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Topic: Civil rights movement

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  SPLCenter.org: Civil Rights Memorial
The Civil Rights Memorial honors the achievements and memory of those who lost their lives during the Civil Rights Movement, a period framed by the momentous Brown v.
The Civil Rights Memorial Center is adjacent to the Memorial.
In addition to exhibits about Civil Rights Movement martyrs, the Memorial Center houses a 56-seat theater, a classroom for educational activities, and the Wall of Tolerance.
www.splcenter.org /crm/memorial.jsp   (236 words)

  Civil rights - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Civil rights are distinguished from "human rights" or "natural rights"—civil rights are rights that are bestowed by nations on those within their territorial boundaries, while natural or human rights are rights that many scholars claim ought to belong to all people.
For example, the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704) argued that the natural rights of life, liberty and property should be converted into civil rights and protected by the sovereign state as an aspect of the social contract.
In the United States, for example, laws protecting civil rights appear in the Constitution, in the amendments to the Constitution (particularly the 13th and 14th Amendments), in federal statutes, in state constitutions and statutes and even in the ordinances of counties and cities.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Civil_rights   (3556 words)

 American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Civil Rights Movement refers to a set of noted events and reform movements in the United States aimed at abolishing public and private acts of racial discrimination against African Americans between 1954 to 1968, particularly in the southern United States.
Up through 2006 the civil rights movement in the South had largely been fought in courtrooms: while the NAACP had chapters throughout the South that attempted to register voters and protested discrimination, those efforts were often uncoordinated, while local authorities regularly harassed those organizations and the activists in them.
Civil Rights March on Washington, leaders marching from the Washington Monument to the Lincoln Memorial, August 28, 1963.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/American_Civil_Rights_Movement_(1955-1968)   (8648 words)

 New Georgia Encyclopedia: Civil Rights Movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
But by 1965, sweeping federal civil rights legislation prohibited segregation and discrimination, and this new phase of race relations was first officially welcomed into Georgia by Governor Jimmy Carter in 1971.
civil rights leaders sought to effectively mobilize fl voters and also oppose the gerrymandering of political districts that decreased the power of the fl vote.
Such were the pernicious consequences of slavery and white supremacy that civil rights leaders still faced a struggle for racial equality at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
www.georgiaencyclopedia.org /nge/Article.jsp?id=h-2716   (2286 words)

 Civil Right and Civil Right Movement
African American civil rights activist, who is often called the Mother of the Civil Rights Movement.
Her arrest for refusing to give up her seat on a bus triggered the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955 and 1956 and set in motion the test case for the desegregation of public transportation.
African American clergyman and Nobel Prize winner, one of the principal leaders of the American Civil Rights Movement and a prominent advocate of nonviolent protest.
www.africanaonline.com /civil_rights.htm   (605 words)

 Reference.com/Encyclopedia/American Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968)
The civil rights movement in the United States has been a long, primarily nonviolent struggle to bring full civil rights and equality under the law to all citizens of United States.
The civil rights movement has had a lasting impact on United States society, both in its tactics and in increased social and legal acceptance of civil rights.This focus on the years between 1955, when the Montgomery bus boycott began, and 1968, when Martin Luther King, Jr.
Up through 1955 the civil rights movement in the South had largely been fought in courtrooms: while the NAACP had chapters throughout the South that attempted to register voters and protested discrimination, those efforts were often uncoordinated, while local authorities regularly harassed those organizations and the activists in them.
www.reference.com /browse/wiki/American_Civil_Rights_Movement   (5412 words)

 Introduction | The Civil Rights Movement | Abbeville Press
The civil rights movement cannot be understood without contemplating the photographs and the newsreel footage that presented it to an enormous audience.
It was media shorthand to refer to King as the leader, to the movement as "King's movement." His attractiveness to the news media began with his first leadership role, in the Montgomery bus boycott of 1955, and peaked with his winning the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 and with the successful 1965 campaign in Selma.
Movement photographs were circulated within the ranks, hung on walls of "freedom houses" and offices, disseminated as posters and in movement publications.
www.abbeville.com /civilrights/introduction.asp   (4020 words)

