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Topic: Cival


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In the News (Tue 23 Apr 19)

  
  Cival - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cival is an archaeological site in the Petén department of Guatemala, formerly a major city of the Pre-Columbian Maya civilization.
The excavations are sposored by Vanderbilt University and the National Geographic Society, the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, the Ahau Foundation, ARB, Interco Tire, PIAA and Warn Industries.
Preclassic Maya monuments and temples at Cival, Petén, Guatemala
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cival   (418 words)

  
 UFO Area Maya culture 'ahead of its time'   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The city, Cival, thrived in what is generally considered the "pre-classic" period - but it bore the hallmarks of the more advanced "classic" period.
The ancient city of Cival, in Guatemala's Peten region, was first mapped by the explorer Ian Graham in 1984.
Cival had pyramids and a large complex surrounding a central plaza.
www.ufoarea.com /aas_premaya.html   (712 words)

  
 Mesoweb Reports
Estrada-Belli and his team have determined that Cival's ceremonial center extended for half a mile, twice the extent estimated by Cival's discoverer, explorer Ian Graham of the Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphics Project.
Behind a recess holding a red bowl, two spondylus shells and a jade tube, was a depression in the shape of a cross containing five smashed jars, one of which was placed in the center of the cross.
Cival is listed in The Corpus of Maya Hieroglyphic Inscriptions "Sources of Sculpture and their Codes" and designated CVL (Graham and Mathews 1999).
www.mesoweb.com /reports/cival.html   (1374 words)

  
 RedStar Productions Presents ..... Welcome to New Mexico, Nancy Red Star Web Site News Links   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Cival is now known to have five pyramids, one of them some 100 feet (30 meters) tall.
Cival's apparent sophistication provides new evidence that the Maya of the Preclassic period (about 2000 B.C. to A.D. 250) had a culture similar to that of the Classic Maya who followed.
Cival is large enough to be the capital of a Preclassic kingdom or state.
www.nancyredstar.com /newslinks/masks.htm   (3309 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Ancient Mayan community may have been a city   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Cival was one of the largest cities of the Preclassic Maya, perhaps housing as many as 10,000 people at its peak, said Estrada-Belli.
According to Estrada-Belli, the central axis of the main buildings and plaza at Cival is oriented to sunrise at the equinox.
"Cival probably was abandoned after a violent attack, probably by a larger power such as Tikal," he said.
www.usatoday.com /news/science/2004-05-05-maya-city_x.htm   (654 words)

  
 The Daily News Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
New studies at the Peten jungle site of Cival have unearthed the oldest known carved portrait of a Maya king and two massive stone masks, discoveries indicating that the Maya developed a complex and sophisticated civilization hundreds of years earlier than previously believed.
Cival, for reasons that are not clear, was abandoned about A.D. 100, "never to be occupied again," Estrada-Belli said, and has lain relatively untouched ever since.
Cival, which is located about 25 miles east of Tikal, was originally discovered in 1984 by Ian Graham of Harvard University.
www.tdn.com /articles/2004/05/05/nation_world/news04.txt   (822 words)

  
 News
The discoveries at Cival indicate that the Maya had developed the sophisticated culture and many of the features, including priest-kings and city-states, attributed to the Classic period at least 500 years earlier than previously thought.
Cival is located deep in the tropical rainforest, making it difficult to get to and to study.
Cival has yielded other indications of a sophisticated hierarchy and complex religious practices comparable to those practiced during the Classic Maya period, Estrada-Belli reports.
sitemason.vanderbilt.edu /newspub/gEg252?id=12518&mode=print   (1249 words)

  
 News in Science - Fanged masks clues to early Maya - 06/05/2004
The objects were found at the ancient city of Cival, which has been dated to about 150 BC and would have housed 10,000 people at its peak.
He believed that four masks flanked the staircase of the pyramid that led to the chamber, serving as a backdrop for a ritual in which the Maya king played out the part of the gods of creation.
Cival's apparent level of sophistication suggested that the preclassical Mayas, who lived from 2000 BC to 250 AD, had a culture similar to that of the so-called classical Maya period that lasted until 900 AD when it went into decline.
www.abc.net.au /science/news/stories/s1102689.htm   (494 words)

  
 Cival -- Facts, Info, and Encyclopedia article   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
It was first mapped by (Someone who travels into little known regions (especially for some scientific purpose)) explorer Ian Graham in 1984, who gave it the name Cival after a local word for " (A body of water cut off from a larger body by a reef of sand or coral) lagoon".
The excavations are sposored by (Click link for more info and facts about Vanderbilt University) Vanderbilt University and the (Click link for more info and facts about National Geographic Society) National Geographic Society, the Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies, the Ahau Foundation, ARB, Interco Tire, PIAA and Warn Industries.
Investigations at Cival have added to knowledge of the Pre-Classic Maya, including revealing the earliest inscriptions with Maya calendar dates and showing (Click link for more info and facts about dynastic) dynastic succession of (Large migratory American butterfly having deep orange wings with fl and white markings; the larvae feed on milkweed) monarchs.
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/ci/cival.htm   (429 words)

  
 idaho mountain express : City dates to ‘Dawn of the Maya’ — Community School grad part of Mayan artifact ...
Excavation of the site that began in 2000 has enabled Estrada-Belli and his team to determine that downtown Cival was one of the largest Maya cities of the period.
Cival was also designed to help the Preclassic Maya measure time.
Cival is now known to have five pyramids, one of them about 100 feet tall.
www.mtexpress.com /2004/04-05-12/04-05-12ninaneivens.htm   (1233 words)

