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Topic: Chukchi language

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  Chukchi people - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chukchi, or Chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the northeasternmost portion of the Russian Federation on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea.
The Chukchi are traditionally divided into the Maritime Chukchi, who had settled homes on the coast and lived primarily from sea mammal hunting, and the Reindeer Chukchi, who nomadised in the inland tundra region with their herds of reindeer.
Chukchi were educated in Soviet schools and today are almost 100% literate and fluent in the Russian language.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chukchi_(people)   (404 words)

 Chukchi language - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Chukchi (Luoravetlan (in native language), Chukot, Chukcha) is a Palaeosiberian language spoken by circa 10,400 people (2001) (Chukchi) in the easternmost extremity of Siberia, mainly in the region called Chukotka.
The Chukchi and Koryaks form a cultural unit with an economy based on reindeer herding and both have autonomy within the Russian Federation.
The Chukchi language is written using the Russian alphabet with two additional letters: Ӄӄ and Ӈӈ, plus the sign ʼ.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Chukchi_language   (155 words)

 The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire
The Chukchis live in the extreme northeastern part of Siberia, in the area between the Chukchi and Bering Seas, which extends from the vicinity of the mouth of the River Indigirka to the Bering Straits in the east, and from the Arctic Ocean to the Kamchatkan Peninsula in the south.
The Chukchi Peninsula belongs to the permafrost zone of the tundra, and the Chukchi Upland is predominantly mountain tundra, partly frozen desert.
The Chukchi language is divided into several dialects: the coastal or eastern dialect, the tundra or western dialect, the Enmylin dialect, (characterized by the influence of the Kerek language), and the Nunligran and Khatyrka (with Koryak influences).
www.eki.ee /books/redbook/chukchis.shtml   (2340 words)

 AllRefer.com - Chukchi Peninsula (CIS And Baltic Physical Geography) - Encyclopedia
Washed by the E Siberian and Chukchi seas in the northeast, the peninsula is the eastern extension of the Anadyr mountain range.
A large portion of the inhabitants are Russian; the rest are Chukchi, Yakut, Eveny, Koryak, and Inuit.
The Chukchi language is of the Paleosiberian family (see Paleosiberian languages).
reference.allrefer.com /encyclopedia/C/ChukchiP.html   (265 words)

 Encyclopedia: Chukchi language
Paleosiberian (Palaeosiberian, Paleo-Siberian) languages or Paleoasian languages (from Greek palaios, ancient) is a term of convenience used in linguistics to classify a disparate group of languages spoken in remote regions of Siberia.
Kerek is a language of Russia that belongs to the northern branch of the Chukotko-Kamchatkan languages.
Alutor is a language of Russia that belongs to the Chukchi-Koryak group of the Chukotko_Kamchatkan languages.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Chukchi-language   (673 words)

 CHUKCHI - LoveToKnow Article on CHUKCHI   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The Chukchi are divided into the Fishing Chukchi, who have settled homes on the coast, and the Reindeer Chukchi, who are nomads.
The Chukchi were formerly warlike and vigorously resisted the Russians, but to-day they are the most peaceable of folks, amiable in their manners, affectionate in family life and good-humoured.
Chukchi women are often tattooed with two fl-blue convex lines running from the eye to the chin.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /C/CH/CHUKCHI.htm   (761 words)

 Ethnologue: Russia, Asia
Russian is used as the second language by all except older people as a contact language, for literature, and urban professional and cultural life.
Dolgan is the contact language on the Tajmyr Peninsula, and is spoken also by Evenki, Nganasan, and long-term Russian residents.
Torgon is the basis of the literary language.
www.christusrex.org /www3/ethno/RusA.html   (3296 words)

 Encyclopedia: Eskimo
The Yupik or, in the Central Alaskan language, Yupik, are aboriginal people who live along the coast of western Alaska, especially on the Yukon-Kuskokwim delta and along the Kuskokwim River (Central Alaskan Yupik), in southern Alaska (the Alutiiq) and in the Russian Far East and St....
The Algonquian languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California).
The Montagnais language, a dialect of Cree which was known to French traders at the time of the earliest attestation of esquimaux, does not have vocabulary fitting this etymological analysis.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Eskimo   (1677 words)

 The Red Book of the Peoples of the Russian Empire
The Russian-language mass culture poses a threat to the Kerek language and cultural identity, and its military-industrial colonial policies are hazardous to the life and health of all (see, the Chukchis).
In 1932 the Chukchi written language was created and the Kereks, who formed a linguistic enclave within the Chukchi habitat, began to use it too.
The language for communication is Chukchi or Russian, and the language for education and cultural life is Russian.
www.eki.ee /books/redbook/kereks.shtml   (885 words)

