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Topic: Classical Hebrew

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 Hebrew languages - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hebrew languages refer to a variety of Canaanite languages and dialects historically spoken by various peoples in the region of Canaan whom Abrahamic religion believes to have been Hebrews who emigrated from the Chaldees.
Of the varieties of Hebrew, only one — Modern Hebrew — is used as a spoken language today, and is one of the official languages of the State of Israel.
If (as the Book of Genesis implies) the Hebrews came from elsewhere rather than being native to Canaan, their language was most probably not a Canaanite one (as Biblical Hebrew linguistically is).
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Hebrew_languages   (609 words)

Hebrew was revived as a spoken language during the late 19th and early 20th century as Modern Hebrew, replacing Arabic, Yiddish, Russian, and a variety of other languages spoken by Jews who emigrated to Israel.
The revival of Hebrew is intimately associated with the name of Eliezer Ben-Yehuda,who was born in Russia and who came to Palestine, then a province of the Ottoman empire, in 1881 with revival plans for the Hebrew language.
Hebrew is unique in that it was resurrected from being a written language to becoming one that is spoken today as a first language by millions of people.
www.nvtc.gov /lotw/months/august/Hebrew.html   (1513 words)

 Thelemapedia: The Encyclopedia of Thelema & Magick | Hebrew
There are principally two variants of Hebrew: Classical Hebrew, the language in which the Torah (the five books of Moses) was written, and Modern Hebrew, a somewhat artificial reconstruction and "modernization" of Classical Hebrew for use by Jews in Palestine after 1900 e.v.
Hebrew as a spoken, living language was dormant from the time of the Babylonian Exile until the end of the 19th century e.v.
The Hebrew words and concepts that have worked their way into Thelema, Qabalah, and hermetic magick in general come from classical Hebrew; their modern spelling and pronunciation may be confusing.
www.thelemapedia.org /index.php/Hebrew   (937 words)

 Hebrew Language
The Hebrew alphabet is either of two distinct Semitic alphabets - the Early Hebrew and the Classical, or Square, Hebrew.
Hebrew is written from right to left, rather than left to right as in English, so Alef is the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and Tav is the last.
Classical Hebrew showed three distinct forms by the 10th century AD: Square Hebrew, a formal or book hand; rabbinical or "Rashi-writing," employed by medieval Jewish scholars; and various local cursive scripts, of which the Polish-German type became the modern cursive form.
www.crystalinks.com /hebrew.html   (900 words)

 William M. Schniedewind, Prolegomena for the Sociolinguistics of Classical Hebrew
Although Hebrew ceased to be spoken as an everyday language sometime in the third or fourth centuries CE, it continued to be used as the language of sacred literature and even served as a trade language among Jews throughout the Diaspora who shared their knowledge of Hebrew religious texts.
It is hardly surprising that Akkadian loanwords seem to appear in Classical Hebrew in the late 8th century, that is, in the context of the Assyrian conquests of Galilee, Samaria, and Lachish.
Hebrew linguists have often been content to work as if language were not part of a cultural system, as if the history of Hebrew were not part of the social history of the Jewish people.
www.arts.ualberta.ca /JHS/Articles/article_36.htm   (8773 words)

 Behind the Name: Classical Hebrew   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Classical Hebrew (also called Biblical Hebrew or Ancient Hebrew) is the Semitic language that was used by the Hebrews from approximately 1200 BC to 60 AD.
After the first destruction of Jerusalem and the deportation of the Jews to Babylon in 586 BC, Classical Hebrew began to be supplanted by Mishnaic Hebrew and Aramaic.
Hebrew was revived in the 20th century as the official language of the state of Israel.
www.behindthename.com /glossary/view.php?title=classical_hebrew   (98 words)

 Israeli Hebrew by David Tene – Ariel 25
The Committee assumed that this was the Hebrew pronunciation before Hebrew ceased to be a spoken language, and probably considered their decision to be sufficient for this pronunciation to materialize.
On the one hand, they are "deaf" to the distinctive oppositions in Hebrew, if these distinctions are not relevant in their primary language, and, on the other, they impose irrelevant distinctions on Hebrew only because they are relevant in their primary language and its rules of free variation.
signifier of the Hebrew verb is of necessity
www.adath-shalom.ca /israeli_hebrew_tene.htm   (7560 words)

