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Topic: Civilian

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In the News (Wed 17 Apr 19)

  Why War? Keywords: Civilian Casualties   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Her demands were simple: an investigation into all the reported cases of civilian casualties in Afghanistan and for the U.S. government to set up a trust fund to assis...
Civilian casualties is a military term describing civilian, non-combatant persons killed or injured by direct military action.
One example of unintended civilian casualties is when an aircraft targets a bridge with a missile, then lauches the missile, and the pilot realizes that a bus full of women and children is driving onto the bridge.
www.why-war.com /encyclopedia/people/civilian_casualties   (900 words)

 Encyclopedia: Civilian
However, civilian property may be destroyed in pursuit of a military objective; civilian property may be seized for military use; and collateral damage is an accepted part of war.
It is sometimes argued that the division between civilian and military and the abhorrence towards attacks on civilians is a reflection of Western attitudes to war, and that other societies do not make such distinctions but find other aspects of Western-style warfare abhorrent (such as strategic bombing).
In legal contexts, a civilian is also the name given to a jurist or jurisdiction of the civil law as in civilian jurisdiction.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Civilian   (1027 words)

 Civilian Conservation Corps on Encyclopedia.com   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Community, civility, and citizenship: theatre and indoctrination in the Civilian Conservation Corps of the 1930s.
The African-American Experience in the Civilian Conservation Corps.
The headquarters of the Civilian Conservation Corps in San Clemente is seen in this 1936 photograph that is on display at the San Clemente State Park Information Center.
www.encyclopedia.com /html/C/Civilian.asp   (650 words)

 Civilian Conservation Corps - Encyclopedia.WorldSearch   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was created in President Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first month in office (on March 31, 1933).
In creating this civilian conservation corps we are killing two birds with one stone.
Replenishing the soil and the soul of Texas: the Civilian Conservation Corps in the lone star state as an example of state-federal work relief during the...
encyclopedia.worldsearch.com /civilian_conservation_corps.htm   (877 words)

 The Role of the Elite Press in Exacerbating the Military-Civilian Mutual Understanding Gap With Special Reference to ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
That mutual ignorance between the civilian and military sectors, and the alienation and suspicion it breeds, are dysfunctional and detrimental to their continued existence in a free and democratic nation.
That both the military and civilian sectors, and the fourth estate, are expected to meet similar, if not identical, ethical standards, including, but not limited to, truth telling, professional competence, and a career-long pursuit of the education necessary to maintain such competence.
In the case of American civilians, their obligation as citizens is for the competence necessary for the exercise of control of their military, including the pursuit of the relevant education, at least so long as they raise or educate children, and vote.
atlas.usafa.af.mil /jscope/JSCOPE01/Kellogg01.html   (3448 words)

 Geneva Convention relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Civilian hospitals organized to give care to the wounded and sick, the infirm and maternity cases, may in no circumstances be the object of attack, but shall at all times be respected and protected by the Parties to the conflict.
Civilian hospitals shall be marked by means of the emblem provided for in Article 38 of the Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field of August 12, 1949, but only if so authorized by the State.
The Occupying Power may requisition civilian hospitals only temporarily and only in cases of urgent necessity for the care of military wounded and sick, and then on condition that suitable arrangements are made in due time for the care and treatment of the patients and for the needs of the civilian population for hospital accommodation.
www.unhchr.ch /html/menu3/b/92.htm   (14864 words)

 Where is the world's shame and rage?: Civilian casualties in Iraq -DAWN - International; 02 November, 2004
It is true that, with only a few exceptions, civilians who died as a result of ground combat were not deliberately targeted, but were caught up in the machinery of modern warfare.
But when the same claim is made about civilians killed in aerial attacks (the Lancet study estimates that most of civilian deaths were the result of air attacks), the comparison quickly falls apart.
Dozens of civilians were killed during the vain effort to eliminate Saddam Hussein with "pinpoint" air strikes, and hundreds have perished in the campaign to eliminate alleged terrorist targets in Fallujah.
www.dawn.com /2004/11/02/int14.htm   (1122 words)

 AFOSI Global Relicance: Expeditionary OSI and the evolving role of the civilian agent cadre   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A growing number of civilian agents are now serving as forensic consultants, tech agents, counterespionage case officers, and antiterrorism specialty team and tanker airlift control element agents.
Thirteen civilian agents underwent extensive language training at the Foreign Service Institute over the past eighteen months, and we are preparing to select another five to 10 civilian agents for FSI language and area studies training over the coming 18 months.
Civilian SA Ted Abbott, who was deployed to Baghdad as I write this editorial, is our SAC at Det. 252's AST, Lackland AFB, Texas.
public.afosi.amc.af.mil /global/nov_dec_03/civilian.asp   (678 words)

 Iraq Body Count   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
If you want to submit news stories that could help us confirm an incident involving civilian deaths please email news item weblinks to news@iraqbodycount.org (the more specific and detailed, the better).
What we are attempting to provide is a credible compilation of civilian deaths that have been reported by recognized sources.
It is likely that many if not most civilian casualties will go unreported by the media.
www.iraqbodycount.net   (234 words)

