chiricahua Apache leader who resisted the U.S. government policy to consolidate his people on reservations by leading a series of raids against Mexican and American...
www.bartleby.com /cgi-bin/texis/webinator/sitesearch?FILTER=col61&query=Chiricahua   (160 words)

 Harry Hoijer - Definition, explanation
Harry Hoijer (1904-1976) was a linguist and anthropologist who worked on primarily Athabaskan languages and culture.
He additionally documented the Tonkawa language, which, unfortunately, is now extinct.
Hoijer contributed greatly to the documentation of the Southern and Pacific Coast Athabaskan languages and to the reconstruction of proto-Athabaskan.
www.calsky.com /lexikon/en/txt/h/ha/harry_hoijer.php   (431 words)

Menomini is the only language I have observed, to date, in which there is one voiced fricative allophone of one phoneme that does not occur in all instances of the phoneme sequence in which it does occur.
The Menomini language was classified as a language in which voiced fricative phones were rare because it is the only language known to the author in which a voiced fricative allophone occurs, but does not occur in every instance of the the phonetic sequence in which it does occur.
The language of the three groups includes voiced fricative allophones, and the numerically largest group, the Yavapai, was, according to my evaluation, based on the observations of the three tribes by anthropologists, the most violent.
www.tc.umn.edu /~reed0180/page4.html   (10972 words)

Since the band was much more important than tribe in Chiricahua culture, there is no native word for a Chiricahua tribe in the Chiricahua language.
Castetter, Edward F.; & Opler, Morris E. The ethnobiology of the Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache: The use of plants for foods, beverages and narcotics.
Opler, Morris E. A Chiricahua Apache's account of the Geronimo campaign of 1886.
www.dejavu.org /cgi-bin/get.cgi?ver=93&url=http://articles.gourt.com/%22http%3A%2F%2Farticles.gourt.com%2F%3Farticle%3DChiricahua   (754 words)

 Press release
Although it quickly was relighted, the moment during the seventh annual Celebration of Indian Language and Culture was symbolic of the status of native languages in Oklahoma at the end of 2004.
Twenty-five native languages still are spoken here, but 10 are just one generation from extinction.
The only hope for languages to survive is to get young children speaking them, Zotigh and Anderton said.
www.shawnee-bluejacket.com /stories_from_Gatschet/Press_release.htm   (785 words)

Led by Geronimo and Cochise they were among the last to resist U.S. government control of the southwest.
The Chiricahua language is a Southern Athabaskan or Apachean language as spoken by the Chiricahua tribe in Oklahoma and New Mexico.
Hoijer & Opler's (1938) Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache Texts (including a grammatical sketch and traditional religious and secular stories) has been converted into an online "book" available from the University of Viriginia.
en.mcfly.org /Chiricahua   (745 words)

 Ethnologue 14 report for language code:APM
The following is the entry for this language as it appeared in the 14th edition (2000).
It has been superseded by the corresponding entry in the 15th edition (2005).
A small number of Chiricahua at Ft. Sill, Oklahoma.
www.ethnologue.com /show_language.asp?code=APM   (81 words)

 Chiricahua - The Wordbook Encyclopedia
Thewordbook is a comprehensive encyclopedia and a reference search engine, in which you have found this entry about Chiricahua.
Mangas Coloradas (Eastern) and Victorio(Eastern or Mimbres) were also famous (to non-Apache's at least) Chiricahua leaders between 1850 and 1890.
Then there is Nana, who was with both Victorio and Geronimo, whom Crook in 1885 thought was "the brains of the hostile bands".
www.thewordbook.com /Chiricahua   (330 words)

  Linguistic Exploration
The languages under study may range from the undescribed to the well-studied, and the investigator may operate in a village or a laboratory.
This is a collaborative project involving researchers at the universities of Bielefeld, Oxford and Cocody, funded by the pilot phase of the VW Foundation's project on Documentation of Endangered Languages.
This is a comprehensive classification of the world's languages, designed to serve as a framework for referencing and accessing all forms of data and documentation on the world's languages.
www.ldc.upenn.edu /exploration   (4028 words)

