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Topic: Christopher Commission Report

In the News (Sat 20 Jul 19)

  CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Christopher Columbus
He is reported to have gone ashore, clothed in the Franciscan garb, and to have manifested a dejection which was wholly uncalled for.
The clamour of opposition to Columbus in the colonies and the discouraging reports greatly increased in Spain the disappointment with the new territorial acquisitions.
On his frequent landings he found traces of gold, heard reports of more civilized tribes of natives farther inland, and persistent statements about another ocean lying west and south of the land he was coasting, the latter being represented to him as a narrow strip dividing two vast seas.
www.newadvent.org /cathen/04140a.htm   (9265 words)

 NYCLU Special Report: Five Years of Civilian Review   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The CCRB report stated emphatically that Commissioner Safir had not been taking disciplinary action on a significant number of complaints that had been substantiated by the agency, and that when he did act, it was more often than not to dismiss the complaint.
A report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department (known as the "Christopher Commission" Report) convened in response to the Rodney King incident, called for a new standard of police accountability to address a problem that it described as national in character.
The release of these findings followed the 1994 report of the Mollen Commission, which found that brutality was often a concomitant of police corruption and that among certain police officers the use of brutal force was "rite of passage" to other forms of illegal conduct.
www.nyclu.org /fiveyears.html   (9009 words)

 Shielded from Justice: Los Angeles: The Christopher Commission Report
The commission, headed by attorney Warren Christopher (who later became U.S. Secretary of State), was created to conduct "a full and fair examination of the structure and operation of the LAPD," including its recruitment and training practices, internal disciplinary system, and citizen complaint system.
The commission also held hearings and interviewed scores of officials and residents.
The commission highlighted the problem of "repeat offenders" on the force, finding that of approximately 1,800 officers against whom an allegation of excessive force or improper tactics was made from 1986 to 1990, more than 1,400 had only one or two allegations.
www.hrw.org /reports98/police/uspo73.htm   (431 words)

 Shielded from Justice: Los Angeles: Progress Since the Christopher Commission
The commission found that citizen complaints were down, and that internal investigations of citizen complaints were more thorough and adjudications appeared more fair than was the case when the Christopher Commission issued its report.
The commission examined 130 use of force or ethnic bias cases and found that punishment of excessive force "remains low."33 The report also noted that there was no "disciplinary matrix" (a standardized scale of punishments) despite much discussion about it.
The report noted that the department has begun a manual review of personnel complaints and was to provide quarterly reports to managers when an officer under their command has been the subject of three or more complaints.
www.hrw.org /reports98/police/uspo74.htm   (1125 words)

 Riots and Rebellion Introduction
The reports included the McCone Report on the Watts Riots, the Webster Report on the 1992 disorders, the Christopher Commission Report on the Los Angeles Police Department, and the Kolts Report on the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department.
The Webster Report found that the absence of leadership in the police department and in city government was responsible for the failure to prepare for and respond to the riots and rebellion.
The principal findings of the Kolts Report issued in July 1992 were that there was excessive force and lax discipline within the Sheriff's Department and that the Department had been unable to reform itself.
ron.dotson.net /gov/govkills/RodneyKing.htm   (3736 words)

 Shielded from Justice: Los Angeles
After decades of brutal behavior by officers, poor management by the chief and his deputies, and racist attitudes expressed at all levels of the department in word and deed, the troubled Los Angeles Police Department appears to be, slowly, on the mend.
Thanks in large part to the blueprint provided by the July 1991 Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department (known as the Christopher Commission report) and consistent pressure from community activists, it has been possible through subsequent reports to measure some progress on the commission's recommendations for reform.
Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department (hereinafter "Christopher Commission report"), July 9, 1991, p.
www.columbia.edu /ccnmtl/draft/jhall/hrw/uspo71.htm   (292 words)

 Christopher Commission - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department, informally known as the Christopher Commission, was formed in July 1991, in the wake of the Rodney King beating, by then-mayor of Los Angeles Tom Bradley.
The commission produced a report which proposed sweeping reforms of the department.
Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department (PDF)
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Christopher_Commission_Report   (129 words)

The inspector general of the Police Commission is currently reviewing the department's policies and practice of OC use in order to determine if it is being used as a punitive device.
Documents produced by the LAPD for the Commission revealed that for the cases closed between July 1, 1994, and June 30, 1995, fls received 25 percent of all discipline imposed on sworn personnel.
As demonstrated by the Christopher Commission and Kolts Commission reports, even though the city and county of Los Angeles were paying millions of dollars each year in verdicts against their respective departments, there was no change in the departments' conduct.
www.usccr.gov /pubs/larpt/chapter7.htm   (12536 words)

 Parent Advocates - ParentAdvocates.org
The commission had noted, as well, that one major barrier to federal prosecution of police officers who commit human rights violations is the "specific intent" standard: prosecutors must prove that an officer specifically intended to deprive an individual of a constitutional right in order to win brutality cases.
The report went on: "many of the Tickler File corruption cases were quite serious in nature, ranging from sale and use of narcotics, protecting drug dealers, accepting payoffs from organized-crime figures, to perjury and leaking confidential information." Mollen conditions investigators say IAD was more interested in preserving the departments public image than digging up corruption.
But according to Mollen commission members the local police commanders were opposed and leaked plans for the raid and the party and a chance to bust dozens of dirty cops and their drug connections was missed.
www.parentadvocates.org /index.cfm?fuseaction=article&articleID=5887   (8014 words)

