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Topic: Classical physics

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 Classical physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Classical physics is physics based on principles developed before the rise of quantum theory, usually including the special theory of relativity and general theory of relativity.
(In contrast, modern physics commonly refers to the physicist's world view wrought by the revolutionary quantum theory.) There are no restrictions on the application of classical principles, but, practically, the scale of classical physics is the level of isolated atoms and molecules on upwards, including the macroscopic and astronomical realm.
A leading current paradigm of physics is that the fundamental laws of nature are the laws of quantum physics, and that classical theory is the by-product of quantum rules applied to the macroscopic realm.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Classical_physics   (318 words)

 Physics - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Physics (from the Greek, φυσικός (physikos), "natural", and φύσις (physis), "nature") is the science of the natural world, which deals with the fundamental constituents of the universe, the forces they exert on one another, and the results of these forces.
Physics is sometimes said to be the "fundamental science", because each of the other weaker sciences (biology, chemistry, geology, etc.) deals with particular types of material systems that obey the laws of physics.
Condensed matter physics, by most estimates the largest single field of physics, is concerned with how the properties of bulk matter, such as the ordinary solids and liquids we encounter in everyday life, arise from the properties and mutual interactions of the constituent atoms.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Physics   (3919 words)

Physics is the science that deals with the structure of matter and the interactions between the fundamental constituents of the observable universe.
The body of physics developed up to about the turn of the 20th century, known as classical physics, can largely account for the motions of macroscopic objects that move slowly with respect to the speed of light and for such phenomena as heat, sound, electricity, magnetism, and light.
Classical electromagnetism is summarized by the laws of action of electric and magnetic fields upon electric charges and upon magnets and by four remarkable equations formulated in the latter part of the 19th century by James Clerk Maxwell.
www.crystalinks.com /physics2.html   (3771 words)

 Wikibooks:Physics bookshelf - Wikibooks, collection of open-content textbooks
Physics with transforms - new invention - a new mnemonic for learning classical physics formulas using Euclidean geometry.
Classical mechanics This will be a "minimal standard course" of classical theoretical mechanics.
Qwiki is a quantum physics wiki devoted to the collective creation of content that is technical and useful to practicing scientists.
en.wikibooks.org /wiki/Physics   (425 words)

 CLASSICAL PHYSICS   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Classical Physics is a tight-knit, mathematically robust description of nature.
For most of the phenomena which are directly observable by humans, classical physics is flawless.
Classical Physics views the world as a configuration of indestructible matter dispersed in a rigid Euclidean universe, traversed by "shooting" electromagnetic waves.
www.tryagain.com /physics/classic.htm   (155 words)

 Clemson University Department of Physics & Astronomy
Physics, the most fundamental of the natural sciences, forms the basis of study upon which the other branches of science are founded.
Classical physics encompasses the fields of mechanics, heat and thermodynamics, electricity and magnetism, acoustics and optics.
Modern physics is concerned with the study of atoms and molecules, atomic nuclei, elementary particles and the properties of liquids, crystalline solids, and other materials, as well as the areas of relativity, cosmology, and the large-scale structure of the universe.
physicsnt.clemson.edu   (433 words)

 Why Classical Mechanics Cannot Naturally Accommodate Consciousness but Quantum Mechanics Can
The classical concepts are known to be grossly inadequate at the fundamental level, and this fundamental inadequacy of the classical concepts is not confined to the molecular level: it certainly extends to large (e.g., brain-sized) systems.
There is, therefore, no place within the conceptual framework provided by classical physics for the idea that certain patterns of neuronal activity that cover large parts of the brain, and that have important functional properties, have any special or added quality of beingness that goes beyond their beingness as a simple aggregate of local entities.
But within the deterministic framework of classical physics, where the course of events is the same whether or not consciousness is appended to the local variables specified in classical-physics description, consciousness is non-efficacious, and hence of no relevance to the survival of the species.
psyche.cs.monash.edu.au /v2/psyche-2-05-stapp.html   (7968 words)

 Classical Physics
Classical physics began around 1634 AD when Galileo allegedly dropped objects from the leaning tower of Pisa to prove that all objects fall at the same rate regardless of their weight.
In 1687, Sir Isaac Newton publishes his theory on mechanics, which is the foundation of the physics of moving objects in the classical sense.
Classical physics does not mean that it is old and outdated.
www.imacphysics.org /classical.html   (457 words)

 Copenhagen Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics
In experimental cases where the quantization of action plays a significant role, the application of a classical concept does not refer to independent properties of the object; rather the ascription of either kinematic or dynamic properties to the object as it exists independently of a specific experimental interaction is ill-defined.
The quantum mechanical description of the object differs from the classical description of the measuring apparatus, and this requires that the object and the measuring device should be separated in the description, but the line of separation is not the one between macroscopic instruments and microscopic objects.
In emphasizing the necessity of classical concepts for the description of the quantum phenomena, Bohr was influenced by Kant or neo-Kantianism.
plato.stanford.edu /entries/qm-copenhagen   (4423 words)

