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Topic: Civil Rights Act of 1875


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  Civil Rights Act - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Civil Rights Act of 1866 aimed to buttress Civil Rights Laws to protect freedmen and to grant full citizenship to those born on U.S. soil except Indians.
Civil Rights Act of 1871 was also known at the time as the "Ku Klux Klan Act" because one of main reasons for its passage was to protect southern fls from the KKK by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the south.
Civil Rights Act of 1991 provided for the right to trial by jury on discrimination claims and introduced the possibility of emotional distress damages, while limiting the amount that a jury could award.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Civil_Rights_Act   (314 words)

  
 NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Civil Rights Act of 1875   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Civil Rights Act of 1871 was also known at the time as the "Ku Klux Klan Act" because one of main reasons for its passage was to protect southern fls from the KKK by providing a civil remedy for abuses then being committed in the south.
Civil rights are distinguished from "human rights Human rights refers to the concept of human beings as having universal rights, or status, regardless of legal jurisdiction, and likewise other localizing factors, such as ethnicity and nationality.
In the U.S., for example, laws protecting civil rights appear in the Constitution, in the amendments to the Constitution (particulary the 13th and 14th Amendments), in federal statues, in state constitutions and statues, and even in the ordinances of counties and cities.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Civil-Rights-Act-of-1875   (559 words)

  
 Civil Rights Act of 1875 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
335) was a United States federal law proposed by Republican Senator Charles Sumner and Republican Congressman Benjamin F. Butler in 1870, and was enacted on March 1, 1875.
It guaranteed that everyone, regardless of race, color, or previous condition of servitude, was entitled to the same treatment in "public accommodations" (i.e.
The United States Supreme Court deemed the act unconstitutional in 1883, on the basis that Congress had no power to regulate the conduct of individuals (see Civil Rights Cases).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Civil_Rights_Act_of_1875   (148 words)

  
 civil rights. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
The term is broader than “political rights,” which refer only to rights devolving from the franchise and are held usually only by a citizen, and unlike “natural rights,” civil rights have a legal as well as a philosophical basis.
In the United States civil rights are usually thought of in terms of the specific rights guaranteed in the Constitution: freedom of religion, of speech, and of the press, and the rights to due process of law and to equal protection under the law.
The 1866 act was of dubious constitutionality and was reenacted in 1870 only after the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment.
www.bartleby.com /65/ci/civilrig.html   (620 words)

  
 Civil Rights Act of 1875   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The following civil rights legislation passed in 1875 was later delcared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, and represents the last Congressional effort to protect the civil rights of African-Americans for more than half a century.
That the district and circuit courts of the United States shall have exclusively of the courts of the several States, cognizance of all crimes and offenses against, and violations of, the provisions of this act.
That all cases arising under the provisions of this act...
chnm.gmu.edu /courses/122/recon/civilrightsact.html   (151 words)

  
 Civil rights act of 1875 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Start the Civil rights act of 1875 article or add a request for it.
Look for Civil rights act of 1875 in Wiktionary, our sister dictionary project.
Look for Civil rights act of 1875 in the Commons, our repository for free images, music, sound, and video.
www.sciencedaily.com /encyclopedia/civil_rights_act_of_1875   (167 words)

  
 List of United States federal legislation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (via CobWeb/3.1 planetlab1.isi.jhu.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Acts of Congress are published in the United States Statutes at Large.
Today, Acts of Congress are designated in the form: Public Law X-Y where X is the number of the ordinal Congress and Y is the number of the chronological order of the Act in that Congress.
1924 - Immigration Act of 1924 (Johnson-Reed Act)
en.wikipedia.org.cob-web.org:8888 /wiki/List_of_United_States_federal_legislation   (1969 words)

  
 Prentice Hall Documents Library: Civil Rights Acts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Enforcement Act of April 20, 1871, known as the "Ku Klux Klan Act," allowed president to use the militia and to suspend the right of habeas corpus in times when public safety was threatened, as by the wave of organized violence then spreading throughout the South.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957 established the Commission on Civil Rights, which was mandated to study race relations in the United States.
The Voting Rights Act of 1965 established a system of federal registrars, under the direction of the U.S. Attorney General, to replace state officials in localities in which fewer than 50% of the adult population had voted in the previous general election.
www.informed.org /Cases/civil%20rights%20acts.htm   (1163 words)