 Civilian casualties
As of May 6, "Iraqbodycount.net" estimated that between 2.233 and 2.706 civilians have died in the war on Iraq based on published reports (See end) However, the accuracy of the estimates is limited as they are mainly based on reports in the Western media.
Many of the incidents involving civilian casualties cannot be explained away as "civilians caught in the crossfire" or "human error." It appears, for example, that civilians have intentionally been shot at and that it has been standard operating procedure at American checkpoints to aim indiscriminately at any vehicle or even pedestrian coming in their direction.
The use of cluster bombs in Hilla was also confirmed by the international media.20 The AFP counted at least 73 civilian deaths in Hilla over several days and their correspondent reported that at the scene of the bombing dozens of parts of cluster bombs were peppered over a large area.
www.informationclearinghouse.info /article3466.htm   (2256 words)

 BG Pillsbury Civilian Commentary   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A real strength of our civilians is that they are stable, remaining in their jobs for much longer periods of time than the military.
Schooling within the civilian workforce is somewhat more informal and depends on superiors and organizations to send the employee to school.
Military and civilian personnel alike are best served, and serve this Nation best, when they are provided with the resources and direction that enable and empower them to work toward accomplishing their organization's mission and attaining its vision.
www.ddc.dla.mil /Docs/BGPillsbury-Commentary.asp   (1288 words)

 The 65th Anniversary of the Civilian Conservation Corps
Created by President Franklin Roosevelt on March 31, 1933, the Civilian Conservation Corps had a profound impact on this nation, helping to sustain the United States through the depths of the Depression, and setting a precedent for other federal agencies to carry on the diverse missions of the Civilian Conservation Corps.
The Civilian Conservation Corps provided members with the opportunity to learn a new skill and allowed them to attend classes to further their education.
Civilian Conservation Corps workers cleared trails, built buildings and shelters, fought forest fires, planted trees, and made other improvements to parks in all the states, territories, and possessions.
www.senate.gov /~dodd/press/Speeches/105_98/0501.htm   (670 words)

 Civilian Victims of United States' Aerial Bombing of Afghanistan
Yet another, wails about too much press coverage of civilian casualties by a media unable to understand that some civilian casualties must occur but that "what IS newsworthy is that so many bombs hit their targets".
The authors solemnly intone "far fewer Afghan civilians have been killed by American bombs than is claimed by Taliban propaganda." Citing "an intelligence report obtained by The Sunday Telegraph" which is purported to have employed data gathered by satellite and unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, they allege that most Taliban claims are falsehoods and propaganda.
Civilian casualty figures for the Iraq and Yugoslav wars vary enormously depending upon sources, e.g., from 300 to 1,200 in Yugoslavia and 3,000 in Iraq.
www.cursor.org /stories/civilian_deaths.htm   (12427 words)

 Iraq Body Count | DATABASE | Latest Updates
This is a human security project to establish an independent and comprehensive public database of media-reported civilian deaths in Iraq resulting directly from military action by the USA and its allies.
This includes civilian deaths resulting from the breakdown in law and order, and deaths due to inadequate health care or sanitation.
Results and totals are continually updated and made immediately available on this page and on various IBC counters which may be freely displayed on any website, where they will be automatically updated without further intervention.
www.iraqbodycount.net /database   (749 words)

 Protocol I Additional to the Geneva Convention, 1977
In order to ensure respect for and protection of the civilian population and civilian objects, the Parties to the conflict shall at all times distinguish between the civilian population and combatants and between civilian objects and military objectives and accordingly shall direct their operations only against military objectives.
The presence or movements of the civilian population or individual civilians shall not be used to render certain points or areas immune from military operations, in particular in attempts to shield military objectives from attacks or to shield, favor or impede military operations.
Civilian objects shall not be the object of attack or of reprisals.
www.deoxy.org /wc/wc-proto.htm   (1893 words)

 Civilian Pilot Training Program (CPTP)
Purportedly civilian in nature, these government-sponsored programs were, in fact, nothing more than military flight training academies.
Following the precedent established by the Europeans, the CPTP was established as a civilian program but its potential for national defense was undisguised.
It was an unqualified success and provided a grand vision for its supporters—to greatly expand the nation's civilian pilot population by training thousands of college students to fly.
www.centennialofflight.gov /essay/GENERAL_AVIATION/civilian_pilot_training/GA20.htm   (1114 words)

 Minimizing Civilian Casualties in Iraq: Sarah Sewall
The problem of civilian casualties, euphemistically termed ''collateral damage,'' is not simply a matter of abiding by the law of armed conflict.
Regard for civilian life is an issue of national character, an essential distinction between the US use of force and terrorist tactics.
Dismissing claims of civilian deaths as exaggerated, which many undoubtedly are, avoids the question of truth.
www.ksg.harvard.edu /news/opeds/2002/sewall_iraq_bg_111802.htm   (816 words)

