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Topic: Cleomenes


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  Cleomenes III - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cleomenes III was the son of Leonidas II.
In 224 BC Cleomenes fortified the isthmus but his position was turned with the defection of Argos.
Cleomenes was deposed and was killed in exile in 219 BC.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cleomenes_III   (386 words)

  
 The Internet Classics Archive | Cleomenes by Plutarch
Cleomenes, encouraged by this success, began to speak boldly among the citizens, and reminding them of a sentence of one of their ancient kings, said, it was in vain now that the Spartans asked not how many their enemies were, but where they were.
Cleomenes at first proposed fair and easy conditions by his ambassadors to the Achaeans, but afterwards he sent others, and required the chief command to be settled upon him; in other matters offering to agree to reasonable terms, and to restore their captives and their country.
Cleomenes, hearing this, said that he was unjustly dealt with; for they ought to have told him so plainly at first, and not now he was come even to their doors, show their jealousy and deny him admission.
classics.mit.edu /Plutarch/cleomene.html   (6178 words)

  
 Cleomenes I - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cleomenes was still king when Aristagoras, the tyrant of Miletus, came to Sparta to request help for the Ionian Revolt in 499 BC.
Cleomenes overthrew Demaratus, after first bribing the oracle at Delphi to announce that this was the divine will, and replaced him with Leotychides.
Around 490 BC Cleomenes was forced to flee Sparta when his plot against Demaratus was discovered, but the Spartans allowed him to return when he began gathering an army in the surrounding territories.
en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Cleomenes_I   (548 words)

  
 CLEOMENES - LoveToKnow Article on CLEOMENES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
CLEOMENES I. was the son of Anaxandridas, whom he succeeded about 520 B.C. His chief exploit was his crushing victory near Tiryns over the Argives, some 6ooo of whom he burned to death in a sacred grove to which they had fled for refuge (Herodotus vi.
CLEOMENES III., the son and successor of Leonidas ii., reigned about 235219 B.C. iTe made a determined attempt to reform the social condition of Sparta along the lines laid down by Agis IV., whose widow Agiatis he married; at the same time he aimed at restoring Spartas hegemony in the Peloponnese.
Both as general and as politician Cleomenes was one of Spartas greatest men, and with him perished her last hope of recovering her ancient supermacy in Greece.
98.1911encyclopedia.org /C/CL/CLEOMENES.htm   (711 words)

  
 Plutarch: Life of Cleomenes (1) - translation
Cleomenes lived from about 260 to 219 B.C. He was king of Sparta from 235 to 222 B.C. After Agis was put to death, Leonidas intended the same fate for his brother Archidamus; but that prince saved himself by a timely retreat.
Cleomenes was passionately fond of her from the first, and his attachment to his wife made him sympathise with her in the mournful remembrance of Agis.
Cleomenes getting intelligence of this about the second watch of the night, sent for Megistonus, and, in an angry tone, ordered him to the relief of Argos, for it was he who had principally undertaken for the obedience of the Argives, and by that means prevented the expulsion of such as were suspected.
www.attalus.org /old/cleomenes1.html   (6812 words)

  
 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 795 (v. 1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes had everything to hope, and the Ephors everything to fear, from the association of Archidamus in his councils.
From the defeat of Sellasia, Cleomenes returned to Sparta, and having advised the citizens to sub­mit to Antigonus, he fled to his ally, Ptolemy Eu-ergetes, at Alexandria, where his mother and children were already residing as hostages.
Cleomenes, with his attendants, escaped from prison, and attempted to raise an insurrection against Ptolemy, but finding no one join him, he put himself to death.
ancientlibrary.com /smith-bio/0804.html   (855 words)

  
 Outline the Career of Cleomenes   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes realised that the place must be coerced, but he knew he could not rely on support from his fellow king, due to quarrels, so he went alone and demanded hostages.
Cleomenes was responsible in his career for neutralising the dangerous hostility of Argos, Aegina, Megara and a rival king.
What Cleomenes is not saying is that he is not prepared to attack overseas as he does in the case of Lygdamis, tyrant of Naxos.
www.herodotuswebsite.co.uk /Essays/Cleomenes.htm   (2906 words)

