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Topic: Civil rights

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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  Civil rights - Wex
Examples of civil rights are freedom of speech, press, and assembly; the right to vote; freedom from involuntary servitude; and the right to equality in public places.
Discrimination occurs when the civil rights of an individual are denied or interfered with because of their membership in a particular group or class.
The existence of civil rights and liberties are recognized internationally by numerous agreements and declarations.
www.law.cornell.edu /topics/civil_rights.html   (811 words)

  Civil rights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Civil rights are distinguished from "human rights" or "natural rights"—civil rights are rights that are bestowed by nations on those within their territorial boundaries, while natural or human rights are rights that many scholars claim ought to belong to all people.
For example, the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704) argued that the natural rights of life, liberty and property should be converted into civil rights and protected by the sovereign state as an aspect of the social contract.
In the United States, for example, laws protecting civil rights appear in the Constitution, in the amendments to the Constitution (particularly the 13th and 14th Amendments), in federal statutes, in state constitutions and statutes and even in the ordinances of counties and cities.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Civil_rights   (2784 words)

 American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Civil Rights Movement refers to a set of noted events and reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing public and private acts of racial discrimination against African Americans between 1954 to 1968, particularly in the southern United States.
Some of the different forms of civil disobedience employed include boycotts as successfully practiced by the Montgomery Bus Boycott (1955-1956) in Alabama, "sit-ins" as demonstrated by the influential Greensboro sit-in (1960) in North Carolina, and marches as exhibited by the Selma to Montgomery marches (1965) in Alabama.
Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/American_Civil_Rights_Movement   (8656 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Civil Rights Movement
But by 1965, sweeping federal civil rights legislation prohibited segregation and discrimination, and this new phase of race relations was first officially welcomed into Georgia by Governor Jimmy Carter in 1971.
civil rights leaders sought to effectively mobilize fl voters and also oppose the gerrymandering of political districts that decreased the power of the fl vote.
Such were the pernicious consequences of slavery and white supremacy that civil rights leaders still faced a struggle for racial equality at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2716   (2286 words)

 The Corruption of Civil Rights and Civil Law
The concepts of "civil rights" and of "civil law" are both functions of the concept of "civil society": Civil society is that sphere of private action free of government control.
The essence of civil society is thus that people are left by government to "regulate their own pursuits of industry and improvement," while the government protects the citizens from criminal wrongs of violence, theft, fraud, etc. Civil rights and civil law exist in relation to such a scheme of civil society.
As in the case of civil rights, the purpose of this, perhaps deliberate, is to confuse the unwary and to appropriate liberal concepts and liberal institutions for illiberal or totaliarian purposes.
www.friesian.com /corrupt.htm   (4963 words)

 Civil rights: Facts and details from Encyclopedia Topic   (Site not responding. Last check: )
A positive right is a right, either moral or decreed by law, to be provided with something through the action of another person or group of people (usually a state...
Suffrage is the civil right to vote, or the exercise of that right....
The right honourable david trimble mla (born october 15, 1944) is a northern ireland politician, former leader of the ulster unionist party (uup), former...
www.absoluteastronomy.com /encyclopedia/c/ci/civil_rights.htm   (2209 words)

 Jefferson on Politics & Government: Civil Rights
Rights that are not specifically identified for protection are not assumed to be under the jurisdiction of government, however; they are retained by the people and are exercised as an element of their individual self-governance.
There are instruments so dangerous to the rights of the nation and which place them so totally at the mercy of their governors that those governors, whether legislative or executive, should be restrained from keeping such instruments on foot but in well-defined cases.
The right of one citizen to correspond freely with another is a natural right, arising from the need of individuals to communicate with one another in the conduct of the business of life.
etext.lib.virginia.edu /jefferson/quotations/jeff1500.htm   (2067 words)

 Civil Rights (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Civil rights are the basic legal rights a person must possess in order to have such a status.
Civil rights also covered freedom of speech and the press.(Amar 1998: 216-17) But they did not include the right to hold public office, vote, or to testify in court.
A cultural-reconstruction phase of the civil rights movement would run contrary to Kukathas's argument that it is too dangerous to license the state to intervene against cultures that engage in social tyranny.(2001) It also raises questions about whether state-supported cultural reconstruction would violate basic liberties, such as freedom of private association.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/civil-rights   (7975 words)