 [No title]
Instead, the physical world was asserted to be built out of nothing but quantifiable properties that could be localized in a spacetime, and whose functioning was completely determined by rigid mathematical laws that referred to nothing but these physical properties themselves.
Facilitation, Associative Recall, and Control The persistence of a pattern of neural excitation `etches' this pattern into the physical structure of the brain, in the sense that this pattern is `facilitated' (made easier to activate), and that a later activation of part of the pattern tends to spread to the whole.
In classical mechanics the personally experienced ``I'' is not entailed by the (dynamically complete) physical principles, and it thus lies impotently, and hence without responsibility, outside the causal chain of physical events.
www-physics.lbl.gov /~stapp/38621.txt   (8730 words)

 Three Failures of Classical Physics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
This means that, according to classical physics, there should be no limit to the energy of the light produced by the electrons vibrating at high frequencies.
Classical physicists at the beginning of the century thought they should certainly be able to understand hydrogen, since it is the simplest atom.
This is the trademark of "modern physics." The failure of classical physics to explain flbody radiation, the photoelectric effect, and the hydrogen atom ultimately demolished the foundations of classical physics.
departments.weber.edu /physics/carroll/honors-time/failures.htm   (2270 words)

Physics, the science of matter and energy, is the study of the deepest mysteries of the universe, ranging from subatomic particles to cosmology.
This course is the study of the general principles of classical physics using the technique of vector calculus.
The topics of physics which are studied in Modern Physics are: relativity, kinetic theory of matter, statistical thermodynamics-Boltzman's distribution, introduction to wave mechanics, the Schrodinger Equation, the Schrodinger equation applied to the hydrogen atom and the development of the atomic structure, molecular structure, solid state and nuclear structure.
www.roch.edu /dept/sci/html/physics.html   (1132 words)

 Physics Virtual Bookshelf: Classical Physics
A brief summary of the birth of physics from Bacon through Young, from a first year physics course that uses minimal mathematics; the entire set of materials from the course is available by clicking here.
A brief overview of electricity, magnetism and electromagnetic waves, from a first year physics course that uses minimal mathematics; the entire set of materials from the course is available by clicking here.
A brief summary of Newtonian mechanics, from a first year physics course that uses minimal mathematics; the entire set of materials from the course is available by clicking here.
www.upscale.utoronto.ca /GeneralInterest/Classical.html   (553 words)

 Classical Physics One
It is hoped that when students have completed Classical Physics I they will have learned some basic problem solving skills, some computer and calculation skills, some quantitative and empirical reasoning skills, and, of course, some physics, specifically mechanics.
Expectations: : Students in Classical Physics I are expected to have a solid background in trigonometry (or pre-calculus) and algebra.
In addition, all students are required to be concurrently enrolled in PHY201, Classical Physics I Laboratory.
physics.gac.edu /~chuck/class1.html   (841 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Physics: Alternative   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Concealed Paradoxes in Mathematics and Physics - On elements of physics: using laws of classical mechanics, a structure of the photon meets the wave-corpuscle duality.
Physics and Humanity - R. van Spaandonk offers views on several topics and describes a new model of the hydrogen atom electron that purports to demonstrate the equivalence of the magnetic field energy and kinetic energy of the electron.
The Unified Theory of Physics - This is an empirical theory that explains the quantum phenomenon and unifies the classical physics to the modern physics
dmoz.org /Science/Physics/Alternative   (2888 words)

Physics 711 is a course in theoretical mechanics.
Further topics in mechanics, including the dynamics of classical fields, more on the structure of Hamiltonian mechanics and Hamilton-Jacobi theory, perturbation methods, and mappings, are covered in the Spring semester in Physics 722 -- see the Spring, 1998, 722 course description and syllabus.
Most physics is done in collaborations, and this approach is intended to give you a chance to develop the skills in working on real problems in a collaborative setting that are expected by most potential employers of physicists.
www.hep.wisc.edu /~ldurand/711html/courseinfo/courseinfo.html   (659 words)

 Physics 308a - Classical Mechanics - Fall 1994   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
Statistical physics explains what happens as the absolute zero of temperature is approached, explains the transport of heat and momentum, and provides insight into novel phenomena at the frontiers of physics, including the amazing Bose-Einstein condensation, the behavior of nuclear matter in stars, and other exciting developments involving many particle systems.
From quantum physics, you need to understand the existence of energy eigenstates and the oncept of the de Broglie wavelength.
The mathematical level of the course is comparable to sophomore physics, i.e.
www.haverford.edu /physics-astro/course_materials/phys303/Syllabus303a.htm   (1354 words)