  
 Great Battles of History: Sellasia Background & Variant
When Cleomenes III succeeded his father, Leonidas II, as a king of Sparta in 235 BC, the different city-states and leagues were pawns in the power struggles between the great powers of Macedon, Seleucid Syria, and Ptolemaic Egypt.
Cleomenes abolished the power of the ephors (aristocrats) and made the traditional dual kingship the supreme power (with his brother Eucleidas as the other king).
In 224 B.C. Cleomenes was entrenched on the Isthmus of Corinth and the larger Macedonian/ allied army did not dare to attack him head-on in prepared positions.
patriot.net /~townsend/GBoH/gboh-sellasiavariant.html   (1566 words)

  
 wiki/Cleomenes I Definition / wiki/Cleomenes I Research   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes was still king when AristagorasAristagoras was the leader of Miletus in the late 6th century BC and early 5th century BC.
Aristagoras was almost able to convince Cleomenes to help, promising an easy conquest of PersiaPersia is the historical and alternative name for the state of Iran in the European languages.
Cleomenes overthrew Demaratus, after first bribing the oracle at Delphi to announce that this was the divine will, and replaced him with LeotychidesLeotychidas [Leotychides] (c.
www.elresearch.com /wiki/Cleomenes_I   (1751 words)

  
 Sparta   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes came to the throne in 235 (as Cleomenes III).
Cleomenes, however, was stopped by Aratus, an adamant opponent of his reforms, the Macedonians were called in.
The combined attack of the Aetolian League and Macedon formed the end for Cleomenes and the reborn Sparta as they were defeated during the battle of Sellasia in the summer of 222.
www.barca.fsnet.co.uk /sparta.htm   (1202 words)

  
 Cleomenes, I Biography / Biography of Cleomenes, I Biography Biography
Aiming thus to divide and conquer, Cleomenes chose as his next step in central Greece to expel the tyrant Hippias from Athens in 510 and try to bring the city into the Peloponnesian League, of which Sparta held the military command.
Cleomenes led a surprise seaborne attack against it about 495 and won a great victory which disabled Argos for a generation.
Cleomenes knew that he could not obtain the cooperation of Demaratus, and he therefore plotted to oust him.
www.bookrags.com /biography-cleomenes-i/index.html   (509 words)

  
 CLEOMENES - LoveToKnow Article on CLEOMENES   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
But when it was discovered that he had bribed the Delphian priestess to substantiate his charge he was himself obliged to flee; he went first to Thessaly and then to Arcadia, where he attempted to foment an anti-Spartan rising.
As a general Cleomenes did much to revive Spartas old prestige.
Escaping from prison he tried to raise a revolt, but the attempt failed and to avoid capture he put an end to his life.
www.1911encyclopedia.org /C/CL/CLEOMENES.htm   (711 words)

  
 Cleomenes I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes was one of the Kings of Sparta in the 6th and 5th centuries BC.
He was the son of Anaxandrides, of the Agiad royal house, and his second wife, and the half-brother of Dorieus.
When the Persians invaded Greece after putting down the revolt in 494 BC, many city-state s quickly submitted to them.
www.serebella.com /encyclopedia/article-Cleomenes_I.html   (568 words)

  
 [No title]
Now Cleomenes, it is said, was not quite in his right senses but on the verge of madness,[24] while Dorieos was of all his equals in age the first, and felt assured that he would obtain the kingdom by merit.
However, Aristagoras the despot of Miletos arrived at Sparta while Cleomenes was reigning: and accordingly with him he came to speech, having, as the Lacedemonians say, a tablet of bronze, on which was engraved a map[31] of the whole Earth, with all the sea and all the rivers.
Cleomenes then with a large army entered Eleusis, while at the same time the Bœotians by agreement with him captured Oinoe and Hysiai, the demes which lay upon the extreme borders of Attica, and the Chalkidians on the other side invaded and began to ravage various districts of Attica.
www.gutenberg.org /dirs/etext01/2hofh10.txt   (9677 words)