 Hebrew - Theopedia   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
Biblical or Classical Hebrew is the ancient form of the Hebrew language, in which the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) was written, and which the ancient Israelites spoke.
Modern evolutions, or adaptions, of Classical Hebrew are in active use today, mostly in the form of various modern Jewish dialects of Hebrew, as well as Samaritan Hebrew language, which is used primarily by the Samaritans.
Roman Era Hebrew, or Mishnaic Hebrew, has further grammatical influences from Greek and Parsi, mainly through the dialect of Aramaic which was the Lingua franca of the area at the time.
www.theopedia.com /Hebrew   (582 words)

 Let's Talk the Talk-classical Hebrew language for Gentiles!
Classical Hebrew is a verb oriented language rather than a noun oriented or abstract language.
Classical Hebrew was followed by Mishnaic Hebrew, the language of the Mishnah, which reflects Hebrew as it was known from around 200 B.C. to about A.D. 500 Mishnaic Hebrew was the language of the academy where the Scriptures were interpreted and where the oral interpretations of the sages were passed down.
The nineteenth and twentieth centuries have witnessed the development of modern Hebrew into a vital, living language as suitable for the sciences and literature as for everyday use, but this language represents a vast development and change from classical Hebrew of the Bible, particularly in the verbal system.
www.angelfire.com /in/HisName/talkwalk.html   (3473 words)

 UWM UG Catalog: Hebrew Studies
Basic Hebrew language courses such as Hebr St 101-102 and 105-106 are designed to serve the needs both of students who are true beginners in the language and of students who have had previous high school training in Hebrew.
The Hebrew studies minor requires the completion, with a GPA of 2.5 or above, of 18 credits in Hebrew studies courses, at least 9 of which must be taken at the 300 level or above in residence at UWM.
Hebrew studies students also may be interested in the Comparative Ethnic Studies and the Comparative Study of Religion programs as well as the certificate program in Middle Eastern and North African Studies.
www.uwm.edu /ugbulletin/SC/D_LS_440.html   (504 words)

Early Hebrew was the alphabet used by the Jewish nation in the period before the Babylonian Exile up to the 6th century before Yeshua.
The Torah which is written in Biblical or Classical Hebrew refers to the language of the Hebrews as the language of Canaan or Judah.
Biblical or Classical Hebrew, which was a spoken language in Palestine until the third century before Yeshua, was a basic language with a limited vocabulary and its verbs had only two tenses.
www.torahbytes.org /sechel/hebrew.htm   (435 words)

 Course Descriptions - Me'ah Graduate Institute
Now is your opportunity to sit and grapple with these and other classical Jewish texts, uncover their meaning and join the centuries-old discussions initiated by rabbis at the beginning of the first millennium.
The textbooks Understanding Hebrew I and II (Behrman House) are based on the pioneering Shlabim curriculum and form an integral part of the Hebrew language learning experience.
Selections from classical texts will also be introduced to familiarize students with both the shared and distinctive features of Hebrew in its different periods.
www.hebrewcollege.edu /html/adult_learning/meah_grad_courses.htm   (2670 words)

 The Skirball Department of Hebrew and Judaic Studies at NYU
Comprehensive introduction to representative works of modern Hebrew literature from the writers of the National Hebrew Renaissance of the late 19th century to the present.
Examines classical Jewish sources (Bible, Talmud, and medieval codes) pertaining to ethical issues and discusses the range of ethical positions that may be based on the sources.
These classic tales, including the famous Gilgamesh Epic, Enuma Elish, and The Baal Cycle, but also including some others you may be less familiar with, will offer a glimpse into ancient Near Eastern cultures and their understanding of the world, the gods, and themselves.
www.nyu.edu /gsas/dept/hebrew/ucourses.htm   (1999 words)