 Chukchi language -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
The language together with Koryak, Kerek and (Click link for more info and facts about Itelmen) Itelmen forms the (Click link for more info and facts about Chukotko-Kamchatkan) Chukotko-Kamchatkan (Click link for more info and facts about language family) language family.
The (A native or inhabitant of Russia) Russian word Chukchi is derived from Chukchi word Chauchu, meaning "rich in reindeer".
The Chukchi language is written using (Click link for more info and facts about Russian alphabet) Russian alphabet with two additional letters: Ӄӄ and Ӈӈ, plus the sign ʼ.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/ch/chukchi_language.htm   (128 words)

 The Chukchi Language
Chukchis are among the most articulate and literate people I have ever had a kitchen-table discussion with.
Chukchi their native language, and it can be heard spoken in tundra and city alike.
The Chukchi language is spoken all over Chukotka and in bordering areas of the Sakha Republic, Magadan Oblast', and the Koryak Autonomous Region.
www.faculty.uaf.edu /ffpag/chuklang.html   (1035 words)

 Ice-Floe: Contributors by Language   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Gevytvaal was born in 1930 in the northwest tundra of Chukotka.
Vaalgyrgyn was born in 1939 in Uelkal, a village on the Chukchi Sea.
Leonid Lapcij (1932-1982) was born in the village of Novy Port in the Yamal Peninsula.
www.icefloepress.org /contrib-lang.shtml   (14111 words)

 Anthropological Linguistics Vol. 42, no. 3
Chukchi women’s language differs from the Chukchi men’s variety in a number of synchronically unpredictable ways, particularly with respect to an alternation between r and c/ç.
Competing approaches to the concept of “language area” are evaluated, arriving at the conclusion that the existence of a language area may be conclusively de­monstrated only in the presence of genetically unrelated languages and of a multilateral convergence process.
Although the Ethiopian languages display numerous common features, these are either retentions from a common Afro-Asiatic stock or the result of long-standing unilateral contact, followed by language loss and substratal retention, but without multilateral convergence towards a common model.
www.indiana.edu /~anthling/v42-3.html   (417 words)

 Linguistic Perspectives on Endangered Languages - Abstracts
Chukchi is a highly endangered language spoken in the province of Chukotka in the Russian Arctic.
Typically, in the language shift situation a dominant language is acquired perfectly, while the minority language is used less and less and is gradually forgotten: its vocabulary decreases, and the speakers have to insert into their speech words and phrases from the dominant language.
Kusunda language is one of the endangered languages in Nepal.
www.ling.helsinki.fi /sky/tapahtumat/el/endabs.htm   (19286 words)

 East Asian Studies 210 Notes: The Korak
In fact, the Chukchi and Korak are believed to have derived from a common ancestor tribe a few thousand years ago.
Gathering berries and wild roots (often by raiding mouse tunnels to obtain the latter) was a prominent chore of the women in summer and early fall.
Unlike the Chukchi, however, the Korak were subdued by the Russian Empire in the 18th century, since they lived in an area with more fur wealth that attracted a more determined caste of Russian invaders.
pandora.cii.wwu.edu /vajda/ea210/korakItelmen.htm   (1442 words)

 Hunters: The people of Siberia
The KHANTS (Ostyaks, Ob Ostyaks) are comprised of 23,000 people who speak the Khant language of the Finno-Ugrian group of the Uralic language family and live in the regions of the Ob and Irtysh Rivers and their tributaries, within the range of the Khants-Mansi and Yamal-Nenets Autonomous Districts.
The CHUKCHIS (Luoravetlan) consist of 15,000 people who speak the Chukchi language of the Chukchi-Kamchatka (Paleoasiatic) language family and live in northeastern Russia, within the boundaries of the Chukchi Autonomous District of the Magadan region, north of the Koryak Autonomous District of the Nizhnekolymskii (lower Kolyma) region of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia).
They speak the Yakutian language of the Turkic group of the Altaic language family and live mostly in the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), with lesser numbers residing in the Krasnoyarsk and Khabarovsk regions, the Evenk Autonomous District, and the former Soviet Republics.
www.museum.state.il.us /exhibits/changing/journey/hunters-people.html   (759 words)

 Chukchi language - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Chukchi language - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography
Its close relative, Koryak language is spoken by about half that number.
The language together with Koryak, Kerek and Itelmen forms the Chukotko-Kamchatkan language family.
www.arikah.com /encyclopedia/Chukchi_language   (179 words)

 Minority languages of Russia on the Net - Paleoasian languages   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Luorawetlan (Chukotka-Kamchatka) languages - a family of languages spoken by the native population of the Chukotka and Kamchatka peninsulas.
Eskimo-Aleut languages - a family of languages spoken in the Chukotka Peninsula and the Bering Island (Russia), in Alaska and the Aleut Islands (USA), in the northern regions of Canada and in Greenland.
The Chukchi, Eskimo, Koryak and Nivkh written languages were created in the 1930's (first on the Latin, later Russian script).
www.peoples.org.ru /eng_paleoaz.html   (140 words)