 Civil Rights Movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
According to Bob Moses and other civil rights activists, they hoped and often prayed that television and newspaper reporters would show the world that the primary reason Blacks remained in such a subordinate position in the South was because of widespread violence directed against them.
Civil rights workers throughout the state set up around-the-clock surveillance of some of the churches and homes they used as meeting places.
He said civil rights activists “were guarding all of our houses” and “we formed a little group that was patrolling the community and keeping an eye on our community center.” McLaurin noted that there was still plenty of fear because they received threats on their lives every day.
mshistory.k12.ms.us /features/feature24/ms_civil_rights.html   (1760 words)

 Voices of Civil Rights :: Home
AARP, the Leadership Conference on Civil Rights (LCCR), and the Library of Congress have teamed up to collect and preserve personal accounts of America's struggle to fulfill the promise of equality for all.
Hear how civil rights veterans like Eleanor Holmes Norton, a woman at the forefront of various social causes, are connecting the past with the present.
Voices of Civil Rights is a trademark of AARP.
www.voicesofcivilrights.org   (248 words)

 African American Odyssey: The Civil Rights Era (Part 1)
While there is more to achieve in ending discrimination, major milestones in civil rights laws are on the books for the purpose of regulating equal access to public accommodations, equal justice before the law, and equal employment, education, and housing opportunities.
Civil rights leaders rallied to the cause and came to continue the march from the point at which Meredith fell.
In this photograph she is singing at the 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom at the Lincoln Memorial--a civil rights rally, held on the third anniversary of the Brown decision.
lcweb2.loc.gov /ammem/aaohtml/exhibit/aopart9.html   (1810 words)

 Civil Rights Movement Timeline
According to King, it is essential that the civil rights movement not sink to the level of the racists and hatemongers who oppose them: "We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline," he urges.
Asserting that civil rights laws alone are not enough to remedy discrimination, President Johnson issues Executive Order 11246, which enforces affirmative action for the first time.
After two years of debates, vetoes, and threatened vetoes, President Bush reverses himself and signs the Civil Rights Act of 1991, strengthening existing civil rights laws and providing for damages in cases of intentional employment discrimination.
www.infoplease.com /spot/civilrightstimeline1.html   (1670 words)

 Civil Rights Movement
Before the Civil War, the US had the distinction of being one of the only countries in the world where slavery was explicitly legal.
Civil rights were not won only in the courts though.
This little old woman inspired many people and she quickly became a symbol for the civil rights movement.
www.esolcamba.org /civilrightsmovement.htm   (914 words)

 Timeline of the American Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Act of 1964:  In his first address to Congress and the nation  as president, Johnson called for passage of the civil rights bill as a monument to the fallen Kennedy.
But Johnson had the civil rights leaders mount a massive lobbying campaign, including inundating the Capitol with religious leaders of all faiths and colors.
John Lewis, former freedom rider and voting rights registration organizer, and one of the young men beaten on the Selma Bridge that Sunday, currently serves as a U.S. Congressman for the State of Georgia.
www.ags.uci.edu /~skaufman/teaching/win2001ch4.htm   (2072 words)

 HungryBlues: civil rights movement   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
In his mind there was little difference between civil rights activism, Pan-Africanism, and promotion of communism or socialism; all threatened to unhinge the racial status quo and unleash internal dissension that would leave the nation vulnerable to attack from within or without....
We believed that you had a right to defend yourself, you had a right to defend your community, you had a right to defend your family, and you had the right to defend your honor as a human being.
The first step for any progressive movement is not to ever think that it is "predominately anything" but to reconceive of their movement as stretching beyond the bounds of people who individual workers within specific locales see in their day-to-day activities.
minorjive.typepad.com /hungryblues/civil_rights_movement   (16223 words)

 Bringing the Civil Rights Movement into the Classroom - Volume 17 No. 2 - Winter 2002/2003 - Rethinking Schools Online
It tells the history of the movement by focusing on individuals who gave their lives to the struggles in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Selma march in 1965 that united SNCC, CORE and the SCLC in the demand for voting rights and was instrumental in the passage of the Federal Voting Rights Act of that year.
Right now I am using my education and hopefully someday I will be able to speak out for freedom as someone who is respected and strong.
www.rethinkingschools.org /archive/17_02/Civi172.shtml   (2118 words)

 CIVIL RIGHTS WEBQUEST   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-27)
The Civil Rights movement is an important part of the study of United States History.
The sacrifices of many people in the movement may be largely unnoticed and to a certain extent the movement continues today.
Assume that you are on the staff of a new museum devoted to the Civil Rights movement.
www.milton.k12.vt.us /WebQuests/GFurlong/civil_rights_webquest.htm   (1927 words)

