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Topic: Chronic viral hepatitis

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In the News (Tue 21 May 19)

  HepNet - Chronic Viral Hepatitis in the United States
Contribution of Chronic Viral Hepatitis to the Burden of Disease in the U.S. The burden of chronic liver disease in the U.S. is unknown, although estimates of prevalence and incidence indicate the chronic viral hepatitis is the commonest cause of chronic liver disease.
Chronic HBV infection was defined by the presence of HBsAg and anti-HBc.
Hepatitis C virus infection alone or in combination with alcohol was the commonest cause of chronic liver disease, accounting for 58% of cases (22a).
www.hepnet.com /hepc/aasld00/terrault.html   (7094 words)

 Viral Hepatitis Type B   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Under normal circumstances, the hepatitis B virus is not thought to be cytopathic: liver damage is thought to be at least partially attributable to the expression of hepatitis B core antigen on the surface of hepatocytes, which then become targeted for destruction by MHC-restricted cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL)(31, 32).
Thus, expression of viral antigens on the surface of hepatocytes precipitates lymphohistiocytic lobular lobular inflammation and spotty acidophilic necrosis of hepatocytes, typical of acute hepatitis.
The typical case of chronic hepatitis in a liver allograft is similar to that seen in the general population and the same histological findings are used to ascertain the diagnosis.
tpis.upmc.edu /tpis/liver/ILACHepB.html   (3144 words)

 Postgraduate Medicine: Tests for acute and chronic viral hepatitis
Although illness is often subclinical, viral hepatitis has a substantial impact on society in terms of days lost from work and school, the need for hospitalization, and even loss of life.
Chronic HBV infection is suggested by the presence of HBsAg in serum for at least 6 months and is confirmed by the absence of IgM anti-HBc.
Inactivated hepatitis A vaccine: reactogenicity, immunogenicity, and long-term antibody persistence.
www.postgradmed.com /issues/2000/02_00/saab.htm   (2355 words)

 ABC of diseases of liver, pancreas, and biliary system: Chronic viral hepatitis -- Ryder and Beckingham 322 (7280): 219 ...
Hepatitis B virus is one of the commonest chronic
Lamivudine is a nucleoside analogue that is a potent inhibitor of hepatitis B viral DNA replication.
Chronic hepatitis C virus infection has a long course, and most patients are diagnosed in a presymptomatic stage.
bmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/322/7280/219   (1546 words)

 eMedicine - Hepatitis, Viral : Article by David C Wolf, MD, FACP, FACG
Approximately 90-95% of cases of acute hepatitis B in neonates, 5% of cases of acute hepatitis B in adults, and as many as 85% of cases of acute hepatitis C demonstrate histologic evolution to chronic hepatitis.
Not all patients with chronic hepatitis C are appropriate candidates for therapy with interferon and ribavirin.
HGV co-infection is observed in 6% of chronic HBV infections and in 10% of chronic HCV infections.
www.emedicine.com /med/topic3180.htm   (10938 words)

 Viral Hepatitis: A Through E and Beyond   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The hepatitis B, C, and D viruses can also cause chronic hepatitis, in which the infection is prolonged, sometimes lifelong.
Chronic hepatitis C: drug treatment with peginterferon alone or combination treatment with peginterferon and the drug ribavirin.
Some cases of viral hepatitis cannot be attributed to the hepatitis A, B, C, D, or E viruses.
digestive.niddk.nih.gov /ddiseases/pubs/viralhepatitis/index.htm   (796 words)

 Chronic Hepatitis - Hepatitis, Chronic - diseasesandisorders - Chronic Hepatitis - Hepatitis, Chronic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Chronic Airflow Obstruction - Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease - Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
diseases-disorders.the-health.com /chronichepatitis-hepatitis,chronic   (870 words)

 Update on chronic viral hepatitis -- Walsh and Alexander 77 (910): 498 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal
Chronic hepatitis B virus infection remains a significant worldwide cause of liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma,
The hepatitis C virus epidemic of the latter half of the 20th century now affects more than 1% of populations worldwide.
Hepatitis D virus infection occurs on a background of hepatitis B virus infection and can also cause liver damage.
pmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/abstract/77/910/498   (359 words)

 Hepatitis C Top Articles   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The purpose of the current study was to assess the extent of micronutrients and oxidative stress in blood and to examine their linkages with viral loads in chronic hepatitis C patients.
Hepatitis C virus infection is more common in patients with inflammatory bowel disease than in the general population.
In patients with chronic hepatitis C virus, liver biopsy is the gold standard for assessing liver disease stage; nevertheless, it is prone to complications, some of them serious.
www.hivandhepatitis.com /hep_c.html   (2652 words)