 Civil Rights Movement Timeline
According to King, it is essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists and hatemongers who oppose them: "We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline," he urges.
Asserting that civil rights laws alone are not enough to remedy discrimination, President Johnson issues Executive Order 11246, which enforces affirmative action for the first time.
After two years of debates, vetoes, and threatened vetoes, President Bush reverses himself and signs the Civil Rights Act of 1991, strengthening existing civil rights laws and providing for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.
www.infoplease.com /spot/civilrightstimeline1.html   (1667 words)

 African American Odyssey: The Civil Rights Era (Part 1)
While there is more to achieve in ending discrimination, major milestones in civil rights laws are on the books for the purpose of regulating equal access to public accommodations, equal justice before the law, and equal employment, education, and housing opportunities.
Civil rights leaders rallied to the cause and came to continue the march from the point at which Meredith fell.
In this photograph she is singing at the 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom at the Lincoln Memorial--a civil rights rally, held on the third anniversary of the Brown decision.
memory.loc.gov /ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart9.html   (1810 words)

 African American Odyssey: The Civil Rights Era (Part 1)
While there is more to achieve in ending discrimination, major milestones in civil rights laws are on the books for the purpose of regulating equal access to public accommodations, equal justice before the law, and equal employment, education, and housing opportunities.
Civil rights leaders rallied to the cause and came to continue the march from the point at which Meredith fell.
In this photograph she is singing at the 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom at the Lincoln Memorial--a civil rights rally, held on the third anniversary of the Brown decision.
lcweb2.loc.gov /ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart9.html   (1810 words)

 Civil Rites Rights by Thomas Sowell -- Capitalism Magazine   (Site not responding. Last check: )
While it was good to see that the Republicans had finally woken up to a need to articulate their case on civil rights -- as they need to articulate their case on a whole range of other issues -- there was still something disquieting about this approach.
Civil rights cannot include everything that is done by government which benefits particular groups, individually or collectively.
While fls have had a long struggle to achieve the civil rights that many other Americans took for granted, not everything that has advanced fls in the past or that can advance fls in the future, is a civil right.
www.capmag.com /article.asp?ID=1579   (821 words)

 Civil Rights 101
Tribal sovereignty refers to tribes' right to govern themselves, define their own membership, manage tribal property, and regulate tribal business and domestic relations; it further recognizes the existence of a government-to-government relationship between such tribes and the federal government.
ALSO IMPORTANT FOR MANY NATIVE AMERICAN civil rights advocates are cultural issues related to the ability to maintain and pass on traditional religious beliefs, languages and social practices without fear of discrimination.
OTHER CIVIL RIGHTS PRIORITIES include ongoing battles for voting rights, as well as the elimination of offensive use of mascots by schools and professional sports teams that reflect outdated stereotypes and perpetuate racism against Native Americans.
www.civilrights.org /research_center/civilrights101/native.html   (609 words)

 civil rights: Civil Rights in the United States
The fourth Civil Rights Act attempted to guarantee to the African Americans those social rights that were still withheld.
After the Civil Rights Act of 1875 there was no more federal legislation in this field until the Civil Rights Acts of 1957 and 1960, although several states passed their own civil-rights laws.
In 1972 the Senate passed an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) intended to prohibit all discrimination based on sex, but after failing to win ratification in a sufficient number of states, the ERA was abandoned.
www.factmonster.com /ce6/society/A0857363.html   (487 words)

 Civil Rights: An Investigation--U.S. History lesson plan (grades 9-12)--DiscoverySchool.com   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Explain to students that civil rights are the rights to personal liberty guaranteed to all U.S. citizens by the 13th and 14th Amendments and by acts of Congress.
Civil liberties refer to the freedoms one has from arbitrary governmental interference and are guaranteed in the United States by the Bill of Rights to the Constitution.
Definition: The term civil rights is used to imply that the state has a role in ensuring all citizens have equal protection under the law and equal opportunity to exercise the privileges of citizenship regardless of race, religion, sex, or other characteristics unrelated to the worth of the individual.
school.discovery.com /lessonplans/programs/civilrights   (2716 words)