 E-Learning | Martin Luther King, Jr. Philosophy on Non-Violent Resistance | Civil Rights
As King emerged as a leader in the civil rights movement, he put his belief into action and proved that this was an effective method to combat racial segregation.
Prior to becoming a civil rights leader, King entered a theological seminary in 1948 where he began to concentrate on discovering a solution to end social ills.
He believed the importance of nonviolence rested in the fact that it prevented physical violence and the "internal violence of spirit." Bitterness and hate were absent from the resisters mind, and replaced with love.
www.kingian.net   (611 words)

 Mt. Zion Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum
The mission of the Mt. Zion Albany Civil Rights Movement Museum is to commemorate the 1960s Civil Rights Movement in Albany and southwest Georgia so that it serves as an educational resource for the community, the nation, and the world.
Many of the protests during the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s were directed at the police because of their role in enforcing segregation.
The movement was an assertion of the power that "ordinary" people could wield and of their ability to transcend and defy the customs of the time, even so strong a tradition as Jim Crow.
members.surfsouth.com /~mtzion   (1479 words)

 Civil Rights Movement Bibliography
In-depth look at the civil rights movement goes to the places where pioneers of the movement marched, sat-in at lunch counters, gathered in churches; where they spoke, taught, and organized; where they were arrested, where they lost their lives, and where they triumphed.
First-person narrative of Septima Clark one of the unsung heroines of the Movement.
The struggle for civil rights in the Mississippi Delta and the role of the state in maintaining segregation and repressing the Movement.
www.crmvet.org /biblio.htm   (9776 words)

 Handbook of Texas Online: CIVIL-RIGHTS MOVEMENT
Much of the leadership on behalf of civil rights came from the ranks of the middle class.
movement of the era, and some, especially youths, supported the movement's militancy, its denunciation of "gringos," and its talk of separatism from American society.
When the state circumvented the decision by declaring political parties to be private organizations that had the right to decide their own memberships, fls again turned to the courts.
www.tsha.utexas.edu /handbook/online/articles/view/CC/pkcfl.html   (2191 words)

 Psychedelic 60s: The Civil Rights Movement
Movement and the escalating war in Vietnam were the two great catalysts for social protest in the sixties.
Since the end of the Civil War many organizations had been created to promote the goals of racial justice and equality in America, but progress was painfully slow.
The African-American community, being in the minority, depended on the support of the white population, and at least in terms of sentiment, those caught up in the spirit of the hippie movement took the cause of racial justice and equality to heart, and often to the streets.
www.lib.virginia.edu /small/exhibits/sixties/civil.html   (1167 words)

 CNN -The Civil Rights Movement
Three civil rights workers disappear in Mississippi after being stopped for speeding; found buried six weeks later.
The history of the civil rights movement in the United States actually begins with the early efforts of the fledgling democracy.
Civil rights leaders mark 40th anniversary of bus boycott
www.cnn.com /EVENTS/1997/mlk/links.html   (965 words)

 The Civil Rights Movement | Abbeville Press
After an impassioned foreword by Myrlie Evers-Williams and an introduction explaining the vital importance of photography to the movement, the book proceeds from the Montgomery bus boycott through the student, local, and national movements; the big marches in Washington and Selma; Freedom Summer; Malcolm X and Black Power; and the death of Martin Luther King.
Each chapter begins with a fast-paced narrative of a crucial event in the movement, complemented by a portfolio of the most effective and evocative photographs of the subject.
A concise chronology of the major civil rights events of the period and useful suggestions for additional reading and web-browsing conclude this invaluable, inspiring volume.
www.abbeville.com /civilrights/index.asp   (434 words)

 Music of the Civil Rights Movement
An important song of the civil rights movement was "Lift Ev'ry Voice and Sing," written by two brothers, James Weldon Johnson (1871–1938) and J. Rosamond Johnson (1873–1954).
The most famous song of the civil rights movement was "We Shall Overcome." It may have been created by African American textile workers in the 1940s at the Highlander Folk School in Tennessee.
But the people who sang for civil rights knew that music helps make people strong, and that music can help change the world a little at a time.
www.sbgmusic.com /html/teacher/reference/historical/civilrights.html   (867 words)

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