 New and Future Treatments for Chronic Hepatitis C
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C is presently based on the use of interferon-alpha.
Chronic hepatitis (inflammation of the liver) can lead to fibrosis (scarring) and cirrhosis (fibrosis plus abnormal regeneration of liver cells).
Clinical trials of IP-501 in alcohol-induced liver disease and chronic hepatitis C are underway.
cpmcnet.columbia.edu /dept/gi/HCVnew.html   (1773 words)

 Update on chronic viral hepatitis -- Walsh and Alexander 77 (910): 498 -- Postgraduate Medical Journal
Adefovir dipivoxil is the oral prodrug of an acyclic nucleotide monophosphate analogue and inhibits viral polymerases and
Hepatitis B surface antigen disappearance and hepatitis B surface antigen subtype: a prospective, long-term, follow-up study of Japanese residents of Okinawa, Japan with chronic hepatitis b virus infection.
Chronic hepatitis in carriers of hepatitis B surface antigen, with intrahepatic expression of the delta antigen: an active and progressive disease unresponsive to immunosuppressive treatment.
pmj.bmjjournals.com /cgi/content/full/77/910/498   (5263 words)

 Chronic hepatitis   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Thymosin alpha 1 (thymalfasin), a treatment for chronic hepatitis B when used alone or in combination with interferon.
Hepatitis B is a serious disease caused by a virus that attacks the liver.
Chronic hepatitis treatment comes as a godsend to you when you log on to www.chronic-hepatitis-treatment.com and get the.
health.hrum.com /info-chronic-hepatitis.html   (258 words)

 HEPATITIS C INFO CENTER - With Daily Hepatitis C Updates
In industrialized countries, HCV accounts for 20% of cases of acute Hepatitis, 70% of cases of chronic hepatitis, 40% of cases of end-stage cirrhosis, 60% of cases of hepatocellular carcinoma and 30-40% of liver transplants.The incidence of new symptomatic infections of HCV has been estimated to be 13 cases/100,000 persons annually.
Over the next 10-20 years chronic HCV is predicted to become a major burden on the health care system as patients who are currently asymptomatic with relatively mild disease progress to end-stage liver disease and develop hepatocellular carcinoma.
Hepatitis C is just one of the strains of viral hepatitis.
www.hepatitis-central.com   (2071 words)

 Chronic Viral Infections at Health Info Topics - Chronic Viral Infections Topics, Information and Resources Online
is part of the therapy monitoring during chronic viral infections and in...
incidence and prevalence of chronic viral hepatitis and the shifting importance...
Chronic viral infections are often the cause of...
www.healthinfotopics.com /directory/Symptoms/Chronic_Viral_Infections   (292 words)

 Map & Graph: Countries by Mortality: Chronic viral hepatitis (per capita)
Map & Graph: Countries by Mortality: Chronic viral hepatitis (per capita)
They also have the greatest number of burglaries, car thefts, rapes and assaults.
Map & Graph: Mortality: Chronic viral hepatitis (per capita)
www.nationmaster.com /graph-T/mor_chr_vir_hep_cap   (115 words)

 Hepatitis C: Index | CDC Viral Hepatitis
Hepatitis C is a disease of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV).
CDC estimates that injection drug use accounts for 60% of all new cases of hepatitis C and is a major risk factor for infection with hepatitis B virus.
Viral Hepatitis and Injection Drug Users: series of fact sheets addressing viral hepatitis, particularly hepatitis B and C – two important blood-borne infections that have a major impact on injection drug users (IDUs)
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/c/index.htm   (721 words)

 AllRefer Health - Chronic Persistent Hepatitis (Chronic Lobular Hepatitis, Hepatitis - Persistent, Mild Chronic ...
Chronic persistent hepatitis is mild liver inflammation (swelling and irritation with presence of extra immune cells) that can be caused by various viruses and conditions.
Chronic persistent hepatitis can be caused by hepatitis B (HBV), hepatitis C (HCV), hepatitis D (HDV), autoimmune diseases such as lupus, various medications, and unknown (cryptogenic) causes.
Risk factors include previous viral hepatitis, having lupus or other autoimmune disease, and taking certain medications.
health.allrefer.com /health/chronic-persistent-hepatitis-info.html   (337 words)

 Hepatitis Information Network - HepNet
May 19, 2000: Jean-Michel Pawlotsky is Professor of Medicine at the University of Paris XII and the Chief of the Virology Unit in the Department of Bacteriology and Virology at the Henri Mondor University Hospital in Créteil, France.
May 19, 2000: Daniele Prati, MD, is responsible for the Virology Laboratory and the Viral Hepatitis Out-Patient Clinic at the Centro Trasfusionale e di Immunologia dei Trapianti, Ospedale Maggiore, Milano, Italy.
In this edition of Hepatitis Update, Dr. Daniel Menard will present an all-too-common clinical scenario that will illustrate some of the broader guidelines and key recommendations concerning hepatitis C. April 16, 2000: Patients who have not responded to treatment for their hepatitis C are a growing concern.
www.hepnet.com   (1956 words)