 Hebrew Language and Ulpan - Summer Institutes at Hebrew College
Hebrew College Online: Hebrew College's unique online Hebrew language courses offer highly interactive modules designed to build participants' reading, writing, comprehension and conversational skills through text, audio, graphics and class discussion, as well as written and spoken homework assignments.
Students will deepen their understanding of Hebrew with emphasis on skill acquisition and development through the extensive use of both classical and modern texts.
Learn modern Hebrew, with an emphasis on conversational Hebrew, in an informal yet intensive setting that draws on the linguistic immersion method used successfully in Israel.
www.hebrewcollege.edu /html/coi_summer/hebrew_language_ulpan.htm   (1090 words)

 Dictionary of Classical Hebrew
The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew is a project being carried out under the auspices of the (British) Society for Old Testament Study, from whose members a Board of Reference of about 12 scholars has been appointed.
But it is impossible to prepare a dictionary of the classical phase of the language on historical principles, since so few of the texts we have can be dated with any assurance; and so on principle we do not attempt to reconstruct the history of the semantics of words.
In some cases, of course, there obviously existed in classical Hebrew synonyms and antonyms that are not actually attested as such within the extant texts, and it is no doubt a weakness in a dictionary if it does not enter rather systematically the possibilities open to speakers and writers of that language.
www.shef.ac.uk /bibs/DJACcurrres/Postmodern2/Dictionary.html   (2877 words)

 A Brief History of the Hebrew Language
This was the Hebrew (ketav Ivri) used by the Jewish nation up to the Babylonian Exile (or, according to Orthodox Jews, until the Exodus from Egypt).
At the end of the 6th century BC ketav Ivri was replaced by the Hebrew square script (ketav meruba).
Biblical Hebrew – aka Classical Hebrew; by the time of Jesus, Aramaic was the common language, but Hebrew was used in synagogues and in Temple worship.
www.hebrew4christians.com /Grammar/Unit_One/History/history.html   (1106 words)

 Amazon.com: The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew: Zayin Tet (Dictionary of Classical Hebrew): Books: David J. A. Clines   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
It aims to describe the entire Hebrew language, up to and including the era of the Dead Sea scrolls, insofar as we know it from the extant literature and inscriptions.
DCH, on the other hand, omits references to languages other than Hebrew, just as many English dictionaries omit etymological discussions--and for the same reason: DCH assumes that the best guide to the meaning of a Hebrew term is the way it is used in Hebrew, not the way it is used in some other language.
In the case of the traditional lexicons, this is because they are remarkably unsullied, even in their most recent incarnations, by modern linguistic theory: they betray very little suspicion that users might want or benefit from more than simple glosses.
www.amazon.com /Dictionary-Classical-Hebrew-Zayin-Tet/dp/1850756341   (1585 words)

 Further Work in Classical Hebrew
A second year of Hebrew language studies is highly recommended, and some of you are intending to travel that route.
Advanced biblical Hebrew classes at UNC Charlotte typically focus equally on narrative and poetic materials from the Bible, usually read in conjunction with some apocryphal, rabbinic, and traditional medieval commentaries.
One of the least expensive programs is the Judaic Classics Library distributed by Davka, but I have persistently and repeatedly found scribal errors in some of their texts.
www.religiousstudies.uncc.edu /jcreeves/hebrbiblio.htm   (1111 words)

 Lust, Review of Clines, The Dictionary of Classical Hebrew, vol. 5
Unlike previous dictionaries of ancient Hebrew, this work does not restrict itself to the texts of the Hebrew Bible.
It systematically records the language of all texts written in Hebrew from the earliest times down to the second century of the common era.
A further distinction should perhaps have been made between the plural "hands" and the singular "hand." This would have made it clear that, for instance, the meaning "prayer" always implies the plural, whereas the meaning "to swear an oath," or better "divine intervention," always implies the singular.
rosetta.reltech.org /TC/vol08/Clines2003rev.html   (1179 words)

Welcome to the Department of Classical, Near Eastern and Religious Studies.
The emphasis in this course is on grammar and translation of Biblical Hebrew.
The emphasis will be on Biblical Hebrew prose (Exodus 3:1-17; Genesis 37:1-24; Deuteronomy 6 [all]; and 1 Kings 17-19), but we will also read two poetic texts (Psalms 24 and 100).
www.cnrs.ubc.ca /index.php?id=3897   (225 words)