  
 Civil Rights Act   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The United States Civil Rights Act of 1866 aimed to buttress Civil Rights Laws to protect freedmen and to grant full citizenship to those born on US soil except Indianss.
The Civil Rights Act of 1957 established a Civil Rights Commission (CRC) to protect individuals rights to Equal Protection Under the Law and permitted courts to grant injunctions in support of the CRC.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 (CRA'64) in the United States was landmark legislation.
usapedia.com /c/civil-rights-act.html   (191 words)

  
 civil rights act of 1875 -- civil rights act of 1875   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is historically significant because it...
Despite a spate of activity culminating in the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1875, by the mid-1870s the Republican PartyĆ­s commitment to the vigorous protection of civil rights was rapidly...
Civil procedure Civil religion Civil rights Civil Rights Act Civil Rights Act of 1866 Civil Rights Act of 1875 Civil Rights Act of 1957 Civil Rights Act of 1964 Civil Rights Act of 1968 Civil Rights...
www.duoact.com /civilrightsactof1875   (3655 words)

  
 National Civil Rights Museum - About the Museum   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Between 1866 and 1875, Congress passed several civil rights acts to enforce the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, allowing the federal government to impose heavy penalties for violations.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866: This act granted fl citizens equal rights to contract, to sue and be sued, to marry, travel, and own property.
The Enforcement Act of 1870: This act stated that all citizens otherwise qualified to vote in any election should not be denied the vote because of race.
www.civilrightsmuseum.org /gallery/civilrights.asp   (319 words)

  
 Civil Rights Cases and the 1875 Civil Rights Act
A first requisite of the right to appropriate the use of another man was to become the master of his natural power of motion, and, by a mayhem therein of the common law to require the whole community to be on the alert to restrain that power.
In this connection it is proper to state that civil rights, such as are guaranteed by the Constitution against State aggression, cannot be impaired by the wrongful acts of individuals unsupported by State authority in the shape of laws, customs, or judicial or executive proceedings.
That the right of the master to have his slave, thus escaping, delivered up on claim, being guaranteed by the Constitution, the fair implication was that the national government was clothed with appropriate authority and functions to enforce it.
wings.buffalo.edu /cas/aas/ANNOUNCE/vra/1875civilrightsact.html   (10739 words)

  
 Civil Rights Acts and Other Remedies
The most important provisions were that fls were declared citizens and granted equal rights to contracts, suits, access to trials, purchases and properties, with penalties for violations of these rights.
It also gave the right to sue for personal damages; gave federal courts exclusive jurisdiction over all cases arising under the act and made it a misdemeanor to bar any qualified person from serving as a grand or petit juror.
It gave additional aid to the civil rights division in the US Dept. of Justice and empowered the Attorney General to institute suits on behalf of fls who were denied the vote in federal elections.
www.nathanielturner.com /civilrightsactsotherremedies.htm   (442 words)

  
 Civil Right Acts   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The first two acts gave fls the rights to be treated as citizens in legal actions, particularly to sue and be sued and to own property.
These rights were also guaranteed by the 14th Amendment (1868) to the Constitution, which conferred citizenship on the former slaves; and the 15th Amendment (1870), which declared it illegal to deprive any citizen of the franchise because of race.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 further guaranteed fls the right to use public accommodations, but this legislation was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1883.
www.rlc.dcccd.edu /annex/COMM/english/mah8420/CivilRightsActs.htm   (350 words)

  
 Voices of Civil Rights :: The Voices
The Civil Rights Act is rarely enforced and is overturned by a Supreme Court ruling in 1883.
Noted civil rights activist and labor organizer A. Philip Randolph organizes fl citizens to march on Washington in protest of the federal government's discriminatory hiring policies.
The first Mexican American civil rights case heard and decided by the Supreme Court during the post-World War II period, the Hernandez decision also is the first Supreme Court ruling against discrimination targeting a group other than African Americans.
www.voicesofcivilrights.org /timeline_alt.html   (2989 words)

  
 Brown vs. Board of Education - Chronology of Historical Milestones In The Ongoing Journey to Educational Equality
Civil Rights Act passes on April 19, stipulating all persons are entitled to equal legal rights, and authorized federal courts to enforce its provisions when state officials refused to comply.
Civil Rights Act initially introduced by Senator Charles Sumner in 1870 to secure rights and privileges for African Americans.
Civil Rights Act passes, making discrimination on the basis of race, religion, gender, etc., illegal in the United States.
www.brownvboard.org /chronology   (625 words)

  
 SAME-SEX MARRIAGE VS. CIVIL RIGHTS
But that hasn't stopped the advocates of same-sex marriage from draping themselves in the glory of the civil rights movement — and smearing the defenders of traditional marriage as the moral equal of segregationists.
To restore the 14th Amendment to its original purpose, to re-create the Civil Rights Act, to return to fl citizens the equality that had been stolen from them — that was the great cause of civil rights.
The civil rights movement for which he lived and died was grounded in a fundamental truth: All of us are created equal.
www.jewishworldreview.com /jeff/jacoby_gay_marriage.php3?printer_friendly   (721 words)