 [No title]
I used the 1991 Christopher Commission Report to characterize the organizational culture of the LAPD prior to the Williams administration.
This report found that the LAPD was a paramilitary organization that was a bastion of racism and bias.
In recruiting this person, the commission would have found someone who was familiar with the culture of the organization and the political environment of the city.
www.csupomona.edu /~rrreese/WILLIAMS.HTML   (7944 words)

 LAPD credibility takes a beating
As a member of the Christopher Commission, which investigated the police department after the King case, demographer and UCLA Professor Leo Estrada helped identify dozens of "problem police officers"who had repeated citizen complaints lodged against them.
The Christopher Commission report made it clear that there were more than just a few bad apples on the force, he said.
One of the Christopher Commission's recommendations called for the creation of an Inspector General, reporting to the civilian police commission, to investigate allegations of police misconduct.
www.chron.com /content/chronicle/page1/95/10/08/simpson.html   (1176 words)

 Search - Speaker's Commission on Police Conduct
Mentions Christopher Commission report, the lawsuit brought by the Attorney General Bill Lockyer in the Miller Case, and the Rampart Scandal.
Explains that the role of the commission is to study and review cases of police brutality and the use of excessive force and to codify and identify statewide solutions to systemic psychological problems causing unbridled rage to go unnoticed and unreported.
The commission exists to obtain input from the community, professional law enforcement officers, academia, and lay people that may have a direct effect on the decisions of the commission.
democrats.assembly.ca.gov /policeconduct/071902_minutes.htm   (4497 words)

 Goldstone Commission : Crossroads Report
The Commission of Inquiry regarding the Prevention of Public Violence and Intimidation has the honour to present its report on public violence and intimidation at Crossroads (Cape) during March June, 1993.
The Commission Report To The Commission Of Inquiry Regarding The Prevention Of Public Violence And Intimidation By The Committee Investigating Public Violence And Intimidation At Crossroads During March-June 1993
Report To The Commission By The Committee Investigating Public Violence And Intimidation At Crossroads In The Greater Cape Town Area
www.anc.org.za /ancdocs/history/transition/gold_crossrd.html   (9356 words)

 1997 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
February 13 - The Washington Post reported that U.S. Justice Department investigators found evidence the Chinese embassy in Washington, D.C. may have coordinated financial contributions to the Democratic party in violation of U.S. law.
July 10 - In London, scientists report their DNA analysis findings from a Neanderthal skeleton which support the out of Africa theory of human evolution placing an "African Eve" at 100,000 to 200,000 years ago.
August 29 - Christopher Maier of Lexington, Kentucky is bludgeoned to death by serial killer Angel Maturino Resendiz.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/1997   (4776 words)

 Options for Action   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The commission recommends the creation of the office of the inspector general within the police commission with responsibility to oversee the disciplinary process and to participate in the adjudication and punishment of the most serious cases.
The Police commission should have the authority to terminate the chief prior to the expiration of the first or second five-year term, but the final decision to terminate should require the concurrence of the mayor and be subject to a reversal by vote of two-thirds of the city council.
To monitor the reform, the city council should require reports on implementation at six month intervals from the mayor, the council's own human resources and labor relations committee, the police commission, and the police department.
www.usc.edu /isd/archives/cityinstress/options/appena.html   (725 words)

 National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States
Both reports called attention to the dispersal of effort on too many priorities, the declining attention to the craft of strategic analysis, and security rules that prevented adequate sharing of information.
In the mid-1980s, on the basis of a report from a task force headed by Vice President George Bush and after terrorist attacks at airports in Rome and Athens, the DCI created a Counterterrorist Center to unify activities across the Directorate of Operations and the Directorate of Intelligence.
The Commission asked Deputy Secretary of State Richard Armitage in 2004 why the State Department had so long pursued what seemed, and ultimately proved, to be a hopeless effort to persuade the Taliban regime in Afghanistan to deport Bin Ladin.
www.9-11commission.gov /report/911Report_Ch3.htm   (15549 words)

 Ed Rogers Rare & Out of Print Books - Rare Paleontology Books   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Reports of the Director of the Mint are an essential research tool to the mining historian.
Annual Reports (9th, 10th, 11th) of the Regents of the University of the State of New York, on the Condition of the State Cabinet of Natural History, and the Historical and Antiquarian Collection.
He was appointed in 1873 as a commissioner of state parks to report upon the expediency of setting apart the whole Adirondack region as a state forest reserve, and subsequently exerted his influence toward the passage of a bill on this subject..
www.geology-books.com /newcatalog.html   (16914 words)