  
 Cleomenes III   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The army was reorganized on the Macedonian model and a small subsidy from Ptolemy III of Egypt was paid.
In 224 BC Cleomenes fortified the Isthmus of Corinth but his position was turned with the defection of Argos.
For his last campaign in 222 BC he faced 28 000 Macedonians with 10 000 Spartans at the Battle of Sellasia on the road to Tegea, but despite a well chosen poition and skilful handling the Spartans were overwhelmed.
read-and-go.hopto.org /Rulers-of-Sparta/Cleomenes-III.html   (353 words)

  
 Cleomenes I. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
B.C. In accordance with Sparta’s policy of helping oligarchies in other states at the expense of the tyrants or the people, Cleomenes joined the Athenians in ousting the tyrant Hippias, but to Cleomenes’ dismay Cleisthenes, the principal Athenian aristocrat, sided with the people and took the power (510
The second time Corinth checkmated Sparta by refusing to help in an attack that would have disturbed the balance of power.
Cleomenes’ reputation for ruthlessness is due chiefly to his attack (c.494
www.bartleby.com /65/cl/Cleomenes1.html   (170 words)

  
 Cleomenes I   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes was one of the Kings of Sparta in the 6th century BC and 5th century BC.
The first attack on Athens was a failure, but Cleomenes personally led the second attack and besieged Hippias and his supporters on the Acropolis, Athens.
Cleomenes gathered an army, intending to set up Isagoras as tyrant, and invaded Attica, Greece.
read-and-go.hopto.org /Rulers-of-Sparta/Cleomenes-I.html   (529 words)

  
 Cleomenes III   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
This social revolution provided Cleomenes with both means to restore Spartan greatness a general in the rest of the Peloponnese and the reason for its eventual A united Peloponnese under a reformed and Sparta could have been a power in Hellenistic world and a challenge to Macedonia.
In 226 BC the new army continued to have Most of Arcadia Corinth Argos and the Argolid succumbed to him joined him and the Achaeans were routed at the Battle of The Achaeans under Aratos who had once the Peloponnese of the Macedonians now appealed Antigonus III Doson of Macedon with Corinth the price.
Much of Arcadia was in 223 but Megalopolis was destroyed by Cleomenes.
www.freeglossary.com /Cleomenes_III   (493 words)

  
 Inspiration of Cleomenes © 1995 Donald R Ricker original oil painting   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
An inscription on the base records it to be the work of Cleomenes, an Athenian sculptor of 200 B.C., but some doubt its authenticity.
There is a story that the artist was employed by public authority to make a statue exhibiting the perfection of female beauty, and to aid him in his task the most perfect forms the city could supply were furnished him for models.
The Inspiration of Cleomenes was exhibited January 1998 at Toast Gallery in Anchorage AK and November 2000 at D St Café in Anchorage
home.gci.net /~donaldricker/Cleom.htm   (206 words)

  
 The Baldwin Project: Famous Men of Greece by John H. Haaren and A. B. Poland   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Cleomenes had good reason for saying this; for Leonidas had caused his fellow-king, Agis, the husband of Agiatis, to be murdered.
Some of the Greeks had laughed when Cleomenes said he would tread in the steps of Lycurgus and [260] Solon; but when they saw Sparta victorious on the battlefield and the city prosperous and happy once more they could not help admiring the man who had brought the change about.
Cleomenes made his way to Sparta and advised the citizens to submit to the Macedonians, which they did, and the independence of Sparta was gone forever.
www.mainlesson.com /display.php?author=haaren&book=greece&story=cleomenes   (1165 words)

  
 Cleomenes, III Biography / Biography of Cleomenes, III Biography Biography
Cleomenes III was the son of King Leonidas of Sparta.
He married Agiatis, the widow of Leonidas's murdered coruler Agis IV, and she influenced Cleomenes deeply in the direction of social change.
When Cleomenes succeeded Leonidas in 235 B.C., he inherited policies of conservatism and of the king's subordination to the ephors, or magistrates.
www.bookrags.com /biography-cleomenes-iii/index.html   (217 words)