  
 Civil Rights Law   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
In Civil Rights Cases, 109 U.S. 3 (1883), the Supreme Court declared the 1875 Civil Rights Act unconstitutional.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is organized by broad provisions or "Titles." The major points include Title I, which abolished unequal application of voter registration requirements.
The 1964 Civil Rights Act is a key moment in U.S. history because it represents Americans' collective decision to harness federal power to the civil rights struggle.
usa.usembassy.de /etexts/soc/wf06242004.htm   (1131 words)

  
 Civil Rights Cases (1883)
Between 1866 and 1875, Congress passed several civil rights acts to implement the 13th and 14th amendments.
The case examined the constitutionality of the Civil Rights Act of 1875 in light of the Equal Protection Clause of the 14th Amendment.
The Civil Rights Act was, therefore, unconstitutional and interfered with the private rights of citizens to use, manage, and protect their businesses and property.
www.infoplease.com /us/supreme-court/cases/ar06.html   (732 words)

  
 Civil Rights Act of 1875: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic (via CobWeb/3.1 pl2.cs.utk.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The supreme court of the united states, located in washington, d.c., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the united states; that is, it has ultimate...
The civil rights cases, was an important united states supreme court decision that held that congress of the united statescongress lacked the constitutional...
40 acres and a mule is the colloquial term for compensation that was to be awarded to freed american slaves after the civil war-40 acres of land to farm,...
www.absoluteastronomy.com.cob-web.org:8888 /encyclopedia/c/ci/civil_rights_act_of_1875.htm   (581 words)

  
 The Rise and Fall of Jim Crow . Jim Crow Stories . Civil Rights Act of 1875 | PBS
In 1875, the lame-duck Republican-controlled Congress, in a last-ditch effort to protect what remained of Reconstruction, managed to pass a civil-rights bill that sought to guarantee freedom of access, regardless of race, to the "full and equal enjoyment" of many public facilities.
Citizens were given the right to sue for personal damages.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was rarely enforced was eventually declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in 1883.
www.pbs.org /wnet/jimcrow/stories_events_civil.html   (230 words)

  
 Civil Rights Cases and the 1875 Civil Rights Act
The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.
wings.buffalo.edu /academic/department/AandL/aas/ANNOUNCE/vra/constitution.html   (4510 words)

  
 American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) in TutorGig Encyclopedia
The Civil Rights Act of 1957, primarily a Voting rights in the United States voting rights bill, was the first civil rights legislation enacted in the United States since Reconstruction.
The Civil Rights Congress was a civil rights organization formed in 1946 by a merger of the International Labor Defense and the National Federation for Constitutional Liberties.
The Civil Rights Act of 1991 is a United States statute that was passed in response to a series of United....
www.tutorgig.com /es/American+Civil+Rights+Movement+%281955-1968%29   (950 words)

  
 AMAsearchdetail   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Civil Rights Act of 1875 was the last piece of civil rights legislation passed by the U.S. Congress until the Civil Rights Act of 1957.
Strengthening the terms of the Civil Rights Act of 1871, the law passed in 1875 mandated the end of racial discrimination in public accommodations such as hotels, theaters, and railroads, and gave African Americans the right to sue anyone who denied them access to these places.
Although the act's passage was a victory for civil rights advocates, many whites refused to obey the act, and in 1883 the Supreme Court struck down the law as unconstitutional on the grounds that Congress did not have the authority to legislate the social customs of any state.
www.fofweb.com /onfiles/ama/amasearchdetail.asp?recordpin=5144   (163 words)

  
 History of the "Civil Rights" Acts - OD Board
The act declared that all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition.
Persons who denied these rights to former slaves were guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction faced a fine not exceeding $1,000, or imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both.
The Immigration Act of 1965: Capstone of the Civil Rights Movement!
www.originaldissent.com /forums/showthread.php?t=4545   (435 words)

  
 Civil Rights Timeline (1619 - 2000)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
Civil Rights Act gives fls right to equal treatment in inns, public conveniences, public amusement places and prohibits their exclusion from jury duty.
Civil Rights Act, permitting the federal government to sue on behalf of citizens and creating the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights, is signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
Civil rights activist James Meredith is wounded by a sniper during a voter registration march.
www.goerie.com /nie_civilrights/civil_rights_timeline__1619_-_.html   (2707 words)

  
 CNN -The Civil Rights Movement
Three civil rights workers disappear in Mississippi after being stopped for speeding; found buried six weeks later.
The history of the civil rights movement in the United States actually begins with the early efforts of the fledgling democracy.
Civil rights leaders mark 40th anniversary of bus boycott
www.cnn.com /EVENTS/1997/mlk/links.html   (965 words)

  
 Civil Rights Act 1964 (via CobWeb/3.1 pl2.cs.utk.edu)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-16)
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 is historically
Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the concrete action the movement needed to progress
Implications of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 For Psychological Assessment in
www.thehistoryconnection.com.cob-web.org:8888 /Civil-Rights-Act-1964.html   (1612 words)

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