 Civil Rights - MegaLaw.com
Civil Rights Law and History - Describes U.S. civil rights laws and gives examples of the history that lead to their passage.
From the Civil Rights Division of the Department of Justice, the government agency responsible for enforcing the civil rights laws passed by the Congress.
AAAS Science and Human Rights Program - Project to give scientists a way to help their colleagues around the world whose human rights are threatened or violated.
www.megalaw.com /top/civil.php   (590 words)

 SPLCenter.org: Civil Rights Memorial
The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who lost their lives during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v.
The new Civil Rights Memorial Center is adjacent to the Memorial.
In addition to exhibits about Civil Rights Movement martyrs, the Memorial Center will house a 60-seat theater, a classroom for educational activities, and the Wall of Tolerance.
www.splcenter.org /crm/memorial.jsp   (238 words)

 HHS - Office for Civil Rights Home Page
OCR and the Administration for Children and Families jointly develop civil rights Frequently Asked Questions and Answers - 9/27/07
OCR posts summary of a comprehensive compliance agreement with SC to ensure compliance with nondiscrimination laws in adoption and foster care activities.
Civil Rights on the basis of Race, Color, or National Origin
www.hhs.gov /ocr   (213 words)

 Civil Rights Act 1964
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Civil Rights Act of 1964".
The Secretary of Commerce shall promptly conduct a survey to compile registration and voting statistics in such geographic areas as may be recommended by the Commission on Civil Rights.
The Director is authorized to appoint, subject to the civil service laws and regulations, such other personnel as may be necessary to enable the Service to carry out its functions and duties, and to fix their compensation in accordance with the Classification Act of 1949, as amended.
usinfo.state.gov /usa/infousa/laws/majorlaw/civilr19.htm   (6221 words)

 Voices of Civil Rights :: Home
AARP, the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), and the Library of Congress have teamed up to collect and preserve personal accounts of America's struggle to fulfill the promise of equality for all.
Review this civil rights timeline for an interactive tour of pivotal events and moments in civil rights history.
Hear how civil rights veterans like Eleanor Holmes Norton, a woman at the forefront of various social causes, are connecting the past with the present.
www.voicesofcivilrights.org   (248 words)

 Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
The person or persons aggrieved shall have the right to intervene in a civil action brought by the Commission or the Attorney General in a case involving a government, governmental agency, or political subdivision.
It shall be the duty of a court having jurisdiction over proceedings under this section to assign cases for hearing at the earliest practicable date and to cause such cases to be in every way expedited.
The head of each such department, agency, or unit shall comply with such rules, regulations, orders, and instructions which shall include a provision that an employee or applicant for employment shall be notified of any final action taken on any complaint of discrimination filed by him thereunder.
www.eeoc.gov /policy/vii.html   (3327 words)

 wsbradio.com: News Civil Rights Projects Attractive
Supporters of building a civil rights museum in Atlanta are hopeful the same excitement will carry over to their effort, especially in the wake of the city's King papers acquisition and the emotion surrounding the January death of King's widow, Coretta Scott King.
Franklin said details of the proposed civil rights museum including its scope and cost have yet to be determined, and fundraising has not yet begun.
Fundraising is also underway for planned civil rights museums in Jackson, Miss., and Greensboro N.C. Fundraising for the King National Memorial in Washington began in 2001, and to date, it has raised $70 million including more than $18 million in the past two years, Johnson said.
wsbradio.com /news/121006charity.html   (940 words)

The civil rights movement was a struggle by fl Americans to gain full citizenship rights and to achieve racial equality.
The KKK was against desegregation and fl civil rights, they used violence and threats of anyone who was for it.
The national civil rights leadership decided to keep pressure on the Kennedy administration and the Congress to pass a civil rights legislation so they planned a March on Washington for August 1963.
www.geocities.com /beckyok2/CivilRights.html   (951 words)

 National Civil Rights Museum - About the Museum   (Site not responding. Last check: )
Between 1866 and 1875, Congress passed several civil rights acts to enforce the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments, allowing the federal government to impose heavy penalties for violations.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866: This act granted fl citizens equal rights to contract, to sue and be sued, to marry, travel, and own property.
The Civil Rights Act of 1875: This act entitled all persons the "full and equal enjoyment" of public accommodations, such as hotels, transportation or theaters.
www.civilrightsmuseum.org /gallery/civilrights.asp   (319 words)

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