 Oglethorpe University : Academics : Undergraduate : Division Iii : Physics
A minor in physics is offered to provide students with an opportunity to strengthen and broaden their educational credentials either as an end in itself or as an enhancement of future employment prospects.
Subject matter is the same as in general physics but on a level more suited to physics majors, engineering majors, etc. One year of calculus as a prerequisite is preferred, otherwise calculus must be taken concurrently.
For physics, engineering, and chemistry majors, this is a one-year sequence that discusses the most important developments in 20th-century physics.
www.oglethorpe.edu /academics/undergraduate/division_iii/physics.asp   (1261 words)

Introduction: The PhysicsNews1 Journal is dedicated to the verification and improvement of Classical Physics as founded by Galileo Galilei and Isaac Newton.
History: A brief overview of the history of Classical Physics is presented on the History page with emphasis upon the absolute nature of many of the early concepts.
Question 10 is an analysis of a pendulum event where physics students were expected to respond to a question with an incorrect answer.
www.physicsnews1.com   (1361 words)

 Classical Physics Handbook   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
An attempt to present the entire science of classical physics would be impractical.
However, the Classical Physics handbook does present enough information to provide the reader with a fundamental knowledge level sufficient to understand the advanced theoretical concepts presented in other subject areas, and to better understand basic system and equipment operations.
The Classical Physics handbook consists of five modules that are contained in one volume.
physicsguide.net   (220 words)

 PhilSci Archive - Subject: Classical Physics
Brading, Katherine and Castellani, Elena (2005) Symmetries and invariances in classical physics.
Butterfield, Jeremy (2003) On Hamilton-Jacobi Theory as a Classical Root of Quantum Theory.
Brading, Katherine A. and Castellani, Elena (2002) Symmetries in physics: philosophical reflections.
philsci-archive.pitt.edu /view/subjects/classical-physics.html   (651 words)

 Let the quantum games begin (October 2002) - Physics World - PhysicsWeb
Putting this in a physical context, one could imagine a "demon" who corrupts the supply of qubits but whose actions are unknown to the players (just like a corrupt croupier in a casino).
Continuing in the realm of fundamental physics, we reiterate our belief that a deeper understanding of the relative advantage between classical and quantum many-player dynamical games may eventually shed some much-needed light on the connections between quantum and classical many-particle systems.
Frieden showed that physical laws can be derived by considering the information content of a physical quantity, implying that the process of making a measurement represents a game against nature.
physicsweb.org /articles/world/15/10/7   (4160 words)

 Open Directory - Science: Physics: Classical Mechanics   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-06)
The Physics and Math of Soccer - Discusses shape of a soccer ball, spin effects, motion of projectiles.
Physics for Beginners - This site covers motion and forces for individuals with no prior knowledge of the subject.
Physics of Sound - Rigorous derivation of sound wave equations from a molecular model of an ideal diatomic gas.
dmoz.org /Science/Physics/Classical_Mechanics   (498 words)

 Why the Difference Between Quantum and Classical Physics is Irrelevant to the Mind/Body Problem
The ground advanced for this claim is that classical mechanics holds that a "physical system is to be conceived of as fundamentally a conglomerate of simple microscopic elements each of which interacts only with its immediate neighbors" (2.12).
In particular, a classical description of a system will include a description of field values at points in the system, but these descriptions record only what is going on at each of the points, and not features of the system as a whole.
That leaves conceptual reduction of mental properties to physical properties at the level of basic theory, but this is equally implausible on either classical or quantum mechanics.
psyche.cs.monash.edu.au /v2/psyche-2-16-ludwig.html   (1697 words)

 JEP: An Intelligent Tutor for Classical Physics
One such system is Andes, a coached learning environment for classical physics that has been in development since 1996 by researchers at the Learning Research and Development Center of the University of Pittsburgh and at the United States Naval Academy.
Good physics students analyze problems qualitatively and plan their solutions, whereas poor physics students plunge immediately into the algebra.
Many of our students understand much less about the physics they are using in their problem solutions than many of us think.
www.press.umich.edu /jep/06-01/schulze.html   (3658 words)

 The Wonders of Physics
The heart of the program is a fast-paced presentation of physics demonstrations carefully chosen to be entertaining as well as educational.
Physics Demonstrations containing a detailed description of 85 demonstrations used over the years in The Wonders of Physics is available from
Copies are available for $90 (postpaid in the U.S.) from the UW Department of Physics, 1150 University Avenue, Madison, WI 53706-1390, by calling (608) 262-2927, or by e-mail to wonders@physics.wisc.edu.
sprott.physics.wisc.edu /wop.htm   (772 words)

 Exploratorium: Ten Cool Sites: Physics
The Physics Classroom: Multimedia Physics Studio - This site is loaded with cool animations that will help you visualize and understand major concepts in classical physics.
Physics Central - "We invite you to visit our site every week to find out how physics is part of your world.
Learn about particle physics and the cutting-edge research being done in the field, watch an animation of a collision, and learn about the construction of the collider.
www.exploratorium.edu /learning_studio/cool/physics.html   (1310 words)

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