Sommige zeggen dat het motief voor Chatto wraak was, omdat hij niet gevraagd was voor de promotie tot een belangrijk Chiricahua leiderschap.
Het is een feit dat hij dit Geronimo verweet, en andere kwelde met dit feit, toen zij in gevangenschap verkeerden in Fort Apache in San Carlos.
Normaal gesproken jaagden of doodden de Chiricahua’s geen beren omdat de beer voor hun heilig was.
groups.msn.com /Indianenstammen/belangrijkechiricahuaapaches.msnw   (668 words)

 Karletta Chief's Navajo Language Webpage
The Navajo Language is a very complicated language because it is more condensed than language of the Indo-European Family.
It is also very different from other languages in its grammatical and phonetical structure which may be difficult for one to grasp.
Its decline is caused by several factors such as English as a primary language in school, television/other media, or living away from home.
www.u.arizona.edu /~kchief/Language.html   (653 words)

 Harry Hoijer Collection, American Philosophical Society
Hoijer was a visiting professor in regular and summer sessions at several universities, and taught in nine of the summer linguistic institutes sponsored by the Linguistic Society of America.
His later studies were concentrated on the Athapascan languages of the American Southwest and the Pacific Coast.
Chiricahua texts with interlinear English glosses and English translations [H.H.'s fieldnotes while with the Univ. of Chicago Dept of Anthropology].
www.amphilsoc.org /library/mole/h/hoijer.htm   (2849 words)

 languagehat.com: APACHE TEXTS.
The Electronic publication of Harry Hoijer's Chiricahua and Mescalero Apache Texts is a web-accessible Apache language linguistic database and text archive available to the public at no charge as part of the multilingual collection at the University of Virginia's Electronic Text Center at Alderman Library.
Hoijer's original monograph is a complexly annotated document built around a set of 55 Apache language texts, including mostly narratives, but also songs, prayers, and speeches, elicited from nine different Apache speakers.
These are accompanied by English translations and cross-referenced with a grammatical outline of the language, as well as linguistic and ethnological notes.
www.languagehat.com /archives/000628.php   (291 words)

 languagehat.com: APACHE IN "THE MISSING."
Most adult Apaches in the audiences have said they could understand every word of the Chiricahua dialect — and the children suddenly wished they could, too.
That's what Mescalero councilman Berle Kanseah and Chiricahua linguist Elbys Hugar intended as technical advisers for the Ron Howard (news) film, a tough tale of 19th century frontier life starring Tommy Lee Jones (news) and Cate Blanchett (news) that has been in theaters for about three weeks.
It was the first film that any of them could remember in which Apache was spoken well enough on screen to be understood.
www.languagehat.com /archives/001038.php   (410 words)

 Apache Language and the Apache Indian Tribe (Mescalero, Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Western, Plains, and Kiowa Apaches)
Apache is an Athabaskan (Na-Dene) language of the American Southwest.
The two are closely related, like French and Spanish, but speakers of one language cannot understand the other well--in fact, Western Apache is closer to Navajo than to Eastern Apache.
As a complement to our Apache language information, we would like to share our collection of indexed links about the Apache people and various aspects of their society.
www.native-languages.org /apache.htm   (422 words)

American Language Reprint Series - reprints of early works on Eastern Native languages, from Evolution Publishing; now includes a searchable language database that will identify words in English in the language materials published by Evolution.
Archive of the Indigenous Languages of Latin America - an online digital archive of audio and textual materials documenting discourse from the languages and cultures of indigenous Latin America.
Living Languages of the Americas - data on languages, where spoken, number of speakers, and texts published in the languages.
www.nativeculturelinks.com /natlang.html   (968 words)

 Chiricahua Apache
On Saturday, March 24, there will be no craft workshop because of the university's spring break.
Legislation to make English the state's official language has run into opposition from American Indians, who say their native tongues are dying fast enough without any help from lawmakers.
Some American Indians in Oklahoma are opposing legislation that would make English the state's official language.
www.governpub.com /Languages-C/Chiricahua_Apache.php   (907 words)

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