 Amazon.com: A Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew: Books: Jacob Weingreen   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
This book is a lot better than "Biblical Hebrew: A Text and Workbook" by Kittel, Hoffer and Wright, because it slowly eases you into the language, giving you the basics first, while Kittel's book pounds you with huge amounts of grammatical rules at the very beginning.
Weingreen's volume is a classic, and as the title suggests, a very practical text filled with helpful exercises and largely useful examples.
It is a painless way to learn Hebrew because it only introduces a few paradigms and vocabulary words at a time, and then gives you lots of exercises to drill the material.
www.amazon.com /Practical-Grammar-Classical-Hebrew/dp/0198154224   (1621 words)

 Classical and Medieval Studies Program || VAEM
DRA 314 Plays in Performance (3 credits) when performance is a classical or medieval play.
LIN 318 Language Analysis (2 or 4 credits; with classical or medieval language): cross-listed with ENG 318.
PHL 410 Studies in the History of Philosophy (with classical or medieval topic)
www.csuohio.edu /classical_medieval/courses.htm   (416 words)

 Classical Literature   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-11)
When traditional literary scholars refer to classical literature, they usually mean that this literature is widely acknowledged as having outstanding or enduring qualities.
When scholars are speaking more specifically, however, the term classic is usually applied to the literature of the ancient world (Greek and Rome), especially between 1000 BCE and 410 CE.
Literature written during this same interval in other cultures might be referred to as "Classical Hebrew" or "Classical Chinese" literature as well.
web.cn.edu /kwheeler/resource_lit.classics.html   (433 words)

 Practical Grammar for Classical Hebrew
This grammar is based upon simple rules which are explained from the point of view of ordinary speech.
The language employed is free from heavy technicalities, and grammar itself is arranged in a succession of inter-dependent chapters, each accompanied by exercises in Hebrew - English and English - Hebrew.
The grammar has been planned to introduce the student as quickly as possible to a working knowledge of Classical Hebrew.
www.trinitybookservice.org /54224.html   (144 words)

 10/8/02, Meltzr Professor of Classical Hebrew Literature: David Stern - Almanac, Vol. 49, No. 7
SAS Dean Samuel H. Preston has announced that Dr. David Stern, professor of Asian and Middle Eastern studies and of religious studies, has been appointed to the Ruth Meltzer Professorship of Classical Hebrew Literature.
He is currently working on a book which traces the histories of the Talmud, the Rabbinic Bible, the Prayerbook, and the Passover Haggadah as material artifacts in order to show how the physical forms of these books have helped to shape their meaning in Jewish culture.
The Ruth Meltzer Professorship of Classical Hebrew Literature was created by the bequest of Ruth Meltzer, CCC'38, who passed away in 2001.
www.upenn.edu /almanac/v49/n07/meltzer_prof.html   (469 words)

 Codex: General Hebrew Resources
Over the years that I have taught Classical Hebrew I have developed a number of charts and handouts.
There are a number of good Hebrew fonts available for the MacOS and Windows, both public domain and for purchase.
They have a number of good Hebrew fonts available for purchase; see http://www.linguistsoftware.com for more information.
biblical-studies.ca /hebrew/hebrew_resources.html   (394 words)

 Codex: Biblical Studies Blogspot » Blog Archive » Teaching Classical Hebrew
I have developed a number of resources for teaching introductory Hebrew with Kittel and most of them are available on my “Resources for Kittel” page.
In regards to Classical Hebrew grammars, Joe Cathay has a good blog post where he surveys some Hebrew grammars.
This entry was posted on Friday, August 25th, 2006 at 11:48 am and is filed under Teaching & Learning, Hebrew.
biblical-studies.ca /blog/wp/2006/08/25/teaching-classical-hebrew   (632 words)

 Classical Hebrew - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Classical Hebrew, in its narrowest sense, refers to the Biblical Hebrew dialect that flourished around the 6th century BCE, and comprises much of the Hebrew Bible or Tanakh.
In a wider sense, it refers to Hebrew as a spoken language that flourished as various evolving dialects from the 10th century BCE until the 3rd or 4th century CE in the land of Israel, including the Biblical Hebrew dialect.
This page was last modified 03:50, 25 October 2006.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Classical_Hebrew   (100 words)

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