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Topic: Classical order

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  Classical order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A classical order is one of the ancient styles of building design distinguished by their proportions and their characteristic profiles and details, but most quickly recognizable by the type of column and capital employed.
This means that the Doric order was the order of the ground floor, the Ionic order was used for the middle storey, while the Corinthian or the Composite order was used for the top storey.
It is a simplified adaption of the Doric order by the Romans.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Classical_order   (2002 words)

 Encyclopedia: Classical order
The Tuscan order in Andrea Palladio, Quattro Libri di Architettura, 1570 Among the Classical orders of architecture, the Tuscan order is the newcomer, a stocky simplified variant of the Doric order that was introduced into the canon of classical architecture by Italian architectural theorists of the 16th century.
A capital of the Composite order The composite order is a mixed order, combining the volutes of the Ionic order with the leaves of the Corinthian order.
The classical orders are ancient styles of building design distinguished by their proportions and their characteristic profiles and details, but most quickly recognizable by the type of column and capital employed.
www.nationmaster.com /encyclopedia/Classical-order   (948 words)

 Classical Ionic Order
The third of the Classical Orders, the Corinthian, developed somewhat later.
To the Greeks, the elegance and slimmer proportions of the Ionic Order represented the female, as the sturdiness and plainness of the Doric Order represented the male.
In discussing the uses of the Orders in the second part of Volume I of The Works, Adam expresses the view that the Ionic capital should be used with the volutes square to the front rather than projecting diagonally when at the corner of a building.
www.scran.ac.uk /dl/ada/documents/general/orders/classical_ionic1.htm   (484 words)

 LibertyGuide.com - The Rise of the Classical Gold Standard: The Role of Focal Points and Synergistic Effects in ...   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The two types of order are quite different in that one thrives on complementarity in the division of labor while the other depends on actors converging on similar actions or rules in organizing their behavior.
The classical gold standard was the product of compelling forces that played out in two stages; these forces can be said to have strongly influenced political and monetary officials of the day in ways consistent with both the ideological appeal of gold (stage one) and structural compulsion (stage two).
The classical gold standard originated in the minds of monetary officials (i.e., was ideologically compelling) and became more attractive for reasons relating to economic and political payoffs (i.e., structurally compelling), such that every nation which could maintain access to large gold stocks found itself driven to a dominant monetary strategy: a gold monometallic standard.
www.theihs.org /libertyguide/hsr/hsr.php/46.html   (11516 words)

 Classical Tuscan Order
The Tuscan Order was the simplest of the Classical Orders.
The Tuscan Order was rarely used in later Roman architecture, but it is referred to by Vitruvius, and Palladio devotes a chapter to it, as he does to each of the orders.
Palladio recommends that its plainness make it suitable for use in buildings of utilitarian function, such as farm buildings, and specifically states that the ratio of height to width in the intervals between the pillars, mean that it is possible to manoeuvre a farm wagon between them.
www.scran.ac.uk /dl/ada/documents/general/orders/classical_tuscan.htm   (338 words)

 The Orders in Text
The very concept of orders was not a tangible law to be physically applied to the process of building, but rather a standard by which the architecture was crafted and the elements of the building were conjoined.
The Ionic Order existed in pre-Classical times only in the small treasuries of Greek states located at Delphi, and began on a large scale with its use on the inner columns of the parthenon and naos of the Parthenon in Athens in 447 BC.
The Erechtheum is an example of a the Ionic order used on a larger scale, located on the northern edge of the Acropolis across from the Parthenon.
www.tufts.edu /programs/mma/fah189/2003/david_noah/orderstext.html   (541 words)

 order --  Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Your gateway to all Britannica has to offer!
The Romans modified the Greek orders to produce the Tuscan (a simplified form of the Doric) and Composite (a combination of the Ionic and Corinthian) orders.
The order was originated in 1158 when King Sancho III of Castile ceded the fortress of Calatrava to Raymond, abbot of the Cistercian monastery of Fitero, with instructions to defend it against the Moors.
The order of knights and monks who defended the fort was formally recognized by the pope in 1164, and it became closely...
concise.britannica.com /ebc/article-9374111   (707 words)

 Classical Architecture: An Introduction
The climax of Antiquity was the Classical Era, and the peak of that era was the Roman Empire.
Classical columns usually were hewn of marble or granite, either in one piece (costly), or as stacked blocks (less durable).
They developed three orders of Classical architecture, distinguished by the style of the capitals and the shape and size of the columns.
www.wilhelm-aerospace.org /Architecture/classical/classic.html   (1921 words)