 [No title]
These reports are prepared at the direction of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors pursuant to its appointment of Special Counsel to conduct ongoing monitoring and critical review of the LASD's performance.
The LASD was not by any means unique: As every blue ribbon report in the last ten years on policing demonstrated -- from the Christopher Commission report on the LAPD to the Kolts Report on the LASD to the Mollen Commission report on the NYPD -- many large law enforcement agencies had the same failings.
The recommendations in each of the blue ribbon reports were the same: There had to be a Department-wide commitment to hold persons at all levels of the organization accountable and responsible for management and control of individuals, circumstances, and risks of misconduct.
lacounty.info /11threport.htm   (18553 words)

A similar commission led by special counsel James Kolts was appointed to conduct a review of the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department (LASD) in the wake of a number of shootings of minorities by LASD deputies.
The commission recommended reforms in citizen complaint processing, improvements in the disciplinary system, implementation of an early warning system to monitor use of force, increased recruitment to diversify the force, and modifications in the canine policy.
During the hearing, the Commission heard from representatives of the LAPD and the LASD regarding their implementation of the recommendations of the Christopher and Kolts Commission reports.
www.usccr.gov /pubs/larpt/chapter1.htm   (6940 words)

Supervisors fail to respond to the scene of significant incidents; fail to adequately review reports, including arrest and booking reports; fail to ensure the integrity of applications for warrants and the use of confidential informants; and fail to ensure the appropriate treatment of persons in police custody.
Indeed, the LAPD has been aware, at least since the 1991 Report of the Independent Commission on the Los Angeles Police Department (the Christopher Commission Report), that its management practices were inadequate to appropriately identify and prevent misconduct by its officers.
We believe the BOI Report includes many important recommendations for reform, and we are encouraged by the commitment of the Police Commission and the Inspector General to thoroughly evaluate a broad range of issues related to and prompted by the BOI Report, including the LAPD's management practices.
www.usdoj.gov /crt/split/documents/lapdnoti.htm   (1075 words)

 CNN.com - US - City attorney wants independent review of LAPD corruption probe - March 21, 2000
The U.S. Attorney's office, FBI, the Los Angeles County district attorney and the civilian Police Commission are all conducting probes of the LAPD.
He said he believes the current process, stemming from his so-called Christopher Commission report, should be given time to work.
As long as the Police Commission "has the will to get at the facts" and the inspector general receives the proper information and cooperation from the LAPD to conduct a thorough investigation, "I think they should be given the chance to perform the jobs defined for them under City Charter," he added.
archives.cnn.com /2000/US/03/21/lapd.corruption   (709 words)

 The Los Angeles police scandal and its social roots Part 4 of a series
By a 3-2 vote the Commission found the shooting out of policy, siding with Eglash against Parks, on the basis that the officers' belief of danger was not objectively reasonable, and that alternative means of diffusing the situation existed.
According to the report the Department's hiring practices were partially to blame for the problems at Rampart.
Those who advocate a new commission turn their back on the results of the Christopher Commission only eight years ago.
www.wsws.org /articles/2000/mar2000/lapd-m16.shtml   (1383 words)

 National Commission on Federal Election Reform on Reform Elections.org
The National Commission on Federal Election Reform released its final report to Congress and the White House on July 31, 2001.
Between March and June 2001, the Commission held four public hearings and organized task forces on the federal election system, election administration, and constitutional and federal election law issues.
The Commission was organized by the University of Virginia's Miller Center of Public Affairs and The Century Foundation.
www.reformelections.org /ncfer.asp   (956 words)

 CNN.com - LAPD scandal a stark example of the failure of police reform - October 6, 2000
Repeatedly, Chief Bernard Parks assured the public and the Police Commission that the police department was aggressively implementing the Christopher Commission proposals.
The reforms the commission suggested included the creation of a system for identifying and tracking problem officers, as well as reforms aimed at breaking down the "us versus them" mentality that characterized the department's relationship with its community.
Perhaps most important, the commission sought to strengthen civilian oversight by proposing that a full-time Inspector General be appointed, under the civilian Police Commission that theoretically oversees the department, to audit the LAPD's performance.
edition.cnn.com /2000/LAW/10/columns/fl.lazarus.lapd.10.06   (1414 words)

 PARC - Police Assessment Resource Center Related Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-19)
The Christopher Commission was established by Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley to examine the structure and operation of the Los Angeles Police Department (‘LAPD”) following the highly publicized beating of Rodney King in March 1991.
The subsequent report was published in July 1991, and includes an analysis of the LAPD’s recruitment and training practices, internal disciplinary system and citizen complaint system.
This report was instituted by the Los Angeles Police Commission five years after the Christopher Commission Report.
www.parc.info /reports   (312 words)

 Public Organizations at the Crossroads:
Through reading chapters of Official Negligence, the Christopher Commission Report, discussions with invited guests, and LAPD officials, students will understand how environmental changes affect public policy, and how changes in policy alter the operation of a large public agency like the LAPD.
In this session we will trace the impact of the Christopher Commission through the Police Commission into the operation of the Department itself.
One of the Christopher Commission findings was that the Department needed to undergo a fundamental transformation from a traditional style of policing, to one that is more responsive to its community and citizens' perceived needs.
www.gseis.ucla.edu /courses/ed263i/outline.html   (1285 words)

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