 Chronic viral hepatitis C: management update -- Gutfreund and Bain 162 (6): 827 -- Canadian Medical Association Journal
Sherman M, Peltekian KM, Lee C. Screening for hepatocellular carcinoma in chronic carrieres of hepatitis B virus: incidence and prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma in a North American urban population.
Fulminant hepatitis associated with hepatitis A virus superinfection in patients with chronic hepatitis C. N Engl J Med 1998;338:286-90.
A randomized trial of ribavirin and interferon-alpha vs. interferon-alpha alone in patients with chronic hepatitis C who were non-responders to a previous treatment.
www.cmaj.ca /cgi/content/full/162/6/827   (3891 words)

 Inducible Nitric Oxide Synthase Expression in Chronic Viral Hepatitis . Evidence for a Virus-induced Gene Upregulation ...
Chronic viral hepatitis (CVH) is characterized by a parenchymal infiltration of activated cytotoxic T lymphocytes, regarded
in the in vitro and in vivo regulation of hepatic inducible nitric oxide synthase.
Ramadori (1997) Hepatic expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase transcripts in chronic hepatitis C virus infection: relation to hepatic viral load and liver injury.
www.jci.org /cgi/content/full/101/7/1343   (6247 words)

 Hepatitis C: Fact Sheet | CDC Viral Hepatitis
Persons at risk for HCV infection might also be at risk for infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or HIV.
You should also get vaccinated against hepatitis B. If you are HCV positive, do not donate blood, organs, or tissue.
Interferon and ribavirin are two drugs licensed for the treatment of persons with chronic hepatitis C. Interferon can be taken alone or in combination with ribavirin.
www.cdc.gov /ncidod/diseases/hepatitis/c/fact.htm   (485 words)

 HIV and Hepatitis.com
Effect of Interferon Gamma on Hepatic Fibrosis in Chronic Hepatitis B Virus Infection
Natural Course of Hepatitis C Virus-infected Patients with Normal ALT and the Effect of Interferon Therapy on Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Those with Elevated ALT
Hepatitis C Virus in the Semen of Men Coinfected with HIV: Prevalence and Origin
www.hivandhepatitis.com   (1109 words)

 Safety of antitumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in patients with chronic viral infections: hepatitis C, ...
Safety of antitumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in patients with chronic viral infections: hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV infection -- Calabrese et al.
Safety of antitumour necrosis factor (anti-TNF) therapy in patients with chronic viral infections: hepatitis C, hepatitis B, and HIV infection
of chronic viral infections in patients who are candidates for
www.annrheumdis.com /cgi/content/abstract/63/suppl_2/ii18   (294 words)

 Viral Hepatitis Conference to Take Place February 27-28, 2006 in Boston, MA
BOSTON, Oct. 18 /PRNewswire/ -- Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) and B (HBV) are the most common causes of chronic viral hepatitis in the United States, posing serious risks for long-term medical complications, especially if left untreated.
By attending this industrial and networking conference you will be able to interact with many of the leading research scientists and decision-makers from the pharmaceutical/biotech industry, public health, and academic communities working in the area of viral hepatitis of North America and internationally.
Some of the topics covered include nucleoside and non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitors, protease inhibitors, other antiviral initiatives such as direct antiviral and immune approaches, HCV vaccines, etc. To request a copy of the conference agenda, please contact the conference organizer Glenn Pascual of Strategic Research Institute at gpascual@srinstitute.com or 212.967.0095, ext.
www.prnewswire.com /cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=109&STORY=/www/story/10-18-2005/0004171604&EDATE=   (555 words)

 Hepatitis, Chronic - Chronic Hepatitis - information page with HONselect
Chronic hepatitis can be caused by viruses, medications, autoimmune diseases, and other unknown factors.
Long-Term Therapy with Ribavirin for Chronic Hepatitis C
Interferon Treatment for Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C and End Stage Renal Disease
www.hon.ch /HONselect/Selection/C06.552.380.350.html   (425 words)

 News - TopAbstracts in Hepatitis C 08/09/2005   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Hepatitis C Virus Associated Arthritis in Absence of Clinical, Biochemical and Histological Evidence of Liver Disease - Responding to Interferon Therapy
TopAbstracts™ in Hepatitis C are the abstracts most highly rated/most read by nearly 300,000 physicians who received a Doctor's Guide™ newsletter or visited a website Powered by Doctor's Guide™ in the past 14 days.
Extrahepatic manifestations in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection - (Curr Opin Rheumatol)
www.docguide.com /news/content.nsf/news/5E819FE5A63794EC85257059000CD64E   (348 words)

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