 Classical Doric Order
The Doric Order is the oldest and plainest of the three Greek architectural orders and was used, for example, on the Parthenon in Athens.
The entablature, taken as a whole, is deeper and visually heavier than that of the Ionic or Corinthian Orders, and it is for this reason that the columns are thicker relative to their height than in the other orders.
The Romans made less use of the Doric Order in their public buildings than had the Greeks, possibly because they preferred the richer effects of the Ionic and Corinthian orders, and the version of the Doric which they used was more highly detailed than the Greek version.
www.scran.com /dl/ada/documents/general/orders/classical_doric.htm   (685 words)

 PlanetMath: IF-logic
For classical first order logic, this definition is equivalent to the usual Tarskian definition of turth (i.e.
IF-logic is stronger than first order logic in the usual sense that there are classes of structures which are IF-definable but not first-order definable.
As all the rest of PA axioms are first order, this shows that extended IF-logic PA can correctly define the natural number system.
planetmath.org /encyclopedia/IFLogic.html   (1367 words)

 ArtLex's Ci-Cn page
Today, classical is used to describe perfection of form, with an emphasis on harmony and unity and restraint of emotion.
Classic is used to describe anything which is the epitome of its type.
A schematic diagram of the Doric order and a
www.artlex.com /ArtLex/Ci.html   (3074 words)

 Synopsis of Classical Greek for Koine Students
One of the first things that strikes the New Testament reader when he or she encounters Classical Greek is the word order.
Most functions of the optative in Classical Greek are taken over by the subjunctive in the NT, with the exception of a wish or prayer about the future.
In Classical Greek, the optative is primarily used in dependent clauses after secondary indicative tenses.
www.uncg.edu /cla/courses/shelmerd/joel/synopsis.htm   (758 words)

 translating classical to linear logic (338 lines)
The second one (you called it Girard's Second Translation) is a translation of cut-free classical logic, based on the idea of translating positive and negative occurrences of the same classical connective into different linear connectives.
They have the property of translating faithfully proofs in a two-sided version of sequent- calculus for classical logic into proofs in two sided sequent- calculus for classical linear logic (faithful in the sense that the 'skeleton' of the derivation remains unchanged); moreover cut-free proofs remain cut-free after translation.
It is true that I could normalize classical proofs before translating them, but this procedure makes difficult to <> which program you obtain out of a classical proof.
www.cis.upenn.edu /~bcpierce/types/archives/1992/msg00085.html   (1127 words)

 Classical Orders of Architecture
The Corinthian order is the most decorative and is usually the one most modern people like best.
The Tuscan order is very plain, with a plain shaft, a simple capital and base, and a plain frieze.
The Composite order is a combination of the Ionic and Corinthian orders.
www.cmhpf.org /kids/dictionary/ClassicalOrders.html   (608 words)

 Classical Music CD, Online Classical Music Stores, Classical CD Exchange, Classical CD Online   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
We have made the ordering process as simple as possible and you can order and pay on-line easily and securely.
We’re happy to take Classical CDs in part-exchange but please contact us first with a list of what you want to exchange (to send an e-mail go to the Contact Us page).
By the time of his death - just 35 years later - he had written the wealth of music which was to gain him acknowledgment as the greatest composer of all.
www.classicalcdexchange.co.uk   (524 words)

 Classical Columns
Each architectural order is the result of careful deployment and arrangement of all the order’s components, from the largest column to the smallest molding, according to a range of generally accepted principles.
The Ionic column, being the slenderest of the classical columns, is thought to be the most feminine, with the sensuous curves of the Ionic volute being a highly stylized representation of flowing hair.
The Elements of Classical Architecture: This latest in a series of reprinted classics from Classical America is a re-publication in one volume of two books on classical architecture originally published in the early-20th century by Georges Gromort, who for a half century was a professor of architecture at the world-famous Ecole des Beaux-Arts in Paris.
www.traditional-building.com /article/column.htm   (976 words)

 Second-order methods   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The use of second-order techniques is to be understood in the context of the classical assumption of Gaussianity.
Another reason for the popularity of the second-order methods is that they are computationally simple, often requiring only classical matrix manipulations.
One might roughly characterize the second-order methods by saying that their purpose is to find a faithful representation of the data, in the sense of reconstruction (mean-square) error.
www.cis.hut.fi /~aapo/papers/NCS99web/node4.html   (192 words)