  
 San Angelo Standard-Times   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
In a royal city known as Cival that dates back 2,100 years, archaeologists have uncovered ceremonial buildings, plazas, giant stone masks and the oldest carving yet found that portrays a Mayan king.
Archaeologists now believe the plazas, pyramids and temples of Cival were used by the Mayas for ceremonies and rituals honoring their gods.
Cival was apparently abandoned about 100 A.D and was hidden by the jungle for hundreds of years.
nieonline.com /sanangelostandardtimes/plus.cfm?lessondate=20040510   (958 words)

  
 Exploring News & Features - Pushing back maya origins
She was directly involved in one of two major excavations in the city center where all the temples and pyramids are located: excavating at the foot of the stone monolith bearing the illustration of a Maya king.
For example, there was the case at Cival when she and some other archaeologists were walking around the site when no Guatemalans were available to accompany them.
Although Morgan does not expect to return to Cival except as a visitor, her time there had a definite impact.
www.vanderbilt.edu /exploration/students/students_maya_origins.htm   (1010 words)

  
 Key Mayan City
May 6, 2004 — An Italian archeologist said Tuesday he had uncovered ancient objects that show an unexplored site in Guatemala's Peten region to be one of the most significant preclassic Mayan cities ever found.
"I think Cival was one of the largest cities of the Preclassic Maya, maybe housing 10,000 people at its peak," the archeologist from Nashville's Vanderbilt University said at a news conference.
According to the archaeological team, Cival was one of the largest cities of the period.
www.meta-religion.com /Archaeology/Mesoamerica/key_mayan_city.htm   (342 words)

  
 The New York Times > Science > Discovery Pushes Back Date of 'Classic' Maya   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Excavations at Cival are forcing a re-examination of a timeline.
The preclassic period may have begun as early as 2000 B.C. Cival reached its prime about 150 B.C. and was abandoned shortly before A.D. The new findings from Cival were announced by the National Geographic Society, which was a supporter of the research.
Other evidence suggested that Cival was occupied as early as 600 B.C. and that the broad plaza was being used for important ceremonies and ritual offerings by 500 B.C. The central axis of the main buildings and the plaza is oriented to sunrise at the equinox, presumably for solar rituals associated with the agricultural cycle.
www.nytimes.com /2004/05/05/science/05maya.html?ex=1399176000&en=12210cdbc3b3c98d&ei=5007&partner=USERLAND   (962 words)

  
 Antiquity, Project Gallery: Estrada-Belli et al.
Excavations carried out in the summer of 2003 at Cival, a Preclassic Maya centre in north-eastern Guatemala, uncovered monumental sculpture and elaborate offerings that shed new light on the earliest beginnings of Maya dynastic symbolism.
Excavation on the centreline of the eastern platform of Cival's E-group (Str.
The new Cival deposit of jars and jade may involve water symbolism.
antiquity.ac.uk /ProjGall/estrada_belli   (1259 words)

  
 Masks, Other Finds Suggest Early Maya Flourished   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
At the Mayan city of Cival, Guatemalan archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli was walking in a tunnel left by looters when, by sheer chance, he made a major discovery: a massive face mask of a sun god carved on the wall of the main temple pyramid.
However, the new research suggests this is when the elaborate Mayan rituals and ceremonial temples arose, and when their calendar, writing, and kingship emerged.
Its nose and forehead are human, but two pinnacles on top of its eyebrow identifies the deity as a sun god.
news.nationalgeographic.com /news/2004/05/0504_040505_mayamasks.html   (835 words)

  
 Idaho Mountain Express: Mayan dig experts present findings - March 25, 2005
There, the couple is busy uncovering a second, earlier city, Cival, a major discovery made last year by Estrada-Belli and his team, the first important finding since Holmul was discovered in 1911.
On May 5, 2004, Estrada-Belli announced to the world the discovery of Cival, which proves that Mayan culture in the region is 500 years older than previously believed and on par with the most famous ruins in Guatemala, El Mirador, one of the first cities in North America.
Cival turns out to be the largest hub of Mayan culture in its time in history and place in Guatemala.
www.mtexpress.com /index2.php?issue_date=03-25-2005&ID=2005102265   (1252 words)

  
 Lost Maya city rediscovered - Science - MSNBC.com
Estrada-Belli reported his finds in a news conference arranged by the National Geographic Society, which supported his work and plans to feature the finds in a television broadcast.
Archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli holds one of five jade axes found at Cival.
Jade pebbles suround the axes on the table, as do fragments of jars that signified water to the Maya.
www.msnbc.msn.com /id/4901704   (705 words)