 Afghanistan: New Civilian Deaths Due To U.S. Bombing (Human Rights Watch, 30-10-2001)
In almost all other cases of civilian casualties caused by the U.S.-led bombing campaign investigated by Human Rights Watch, survivors and witnesses have been forthcoming in identifying Taliban or Al-Qaida military positions located nearby which could have been the target of the attack.
She confirmed that there had been many civilian casualties in the village, and gave a similar death toll from one family as that given by the family interviewed by Human Rights Watch (see above): "Many people died and many were wounded.
The incident in Chowkar-Karez village happened a day after twenty-three civilians, the majority of them children, were killed when U.S. bombs hit the remote Afghan village of Thori located near a Taliban military base in Oruzgan province (see Human Rights Watch release "Afghanistan: U.S. Bombs Kill Twenty-three Civilians", October 26, 2001).
www.hrw.org /press/2001/10/afghan1030.htm   (1153 words)

 Civilian Content Film Fund Swells   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Civilian said it aims to invest the fund in film production later this year across several titles.
A selection of these will come from Civilian and SureFire's joint-development-fund slate, launched in May. No further details for the movie projects were made available at press time.
Civilian Content said in a statement issued to the stock exchange Monday that the company will earn additional production fees during the second half of the year and sales agency commissions during 2005 as a result of the fund.
www.backstage.com /backstage/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1000614462   (784 words)

 ATLDP study pushes Civilian Advisory Board
The civilian study mirrored earlier panels that examined the Army culture, and training and leader development views of the officer, warrant officer and NCO corps during the past two years.
The civilian study was the last planned ATLDP, yet work continues to resolve issues identified from all the studies.
Like the earlier studies that looked at the uniformed side of the Army, the civilian study found that Army civilians' commitment to the Army is not perceived as being reciprocated by the Army; performance evaluations and counseling are inadequate; and current education and career development models are lacking.
www.dix.army.mil /PAO/post03/post032103/ATLDP.htm   (731 words)

 Civilian Defense   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
Civilian defense is a strategy for defending against potential military aggression which uses unarmed civilians, rather than armed forces, to defend against attack.
Civilian defense also diminishes the legitimacy of the invading force, which slowly will reduce its power.
Although the use of civilian defense to deter attack is more difficult than to defend one after it has occurred, some scholars think that its use as a deterrence strategy will increase as its use increases and its effectiveness becomes better known.
www.colorado.edu /conflict/peace/treatment/civdefs.htm   (382 words)

 Update: Adverse Events Following Civilian Smallpox Vaccination --- United States, 2003
During January 24--April 18, 2003, smallpox vaccine was administered to 33,444 civilian health-care and public health workers in 54 jurisdictions to prepare the United States for a possible terrorist attack using smallpox virus.
This report updates information on vaccine-associated adverse events among civilians vaccinated since the beginning of the program and among contacts of vaccinees, received by CDC from the Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS) as of April 18.
No cases of vaccine transmission from civilian vaccinees to their contacts have been reported during the vaccination program (Table 3).
www.cdc.gov /mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5216a2.htm   (1225 words)

 Home Page of R_Civilian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
A framework to describe behaviors of civilian agents in rescue simulations is proposed.
In a disaster situation, however, it is hard to model civilian's behaviors as such a goal-oriented problem-solving.
The framework is implemented as civilian agents for RoboCupRescue Simulation in order to adapt for a general civilian simulation.
www.carc.aist.go.jp /~kshinoda/R_Civilian   (342 words)

 Who counts the civilian casualties? | csmonitor.com
He meant civilians: men, women, and children who had lived for a quarter-century under Saddam Hussein's iron-fisted rule - who were not part of Iraq's military forces, yet could not escape the horrors of war.
Between 8,789 and 10,638 civilians have died since war began March 19, 2003, according to one group of British and American researchers that surveys media reports and eyewitness accounts.
It's difficult (and sometimes impossible) to distinguish civilian casualties from the victims of anticoalition guerrilla forces or criminals.
www.csmonitor.com /2004/0331/p15s01-wogi.html   (1374 words)

 Pentagon’s civilian employees arm themselves in Iraq - Conflict in Iraq - MSNBC.com
Just how many of those civilian employees have begun to purchase their own firearms isn’t known; however, according to interviews and eyewitness accounts given to MSNBC.com, there is no shortage of available firepower in Baghdad.
These “E-E” employees work directly for the Pentagon, draw their paycheck from the government and perform highly technical or skilled jobs for which no military personnel are available.  The jobs are often performed overseas, in crisis or war zone situations.
During a news conference a civilian employee of the Defense Department asked Rumsfeld, “[M]any times we're placed in harm's way in convoys and we have no means to protect ourselves.
www.msnbc.msn.com /id/5053518   (721 words)

 Civilian   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-21)
In an unprecedented turn of events, Civilian has set sails in a new musical direction, and we kindly ask for your continued patience as we put the finishing touches on what we’d like to consider our best work ever.
After experience with various projects over the years, the members of Civilian as a whole represent a veteran's perspective of the music industry, while maintaining the needed vibrancy of a fledgling band.
Though their ages span the length of a decade, the members of Civilian all enjoy the frequent obscure musical reference to make themselves sound smart.
www.civilianband.com /handler.asp?pg=band   (531 words)

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