 Citebase - Classical Behaviour After a Phase Transition: I. Classical Order Parameters   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
We show that, for very rapid quenches, the order parameter can be treated classically by the time that it has achieved its ground state values (spinodal time).
Classical defects (monopoles, vortices, etc.) are a characteristic consequence of many phase transitions of quantum fields.
We analyze the onset of classical behaviour after a second-order phase transition by considering a scalar field theory in which the system-field interacts with its environment, represented both by further fields and by its own short-wavelength modes.
citebase.eprints.org /cgi-bin/citations?id=oai:arXiv.org:hep-ph/0202042   (1066 words)

 Classical Corinthian Order
Together with the Doric and Ionic Orders, it is one of the three Classical Orders of Architecture.
The details of the column base, shaft and entablature of the Corinthian Order are very similar to those of the Ionic Order and, like the Ionic Order, the entablature incorporates dentils.
Adam particularly liked to use the Corinthian Order when he wanted to give the impression of magnificence, as for the west side of the great courtyard of Edinburgh University, intended as a great hall for the University's degree ceremonies and other formal occasions.
www.scran.ac.uk /dl/ada/documents/general/orders/classical_corinthian1.htm   (499 words)

 Classical Labyrinths Order Form
The classical 7-circuit is not round, it is somewhat mushroom-shaped.
In the classical pattern, the center is just the end of the path.
It is possible to pay half the cost when placing the order and the other half prior to shipment.
www.labyrinth-enterprises.com /classicorder.html   (514 words)

 The Polar Bear Classical Mail Order
For orders outside the UK please ensure you have checked your postal region before ordering.
If we already have your details you are welcome simply to send an email with your requests, rather than completing all the details on the order form.
If your order does not turn up within a reasonable time (2 weeks for the UK) we will refund your payment in full.
homepage.ntlworld.com /graham.pawley/classical.html   (385 words)

 Amazon.com: Sauces : Classical and Contemporary Sauce Making: Books: James Peterson   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
The author encourages the reader to experiment and fine tune their sauce efforts by illustrating the classic techniques and recipes.
This is where you go to learn the classic techniques (most of which you won't use more than a few times a year).
Gravies, flavored mayonaises, the classic French white sauces, purees of vegetables, gelees, and more are to be found here.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0471292753?v=glance   (2316 words)

 Glaspole Records - LONG-PLAYING AND 78rpm CLASSICAL RECORDS - Order
Orders may be placed by e-mail, telephone, fax or letter.
There is an answerphone when we are unavailable; a brief message will ensure your order is logged.
You may also order via our online order form which encrypts the information thus protecting your details.
www.glaspolerecords.com /order.html   (103 words)

 Towards inferring strong normalization from weak normalizaiton for classical first order logic   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
This project started out with the intention of proving that strong and weak normalization are the same for the typed lambda-calculi corresponding to classical first order logic.
This has turned out to far too ambitious and the report only deals with proving that strong and weak normalization are the same for an extension of the classical lambda-calculus with pairs.
In the project I develop a new technique for proving that the terms in a subset of a lambda-calculi are uniformly normalising, ie that if a term is weakly normalising it is also strongly normalising.
www.linearity.org /turtle/reports/neergaard-tow-inf-sn-wn-clas.html   (232 words)

 Amazon.com: Classical Music for Dummies: Books: David Pogue,Scott Speck,Glenn Dicterow,Scott Speck   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-10-20)
Though musicians and other music lovers continue to lament the lack of classical music enthusiasts, their concern may have diminished somewhat over the last 25 years.
The world of classical music is a place where idealism reigns, where good conquers evil and love conquers all, where you always get a second chance, where everything comes out right in the end, and where you can have your cake and eat it, too.
The appendices direct the reader where to start buying good classical music, the names of the various works, and their difficulty.
www.amazon.com /exec/obidos/tg/detail/-/0764550098?v=glance   (1728 words)

 Composite order --  Encyclopædia Britannica
an order of classical architecture that combines characteristics of both the Ionic order and the Corinthian order.
In the architecture of ancient Greece, where the orders originated, they were rarely superposed unless it was structurally required; and when Greek builders did superpose orders, as in some examples of the stoa, or...
The most primitive modern flowers are the members of the buttercup order, Ranales.
www.britannica.com /eb/article-9025027   (686 words)

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