  
 Achaean League   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Athens and Sparta were so impressed by their own glorious histories as independent and leading cities that they decided not to participate in the federalist tendencies.
Ten years later Cleomenes started the social revolution by declaring all debts void, and by redistributing all land.
The combined attack of the Aetolian League and Macedon formed the end for Cleomenes and the reborn Sparta as they were defeated during the battle of Sellasie in 222.
www.barca.fsnet.co.uk /achaean-league.htm   (783 words)

  
 Cleomenes III. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05
At home his reforms were revolutionary: the kingship was made the supreme power, the ephorate was abolished, and the citizenship was widely extended, apparently to decrease the danger of discontent and to ally the people with the king.
Cleomenes came to his downfall suddenly in 222
Cleomenes fled to Egypt to the protection of his patron, Ptolemy III.
www.bartleby.com /65/cl/Cleomenes3.html   (195 words)

  
 Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, page 796 (v. 1)   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
323) he wrote to Cleo­menes, commanding him to erect at Alexandria a splendid monument to Ilephaestion, and promised that, if this work were zealously performed, he would overlook his misconduct.
In the distribution of Alexander's empire, after his death, Cleomenes was left in Egypt as hyparch under Ptolemy, who put him to death on the sus­ picion of his favouring Perdiccas.
He was therefore distinct from the son of Apollo-dorus, but probably his son ; for the name of Cleo­­menes is so very rare at Athens, that we can hardly suppose another Cleomenes to have been his father; and nothing was more common with ancient artists than that the son followed the father's profession.
ancientlibrary.com /smith-bio/0805.html   (957 words)

  
 King Cleomenes and Argos   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Of all the deeds performed by women for the community none is more famous than the struggle against Cleomenes for Argos (494 B.C.), which the women carried out at the instigation of Telesilla the poet.
But when Cleomenes (I), king of the Spartans, having slain many Argives (but not by any means seven thousand seven hundred and seventy seven [cf.
Under the lead of Telesilla, they took up arms, and, taking their stand by the battlements, manned the walls all round, so that the enemy were amazed.
www.csun.edu /~hcfll004/cleomen.html   (282 words)

  
 disc sect 8
Agis and Cleomenes claim that their goal was restore the ancient Lycurgan system (see below) in Sparta.
Two of these factors are Sparta's xenophobia (fear of strangers) and the reforms of the kings Agis the IV and Cleomenes III.
Agis and Cleomenes contributed to the Spartan mirage by claiming that their reforms represented a return to the 'old' way of doing things.
www.utexas.edu /courses/macedonia/disc_sect_8.htm   (1255 words)

  
 Cleomenes I articles and news from Start Learning Now   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
The first attack on Athens was a failure, but Cleomenes personally led the second attack and besieged Hippias and his supporters on the Acropolis, AthensAcropolis.
Cleomenes gathered an army, intending to set up Isagoras as tyrant, and invaded Attica, GreeceAttica.
Aristagoras was almost able to convince Cleomenes to help, promising an easy conquest of Persian EmpirePersia and its riches, but Cleomenes sent him away when he learned how far away Persia really was.
www.startlearningnow.com /Cleomenes%20I.htm   (690 words)

  
 Cleomenes Page 5   (Site not responding. Last check: 2007-11-07)
Encouraged by these misunderstandings, Cleomenes invaded Achaea, and first took Pellene by surprise, and beat out the Achaean garrison, and afterwards brought over Pheneus and Penteleum to his side.
Therefore they admired the dispatch and contrivance of Cleomenes; and those that before derided him, for imitating, as they said, Solon and Lycurgus, in releasing the people from their debts, and in equalizing the property of the citizens, were now fain to admit that this was the cause of the change in the Spartans.
When Argos was captured, and Cleonae and Phlius came over, as they did at once, to Cleomenes, Aratus was at Corinth, searching after some who were reported to favor the Spartan interest.
milesdavis.ws /books/Plutarch/C52P5.shtml   (616 words)

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