  
 Reports Submitted to FAMSI - Francisco Estrada-Belli
On the axis of Structure 7, at the east end of what might have been an "E-Group", Cival Stela 2 was located (Figure 51).
The carving style and absence of hieroglyphs strongly suggest that this sculpture is very early, antedating other Preclassic Maya carvings, such as the Dumbarton Oaks pectoral, the San Diego cliff carving and the problematic looted Hauberg Stela, but also monuments from Nakbé, which display a much more static style anticipating developments in Early Classic sculpture.
Another noteworthy feature encountered by our explorations at Cival include a two-course stone wall running along the southern edge of the ridge-top for 300 m and continuing along the eastern edge of the site core (Figure 4).
www.famsi.org /reports/01009/section18.htm   (1008 words)

  
 Pravda.RU:New find make archaeologists question Mayan enigma
"Cival probably was abandoned after a violent attack, probably by a larger power such as Tikal."
The positioning of buildings in Cival toward the sunrise at the equinox suggests that they were used to measure time.
According to BBC exploration of the 2,000-year-old site has caused archaeologists to question the established chronology of the enigmatic Maya civilisation.
english.pravda.ru /science/2004/05/08/53816_.html   (454 words)

  
 Cival War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
The Cival War would not have been prevented.
I believe that this is true because the reasons (slavery, economic dominance(north), and politics) that have caused tensions between the North and South would not have been resolved.
The Cival War brought unity to the states and has succeeded in keeping the United States of America one of the most influential countries in the world.
faculty.plattsburgh.edu /don.shaffer/history3131998f/_cldisc/000000ea.htm   (75 words)

  
 Antiquity, Project Gallery: Estrada-Belli et al
In 2002 the Holmul Archaeological Project recorded one of the earliest monumental complexes of religious and political structures in the Maya Lowlands, at Cival, a ceremonial centre 6.5km north of Holmul (Figure 1).
As these sites’ earliest stelae were found within "E-Groups", so Cival Stela 2 was located on the axis of Structure 7 (Figure 4).
This irregularly shaped limestone monument, first photographed in 1911 by Raymond Merwin of Harvard and only now relocated, is carved only on the front.
antiquity.ac.uk /ProjGall/belli/belli.html   (771 words)

  
 USATODAY.com - Ancient Maya city, artifacts are research treasure-trove   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Cival was a large and sophisticated city of perhaps 10,000 people that thrived in the preclassic era of Maya at about 150 B.C. The classic era, which began in A.D. 250, is defined by the evidence of dynasties and writing.
But Cival shows all the hallmarks of the later classic Maya, including three ceremonial plazas and five pyramids organized along astronomical lines, which is a surprising finding, says project archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli of Vanderbilt University in Nashville.
Also found were jade offerings and two 15-by-9-foot masks representing a corn deity, which also was worshiped by rulers in the classic period.
www.usatoday.com /news/world/2004-05-10-maya-city_x.htm   (848 words)

  
 CNN.com - Mayan discovery points to sophisticated society - May 5, 2004
The enormous stucco face of a Mayan deity in Cival dwarfs archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli.
The scientists think the artifacts probably were offerings to the gods, part of religious rituals associated with the sun and the agricultural cycle.
Now, it appears the artifacts found in Cival may offer new insights into how the Mayan culture formed and matured, and how the deities and creation myths fostered by its rulers shaped the civilization.
www.cnn.com /2004/TECH/science/05/04/mayan.metropolis   (613 words)

  
 David Seymour / The exodus from Spain into France of the defeated Loyalists at the end of the Cival War. Pyrenees. / ...
David Seymour / The exodus from Spain into France of the defeated Loyalists at the end of the Cival War.
The exodus from Spain into France of the defeated Loyalists at the end of the Cival War.
This image is one of over 118,000 from The Art Museum Image Consortium Library (The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from 39 museums around the world.
www.davidrumsey.com /amico/amico8104731-102214.html   (301 words)

  
 Encyclopedia: Cival   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-08)
Updated 276 days 20 hours 42 minutes ago.
Preclassic Maya monuments and temples at Cival, Petén, Guatemala (http://antiquity.ac.uk/ProjGall/belli/belli.html)
Cival on Foundation for the Advancement of Mesoamerican Studies site (http://www.famsi.org/reports/01009/section18.htm)
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Cival   (445 words)

  
 Ken Burns Cival War and Baseball, From the Earth to the Moon
Ken Burns Cival War and Baseball, From the Earth to the Moon
afterdawn.com / dvdxcopy support / problems using the software / ken burns cival war and baseball, from the earth to the moon /
I was wandering if the "copy entire disc" function in the newer versions of Express made it possible now to back-up these wonderful documenteries.
dvdxcopy.afterdawn.com /thread_view.cfm/45321   (259 words)

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