 [No title]
Most of the Chukchee are concentrated in the Chukchi National Okrug of Magadanskaya Oblast, although a few reside in the Yakut ASSR or the Koryak National Okrug.
The Chukchee language, by which the group is defined, is part of the larger Chuckchee-Kamchatkan family the Paleosiberian language group.
This larger language group is phyletically grouped with the American Arctic languages, such as Eskimoan and Aleutian (Raun et al.
lucy.ukc.ac.uk /EthnoAtlas/Hmar/Cult_dir/Culture.7837   (1347 words)

 Koryak Linguistic Bibliography
The Indigenous Minority Languages of Russia: Bibliographic Guide is part of the Japanese Endangered Languages Project, with good bibliographies of Chukotko-Kamchatkan and other native Siberian languages.
This is an excellent, comprehensive survey of indigenous languages of minority peoples of Siberia, focusing on language shift.
Language Minorities and Minority Languages in the Changing Europe.
www.koryaks.net /biblio-ling.html   (1433 words)

 GeoNative - Koryak - Chukchi   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
Koryak proper is quite close to Chukchi, and, in turn, a couple of dialects (Alutor or Nymylan and Kerek), are considered separate languages by some linguists.
The Chukchis, relatives of the Koryaks, live in the extreme northeastern part of Siberia, in the area between the Chukchi and Bering Seas, in the Chukotka or Chukchi peninsula, and belong to the Chukchi Autonomous District of the Russian Federation (Magadan Region) and to the Lower Kolyma District of Yakutia-Sakha.
The Chukchi assimilation process has gone very far: already in 1970 they were only 11% in their autonomous district.
www.geocities.com /Athens/9479/koriak.html   (497 words)

Chukchee (also spelt 'Chukchi') is a language spoken by a few thousand people inhabiting the coastal and tundra regions of NE Siberia, in the USSR.
The language is the best-known representative of the small Chukokto-Kamchatkan language group, which itself is classed as a member of the Paleosiberian group, an areal designation for a handful of genetically isolated groups and languages.
Chukchee is a good example of an ergative language: all transitive subject nominals appear in an ergative case (identical to the instrumental case) and all intransitive subjects and direct objects appear in the absolutive case.
privatewww.essex.ac.uk /~spena/Chukchee/chapter1.html   (1377 words)

 Chukchi Fonts, Chukchi OCR, Chukchi Reference, Chukchi Software - Mac, Chukchi Software - Windows, Chukchi System,
Chukchi is spoken in northeastemmost Siberia, principally in the Chukchi National District, whose capital is Anadyr.
*** A curious feature of the language is that the letter k is pronounced k by men but ts by women, while the combination rk is pronounced rk by men but tsts by women.
Thus the Chukchi word for "walrus" is pronounced kyrky by men but tsytstsy by women.
www.worldlanguage.com /Languages/Chukchi.htm?CalledFrom=210325   (250 words)

 Siberia's Chukchi & Neighboring Peoples - from WorkingDogWeb.com
The Chukchi are both coastal hunters of sea mammals and interior reindeer breeders and herders.
Chukchi Language and People: 70% of Chukchi speak their own language, and more on the
Chukchee and Language and Eastern and Western dialects
www.workingdogweb.com /Chukchi.htm   (1209 words)

 Tattoos.Com Ezine
Whatever the outcome, the process in which the physical body became transformed and metamorphosed corresponded, in part, to the nature of the tattooing pigments used, as well as to the social precepts circumscribing them.
Among the Siberian Chukchi and St. Lawrence Island Yupiget, lampfl was considered to be highly efficacious against evil as shamans utilized it in drawing magic circles around houses to ward off spirits.
However, as a people unified by environment, language, custom, and belief, the distinction is quite clear: as tattoo became part of the skin, the body became a part of Arctic culture.
tattoos.com /ARCTIC.htm   (6182 words)

 Chukchi - Arctic Studies Center
he Chukchi are the largest Native nation (about 15,000) on the Asian side of the North Pacific.
Their name was given to them by Russians, who also bestowed it on the Chukchi Peninsula, Chukchi Sea, Chukchi Autonomous Area, and the Chukchi District, which faces Alaska across Bering Strait.
Their closest kin are the Koryak people of northern Kamchatka, with whom the Chukchi share similarities in language beliefs, and historical traditions.
www.mnh.si.edu /arctic/features/croads/chukchi.html   (251 words)

 Minority languages of Russia on the Net - Fonts and keyboards   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-22)
It is also possible to use fonts for the Mari language.
It is also possible to use fonts for the Mari and Udmurt languages.
It is also possible to use fonts for the Bashkir, Kazakh, Kirghiz and Tatar languages.
www.peoples.org.ru /eng_font.html   (1161 words)

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